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Full text of "Annual Report of the Adjutant General, year ending December 31, 1906"

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PUBLIC DOCUMENT .... .... No. 7 



ANNUAL REPORT 



OF THE 



ADJUTANT GENEKAL 



OF THE 



Cammoitlwaltlg ai ^tassar^xrsftts 



FOR THE 

'■ « ■ - , 



Year endino December 31, 1906. 




BOSTON: 

WEIGHT & POTTER PRINTING CO., STATE PRINTERS, 

18 Post Office Square. 

1907. 



STA1 

JAN 1 1908 



Approved by 
The State P.oaxd op Publication. 



JVW>a 

A 

ANNUAL REPORT. 



Commonwealth or Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Dec. 15, 1906. 

His Excellency Curtis Guild, Jr., Governor and Commander-in-Chief. 

Sir : — I have the honor, as Adjutant General and Chief 
of Staff, herewith to submit my report for the year now 
closing, together with such annual reports of chiefs of staff 
departments and commanding officers, official orders, returns 
and other miscellaneous papers as may be requisite for your 
information in determining the present condition of the 
military establishment of the Commonwealth. 

1. Strength of Reserve (Enrolled) Militia. — The returns 
filed at this office by the civil authorities, in compliance with 
the provisions of sections 2, 7 and 8, chapter 465, Acts of 
1905, indicate a maintenance of the steady rate of increase in 
the strength of the reserve militia, as exhibited by the ap- 
pended aggregate return for 1906 and the year preceding: — 

Enrolment of reserve militia, 1906, ..... 514,252 
Enrolment of reserve militia, 1905, ..... 503,838 



An increase in 1906 of ..... . 10,414 

In this connection it may be noted that since 1880, during 
a period of but little more than a quarter-century, the strength 
of the reserve militia has been increased by 275,490 men, or 
no less than 115 per cent., — the enrolment for 1880 being 
238,762, as against 514,252 for the present year. Reference 
later will be made to the fact that during this same period 
the strength of the organized militia, as authorized by suc- 
cessive enactments of the Legislature, has but been increased 
from 4,770 to 6,951, giving a gain in effective strength of 
only 45.7 per cent. 

2. Strength of Organized (Volunteer) Militia. — Under 



IV 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



the provisions of chapter 465, Acts of 1905, which, with 
later minor modifications, remains the military code of the 
Commonwealth, the maximum legal strength of the Massa- 
chusetts Volunteer Militia is established at 513 commissioned 
officers and 6,437 enlisted men, giving an aggregate of 6,950 
in the military service. In this aggregate are included bands- 
men, who may be enlisted and mustered in at the option of 
commanding officers. In the case of companies attached to 
Corps of Cadets, and in the absence of specific orders to the 
contrary, the maximum strength is assumed to be equivalent 
to that prescribed for infantry companies of the line. 

The appended return exhibits the distribution of the 
strength thus authorized among the several departments and 
corps of the service, together with the strength (95.5 per 
cent, of the legal maximum) actually enrolled at the periods 
during the present year when the respective commands were 
actively on duty and engaged in field service under orders: — 



Return of Strength of Organized Militia, 1906. 





Legal 


Actual 


Percentage of 




Maximum, 


Enrolment. 


Maximum. 


General staff, .... 


20 


20 


100.0 


Headquarters First Brigade, 


20 


20 


100.0 


Headquarters Second Brigade, - . 


20 


20 


100.0 


Second Infantry, 


832 


811 


97.4 


Fifth Infantry, . 




832 


807 


96.9 


Sixth Infantry, 




832 


811 


97.4 


Eighth Infantry, 




832 


794 


95.4 


Ninth Infantry, 




832 


805 


96.7 


Corps Coast Artillery, 




843 


825 


97.8 


First Field Artillery, . 




309 


304 


98.3 


First Cavalry, . 




286 


251 


87.7 


First Corps Cadets, . 




294 


272 


92.5 


Second Corps Cadets, . 




294 


236 


80.2 


Signal Corps, 




57 


57 


100.0 


Hospital Corps, 




80 


68 


85.0 


Naval Brigade, . 




567 


538 


94.8 


Totals, ... . .. 


' • 


6,950 


6,639 


95.5 



In this connection it may be noted that the Commonwealth 
maintains but 1 soldier for each 432 of its population, or 
less than .3 of 1 per cent. Of the able-bodied male popula- 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. v 

tion within military age limits (514,252) liable by law to 
military service, but 1 man in each 74, or only 1.3 per cent, 
of the strength returned, actually is enrolled for service with 
the colors. In other words, through the voluntary service 
rendered by each individual soldier attached to the militia 
establishment as now organized, no less than 73 other young 
men are relieved of the burden of performing the military 
duty which the Commonwealth, should it so elect, might 
demand from them among the other functions of good 
citizenship. 

3. Organization of the Volunteer (Active) Militia. — Dur- 
ing the year the organization of the militia establishment has 
been slightly modified. No changes in company stations have 
been ordered, but three headquarters stations have been 
changed: the Sixth Infantry from Boston to Fitchburg; the 
Eighth Infantry from Salem to Cambridge; and the First 
Battalion Field Artillery from Lawrence to Boston. No 
companies have been disbanded, but a new company (K, Sixth 
Infantry) has been organized and mustered into the service, 
with station at Lowell, to fill the vacancy caused by the dis- 
bandment of the company formerly stationed at Southbridge, 
which was mustered out late in 1905. To secure uniformity 
in discipline, instruction and administration, all commands 
of the mounted arms have been detached from brigade organ- 
izations and reorganized. The former First Battalion Light 
Artillery and Light Battery A, unattached, have been re- 
organized as an unattached command, under the designation 
of the First Battalion Field Artillery. The former First 
Battalion Cavalry and Troop F, unattached, in like manner 
have been reorganized as the First Squadron Cavalry. This 
reorganization of the cavalry and field artillery has already 
proved of great benefit to each arm, and the field efficiency 
of the two brigades has in no way been impaired by the 
change, since guns and troopers may be assigned for duty with 
either organization whenever required. 

The following return exhibits the present organization of 
the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia : — 



vi ADJUTANT GENREAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

The General Staff. 

Brig. Gen. James A. Frye, Chief of Staff, State General Head- 
quarters, Boston. 

Adjutant General's Department. 

Medical Department, Brig. Gen. William H. Devine, Surgeon 
General. 

Inspector General's Department, Brig. Gen. William H. Brig- 
ham, Inspector General. 

Judge Advocate General's Department, Brig. Gen. Hugh Ban- 
croft, Judge Advocate General. 

Quartermaster's Department, Brig. Gen. William B. Emery, 
Quartermaster General. 

Subsistence Department, Brig. Gen. Frederick B. Carpenter, 
Commissary General. 

Department of Ordnance and Small Arms Practice, Col. James 
G. White, Inspector General of Small Arms Practice, and acting 
Chief of Ordnance. 

First Brigade. 

Brig. Gen. Embury P. Clark, commanding; headquarters, 
Boston. 

Second Regiment Infantry (12 companies), Col. Frederick 
E. Pierce, commanding; headquarters, Springfield. 

Sixth Regiment Infantry (12 companies), Col. George H. 
Priest, commanding; headquarters, Fitchburg. 

Second Brigade. 

Brig. Gen. Jophanus H. Whitney, commanding; headquarters, 
Boston. 

Fifth Regiment Infantry (12 companies), Col. William H. 
Oakes, commanding; headquarters, Boston. 

Eighth Regiment Infantry (12 companies), Col. William A. 
Pew, Jr., commanding; headquarters, Cambridge. 

Ninth Regiment Infantry (12 companies), Col. William H. 
Donovan, commanding; headquarters, Boston. 

Unattached Commands. 

First Corps Cadets (4 companies), Lieut. Col. Thomas Tal- 
bot, commanding; headquarters, Boston. 

Second Corps Cadets (4 companies), Lieut. Col. Andrew 
Fitz, commanding; headquarters, Salem. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. vii 

Corps Coast Artillery (12 companies), Col. Charles P. Nutter, 
commanding; headquarters, Boston. 

First Battalion Field Artillery (3 batteries), Maj. Lawrence 
N. Duchesney, commanding; headquarters, Boston. 

First Squadron Cavalry (3 troops), Maj. William A. Perrins, 
commanding; headquarters, Boston. 

Signal Corps (1 company), Capt. Walter C. Stevens, com- 
manding; station, Boston. 

Hospital Corps (1 ambulance company), Capt. Robert E. 
Bell, commanding; station, Boston. 

Naval Brigade (8 companies), Capt. George R. H. Buffington, 
commanding; headquarters, Fall River. 

The prescribed returns relative to the above organization, 
together with returns of the strength of the several commands, 
have been duly forwarded to the War and Navy departments. 

Jf.. Reorganization Requirements. — While the volunteer 
militia, as at present organized, conforms closely to the reg- 
ular establishment, there yet remain to be made certain minor 
changes which are necessary to full compliance with the re- 
quirements of the federal statutes governing the allotment of 
the annual appropriation for its support. These changes may 
be provided by amendments to the existing statutes of the 
Commonwealth ; or, better, by the enactment of a new and 
thoroughly modern military code. It is doubtful if this may 
be wisely and maturely accomplished before the legislative 
session of 1908. The constructive work preparatory to this 
end, however, should receive most careful consideration dur- 
ing the coming year. Such changes in the organization of 
the staff and line as are recommended by this office will be 
noted in succeeding paragraphs of this report, and under their 
appropriate sub-divisions. 

5. Expense of Maintenance of Militia. — Appropriations 
for the maintenance of the volunteer militia, aggregating for 
the fiscal year 1906 the sum of $436,372.60, were made by 
chapters 133, 140, 307, 410, 426, 475 and 536 of the Acts 
passed by the Legislature of that year. The accompanying 
return classifies these appropriations under their proper sub- 
divisions : — 



viii ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Militia Appropriations for 1906. 

Adjutant General's Department: — 

Salaries, $19,158 32 

Incidental and contingent, . . . 3,208 33 

Military accounts, . . . . . 3,666 66 

Publication of annual report, . . . 1,300 00 

Quartermaster General's Department : — 

Quartermaster's supplies, . . . $11,000 00 

Quartermaster's incidentals, . . . 5,500 00 

Care State camp reservation, . . . 4,000 00 

Surgeon General's Department : — 

Salaries, $1,100 00 

Office expenses and supplies, . . , 2,268 75 

Medical examination of recruits, . . 2,383 33 

Department of Small Arms Practice : — 

Expenses of small arms practice, . . $24,500 00 

State team at U. S. competition, .. . 3,000 00 

The Line of the Militia: — 
Pay of officers and men, . • . . . $165,000 00 

Transportation, . . . . .. 19,000 00 

Officers' uniform allowances, . . . 17,000 00 

Repair of men's uniforms, . . . 9,600 00 

Commanding officers' allowances, . . 5,155 00 

Riding lessons for enlisted men, . . 4,882 85 

Expenses U. S. S. "Inca," . . . 3,000 00 

Maintenance of Service School, . . 2,500 00 

Headquarters and Armories : — 

Allowances for rentals, . . :/'••-. $50,000 00 

Maintenance and repairs, . . , 69,467 21 

Salaries of armorers, .... 7,000 00 

Special armory commission, . . . 500 00 

Military Claims : — 

Under resolves of Legislature, . . . $2,182 15 



$27,333 31 



20,500 00 



5,752 08 



27.500 00 



226,137 85 



Aggregate militia appropriation for 1906, 



126,967 21 

2,182 15 
$436,372 60 



In considering the figures above given, it should be noted 
that in certain instances they are computed on a basis of 
eleven months' supplies, in order to conform to the new fiscal 
year as recently prescribed, and that in certain other instances 
they include amounts required to supply deficits resulting 
from inadequate appropriations for the year preceding. 

On the basis of the latest census, showing the population 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



IX 



of the Commonwealth to be 3,003,680, it would appear that 
the per capita cost of the maintenance of the military estab- 
lishment is slightly under 14.5 cents. If this expense were 
to be assessed directly upon the able-bodied male citizens 
within military age limits, it would amount to but 84.8 cents 
due from each, — which surely may be considered a moderate 
yearly price at which to purchase exemption from the active 
performance of any military duty. The property valuation 
of the Commonwealth, over which the militia potentially 
mounts guard, is returned at the enormous sum of $3,420,- 
000,000 ; the tax on this great aggregate of wealth, due to 
the maintenance of the militia, is but a shade above .01 of 
1 per cent. 

There having actually been enrolled in the volunteer militia 
during the past year an aggregate commissioned and enlisted 
strength of 6,639 officers and men, it would appear that the 
average cost to the Commonwealth of the maintenance of each 
individual thus borne on the rolls was $65.72. An analysis 
of this expenditure gives the following exhibit: — 



Average Expenditure in Maintenance of One Militiaman. 

Pay and allowances, ....... $24 85 

Quartering in armories, 

Small arms practice and ammunition, 

Administrative expenses, . 

Uniform allowances and repairs, 

Quartermasters' supplies, . 

Transportation, 

Medical examinations and supplies, 

Other miscellaneous expenditures, 



19 


12 


4 


12 


4 


12 


3 


91 


3 


08 


2 


86 




87 


2 


79 



Total, 



$65 72 



It is submitted that for its outlay on the military establish- 
ment the Commonwealth secures a most adequate return. 
Leaving out of consideration its federal obligations, or the 
ever-possible contingency of actual or threatened foreign at- 
tack, the sum above noted places at its disposal the services 
of nearly 7,000 armed, trained and disciplined guardians of 
law and order, of life and property. A like sum employed 
in the maintenance of a regularly organized and paid police 
force would support less than 400 men, were they to receive 



x ADJUTANT GEXERAL'S REPORT. [elan. 

the rates of pay established in the departments of our repre- 
sentative cities. 

6. Estimated Military Expenses for 1907. — The estimates 
of the military appropriations required for the full twelve 
months' term of the ensuing fiscal year are appended. The 
increase of $41,667.40, or 9.5 per cent., over the appropria- 
tions for 1906 may be accounted for (a) by the fact that 
many of the items cover a period of expenditure of twelve 
months, instead of eleven; and (b) by the legislation of the 
late session, which dealt most liberally with the service in 
many ways, later to be noted in this report. In addition to 
the following estimates, it will be necessary to seek certain 
special appropriations to cover deficiencies resulting from the 
failure of the last Legislature to make the necessary appro- 
priations fully to carry out the provisions of its own enact- 
ments, notably in the case of armory rentals, the pay of 
company armorers, allotments for uniform repairs, and cer- 
tain authorized headquarters and company administrative 
allowances. Such funds as may be required for the settle- 
ment of military claims during the coming year can be de- 
termined only after the usual legislative action in each case. 

Military Estimates for 1907. 

Adjutant General's Department: — 

Salaries, $20,900 00 

Incidental and contingent, . . . 3,500 00 

Military accounts, . " . . . . 4,000 00 

Preservation of war records, . . . 1,500 00 

Publication of annual report, . . . 1,500 00 



Quartermaster General's Department : — 

Quartermaster's supplies, . . . §12,000 00 

Quartermaster's incidentals, . . . 6,000 00 

Care State camp reservation, . . . 4,000 00 

Surgeon General's Department : — 

Salaries, . . . . . SI, 200 00 

Office expenses and supplies, . .. . 2,500 00 

Medical examination of recruits, . . 2,500 00 



Department of Small Arms Practice : — 
Expenses of small arms practice, . . $25,000 00 

State team at U. S. competition, . . 3,000 00 



$31,400 00 



22,000 00 



6,200 00 



28,000 00 



Amount carried forward, ..... $87,600 00 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



XI 



Amount brought forward, . 

The Line of the Militia : — 
Pay of officers and men, . 
Transportation, 
Officers' uniform allowances, 
Repair of men's uniforms, 
Commanding officers' allowances, 
Headquarters' allowances, etc., 
Company armorers, 
Riding lessons for enlisted men, 
Expenses U. S. training ship, . 
Maintenance of Service School, 

Headquarters and Armories : — 
Rental, first class armories, 
Maintenance, 

Armorers, .... 
Rental, etc., second class armories, 
Rental, etc., third class armories, 



Aggregate military estimate for 190" 



$87,600 00 



3165,000 00 

20,000 00 

17,000 00 

12,000 00 

5,450 00 

3,770 00 

12,000 00 

3,920 00 

3,000 00 

2,500 00 



135,800 00 

60,000 00 
20,000 00 
20,000 00 
10,000 00 



244.640 00 



145,800 00 
$478,040 00 



7. Federal Appropriations for Land Militia. — By the 
amendment to section 1661, U. S. K. S., passed by the act 
of June 22, 1906, in securing which the congressional dele- 
gation from Massachusetts displayed an active and most 
helpful interest, the annual federal appropriation for the 
maintenance of the organized land militia has been increased 
from $1,000,000 to $2,000,000. From this appropriation 
the allotment to this Commonwealth, as made by the War 
Department, is $63,832.61, of which $17,571.48 may be 
drawn upon for arming and equipping the troops, and for 
other necessary military accounts, while the further sum of 
$15,958.16, or 25 per cent, of the allotment, must be ex- 
pended solely in the promotion of small arms practice. With 
the balances standing to the credit of Massachusetts at Wash- 
ington on Dec. 1, 1906, the Commonwealth may depend on 
receiving the following federal support during the coming 
year : — 

For Armament, Equipment, etc. 

Balance on Dec. 1, 1906, . . . $33,182 08 

Appropriation for 1907, .... 47,874 48 

■ $81,056 56 



Amount carried forward, 



$81,056 56 



xii ADJUTANT GENERALS REPORT. [Jan. 

Amount brought forward, ..... SSI. 056 56 

For Promotion of Small Arms Practice. 

Balance on Dec. 1. 1906 $15.763 92 

Appropriation for 1907, .... 



15.95S 16 



Credit available for 1907, 



31.722 OS 



$112, 77S 64 



In the matter of allotment of this annual federal appro- 
priation most serious consideration should be given to the 
grave injustice wrought by the existing method. In the 
case of the allotments to States, the proportion awarded 
to each is based on its congressional representation, provided 
that for each senator and congressman there are maintained 
100 armed and equipped militiamen. In the case of the Ter- 
ritories the method followed is not clear, though it is glaringly 
inequitable. By the War Department return of Dec. 31, 
1905. the latest now available, it would appear that the 
organized land militia of the United States numbered 112.390 
officers and men. Had the annual appropriation of $2,000,- 
000 been allotted on a per capita basis, the share of each 
State and Territory would have been $17.79 for each militia- 
man in active service. How widely different were the con- 
ditions actually obtaining may be noted by the accompanying 
tabulation, which should be closely studied : — 

Allotment of Federal Appropriation for 1906. 



BZAXB OB TEEEITOHT. 



Number 

thres in 
Congress. 



Total Militia 
Strength. 



Total 

Actual 

Allotment, 

1S06. 



Allotment 



S; :: :=::: 
j Equitable 
^ic^X ABotment at 

lwt> - $i:.:;. 



Xew York, 


39 


Pennsvlvania, 


34 


Illinois, . 


27 


Ohio, . 


23 


Massachuse::-. 


16 


New Jersey, . 


12 . 


California, 


10 


Texas. . 


18 


Wisconsin, 


13 


Georgia. 


13 


Connecticut, . 


7 


Iowa, 


13 



1.711 


$155,592 




135.644 


6.613 


107.717 


6.049 


91,759 


5.304 


63.S32 


4.432 


47.S74 


3.202 


39,895 


2,914 


71.811 


2.911 


51,864 


2,891 


51,81 i 


2,7( _ 


27.926 


2,718 


51,864 



$10 


57 


13 


79 


16 


28 


15 


16 


12 


03 


10 SO 


12 


45 


24 


65 


17 


81 


17 


93 


10 


11 


19 


08 



$261,708 

174.982 
117.645 
107.611 
94.35S 
7S.S45 
56,963 
51,840 
51.7-6 
51.430 
46.135 
48,353 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



x:i: 



Allotment of Federal Appropriation for 1906 — Conchid 


ed. 


\VrV ~V VVV 


1 ;;.: ":. T 



Michigan, 
Missouri, 

Alabama, 

I.::i::.:::- . 

Virinnii. 

Maryland, 

Tennessee. 

North Carolina, 

Minnesota, 

Arkan= : - 

South Carolina, 

District of Columbia, 

Kentucky. 

Nebrasi: 

Mississippi, 

Louisiana, 

New Hampshire, 

X :-.:: = :- - 

West Virginia, 

Florida, . 

Maine, . 

Oregon, 

Rhode Island, 

Colorado. 

South Dak:: 

Vermont, 

Oklahoma, 

Washington, . 

Idaho. . 

North Dakota. 

Hawaii, 

Montana. 

Delaware. 

Wy:-niing 

Utah, 

Arizona, 

New Mexico. . 

Nevada, 



14 


_ 585 


> : : * '" : 


i_ . : . 


M 


IS 


2,587 


71.S11 


27 75 


1 022 


11 


2.: \ 


43.884 


19 12 


40.828 


15 


2,245 


5 >43 


_ 65 


\ 


12 


2,1* 




21 90 


- vSS 


. 


2.076 


31.916 


15 37 


36.932 


12 


l.i' 


43 74 


24 43 


U 


12 


1.916 




24 98 


34 J5 


11 


1.905 


43.884 | 


23 03 


33,889 


9 


1.761 


3-5. 905 


20 


31,328 


9 


1.702 


35.905 


21 


30^278 


— 


1.674 


37,7 




_ 781 


13 


1.591 


51- i 


32 


.-303 


. 


1*564 


31. : 


.: 40 


27 - 


10 


1.551 


39 ; 


25 72 


27 ' _ 


9 


1,4 


35.905 


23 96 


. 4 


4 


1.399 


15. i8 


11 40 


24,888 


10 


1.302 


- " 


30 64 


23.162 


> 


1,277 


X _ 


21 


22.717 


5 


1.256 


19.947 


15 88 


22.344 


6 


1,188 


23 " 


20 14 


21.134 


4 


1.109 


15,958 


_i. - V 


19 72 


4 


1,06 


15 - 


14 65 


19.373 


5 


372 


1 =47 


22 87 


15.512 


4 


- 


15. r : 


IS 55 


15 - 


4 




15.: 158 


. 32 


13 44 


- 


753 


_ 206 


34 N 


13 


5 


738 


19 . -V 


.- 02 


13.129 


3 


677 


11. i8 


17 57 


12.043 


4 


595 


15,1 58 


_ v_ 


10,585 


— 


574 


15.000 


- 13 


10.211 


3 


41S 


11. 9 


28 63 


7,431 


O 


18S 


ii.; ; 


3«: 


- 


a 


17! 


Li :•> 


31 '" 


r42 


3 


376 


11. - 


31 32 


SS 


- 


375 


11.5:34 


30 V 


"i 


— 


IV 


10,4 


33 : 


5.514 


3 


149 


11 iS 


>:■ 32 


. . : . 



The most casual analysis of the figures given in the above 
return should serve amply to demonstrate the extremely nnt- 
seientinc system governing the present annual allotments from 
the federal appropriation. Nbting hut a few - :;_~: in- 
stances of existing inequalities, it ^vill he ohserved that the 



xiv ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

great State of New York, with its 14,711 men in active 
service, draws but $155,592 from the government; while the 
State of Nevada, with but 149 men on its rolls, is awarded 
$11,968, thus giving the ratio of $80.32 per man, as against 
$10.57, absolutely in favor of the force numbering less than 
three full companies of infantry; Massachusetts, standing 
fifth among the States in organized military strength, with 
5,304 men on its rolls, receives but $12.03 annually per man, 
and ranks forty-sixth in its per capita allotment; fourteen 
States — New York, Pennsylvania, Illinois, Ohio, Massachu- 
setts, New Jersey, California, Connecticut, Maryland, New 
Hampshire, Florida, Oregon, Rhode Island and Idaho in the 
order named — furnish to the government nearly 54 per cent, 
of its militia reserve, and yet receive in return but 38 per 
cent, of the militia appropriation, each of these States falling 
short of the allotment which it ought reasonably to expect, 
and their aggregate deficiency being no less than the substan- 
tial sum of $310,570, of which $30,526 must be credited to 
Massachusetts alone. 

It is submitted that this inequitable condition ought no 
longer to continue, and united action on the part of the 
Executive, the Legislature and the Massachusetts congres- 
sional delegation is recommended, to the end that premiums 
for military inefficiency and unpreparedness no longer may 
be annually offered by the provisions of the federal statutes. 

8. Federal Appropriations for Naval Militia. — The an- 
nual allotment to Massachusetts from the appropriation for 
the support of the Naval Militia is $5,981.83, or $11.11 for 
each man enrolled in the Naval Brigade, which returned a 
strength of 538 on its last tour of ordered duty. On Dec. 1, 
1906, there was standing to the credit of the Commonwealth 
on the books of the Navy Department the sum of $18,335.97. 
There thus should be available during the coming year, after 
the passage and allotment of the customary appropriation, a 
sum of over $24,000. In this connection it may be noted that 
the War Department permits the Naval Militia of the District 
of Columbia to share in the annual allotment of the appro- 
priations for the support of the land militia, its 211 men 
being included in the strength returned as the basis for the 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. xv 

allowance made to the District. This privilege, however, is 
extended to no other State maintaining a naval service. 

9. Legislation of Current Year. — Much legislation in the 
interests of the service has been enacted during the year, and 
on behalf of the militia this department desires to express 
its appreciation of the interest and helpful spirit shown by 
Senator Samuel E. Hull, chairman of the joint committee on 
military affairs, Senator Silas D. Reed, chairman of the 
Senate committee on ways and means, and Representative 
Charles E. Ward, chairman of the House committee on ways 
and means, together with the gentlemen serving on their re- 
spective committees. The principal changes affecting the 
service are as below noted : — 

Acts of 1906. — Chapter 198 : rendering it possible for for- 
eign troops to parade under arms within the Commonwealth, 
under permission from the Commander-in-Chief. Chapter 
212 : allowing retired officers to accept commissions in active 
service, with privilege of resuming original retired rank on 
termination of such service. Chapter 217 : permitting a spur 
track of electric railway to be operated at Bay State range 
during shooting season only. Chapter 273 : raising rank of 
regimental inspectors of small arms practice from first lieu- 
tenant to captain. Chapter 373 : allowing employment of 
counsel by enlisted men at hearings on application for dis- 
charge. Chapter 423 : limiting tenure of office of brigade 
commanders of the line to five years, and of regimental and 
naval brigade commanders to seven years, with provision in 
each case for retirement with increased rank at expiration 
of term. Chapter 469 : defining permissible uses of armories 
for other than military purposes. Chapter 504 : giving to 
Inspector General of Small Arms Practice supervision over 
all rifle ranges and expenditures of funds appropriated for 
promotion of small arms practice (section 1) ; providing 
penalties for chiefs of staff departments accepting emoluments 
other than those provided by law (section 2) ; providing rank 
of captain in quartermaster's department for superintendent 
of State arsenal (section 3) ; regulating organization of regi- 
mental and battalion bands (section 4) ; providing for issue 
of clasp recognizing service in war, for attachment to regu- 



xvi ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPOET. [Jan. 

lation long-service decoration (section 5) ; providing for 
retirement with sneli rank as may be determined by Com- 
mander-in-Chief in case of officers commissioned for twenty- 
five years, and making eligible for the retired list such officers 
honorably discharged since 1S9S as otherwise may be qualified 
for retirement (section 6) : reducing maximum penalty for 
unauthorized wearing of officers' uniforms from $1,000 to 
$100 (section 7) : providing penalties for military property 
stolen, defaced or destroyed, and defining action to be taken 
by District Police in such cases (section 8) ; reclassification 
of all armories built or otherwise provided for militia, and 
reorganization of board of armory commissioners (section 9) ; 
permitting the holding of officers' meetings in excess of six 
annually, on approval of Commander-in-Chief (section 10) ; 
revision of pay table for commissioned officers to comply with 
rates in regular establishment ; increase of pay for non-com- 
missioned staff officers (section 11) ; providing allowances for 
riding lessons for maximum enlisted strength entitled by law 
to be mounted, providing uniform allowances for officers of 
general staff, and making proportional allowances to officers 
serving less than twelve months (section 12) ; increasing 
allowances to headquarters and companies for postage and 
office incidentals ; increasing clothing repair allowances for 
enlisted men; providing for each company an armorer, with 
suitable allowances (section 13) : providing for adequate issue 
to service of copies of military code (section 11") : providing 
for payment of claims for personal injuries incurred in line 
of military duty, after hearing before board of officers (sec- 
tion 15). 

Resolves of 1 906. — Chapters 21. 22. 23, 29, 10, 73 and 
92 : allowing personal claims respectively of T. J. Regan, 
A. P. Calder, H. T. Mangan, A. E. Keen. G. Mesick. H. 
Holley and J. Xewington. Chapter 2S : providing for Mas- 
sachusetts rifle team at national trophy competition. Chapter 
16 : allowing claims of companies A, H, I and L, Fifth 
Infantry, for transportation allowances withheld in 1902 and 
1903. Chapter 61 : providing for payment of allowances 
in arrears for instruction in riding. Chapter 9S : constituting 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. xvii 

a recess commission to report to the Legislature of 1907 
such changes in armory laws as may be desirable. 

10. Field and Cruising Service, 1906. — The field duty pre- 
scribed by sections 134 and 135, chapter 465, Acts of 1905, 
was performed on the dates and at the stations below noted un- 
der General Orders, No. 9, current series, from this office : — 

Second Regiment Infantry: South Framingham, June 9 
to 16, inclusive. Fifth Eegiment Infantry: South Framing- 
ham, August 11 to 17, inclusive, with annual parade for 
instruction at North Adams, on August 18. Sixth Eegiment 
Infantry: South Framingham, June 16 to 23, inclusive. 
Eighth Eegiment Infantry : South Framingham, July 7 to 
14, inclusive. Ninth Eegiment Infantry: South Framing- 
ham, July 21 to 27, inclusive, with annual parade for in- 
struction at Springfield, October 12. Corps of Coast 
Artillery : Fort Eodman, New Bedford, by detachments, — 
the Fourth, Ninth, Tenth and Twelfth companies, July 7 to 
14, inclusive; the Third, Fifth, Eighth and Eleventh com- 
panies, July 14 to 21, inclusive; the First, Second, Sixth 
and Seventh companies, July 21 to 28, inclusive. First 
Battalion Field Artillery: Ipswich, and on road practice 
marches between that and home stations, July 14 to 21, 
inclusive. First Squadron Cavalry: South Framingham, 
July 14 to 21, inclusive. First Corps Cadets: Hingham, 
July 7 to 14, inclusive. Second Corps Cadets : Boxford, July 
7 to 14, inclusive. Signal Corps : South Framingham, July 
14 to 21, inclusive. Hospital Corps: South Framingham, 
July 14 to 20, inclusive, with annual parade for instruction at 
Boston, June 7. Naval Brigade: at sea, embarking at Bos- 
ton on IT. S. armored cruisers " Brooklyn " and " Mary- 
land,' 7 July 14 to 21, inclusive. The general staff, general 
officers commanding and brigade staffs : as assigned in orders, 
at various dates, and at the stations above noted. 

With a view to securing uniformity in administration and 
instruction, as well as for the correction of certain apparent 
instances of laxity in the maintenance of discipline which 
had been noted by inspecting officers in connection with the 
field work of the year preceding, it was found expedient to 



xviii ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



order the infantry of the line into camp by regiments, aban- 
doning brigade operations for the year. To ensure the execu- 
tion of the prescribed routine, a post of instruction was 
established on the State reservation at South Framingham, 
under command of the brigade commanders in succession, to 
whom reported the several regiments. By this system each 
command was brought into sharp relief, its merits or faults 
not being obscured by attention necessarily devoted to the 
observation of the performance of other co mm ands on duty at 
the same time and station. It is recommended that regi- 
mental camps hereafter be ordered not less frequently than 
once in three years. 

The following return exhibits the strength present and 
absent during the ordered field and cruising duty of the year 
current, showing 95.2 per cent, to have been present for 
duty : — 

Strength Present on Ordered Field Duty, 1906. 



Organization. 


Present. 


Absent. 


Present and 
Absent. 


Percentage 
Present. 


General staff, 


21 




21 


100.0 


Headquarters, First Brigade, . 


19 


1 


20 


95.0 


Headquarters, Second Brigade, 


20 


- 


20 


100.0 


Second Infantry, . 


773 


38 


811 


95.3 


Fifth Infantry, 




790 


17 


807 


97.8 


Sixth Infantry, 




776 


35 


811 


95.6 


Eighth Infantry, . 




771 


23 


794 - 


97.1 


Ninth Infantry, 




741 


64 


805 


92.0 


Corps Coast Artillery, 




814 


11 


825 


98.6 


First Field Artillery, 




285 


19 


304 


93.7 


First Cavalry, 




230 


21 


251 


91.6 


First Corps Cadets, 




251 


21 


272 


92.2 


Second Corps Cadets, 




219 


17 


236 


92.7 


Signal Corps, 




55 


2 


57 


96.4 


Hospital Corps, 




63 


5 


68 


92.6 


Naval Brigade, 




494 


44 


538 


91.8 


Totals, . 




6,322 


318 


6,640 


95.2 



11. Special Duty, 1906. — In addition to the duty above 
noted, special duty has been performed by certain commands 
of the militia during the year, as follows : — 

January 5 : salute fired on Boston Common by platoon of 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. xix 

Field Battery A, on occasion of inauguration of His Ex- 
cellency Governor Curtis Guild, Jr. 

January 22 to March 26, inclusive: armory inspections of 
entire militia, by officers detailed from United States Army 
for the purpose. Strength present at inspection, 90.07 per 
cent. 

February 12 : salute fired on Boston Common by platoon 
of Field Battery A, marking first official observance in Massa- 
chusetts of Lincoln Lay. 

March 17: escort duty to His Excellency the Commander- 
in-Chief, accompanied by Lieutenant General Bates, U. S. A., 
performed by detachment from Troop A, First Cavalry, at 
South Boston, in connection with observance of Evacuation 
Day. 

June 7 to 9, inclusive: practice march from Worcester to 
South Framingham, by companies C, H and K, Second In- 
fantry. 

June 27 : His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief escorted 
to Cambridge by Troop A, First Cavalry, on Commencement 
Day of Harvard University. 

July 24 : escort duty performed in Boston at funeral of 
Brig. Gen. Edmund Bice, U. S. A., retired, by Sixth Infantry 
and detachment of Field Battery A, together with battalion 
of United States Coast Artillery. 

August 18 to 25, inclusive: visit to Ottawa, Can., re- 
turning by way of Montreal, by Fifth Infantry, as guests 
of Forty-third (" Duke of Cornwall's Own ") Rifle Regiment, 
Canadian Militia. 

September 1 : escort duty by First Corps Cadets, in Boston, 
at funeral of Lieut. Col. Thomas F. Edmands, retired, late 
commanding the corps. 

September 7 to 8, inclusive: detachment from Naval Bri- 
gade on duty on U. S. S. " Inca," on cruise from Boston to 
Marblehead and return, accompanied by Commander-in- 
Chief. 

September 18 to 20, inclusive: visit to Portland, Me., by 
Company A, Second Infantry. 

October 12 to 14, inclusive: visit to New York City by 
Ninth Infantry, as guests of Sixty-ninth New York Infantry. 



xx ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

October 19 : salute fired on Cambridge Common by platoon 
from Eield Battery A, on occasion of dedication of Revolu- 
tionary memorial gateway. 

October 25 : mobilization and parade of Second Infantry, 
at Springfield, on occasion of dedication of regimental Span- 
ish war memorial. 

12. Assistance to Civil Authorities. — On two occasions 
during the year the military establishment has been called 
upon for assistance, under the provisions of section 125, 
chapter 465, Acts of 1905, by local civil authorities. 

At the disastrous collapse of the Arnsden building, at South 
Framingham, on July 23, the entire Ninth Infantry, then in 
camp, was ordered on duty, later being reinforced by Com- 
pany E, Sixth Infantry, under precept from the selectmen 
of the town. These commands performed guard duty for two 
days, and by detachments labored untiringly in the midst of 
the dangerous ruins both in rescuing the injured and in re- 
covering the bodies of those killed in the disaster. The offi- 
cers and men of both commands have been unreservedly 
commended by the civil authorities for their invaluable and 
unselfish exertions. 

On December 7, during the progress of a threatening fire 
at Holyoke, Company D, Second Infantry, was ordered on 

4 

duty, under precept, and rendered most efficient service, under 
extremely rigorous weather conditions, in guarding property 
and maintaining order. The command officially has received 
the thanks of the local authorities to whose call it responded. 

Letters of commendation have also been sent by Your Ex- 
cellency to Priv. Charles H. Cox, Company G, Sixth In- 
fantry, Priv. Harry H. Hale, Company C, Sixth Infantry, 
and Priv. James Regan, Company M, Ninth Infantry, for 
their respective acts of daring in the rescue of life at a fire 
in Lowell on March 9, though the conduct thus commended 
was displayed in their several civil capacities, and not in the 
line of military duty or under orders. 

IS. The General Staff. — ■ The officers assigned by Your 
Excellency to service with the general staff have been con- 
stantly employed 'during the year, and are to be credited, 
exclusive of the routine office attendance of the Chief of 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. xxi 

Staff, Assistant Adjutant General and chiefs of the respective 
staff departments, with the performance under orders of 839 
days' duty, — ■ an average of practically 42 days' duty for 
each officer. Much additional duty also has been performed 
by retired officers and by active officers of the line, who from 
time to time have been under detail for service with the 
general staff. In consideration of the professional and busi- 
ness demands in civil life upon the time of officers of the 
militia, it would appear that a limit must be reached in 
the exactions of the service. It therefore is recommended 
that details for social and official functions not purely mil- 
itary be abandoned, or be much reduced in number, and that 
officers of the line who have distinguished themselves in the 
service be freely detailed for temporary assignment to duty 
with the general staff. 

A reorganization of the staff seems desirable, and when 
made it should be in compliance with such suggestions or 
regulations as may be determined by the War Department. 
It is suggested that, as at present organized, the officers of 
the staff are provided with too high rank in consideration of 
the strength of the force with which they serve. Admitting 
that the chief of staff, from the importance of his duties, 
should rank as a general officer, it well might be that the chiefs 
of the remaining staff departments should not rank higher 
than colonel, with appropriate lower grades in the case of 
their subordinate departmental officers. It further is recom- 
mended that a definite and longer tenure of office be provided 
by suitable enactment for the officers of the administrative 
departments, since it requires no argument to demonstrate 
that frequent changes, at uncertain intervals, cannot fail to 
impair the efficiency of the service. 

The opinion would seem to prevail throughout the service 
that the requirements governing eligibility to staff details and 
appointments should be made more exacting. Under the 
law as it stands, but three years' service, commissioned or 
enlisted, renders a person eligible for appointment to the 
general staff. It is recommended that five years' commis- 
sioned service be required as a prerequisite to such assign- 
ment, not only with a view to the appointment of officers 



xxii ADJUTANT GENEEAL'S KEPOKT. [Jan. 

of more service experience, but also because staff commissions 
thus awarded would acquire added dignity under such condi- 
tions, and would serve as an incentive to the faithful per- 
formance of duty by the officers of the line who reasonably 
might aspire to them. 

lit-. Adjutant General's Department. — An immediate and 
thorough reorganization of the Adjutant General's depart- 
ment is imperatively necessary, the recent notable increase 
in the volume and complexity of the business annually trans- 
acted having rendered obsolete many, if not most, of the 
methods which, for a long period following the civil war, were 
adequate to the less exacting demands then made upon the 
department and its officers.- During the last ten years the 
work of the department has more than doubled, while its 
facilities, especially in the matter of personnel, have not been 
proportionally strengthened. Entirely new and modern sys- 
tems of filing and record keeping should be adopted, and the 
books and papers relating to the militia service should be 
made to conform to those of the regular establishment. To 
attain this end, the detail of an officer from the Adjutant 
General's office of the army should be requested, for tempo- 
rary duty in this office until such time as the required 
changes may be made effective. To the clerks now attached 
to the office too much credit cannot be given for their long 
and faithful years of service rendered to the Commonwealth. 
The fact remains, however, that many of them are physically 
incapable of adding further exertion to that already imposed 
upon them by existing conditions. Many of them have most 
gallant military records to their credit, while some of them 
have incurred partial disablement in the service. It is hoped 
that in recognition of such service some suitable mode of 
retirement, with adequate pay, may be devised; failing of 
this, provision should be made for the employment of such 
additional clerical service as the constantly growing demands 
upon the department require. 

Under the conditions imposed by the present military code 
of the Commonwealth, it no longer is possible for one officer 
to perform efficiently the duties devolving upon the Adjutant 
General, who also is required, ex officio, to serve as Chief of 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. xxiii 

Staff. During the past year the obligations of this office 
have required its present incumbent to be in effect responsible 
for the proper expenditure of over a half million of dollars 
of State and federal military and naval appropriations; for 
the maintenance, care and repair of armories of the first 
class, representing an investment of well above two millions 
of dollars; and for the military policy to be followed in the 
training of nearly seven thousand troops of all arms, as well 
as for the discipline and efficiency of their officers and men. 
He also has been expected to serve as chairman of the com- 
mission on preservation of civil war records, as chairman of 
the permanent armory commission, as chairman of the recess 
commission appointed by the late Legislature to formulate 
new legislation relating to armories, and as commandant of 
the Service School, besides further having been for a period 
under detail as Acting Inspector General, and having served 
as a member of the National Board for the Promotion of 
Pifle Practice, and as a delegate to the annual convention 
of the Inter-State National Guard Association. On no less 
than 83 occasions he has been called from his desk by neces- 
sary attendance on official functions, while during the con- 
tinuance of the legislative session there have been constant 
demands upon his time in connection with the shaping of 
service legislation. 

As a remedy to this highly unsatisfactory condition, it is 
recommended that the office of Chief of Staff be made entirely 
distinct from that of Adjutant General, and that an officer 
of general rank be provided, whose duties shall be analogous 
to those performed by the Chief of Staff in the regular estab- 
lishment, viz. : the preparing of plans for defence, and for 
the mobilization of the forces in time of war or domestic 
disturbance ; the investigation of and reporting upon all ques- 
tions affecting the efficiency of the forces ; the co-ordination 
of action on the part of all staff departments and arms of the 
service; and the rendering of professional advice and assist- 
ance to the Commander-in-Chief, as well as to commanding 
officers and chiefs of department in the service at large. It 
is submitted that the military establishment of the Common- 
wealth never can reach the height of efficiency desired both 



xxiv ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

by its officers and by the people, whose servants they are, 
until some one officer, undistracted by the incessant require- 
ments of office routine, shall be enabled to give his undivided 
attention to the performance of the duties above roughly 
outlined ; while, on the other hand, it should be evident that 
the department of the Adjutant General cannot successfully 
be administered unless its chief is enabled to devote his best 
energies to the highly important work proper to his office. 

It further is recommended that the two Assistant Adju- 
tants General, ranking as lieutenant colonels, now attached to 
the respective brigade headquarters, be retired, and that three 
Assistant Adjutants General — one ranking as lieutenant 
colonel and two as majors — be provided for in the organiza- 
tion of the department, the first-named officer to serve at State 
general headquarters, and the two latter to be detailed for 
service at brigade headquarters. It should be apparent that 
such an assignment of departmental officers to brigade staff 
duty would conduce to uniformity in administrative work, 
and hence to increased service efficiency. 

15. Medical Department. — The report of the Surgeon 
General for the year now closing accompanies this report, as 
an enclosure. The work of the department is highly to be 
commended. There should be a moderate increase in the 
annual appropriation for the supplies required by this de- 
partment, to enable the Surgeon General to purchase and 
issue such professional works as may be required for the 
establishment at each brigade, regimental and unattached bat- 
talion headquarters of a thoroughly modern and adequate 
military-medical library. It is suggested that the medical 
officers now appointed by brigade commanders should be at- 
tached directly to the department, and detailed for such 
brigade staff duty as may be required. The same change 
should be made in the case of regimental and battalion medi- 
cal officers, should it finally appear that such officers are 
considered by the War Department as other than part of the 
regimental establishments. In this connection, mention 
should be made of the hearty co-operation on the part of the 
medical department of the regular establishment in forward- 
ing the plans of the Surgeon General of this Commonwealth, 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. xxv 

much assistance having willingly been extended to the service 
during the past year by regular medical officers. 

16. Judge Advocate General's Department. — As noted in 
the appended report from the Judge Advocate General, cover- 
ing the work of his department for the year, an unusual 
number of cases from regimental courts-martial have come 
before him for examination, while his opinion has been re- 
quired on numerous questions of law affecting the service. 
But one general court-martial has been ordered during the 
year, on which the court still is in session. Legislation en- 
abling the establishment of summary courts, with power to 
impose fines, is urgently required in the interests of discipline. 
The statutes also should provide for four forms of discharge 
in the case of enlisted men : a " full and honorable " dis- 
charge, to be granted to such as honestly and faithfully have 
served out their full term of enlistment ; an " honorable " 
discharge, in cases where the service has been honest and 
faithful, but for any cause has been terminated prior to the 
completion of the contract term ; a " discharge without 
honor," to be employed in cases where the service cannot be 
held to have been fully creditable to the soldier; and a 
" dishonorable " discharge, to be awarded on sentence of 
court-martial, in cases of flagrant breach of discipline. 

11. Inspector General's Department. — Attention is in- 
vited to the annual report of the Inspector General, herewith 
enclosed. The work of this department was much hampered, 
at the opening of the year — the period for armory inspec- 
tions at home stations — by the necessary absence on leave 
of the chief of the department, which required the successive 
details of two other officers of the general staff for duty as 
Acting Inspectors General, and prevented the formulation of 
satisfactory plans for the work of the season. The routine 
United States inspections, by officers detailed from the regular 
establishment, were made between January 22 and April 26. 
In many though not in all cases the State and United States 
inspections were made on the same dates, by officers jointly 
representing the two establishments. This system is not con- 
sidered desirable, since the methods followed by the officers 
concerned differ most radically. In the case of the regular 



xxvi ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

inspecting officers, the duty assumes the characteristics of a 
formal muster, supplemented by an inquiry into the condition 
of the arms and equipments in the possession of each com- 
mand; the State inspector, in addition to this, is required to 
report in most elaborate detail on the state of instruction of 
both officers and men, on the administration methods as noted, 
and on local and armory conditions affecting the welfare of 
each command. Under these conditions, it is recommended 
that the federal inspection be held early in the year, the State 
inspections to follow later in the spring, and immediately pre- 
ceding the season of field work. At the United States inspec- 
tions for the year current there were present for duty 90.07 
per cent, ; absent from inspection, 9.93 per cent. The percent- 
age of absentees reflected seriously on the discipline of certain 
commands, and commanding officers will be held to strict 
accountability should such laxity be noted in the future. 

Under the conditions prevailing in the militia service, the 
officers attached to this department* at times are seriously 
overworked. A degree of relief was afforded during the past 
year by the detail of many officers from the retired list, as 
well as from the active service, for inspection duty. The 
excellent service rendered by the officers thus detailed should 
receive suitable recognition. It is recommended that the pres- 
ent inspecting officers attached to brigade staffs be transferred 
to the department proper, to which they logically belong. 
It further is suggested that a detail of officers of the line, of 
field rank, annually be made for inspection duty, both to the 
end that the department may be numerically strengthened, 
thus lightening the burdens now imposed on its officers, and 
also that the officers thus detailed may broaden their experi- 
ence and military acquaintanceship by association with com- 
mands other than their own. 

18. Quartermaster General's Department. — For the first 
time in many years the department of the Quartermaster 
General has been administered by a specifically appointed 
chief, and the report of this officer, herewith enclosed, should 
receive the most careful consideration. It was the former 
custom in this Commonwealth to impose upon the Adjutant 
General the duties required in this department, but with the 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. xxvii 

rapid increase in the volume of business under present condi- 
tions it has been found impossible longer to continue this 
practice, and Your Excellency wisely took advantage of the 
permissive statute in the appointment of the present chief, 
to whom practically the entire work of the department has 
been turned over. 

No attempt at re-arming or re-equipping the force has 
been made during the present year, save in the matter of 
supplying shortages, except in the case of the field artillery, 
as later to be noted. It has been considered wise to deter- 
mine, by rigid inspections, the absolute needs of the troops, — 
meanwhile allowing the available federal appropriations to 
accumulate, — with a view to systematic and general issue of 
material in the immediate future. In general, it may be 
stated that the troops are in a fairly serviceable condition so 
far as concerns small arms, uniforms and equipments. Too 
many uniforms are worn, and altogether lacking in smartness ; 
but the fact remains that there is no command which, through 
lack of supplies, is unable to take the field. With the money 
soon to be at the disposal of the Commonwealth, all shortages 
may be easily filled, and a moderate reserve of essential sup- 
plies may be provided. This last consideration is one of vital 
importance, and no effort should be spared looking towards the 
maintenance in the State arsenal, and at all times, of a reserve 
of military stores sufficient for the arming and equipping of 
every command of the militia if ordered into the field at full 
war strength. In other words, the difference between peace 
strength and war footing — expressed in terms of arms, uni- 
forms, equipments and other stores — should never be per- 
mitted to be drawn upon for current needs of equipment. 
This Commonwealth has had too recent experience in the 
impossibility of rapidly fitting for the field even its organized 
militia to require further demonstration of the necessity for 
this provision. Eull dress uniforms should, if possible, be 
issued to the troops, both for the fostering of esprit de corps 
and for the encouragement of enlistments ; but this issue 
should not be made unless by a special appropriation granted 
for the purpose by the Legislature. The federal appropria- 
tions are too imperatively required for the absolute essentials 



xxviii ADJUTANT GENERAL'S EEPORT. [Jan. 

of service equipment to be even considered in connection with 
an issue of uniforms meant only for display. 

As noted later in this report, the supervision and repair of 
armories of the first class, subsequent to their acceptance by 
the Commonwealth, practically has been turned over to the 
department of the Quartermaster General, and with the most 
satisfactory results. Such responsibility logically should rest 
with this department, since each armory of the first class con- 
stitutes, in effect, a military post. It is recommended that 
the armorers, or janitors, now employed at these armories be 
no longer classed as civilians, since for perfectly obvious 
reasons it would appear to be in the interests of discipline and 
efficiency to enlist and muster them into the military service. 
In this event, they should receive rank as post quartermaster 
sergeants, with the provision that their annual salaries should 
take the place of the usual military pay and allowances. 

At the camp reservation at South Framingham much in the 
way of preservation and repair of the permanent buildings 
has been accomplished during the year, under an additional 
appropriation granted for the purpose. As a true measure 
of economy, however, further funds should be provided during 
the coming season, since the property of the Commonwealth 
at this station represents too large an investment to admit of 
wilful neglect in its proper maintenance. This reservation, 
though not fitted for the field work of any command greater 
than a regiment, yet should be retained as a valuable military 
asset. In times of emergency it affords excellent facilities for 
the rapid mobilization of large commands. Measures, how- 
ever, should be devised for the acquisition by the Com- 
monwealth of one or more large tracts of unsettled country, 
suitable for field manoeuvres, and of sufficient area for the 
battle deployments required under modern conditions. Such 
tracts still may be found on the Cape, in Essex County 
and in the western portion of the State, where they may be 
obtained, under due process of law, at figures which need not 
be deemed prohibitive. The increase in value of the reser- 
vation now held at Eramingham may serve to indicate that 
further like acquisitions of land for military purposes might 
well be in line with sound financial, as well as military, 
policy. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. xxix 

The passage of an act enabling the superintendent of the 
State arsenal to be commissioned as captain in this depart- 
ment has demonstrated its advisability. For many years, 
through some curious' custom of the service, this official, 
though a civilian, had practically been exercising the full 
authority of a commissioned officer, and even had at times 
been assigned to inspection duty, so far as concerned the 
matter of military supplies and stores in the possession of 
troops. His military status, as now fixed, enables him to 
perform such duty with propriety. 

19. Subsistence Department. — The report of the Com- 
missary General of subsistence, hereto appended, exhibits in 
detail the work of this department during the past year. It 
is a matter of record that the several commands of the militia, 
while on duty under orders and in the field during the 
season just closed, have been supplied in every instance with 
rations ample in quantity, of the highest quality, and at the 
minimum of expense consistent with fulfilling these condi- 
tions. It is recommended that in the future the ration issue 
be confined strictly to the table of components prescribed 
for the regular service, to the end that commissary officers, 
company commanders, company quartermaster sergeants and 
enlisted cooks may become thoroughly accustomed to the 
limitations to which they may at any time be subjected. 
This, of course, in no way would preclude the possibility of 
purchasing from the company fund, as is the custom in the 
regular establishment, such extra components as might be 
desired. It further is recommended that the ration issue on 
the part of the Commonwealth be based rigidly on the 
strength of the commands on duty, as returned by the morn- 
ing reports. The custom of permitting the issue of extra 
supplies, to be used in the entertainment of civilian guests, 
should no longer obtain. It is true that such extra issues 
are made at the expense of the troops concerned, and by 
their desire, but it is felt that the burden so imposed upon 
company messes should no longer be borne. "While the pres- 
ence of civilians at encampments cannot entirely be pre- 
vented, even though it is most patent that such visits on their 
part seriously interfere with the performance of the duties 
for which the Commonwealth is paying the troops acting as 



xxx ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

their hosts, it yet is felt that some way may be devised, either 
by the establishment of a restaurant ontside the reservation 
or by maintaining a civilian mess, nnder military supervision, 
within its limits, whereby the companies may avoid what, in 
many instances, has become not only a serious annoyance, 
but even a factor manifestly tending towards the impairment 
of discipline. 

20. Department of Small Arms Practice and Ordnance. — 
In the reorganization of the general staff, already proposed, 
provision should be made for the appointment of a Chief of 
Ordnance, whose duties should include not only full responsi- 
bility for the supply and issue of the ordnance and ordnance 
stores required by the troops of the Commonwealth, but also 
the supervision of all practice and competitive firing, as well 
as of such ranges as may be provided for this purpose. At 
present the statutes provide for the appointment of an In- 
spector General of Small Arms practice only, and a remedy 
this year has been attempted by the detail of this officer as 
acting Chief of Ordnance. In the performance of his duties 
in this latter capacity, however, he has necessarily found 
himself hampered at times by the lack of an exact delimita- 
tion as to the scope of his department and that of the Quarter- 
master General. This source of uncertainty should, by 
definite legislative enactment, be speedily removed. 

The record of this department for the past year, as ex- 
hibited in the accompanying report of the Inspector General 
of Small Arms Practice, should carefully be considered. It 
hardly need be said that the instruction of the troops in the 
confident and accurate use of their weapons is of absolute 
and vital importance. The money annually appropriated 
for such instruction is essential to the efficiency of the forces ; 
without it, the troops become mere uniformed bodies, avail- 
able only for parade. It should be a matter of deep satis- 
faction that in this Commonwealth the large sums expended 
on this branch of military training have resulted in the de- 
velopment of a notably high standard of marksmanship. 
Under the exacting requirements laid down by the War De- 
partment, over 85 per cent, of the troops now in service, 
and subject to practice firing, are returned as efficient. Of 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. xxxi 

these efficients, no less than 945, or 16 per cent., are classed 
as experts or sharpshooters. Had it not been for circum- 
stances which deprived certain commands of facilities for 
range work during the past season, these percentages would 
have been materially increased. In competitive firing the 
riflemen representing Massachusetts have well maintained the 
record established in earlier years. After winning the New 
England championship, the team representing this Common- 
wealth was ordered to Sea Girt, N. J., for duty at the annual 
competition, under supervision of the War Department, for 
the national trophies awarded in compliance with act of 
Congress. At this meeting, in competition with 4 teams 
from the regular military and naval establishments and 36 
from the several States and Territories, the Massachusetts 
team won third prize, defeating all save the infantry and 
cavalry teams representing the army. 

The time has come when the Commonwealth should pro- 
vide for its troops at least two great rifle ranges of proper 
area and of safe location for skirmish and battle firing. For 
qualification in the minor classes of marksmanship many of 
the ranges now provided by the local civil authorities are 
adequate; but few or none of them afford facilities for car- 
rying through the full course of musketry instruction and 
practice as now prescribed. The range at Wakefield, with 
the addition of certain additional parcels of land, would 
amply fulfil the above conditions. It was established, and 
largely is owned, by patriotic officers and men of the militia, 
from whom it might undoubtedly be purchased at a figure 
far below any to be secured from civilians not having at 
heart the interests of the service. There remain a few 
instances of disregard on the part of local authorities for 
the requirements of the statutes relating to the provision of 
range facilities for troops stationed within their respective 
town or city limits. It is recommended that a test case 
promptly be brought, to trial, with a view both to the re- 
covery of the penalty provided for noncompliance with the 
provisions of this necessary law, and to the providing of a 
deterrent example. 

There has been drawn from the ordnance department, and 



xxxii ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

now is in store, an adequate supply of " guard cartridge " 
ball rifle am munition, for issue to any troops called out for 
service in domestic emergencies. With the tremendous in- 
crease in the range and penetrative power of the modern rifle, 
it was felt that it no longer would be hiunane to issue the 
full service charge for troops under orders for local duty, 
owing to the almost certain contingency of injury to innocent 
citizens at great distances from the seat of any disturbances 
which might require firing from the troops. The guard 
(earlier known as the "•multi-ball") cartridge is amply 
powerful for effective work at close range, and its use should 
tend to relieve both officers and men of one of their gravest 
anxieties should their assistance be sought bv the civil au- 
thorities. 

It is submitted that the chief of this department should be 
afforded additional assistance ; and to that end it is recom- 
mended that one lieutenant colonel, two majors and one 
captain be provided. Of the officers named, the two majors 
well might be transferred from the brigade staffs as now 
organized. It also may be found necessary to detach from 
their present commands, by transfer to this department, the 
regimental and battalion inspectors of small arms practice 
now co mm issioned under existing statutes. 

21. Pay Department. — With a view to co-ordinating and 
systematizing the work of paymasters, it is recommended 
that provision be made by law for the appointment of a 
Paymaster General, and that the present regimental and 
battalion paymasters be transferred to a properly organized 
department of the general staff, under the supervision of the 
officer thus created. 

22. Corps of Engineers. — Legislation providing a Chief 
of Engineers, with two subordinate engineer officers, for duty 
with the general staff, would seem to be advisable. Should 
this reco mm endation be carried into effect, rigid regulations 
governing the professional qualifications of such officers 
should be adopted. In the immediate future authority for 
the organization of an engineer company should be granted, 
the necessity for troops of this arm being too evident to 
require further argument. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — Xo. 7. xxxiii 

23. Signal Corps. — Signal work being required not only 
from the Signal Corps as at present organized, but also from 
the Corps of Coast Artillery and the Xaval Brigade, pro- 
vision should be made for a Chief Signal Officer, to be 
assigned to duty with the general staff, who should be charged 
with the supervision of all signal duty required from the 
militia. At the date of this report the Signal Corps is not 
in the condition of efficiency desired. Its equipment is not 
complete, but such deficiencies as have been noted may be 
readily supplied during the coming year. 

2J+. Hospital Corps. — The Ambulance Company attached 
to the Hospital Corps has not been maintained at its max- 
imum strength during the year, and especial efforts should 
be made by its officers in the direction of recruiting. Much 
additional equipment, as urgently recommended by the Sur- 
geon General, remains to be supplied before this corps can be 
considered as in condition for the development of its full 
efficiency. Under the provisions of the present statutes but 
two of the three officers of this command need be medical 
officers. It is recommended that hereafter no appointments 
to commissions in the corps be made save from those having 
full medical qualifications. 

25. The Line of the Militia. — In the duty performed 
during the year by the line of the militia appreciable im- 
provement may be reported. By the adoption of regimental 
and battalion encampments, ' in place of the customary mobi- 
lization by brigades, it was found feasible to tighten the 
discipline and make more rigid the drill and incidental 
training of the several commands. As elsewhere noted, much 
attention has been devoted to practice firing, both with small 
arms and with sea coast, field and naval guns of the heavier 
calibres. The result of this practice has been extremely grat- 
ifying. It is urgently recommended that hereafter the prac- 
tice of permitting commands of the militia to leave the limits 
of the Commonwealth on unofficial dutv be done awav with. 
Such visits entail much unprofitable labor and expense on the 
officers and men concerned, lead to the enlistment of men 
lacking the true military spirit, interrupt seriously the rou- 
tine training of the year, and too often result in the notice- 



xxxiv ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

able impairment of discipline. On the other hand, the 
performance of official duty outside the Commonwealth — 
such, for instance, as the presence of representative troops at 
a presidential inauguration — has a distinct dignity and 
value from the service standpoint, provided it be performed 
under the orders of competent authority and with full ser- 
vice pay. 

In the main, the troops are well officered. Instances 'still 
may be noted, however, of officers lacking the aptitude for 
command, while there remain in service a few who would 
find it impossible, for physical reasons, to meet the require- 
ments of active duty in the field. A general retiring board 
should be convened to pass upon all such cases, and com- 
manding officers, with impartial firmness, should apply for 
the examination of all officers of their respective commands 
whom they may consider to be professionally or physically 
below the required standard. 

26. The Infantry Arm. — The work of the infantry dur- 
ing the year has been satisfactory. Many of the commands 
have been able to avail themselves, during their encamp- 
ments, of the services of Capt. William C. Davis, U. S. A., 
a tactical officer of unusual ability. In certain commands, 
while on field duty, too much attention has been concentrated 
on the niceties of ceremonies and close order drill, to the 
neglect of guard and outpost duty and extended order 
drill, — essentials for which the annual tour of camp duty 
affords practically the only opportunity for other than theo- 
retical instruction. The standard of horsemanship among 
field and staff officers requires attention, there being many 
whose abilities in this direction are equal only to the re- 
quirements of parade. It is possible that it may be found 
necessary to transfer to departments of the general staff the 
medical officers, paymasters and inspectors of small arms prac- 
tice now attached to regimental and battalion headquarters. 
Efforts should be made to procure at the earliest practicable 
moment the issue to the infantry of this Commonwealth of 
the latest model of service magazine rifle, together with some 
standard pack or knapsack adapted to the transportation of 
the personal effects of the enlisted men. 

21. The Coast Artillery. — The work of the year in the 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. xxxv 

Corps of Coast Artillery has been marked by keen interest 
and unremitting labor on the part of its officers and men. 
The professional requirements in this arm have been per- 
ceptibly raised, and to meet this requirement better facilities 
for study and instruction have been provided. The present 
Chief of Artillery, Brig. Gen. Arthur Murray, U. S. A., 
manifests the deepest concern in the development of this 
branch of the militia service, and stands ready to render any 
possible assistance. It is proposed during the coming year 
to unite more closely the commands of the regular and militia 
coast artillery, by assigning the latter to regular stations at 
local posts, to be considered thereafter as standing reliefs for 
the permanent garrisons. In this way alone can the artillery 
posts already erected and armed be even approximately 
manned against unexpected contingencies. To furnish but 
one complete relief for the existing works in Boston harbor 
there would be required from the artillery no less than 133 
officers and 3,245 enlisted men ; as a matter of record, less 
than one-third of this number can be supplied at present 
from the regular establishment, and allowing for reinforce- 
ment of the defences by the entire Corps of Coast Artillery 
from the militia (843 officers and men) relieves the situation 
but little. As a matter of fact, the number of companies in 
the corps should be increased in strength and doubled in 
number; failing in this, each of the existing companies 
should, under authority of statute, be recruited to at least 
109 enlisted men. 

In this connection it may be well to recall the fact that 
Massachusetts was the pioneer in the development of militia 
coast artillery, the initiative having been taken as far back 
as 1881, by Maj. Gen. A. Hun Berry, then Adjutant General, 
and Brig. Gen. Morris SchafT, then Inspector General. Maj. 
Gen. Samuel Dalton, late Adjutant General, ably seconded 
by the late Col. Austin C. Wellington, as well as by Maj. 
Gen. Thomas R. Mathews, Col. Charles L. Hovey and Brig. 
Gen. Charles Pfaff, the three last named now being on the 
retired list, carried on the work thus suggested, and their 
untiring efforts have resulted in the unquestioned efficiency 
of the corps as it exists to-day. 

28. The Field Artillery. — The reorganization of the field 



xxxvi ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

batteries, as already no-ted, has been productive of the best 
of results. During the past year Field Battery A has been 
re-equipped with the latest 3-inch guns and materiel. It is 
expected that one, if not both, of the remaining batteries may 
be similarly re-armed during the coming year. The 3.2-inch 
guns so displaced remain the property of the Commonwealth, 
and should be held in reserve for contingencies. An inex- 
pensive storehouse for their reception should be built on the 
reservation at South Framingham. The encampment of the 
field artillery at Ipswich, together with the practice marches 
by road in connection therewith, did much to advance the 
efficiency of this arm. The failure of an express company 
to deliver in time the ammunition for the practice of field 
batteries B and C proved a source of keen disappointment 
to these commands, as well as to this office. This ammunition, 
however, now has been received, and is in store; and the 
batteries noted, in compensation for the lack of practice 
during the present year, should receive double ammunition 
allowances when next ordered for field service. 

29. The Cavalry Arm. — During its field service the cav- 
alry has been enabled to profit by the supervision and in- 
struction of Maj. John Bigelow, Jr., U. S. A., retired, late 
of the Tenth U. S. Cavalry, and now attached to the general 
staff of this Commonwealth. The reorganized squadron was 
ordered into a separate encampment, and so was enabled to 
devote its entire attention to troop and squadron drill, with 
ranks undepleted by the necessity of making heavy details 
for provost guard duty. In the opinion of the officers of the 
Inspector General's department, the late tour of field service 
demonstrated amply the fact that Troop F, stationed at 
Chelmsford, has fallen irreparably below the standard of 
discipline and efficiency; it therefore is recommended that 
the necessary orders for the disbandment of this command 
be issued. The squadron requires much in the way of re- 
armament and re-equipment, and it is hoped that its neces- 
sities, in great measure, may be supplied during the coming 
season. 

SO. The Corps of Cadets. — Though organized as infan- 
try, it is doubtful if the Eirst and Second Corps of Cadets, 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. xxxvii 

owing to their peculiar privileges, are to be considered as of 
the line. The First Corps maintains creditable strength, and 
has been held at its traditional high state of discipline and 
efficiency. The Second Corps has to its credit a year of 
faithful work, but seems unable to recruit its ranks suffi- 
ciently to ensure efficient strength for service. If after fur- 
ther effort this proves to be impracticable, the corps should 
be reduced to the standing of a battalion of two full com- 
panies. In the case of both corps, orders should be issued 
fixing the company strength definitely at that prescribed for 
infantry companies of the line. 

81. The Naval Brigade. — As a whole, the Naval Brigade 
is in serviceable and efficient condition, with adequate equip- 
ment. This command has a well-defined and essential posi- 
tion in the service of this sea-coast Commonwealth, and 
deserves ungrudging support. Aside from the question of 
its possible service in time of war, its presence may be re- 
quired at any time, in the event of domestic disturbance, in 
the protection of life and property along the water fronts of 
our numerous harbors. It is to be regretted that the Navy 
Department finds itself unable to afford more specific in- 
formation as to the exact duties expected by the federal 
government to be rendered by this command. It is suggested 
that the coast signal system, so thoroughly developed in 1898, 
well might be re-established in time of peace, and turned 
over in large measure to the naval militia of the coast States, 
under adequate federal control and supervision. The annual 
cruise of the Naval Brigade was made on the U. S. S. 
" Brooklyn " and " Maryland, " the routine at sea being that 
followed by this command in former years. An adequate 
appropriation for the maintenance of the U. S. S. " Inca," 
the gunboat assigned by the Navy Department as permanent 
training ship for the command, enabled free use to be made 
of that vessel during the summer and fall months, with 
corresponding benefit in the matter of instruction and prac- 
tice in seamanship and navigation. Through the efforts of 
Hon. John W. Weeks, M.C., late captain in command of the 
Naval Brigade, the assignment of the U. S. S. " Gloucester " 
to this command was obtained, with the understanding that 



xxxviii ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

this vessel was to be turned over to the Commonwealth for 
use during the coming year. During the late tornado at 
Pensacola, however, this gunboat was beached and much 
damaged, and at this moment it cannot be said with cer- 
tainty that she will be available for the use intended. 

32. Brigade Headquarters. — As indicated in the preced- 
ing paragraphs of this report, a radical reorganization of 
the headquarters of the two brigades of the militia would 
seem to be required, if this Commonwealth is to comply with 
the provisions of recent federal statutes. As a matter of 
fact, there is no apparent reason why general officers com- 
manding brigades should object to the transfer to the general 
staff of such administrative officers as now are attached to 
their personal staffs, retaining the two aides-de-camp now 
allowed them. It long has been a matter of adverse com- 
ment that the rank enjoyed by officers of brigade staffs in 
this service has been inordinately high, and this fault should 
be corrected. It further has been held by a majority of 
the officers in the service that the non-commissioned staff 
officers allowed to brigade headquarters, under existing 
statutes, should be done away with, their duties being per- 
formed by the detail of suitable enlisted men from the line. 
In these opinions this office concurs. It further is recom- 
mended that in the periods between encampments more per- 
sonal attention should be given by brigade commanders to 
the work of their commands, and that frequent visits of 
inspection should be made at their several home stations. 
Each brigade commander is, in effect, a department com- 
mander at such times as the units of his brigade are not 
mobilized in the field; and his presence from time to time 
at the scattered stations of his troops would seem to be 
necessary both for his own better information as to local 
conditions and for the encouragement of his subordinate offi- 
cers by such a display of official interest. It further is sug- 
gested that the full number of officers' meetings authorized 
by section 141, chapter 465, Acts of 1905, should be utilized, 
and that at such meetings a well-considered course of tactical 
instruction should be carried on from year to year. 

83. The Retired List. — The retired list continues to in- 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. xxxix 

crease in strength nnder trie pressure of the demands of civil 
life, by which many of the most able officers find themselves 
compelled to relinquish further participation in the active 
service. The most casual inspection of the names and records 
of the officers therein enrolled affords warrant for the asser- 
tion that this list is a military asset of great value to the 
Commonwealth. Under the law, its officers may be called 
upon at any time for active duty, and there are not a few 
services which they well may be required to render. Every 
effort should be made to retain the lively interest of these 
officers in matters affecting the service, and they should be 
encouraged to keep closely in touch with the current affairs 
of their former departments or arms of the service. 

3J+. Massachusetts a Frontier State. — It cannot be too 
strongly brought to the attention of the Legislature and of 
the people of this Commonwealth that Massachusetts is abso- 
lutely a frontier State. It unfortunately is a fact that the 
lessons of the revolution, of the brief naval dispute with 
France in 1798, and of the war of 1812 have been for- 
gotten. The civil war brought to this coast no serious 
threat of naval attack, and the fortunate outcome of the 
late war with Spain has completely obscured the fact that 
in 1898 there was very real cause for apprehension on the 
part of those living in our coast towns. 

In view of this fact, no effort should be spared in train- 
ing the troops of the Commonwealth for such local duty as 
they may be called upon to perform in case of war with a 
power of the first class. The Coast Artillery and the Naval 
Brigade already receive such instruction; the other arms 
surely should be considered in a like manner, and under 
maturely formulated plans should be assigned to coast guard 
stations in time of peace, to the end that any sudden threat 
of attack may find them prepared to mobilize instantly, and 
without confusion. Experience has demonstrated that at the 
outbreak of hostilities, at least, this Commonwealth must 
rely in great part upon its own resources for the protection 
of its borders. Its constitution and laws look to this very 
procedure. It therefore is but the part of wisdom to recog- 
nize this condition of affairs, and, in full conjunction with 



xl ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

the federal military and naval authorities, to prepare for 
meeting any emergency that conceivably may arise. To this 
end, every effort should be made by those in authority to 
secure from both the War and Navy departments detailed 
plans covering in advance such joint operations as reasonably 
may be expected to be participated in by the combined forces 
of the regular establishments and of this Commonwealth. 

35. The Service School. — The progressive course of mili- 
tary instruction comprised in the work of the Service School 
has been steadily carried on throughout the year, under the 
immediate supervision of its secretary, Maj. Walter M. Lind- 
say, retired, to whom the utmost credit is due for his 
unselfish attention to the exacting duty thus assigned to 
him. The work of the school has been attended by the 
most gratifying results, and many other States have re- 
quested information as to its methods, with a view to the 
establishment of like institutions. It is possible that it 
may be found desirable to make certain slight changes in 
the system governing the school, and it is reco mm ended that a 
board of officers be convened for the purpose of considering 
and reporting upon the matter. 

36. The Examining Boards. — The work of the medical 
and military examining boards during the year past has 
been carried on with a view to the definite betterment of the 
service. The officers detailed to duty with these boards 
have been selected with the utmost care, and their decisions 
are entitled to absolute confidence and respect. It may not 
generally be known outside the service that the officers serv- 
ing with the board last named are required not only to 
pass upon the professional knowledge of candidates for com- 
missions, but also to decide upon their aptitude for command 
and other general qualifications. This may serve to explain 
the fact that not a few officers who unquestionably have 
been able to pass the required written examination on pro- 
fessional topics yet have failed of assignment to duty under 
their respective commissions, and have been honorably dis- 
charged. 

37. Headquarters and Armories. — The year now closing 
has shown unprecedented progress in the important work of 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. xli 

suitably quartering the troops at their home stations. Ar- 
mories of the first class were dedicated at Marlborough on 
February 9, at Brockton on April 16 and at Gloucester on 
December 11 ; while like armories are to be turned over for 
the use of the troops at Haverhill on December 28 and at 
Chelsea and Holyoke early in the coming year. An excellent 
armory of the second class also is to be dedicated at Plymouth 
on December 21. Extensive alterations and repairs on the 
first class armories at Lawrence and Lowell are nearing com- 
pletion, while an appropriation for similar work at Worces- 
ter has been secured. Plans also are under consideration, 
with every prospect of accomplishment, for first-class armo- 
ries to be erected at Waltham, Eramingham and Charlestown. 
By recent legislative enactment the Adjutant General has 
become, ex officio, the chairman of the Board of Armory 
Commissioners. His many other duties, however, prevent 
his giving more than supervisory attention to the work of 
the board, the labors of which practically devolve upon its 
two civilian members. During the past year the greater part 
of the responsibility has fallen upon Hon. George Howland 
Cox, the secretary of the commission, to whom the service is 
under no small obligation for his unremitting attention to 
its interests. 

Early in the coming year 57 companies and 10 head- 
quarters of the militia will be quartered in armories of the 
first class, 16 companies and 2 headquarters in armories of 
the second class and 23 companies and 1 headquarters in 
armories of the third class. With a view to reporting plans 
looking to the final and satisfactory solution of the entire 
armory problem, a commission was appointed by Your Ex- 
cellency, under the provisions of chapter 98, Resolves of 
1906, consisting of the present Adjutant General as chair- 
man, Maj. Gen. William Stopford, retired, late Adjutant 
General, and Hon. George Howland Cox. This commission 
has its work well outlined, and will present its report to the 
next Legislature. It may be said now with propriety that 
its members are united in the conviction that every armory 
occupied by the militia should be the absolute property of 
the Commonwealth, and that provision should be made at 



xlii ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

the earliest possible moment for the adequate quartering of 
all the troops in defensible buildings equipped with every 
modern appliance. 

It has become evident that the armorers on duty at armo- 
ries of the first class are, in nearly every instance, seriously 
overworked. Their hours of duty are long and their re- 
sponsibilities are great. In but two instances are regularly 
appointed assistant armorers authorized. It is earnestly rec- 
ommended that their annual pay be raised sufficiently to 
enable them to hire such casual assistance as they may 
require. 

Through mistaken conceptions of economy, certain of the 
older armories were found to have been allowed to become 
seriously out of repair. An adequate appropriation having 
been granted by the last Legislature, the department of the 
Quartermaster General was authorized to carry out the work 
of rehabilitation, and the direct supervision of the project 
was entrusted to Maj. Edward Glines, Assistant Quarter- 
master General, under whose personal inspection it has been 
carried to completion. He is to be commended unsparingly 
for his interest in this duty, and it should be of record 
that his constant watchfulness over this work, as well as his 
scrupulous care in the making of contracts for the annual 
armory supplies, undoubtedly has saved the Commonwealth 
many thousands of dollars. The result of this experiment 
naturally suggests the desirability of assigning an officer of 
the general staff permanently to such duty, with a properly 
salaried clerk to attend to the routine office work involved. 
With tens of thousands annually expended on the mainte- 
nance and repair of armories representing millions of in- 
vestment, it should be only too obvious that a separate and 
thoroughly organized department is required for the admin- 
istration of an interest of such magnitude. 

While the armories of more recent erection show a decided 
advance over the types of earlier date, there yet remain 
certain considerations which too often have been overlooked 
in their construction. Every armory should be planned for 
the accommodation of the full war strength of the units to 
be quartered in it, since it by no means is certain that the 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. xliii 

present maximum may not be raised by future legislation. 
There should be such provision for musketry fire that the 
building may be defended by a small detachment of men. 
There should be more than a single exit. The head-house 
should be absolutely fireproof, with a suitable magazine for 
the safe storage of small arms ammunition. Ample cooking 
facilities should be provided for the subsistence of the troops, 
together with full storage room for their entire field equip- 
ment. In short, each armory should be considered as a 
military post in miniature, and should be given architectural 
treatment accordingly. 

38. Preservation of War Records. — No appropriation 
was made during the past year for the preservation of the 
muster rolls and other official war documents on file in this 
office, though $432.86 remaining from the appropriation 
of the preceding year was devoted to this purpose. There 
yet remains to be done a very considerable amount of this 
essential work, and the sum of $1,500 should be provided 
at the next session of the Legislature. 

39. Publication of War Records. — The office charged 
with the compilation and publication of the records of the 
officers and men from Massachusetts who served in the armies 
and navies of the United States during the civil war is, 
under the provisions of chapter 475, Acts of 1899, a bureau 
of the Adjutant General's office, though it is supervised by a 
commission consisting of the Adjutant General, the Secretary 
of State and the Auditor of the Commonwealth, by whom 
an annual report is separately published. It is suggested 
in this connection that the act referred to well might be 
amended at the earliest opportunity in such a manner as to 
provide also for the compilation of the records of the men 
serving from this Commonwealth in the late war with Spain, 
since the lapsing of each year must render the attainment 
of accuracy in such records more difficult. 

JfO. Spanish War Claims. — The prosecution of the claims 
for money due the' Commonwealth, as well as individual 
soldiers and sailors, for services rendered to the federal gov- 
ernment during the late war with Spain has been steadily 
followed during the year by the Attorney General, assisted 



xliv ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

by H. Douglas Campbell, Esq., acting as special attorney. 
This office has rendered such assistance as was required, 
including the preparation and certification under affidavit of 
numerous photographic copies of muster rolls bearing on the 
matter at issue. It is thought that this is the first instance 
of such photographic evidence having been admitted in the 
adjustment of a military claim. It is the hope of the At- 
torney General that at least a partial settlement of these 
claims may be secured early in the coming year. 

Ji-1. Official Courtesies. — Official courtesies have been ex- 
tended during the year to many officers of both regular 
establishments, either on duty in or visiting the Common- 
wealth. From the 11th to the 13th of February a detail 
of officers was in attendance upon the members of the Chinese 
Imperial High Commission, accompanied by the Chinese 
Ambassador. On March 17 Lieutenant General Bates, Chief 
of Staff, IT. S. A., was received. The officers of the German 
Imperial Navy, attending the Sonderklasse races, were en- 
tertained on September 7. A dinner was given to Captain 
Gervais and the officers of the French Cruiser " Jurien de 
la Graviere " on September 29. On November 1 Rear 
Admiral Cali, of the Royal Italian Navy, with the officers 
of his flagship, the " Ettore Fieramosca," were also enter- 
tained at luncheon. 

42. Interstate National Guard Association. — The annual 
convention of the Interstate National Guard Association, held 
at "Washington, D. C, in January last, was attended, under 
orders, by the Adjutant General, Maj. Gen. William Stop- 
ford, retired, and Lieut. Col. Edwin W. M. Bailey, general 
staff. The work of this convention was most instrumental 
in securing the increase made later in the federal appro- 
priation for the support of the militia. The convention for 
1907 is to be held at Columbia, S. C, and it is hoped that 
the Commonwealth may adequately be represented. An 
effort will be made to secure the holding of the convention 
of 1908 in Boston. Should this be successful, liberal provi- 
sion should be made from a suitable contingent fund for the 
entertainment of the visiting officers, whose presence should 
serve as a stimulus to those in the service of Massachusetts. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. xlv 

Jf-3. National Board on Rifle Practice. — The annual 
meeting of the National Board for the Promotion of Bine 
Practice, of which the present Adjutant General, under ap- 
pointment in 1903 by Secretary of War Elihu Boot, is 
serving as the member representing New England, was held 
at the War Department, Washington, in January last. This 
board, created by act of Congress, is composed of officers of 
the army, navy, Marine Corps and militia, and is presided 
over by the Assistant Secretary of War. Its function is to 
promote the development of small arms efficiency in the 
united services, and to regulate and exercise supervision over 
all competitions for national trophies. At its recent session 
it passed upon many matters of importance, endorsing, among 
other projects, that looking to the encouragement of civilian 
rifle clubs by the issue for their use of government arms and 
ammunition. To this last project this office finds itself com- 
pelled to dissent, and in this opinion it finds itself amply 
supported by other neighboring States. It is held that the true 
training school for military marksmanship is that afforded 
by service in the militia, for which such liberal appropria- 
tions annually are made ; that mere marksmanship, unac- 
companied by the other requisites of the military education, 
is an asset of but doubtful military value; that marksmen 
in civil life, who have taken upon themselves no obligation 
to serve, cannot be reckoned as available in emergencies ; that 
the offering of such opportunities for inexpensive sport, un- 
attended by the other serious requirements of the service, 
cannot but interfere with the proper recruiting of the militia, 
which is joined by many men largely for the reason that its 
marksmanship facilities attract them; and, finally, that the 
proposed scheme has not a few features of embarrassment 
which should be too evident to require detailed explanation. 
While this project may be adapted to the needs of certain of 
the States, it assuredly is not required in Massachusetts. 
The wise policy of the last quarter-century has built up in 
this Commonwealth a reserve of qualified marksmen, all with 
at least the rudiments of military training, numbering today 
approximately 20,000 men. It is impossible to doubt that 
these ex-militiamen would respond much more readily to 



xlvi ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

any urgent call for their services than would an indeterminate 
number of civilians who never had worn the uniform, even 
though they might have acquired some small familiarity with 
the use of arms. 

Jf.Jf, Federal Relations. — The relations of this office with 
both the War and Navy departments have been cordial and 
satisfactory in the extreme. It has been a source of regret 
that local conditions have at times delayed the prompt render- 
ing of the returns and reports required from the forces of 
this Commonwealth. For this condition the present Adjutant 
General assumes full and undivided responsibility. With a 
reorganization of this office along the lines already recom- 
mended, the necessity for any further like delinquencies 
should be obviated. 

It is to be desired that the immediate future may bring to 
the officers of both regular establishments a less incomplete 
conception of the capabilities and limitations of the organ- 
ized militia than now would seem to obtain. Each year of 
more intimate association, it is true, tends to bring this con- 
dition more closely to its realization, but much yet remains 
to be accomplished in this direction. With the establishment 
of the general staff at Washington it was confidently ex- 
pected that broad and practicable plans for the employment of 
the militia, including the determination and announcement 
of definite schemes for its mobilization in time of emergency, 
might be worked out and communicated to the interested 
officers of the several States, to the end that in each there 
might be made the preparations necessary to prompt and 
effective co-operation. It is hoped that this essential matter 
may receive immediate attention, if in any complication of 
the future the inextricable confusion attending the initial 
phases of our former wars is to be avoided. As already 
noted, the association and collaboration on the National Board 
for the Promotion of Rifle Practice of officers representative 
of all the services has proved not only practicable, but also 
most beneficial to the interests of all concerned; it is sug- 
gested, and in all earnestness, that this experiment well might 
be broadened in its scope, and that a bureau of the general 
staff, comprising both regular and volunteer officers, might 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. xlvii 

most profitably be entrusted with the duty of co-ordinating 
the work of these two closely related but widely differing 
services. 

Jf5. Militia Increase. — The opening paragraph of this re- 
port should receive the most careful consideration, showing, 
as it does, that the number of men liable to military duty has 
increased since 1880 by 115 per cent., while during the same 
period the strength of the armed forces of the Common- 
wealth has been expanded by but 45 per cent. In consid- 
eration of the startling change in the relations of this to 
other countries, of the marked alteration in the character of 
the citizenship of this State, and of the enormous increase in 
the value of the property interests requiring adequate pro- 
tection, it well may be questioned if the time has not arrived 
for the further augmentation of the present force. In the 
judgment of this office, and in addition to the increase in the 
strength of the Coast Artillery, already urgently recom- 
mended, the necessities of the service require authorization 
for the organization of another regiment of infantry. It 
is true that compliance with this recommendation will entail 
upon the annual tax levy an addition of over $50,000 ; it 
equally is true that the prudent householder, noting a gradual 
increase in the value of his possessions, does not hesitate 
to add to the amount of his insurance, though at the cost 
of proportionately expanding premiums. 

J/.6. Militia " Second Line." — With a view to legislative 
action in the near future, thoughtful consideration now well 
might be given to plans for the creation of a reserve force for 
local service in the event of any contingency requiring the 
regularly organized troops to be mustered into the service of 
the United States. Recalling the delay and other unsatis- 
factory features attending the formation of the so-called 
" Provisional Militia," in 1898, it would seem but prudent 
at least to outline, and in time of profound peace, some 
system under which a fairly trained reserve might rapidly 
be mobilized at any outbreak of hostilities. Under any 
scheme offering attractive inducements, and with the splendid 
material available from the retired list and from the great 
number of honorably discharged militiamen who still retain 



xlviii ADJUTANT GENERAL'S EEPORT. [Jan. 

their marksmanship efficiency, it should be a matter of no 
great effort to recruit and officer a most serviceable reserve. 
Plans also should be devised by which time-expired men 
may be enrolled for service with their former commands, 
to be rendered in emergencies only, to the end that any 
sudden call may be responded to with ranks filled to the 
maximum strength on a war footing. 

Jf-7. Official Designation. — It is much to be desired that 
the time-honored designation of " Massachusetts Volunteer 
Militia " officially may be retained in this Commonwealth. 
It is true that other States, almost without exception, have 
adopted for their troops the term " National Guard," but 
this term, besides being grandiloquent, is not sufficiently de- 
scriptive. Troops of this nature are but State troops, no 
matter what their designation, until their muster into the 
service of the United States either as militia or as United 
States Volunteers, and no reason adequately can be given for 
the abandonment of the well-defined and understood term 
which for centuries so well has denoted their status. In 
Massachusetts this designation should be held in especial rev- 
erence, in the light of the proud record of its militia com- 
mands in their unhesitating response to the call of duty in 
the successive national emergencies. 

Jf8. Casualties. — The service has suffered heavily during 
the year in the loss by death of Maj. Gen. Samuel Dalton, 
late Adjutant General, whose many years of devoted labor' 
have done so much for the advancement of the militia to its 
present condition of acknowledged efficiency; of Maj. Gen. 
Otis H. Marion, retired, late Surgeon General, to whom the 
medical service is indebted for not a few innovations and 
reforms; and of Lieut. Col. Thomas F. Edmands, retired, late 
commanding the First Corps Cadets, who gave not only to his 
immediate command but also to the service as a whole the 
benefit of his wide experience and high military abilities. 

Under the provisions of statute, there have been transferred 
to the retired list no less than 26 officers, the most notable 
instance being that of the retirement of Maj. Gen. William 
Stopford, the immediate predecessor of the present incumbent 
of this office, whose long, efficient and highly honorable ser- 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. xlix 

vice happily is a matter of enduring record. Of the officers 
so retired, 23 are entitled to the added distinction of service 
in war. It should be a source of no little satisfaction that 
these officers, though no longer actively employed, yet remain 
subject to orders in any emergency requiring their ripe ex- 
perience. 

Jf9. Acknowledgments. — In closing this report I wish to 
express my hearty appreciation of the assistance freely given 
to me in the administration of this office by General Stopf ord, 
whose experienced counsel has been of the utmost value, and 
to acknowledge my obligations to such officers of the general 
staff as loyally have supported me in the performance of my 
duties, as well as my indebtedness to the clerical force at- 
tached to this department, the members of which have done 
much to lighten and render pleasant the exacting work of 
the past year. 

To you, sir, I beg to acknowledge my deep sense of appre- 
ciation of your unfailing courtesy and consideration as ex- 
tended personally to me, as well as the appreciation of the 
entire militia for your active and helpful interest in the 
service, — an interest enhanced by your own varied and 
thorough experience as an officer of the Massachusetts Volun- 
teer Militia in time of peace and of the Army of the United 
States during the late war with Spain. 

Very respectfully, 

JAMES A. FKYE, 

Brigadier General, Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



REPORT OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL. 



Inspector General's Department, Boston, June 1, 1907. 
Brig. Gen. James P. Parker, Adjutant General of Massachusetts. 

Sir : — ■ I have the honor to submit the annual report of this 
department for the year 1906. 

The laws of the Commonwealth require the Inspector General 
to make an annual report on or before December 15 of each 
year; but, owing to my inability to procure the books, papers 
and reports of inspecting officers from the Adjutant General's 
department, of which the Commander-in-Chief and the Adjutant 
General were fully advised, I was unable to do so. 

Owing to circumstances of a business nature, the Inspector 
General was given leave of absence that extended over a period 
of some five months. This, coming early in January, prevented 
him from outlining a policy and system of making the armory 
inspections. Matters were allowed to drift until March, then, 
owing to the limited time left, the United States and State 
inspections were combined, and in some instances three in- 
specting officers were assigned to the same regiment. Seventeen 
officers were detailed for this work, and they performed their 
duties faithfully; but, owing to the combining of the two in- 
spections, the total lack of instruction to inspecting officers and 
the limited time given them, the results obtained were of little 
value, and with your consent I have omitted quoting from or 
using any part of the armory inspection reports in making up 
this report, but confining myself entirely to the field work of 
the militia for the year, as the inspections were made under my 
personal direction and observation. 

Under General Orders, No. 3, A. G. 0., dated March 21, 1906, 
Lieut. Col. E. W. M. Bailey, A. I. G., was detailed as Acting 
Inspector General, and the dates of the armory inspections and 
the several organizations fixed. 

Under Special Orders, No. 46, A. G. 0., dated March 30, 
1906, and on the recommendation of Lieut. Col. E. W. M. Bailey, 
Acting Inspector General, the following assignments of inspect- 
ing officers were made : — 



2 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Maj. Gen. Wm. Stopford, retired,. Second Corps Cadets. 

_, . _. T . _ . r First Brigade headquarters. 

Brig. Gen. James A. l*rye, general ~ , ^ . , . \ 

° „ < Second Brigade headquarters. 

' 'I Corps of Coast Artillery. 

Brig. Gen. William H. Devine, 1 TT . , _ 

, . „ } Hospital Corps. 

general start, .... J ^ r 

_, , _,-, T „., ,. . f Companies A, C, G, Sixth Infantry. 

Col. Edw. J. Gihon, retired. .L T ' '. ,, T , J 

I Companies L, M, Ninth Infantry. 

r Companies B, C, Fifth Infantry. 

Maj. Geo. H. Benyon, First Bri- I Headquarters, companies C, E, L, 

gade staff, .... Eighth Infantry. 

^ Company F, Ninth Infantry. 

r Company D, Fifth Infantry. 

Col. Henry L. Kincaid, retired, . s Company I, Sixth Infantry. 

I Company F, Eighth Infantry. 

Lieut. Col. E. W. M. Bailey, gen- f Headquarters, companies A, B, C, 

eral staff, Acting Inspector Gen- { D, E, H, I, Ninth Infantry. 

eral, . . . . . I First Corps Cadets. 

Headquarters, Company H, Fifth 



Col. John Perrins, Jr., retired, 

r Companies A, C, H, Second In- 
Lieut. Col. Per lie A. Dyer, re- j fantry. 

tired, ..... Company A, Eighth Infantry. 

^ Company G, Ninth Infantry. 
f Headquarters, batteries B, C, First 
Lieut. Col. Sam'l D. Parker, gen- I Battalion Field Artillery. 

eral staff, .... Battery A, Field Artillery, unat- 

^ tached. 
Commander James P. Parker, gen- } ~. , „ 
eral staff, . . . ./ Signal Corps. 

T . . _ , „ T „.„. f Headquarters, companies B, D, E, 

Lieut. Col. Henry L. Williams, I _ l i, T . T ^ T t iro , 1T 

general staff, . . . . ( J^ *' K ' L ' M ' SeC ° nd In " 

T . „ , -p, , T7 . , f Company E, Fifth Infantry. 

Lieut. Col. Koger Wolcott, general „ . -^ ^ TT T , r . ,, 

& ' & \ Companies E, F, H, L, M, Sixth 

' t Infantry. 

Lieut. Col. Geo. H. Doty, general f Companies A, G, F, I, L, M, Fifth 

staff, . . . . . \ Infantry. 

Maj. John Bigelow, Jr., U. S. A., f Headquarters, troops A, D, First 

retired, Acting Assistant In- { Squadron Cavalry, Troop F, 

spector General, . . . I unattached. 

Maj. Joseph J. Kelley, general J Companies B, D, G, H, I, K, M, 

staff, . . . . .1 Eighth Infantry. 

f Company K, Fifth Infantry. 

Maj. Thos. D. Barroll, general j Headquarters, companies B, D, 

staff, . . . Sixth Infantry. 

Company K, Ninth Infantry. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 3 

The inspecting officers assigned from the regular establish- 
ment were given the following details : — 

Maj. C. M. Truitt, Twenty-third U. S. Infantry, Madison Bar- 
racks, New York : — 
Headquarters, Drum Corps and companies C, D, E, F, I, L, Eighth 

Infantry. 
Headquarters, companies A, B, C, D, E, F, H, I, K, L, Ninth In- 
fantry. 
Headquarters, companies D, E, H, Fifth Infantry. 
Headquarters, Company E, Sixth Infantry. 

Headquarters, Quartermaster- General's department, State arsenal. 
Maj. W. 0. Clark, Fifth U. S. Infantry, Plattsburg Barracks, 
New York : — 
General headquarters and general staff. 
Headquarters, companies A, B, C, D, First Corps Cadets. 
Companies B, C, G, I, K, L, Fifth Infantry. 
Companies F, H, Sixth Infantry. 
Companies K, M, Eighth Infantry. 
Troops A, D, First Squadron Cavalry. 

Capt. H. C. Smither, Fifteenth U. S. Cavalry, Fort Ethan Allen, 
Vermont : — 
Headquarters, companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, I, K, L, M, Second 

Infantry. 
Headquarters, Company A, Fifth Infantry. 
Headquarters, companies B, C, D, G, Sixth Infantry. 
Company A, Eighth Infantry. 
Companies G, M, Ninth Infantry. 

Capt. Robert Field, Fifth U. S. Infantry, Plattsburg Barracks, 
New York : — 
Headquarters, companies A, B, C, D, Second Corps Cadets. 
Companies F, M, Fifth Infantry. 
Companies A, I, L, M, Sixth Infantry. 
Companies B, G, H, Eighth Infantry. 
Troop F, Cavalry. 

Camp Inspection. 
The following assignments of inspecting officers were made 
to the several organizations : — 

The Inspector General, First and Second Brigade headquarters and 
all camps. 

Brig. Gen. James A. Frye, Adjutant General, First Battalion Corps 
Coast Artillery. 

Lieut. Col. Roger Wolcott, Assistant Inspector General, Second 
Battalion Corps Coast Artillery. 



4 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Maj. John A. Curtin, Aide-de-Camp, Third Battalion Corps Coast 
Artillery. 

Maj. J. J. Kelley, Aide-de-Camp, Second Regiment Infantry. 

Lieut. Col. Geo. H. Doty, Assistant Inspector General, Fifth Regi- 
ment Infantry. 

Lieut. Col. Henry L. Williams, Assistant Inspector General, Sixth 
Regiment Infantry. 

Lieut. Col. E. W. M. Bailey, Assistant Inspector General, Eighth 
Regiment Infantry. 

Maj. Geo. H. Benyon, Assistant Inspector General, First Brigade, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry. 

Col. J. K. Dexter, retired, Acting Assistant Inspector General, De- 
tachment Naval Brigade, U. S. S. " Maryland." 

Commander James P. Parker, Assistant Inspector General, Detach- 
ment Naval Brigade, U. S. S. " Brooklyn." 

Lieut. Col. Henry L. Williams, Assistant Inspector General, First 
Corps Cadets. 

Maj. John Bigelow, Jr., U. S. A., retired, Acting Assistant In- 
spector General, Second Corps Cadets. 

Lieut. Col. Sam'l D. Parker, Assistant Inspector General, First 
Battalion Field Artillery. 

Maj. John Bigelow, Jr., IT. S. A., retired, Acting Assistant In- 
spector General, First Squadron Cavalry Signal Corps. 

Maj. Surg. G. W. Mills, Ambulance Company. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, regimental camps were 
held at posts established at South Framingham, under command 
of Generals Clark and Whitney of the First and Second Brigades 
respectively. This proved very successful, as the several organ- 
izations were in a more or less demoralized condition, as a re- 
sult of the division camp at Westfield the previous year. The 
different regiments showed marked improvements, especially 
those who were fortunate enough to have the advice and in- 
struction of Capt. Robert C. Davis, Seventeenth U. S. Infantry. 

First Brigade Headquarters. 

Performed its camp duty at Camp Framingham, South 
Framingham, Mass., in three periods, of eight clays each. The 
brigade commander, with his Assistant Adjutant General, was on 
duty all the time. The remaining members of the staff were de- 
tailed, that each might clo the required amount of camp duty. 

The several departments were well administered, the officers 
capable and painstaking, and, while they were not at all times 
kept busy, yet they were ready and eager to perform their duties 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 5 

as required. They did not serve as many days as did those of 
the Second Brigade headquarters. 

The First Brigade commissioned officers performed 128 days 
duty, and non-commissioned officers 80 ; and the Second Brigade 
commissioned officers 190 days, non-commissioned officers 95 
days, — a difference of 77 days. 

Second Beigade Headquarters. 

Performed its tour of camp duty at Camp Bancroft, South 
Framingham, in three separate periods. The brigade com- 
mander, with some members of his staff, performed the entire 
tour of duty, while the rest of the commissioned and non- 
commissioned staff were detailed for the different weeks, so 
that each should have at least performed the eight days re- 
quired by law. There being but one regiment in camp at any 
one time, the work of the brigade headquarters was reduced 
to a minimum; and, while all the officers present received a 
benefit, yet I doubt if the results obtained were equal to the 
extra expense to the State. 

The commissioned and non-commissioned staff performed 
their duties in an intelligent and efficient manner. 

A lack of promptness at stated calls, especially at meal time, 
was noticeable; also, a tendency to unduly cultivate the social 
side of camp life. 

The work performed by General Whitney and his officers at 
the time of the Amsden building disaster deserves the highest 
commendation. It came under my personal observation, and I 
can vouch as to the efficiency of the service performed. 

During the camp of the Fifth Infantry, August 11 to 17, I 
discovered that several company commanders were vouching for 
men being present at the evening muster for pay, when said 
men were absent on a twenty-four-hour pass; that is, a man 
would be given a pass at 6 p.m., good until 6 p.m. the next day, 
and the captain would then certify under oath to the mustering 
officer that the men were present. I advised Captain Dukelow, 
the paymaster, not to accept such names for pay, as the Com- 
monwealth should not pay a soldier unless some duty had been 
performed during the twenty-four hours. I called attention to 
specific cases in companies F, G, H, K and L, and a number 
of names were crossed off the muster rolls. 

I found also that some carelessness had been used in issuing 
and receiving passes. A large number of passes were found 



6 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



that had not been approved by the post commander, and also 
a number that had not been properly cancelled by the guard 
quarters. 

On the evening of the 17th I sent for Captain TValker, the 
adjutant, Captains Cutting, McCarthy, Hamilton, Facey and 
Bouve, to meet me at the paymaster's quarters, and asked them 
to explain their reasons for making such returns. Some ac- 
knowledged their errors, and in some cases explained it in 
a satisfactory manner. Two captains, Hamilton and Bouve, 
claimed that they were right, and intimated an appeal to the 
Commander-in-Chief, of which course I approve. 

I respectfully recommend that an order be issued defining, 
just what duty be required to entitle a man to a day's pay. 
This will remove all doubt, and will be of great assistance to 
pay and mustering officers. 

I will also recommend that a new system of passes be de- 
vised, to apply to both brigades, that will include a numbered 
stub book to be kept at brigade headquarters, and all passes 
to first receive the approval of the post commander, with proper 
blank spaces on the back of each pass to note the exact time of 
leaving and returning to camp of the holder: all passes to be 
returned to post headquarters, and properly checked against the 
stubs. 

Corps of Coast Artillery. 

This corps performed its duty by battalions at Fort Eodman, 
New Bedford, Mass., as follows : Second Battalion, July 7 to 
14; Third Battalion, July 14 to 21; First Battalion, July 21 
to 28. The attendance was as follows: — 



Field and Staff, . 


60 


Seventh Company, 


. 64 


First Company, . 


63 


Eighth Company, 


. 65 


Second Company, 


64 


Ninth Company, 


. 61 


Third Company, 


60 


Tenth Company, 


. 64 


Fourth Company, 


61 


Eleventh Company, . 


. 62 


Fifth Company, . 


61 


Twelfth Company, 


. 65 


Sixth Company, . 


64 







Total, 51 officers, 763 men, out of a total strength of 53 offi- 
cers, 772 men, or 97.9 per cent. 



First Battalion. 
The inspecting officer was unable to be present at this tour 
of duty excepting on the last two days, and this department 
was not notified in time to detail a substitute. The report 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 7 

rendered is incomplete as to details, but I give the essential 
parts as made. 

Drills. — The routine did not materially differ from that pre- 
scribed in recent years for this command. Every effort was 
made, and with success, to render each gun detachment efficient 
before permitting practice with service charges. Infantry drill 
was restricted to that of the battalion in close order formation, 
together with the execution of the ordinary ceremonies. 

Artillery Practice. — The practice firings, service charges and 
projectiles were satisfactory. Major Quimby's command was 
allowed a double ammunition issue for the 8-inch and Im- 
pounder guns, having lost its practice for the season of 1905 
through adverse weather conditions. There was also practice 
with the 1-pounder sub-caliber tube, applied to the 8-inch rifle. 
There were no accidents or casualties during the firings. Each 
company during its practice was required to assume full con- 
trol of the range-finding and fire-control system, as well as of 
the service of the guns. 

In General. — The discipline, military courtesy, observance of 
taps, policing of camp grounds, quarters, cook houses and mess 
tents were all commendable. 

The guard duty was performed in a crude but effective 
manner. 

Second Battalion. 

Weather conditions were not satisfactory, especially the first 
two days, and the company quarters were damp and muddy. 
Drainage was impossible, and at times the streets were actually 
under water, and it was impossible to keep the tents and bed 
sacks clean. A decided lack of uniformity in care of quarters 
was noted, and this was true throughout the regiment. This 
should receive the careful consideration of the commanding 
officer, as a great deal of work is necessary to secure uniformity 
in instruction and equipment. 

Discipline. — Boll calls fair only. Calls not punctual. Camp 
quiet after taps. Too much " horse play " was in evidence, 
especially at guard mount, and the selection of orderlies. The 
inspector truly says: "The line between justifiable enthusiasm 
and rowdyism is a difficult one to draw, but was passed every 
day." 

Two courts-martial were held on account of drunkenness, and 
men were convicted and punished. 

Too much familiarity was noted between officers and men. 



8 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Military courtesy fair only, and men showed plainly lack of 
proper instruction. 

Policing of camp and quarters fair only. This was especially 
so on Sunday, when camp was full of visitors. A number of 
beer bottles, papers, lemon peel and all kinds of litter was scat- 
tered about the company streets and tents, and there was no 
possible excuse for it. 

Condition of property good. 

The two 1-pounder Driggs-Schroder rapid-fire guns were not 
properly cared for; the attention of the corps commander was 
called to same. 

Guard duty fair only. Men were lacking in instruction, not 
only in general orders, but also in the general theory of the 
work. 

Ceremonies were very satisfactory, especially evening parades 
and reviews, which were held with the regular garrison, and at 
the end of the tour of duty it was hard to distinguish the militia 
from the regulars, excepting in set up, uniforms, etc. 

Infantry drills were held during the week, and marked im- 
provement was shown. 

Artillery drills were the most important as well as the most 
satisfactory work performed during the week, and in this special 
line of duty the battalions worked hard and faithfully, and 
made excellent progress in the several branches. 

Target practice very fair, and officers and men manifested a 
most intelligent and lively interest in the work. 

The several staff departments performed their duty in a highly 
efficient manner, especially the quartermaster and commissary. 

Third Battalion. 

This battalion did excellent work. It had good attendance; 
general health good; discipline excellent. 

The several staff departments well administered; books and 
papers neat and well kept. Property in good condition, except- 
ing uniforms of enlisted men, which were ill fitting and much 
worn. 

The same lack of uniformity in care of quarters was noted 
in this battalion as in the others. 

Guard duty very satisfactory. Sentries in most instances 
appeared to be well instructed, although some were found who 
lacked proper knowledge of their duties, but in most instances 
were found to be recruits. 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



9 



Military courtesy generally good. Infantry drills well per- 
formed, one half hour each day. Ceremonies satisfactory. 

Artillery drills were given special attention, and in this the 
battalion manifested great interest and did efficient work. Eange 
work excellent. 

In its special line of work this regiment is in excellent con- 
dition, and is a most valuable adjunct to both the forces of the 
State and nation. In its infantry drill, general work and care 
of quarters there is much to be desired. In quoting one of the 
inspecting officers, I feel that I am reflecting a condition that 
should commend itself to the attention of the officers of the 
regiment : " There is a tendency toward carelessness and lack of 
uniformity in dress as much among officers as men. In a bat- 
talion consisting as it does of a large majority of new men the 
( rough old soldier ' idea is ludicrously out of place. In the inter- 
est and efficiency manifested by this command in artillery work 
sight should not be lost of the fact that military appearance 
of officers, men and quarters, proper instruction and performance 
of guard duty and scrupulous attention to military courtesy 
and discipline are essential to distinguish the Corps of Coast 
Artillery from an aggregation of civilian mechanics, more or 
less skilled." 

Second Eegiment Infantry. 
Performed its tour of camp duty at South Framingham, 
June 9 to 16. The attendance of officers and men was as 
follows : — 



Headquarters, 






48 


Company G, 


. 60 


Company A, 






63 


Company H, 


. 61 


Company B, 






57 


Company 1, 


. 59 


Company C, 






57 


Company K, 


. 56 


Company D, 






56 


Company L, 


. 47 


Company E, 






49 


Company M, 


. 57 


Company F, 






63 


Band, 


. 24 



54 officers and 703 men were present for duty, — an average 
daily attendance of 763. 

The several companies went to camp by rail, excepting com- 
panies C, H and K, who marched over the road from Worcester. 
The battalion was under the command of Major Eider. 

Camp was well laid out. Tents were pitched by details from 



10 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

the different companies. On the first day there was a decided 
lack of snap and promptness. Guard mounting was late. Band 
very unsatisfactory, and the men acted as if they knew nothing 
of what they were expected to do. 

Evening parade poor; roll calls not satisfactory; taps not 
well observed. Inspector says apparently half the men were out 
of camp. 

Sunday morning inspection, ordered for 9 a.m., was post- 
poned until afternoon. Religious services were conducted by 
chaplain at 10.30. All the other ceremonies and duties showed 
a decided improvement over the first day. 

Personnel very good. Care of quarters excellent. Policing 
of camp very good. Military courtesy good after the first day. 
Roll calls fair. Discipline excellent. 

Guard duty unsatisfactory. The sentinels could repeat gen- 
eral orders, but did not understand their meaning. Drill sat- 
isfactory. Ceremonies, excepting individual errors, satisfactory. 

Field exercises were held on Thursday and Friday. The 
work was instructive; the interest shown by officers and men 
excellent. 

The regiment was reviewed by the Commander-in-Chief on 
Friday, and made an excellent passage, after which the Gov- 
ernor presented the regiment with a new stand of colors. 

The officers of the regiment are efficient and capable; enlisted 
men intelligent and well instructed in camp duty; staff depart- 
ments well administered. 

Care of cook house reported as unsatisfactory; clean at in- 
spection, and at no other time. Cooks very careless; drop 
potato parings, bones, pieces of meat, etc., on floor, and did 
not pick them up until about to be inspected. Sinks and stables 
fairly well kept. 

Band and field music was not a credit to the regiment. 

The regiment performed a good tour of camp duty, and 
showed itself to be a well-disciplined and efficient command. 

• Fifth Regiment Infantry. 

Performed its tour of duty at Camp Bancroft, South Fram- 
ingham, August 11 to 17 inclusive. 

The camp was arranged according to U. S. Army regulations, 
excepting the permanent cook mess houses and sinks. The work 
of the advance details in pitching camp was very unsatisfactory ; 
there was no apparent system, and some of the details failed 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



11 



to report at all. This matter was the subject of investigation 
by the post commander. 

The twelve companies reported promptly at 11 a.m. on August 
11. The camp was not in full running order until Sunday 
morning. The attendance was as follows : — 



Company A, 


. 62 6 /t 


Company G, 


. 55 


Company B, 


. 56 4 /t 


Company H, . 


. 54 3 /t 


Company C, 


. 61 


Company I, 


. 55 


Company D, 


. 57 2 /t 


Company K, 


. 50% 


Company E, 


. 58 2 /t 


Company L, 


. 54 6 /t 


Company F, 


. 61 5 /t 


Company M, . 


. 60 4 /t 



showing 97.43 per cent, of the full strength of the regiment, 
including band, present or accounted for; Company A having 
the best attendance, 99.77 per cent., and Company K the poorest, 
79.82 per cent. 

Care of quarters very good. Policing poor the first of week, 
but showed rapid improvement. 

Health of command excellent. Twenty-four men reported to 
surgeons for treatment during the entire tour, and only 20 per 
cent, of these were sent to field hospital. 

Eoll' calls prompt and well attended, excepting check roll call 
at taps. Setting-up exercises good. Ceremonies very fair, and 
showed continual improvement. 

Drills not well attended, but the results under Captain Davis 
were excellent. Schools for instruction in charge of Captain 
Davis were very successful. Military courtesy good. 

On Tuesday, August 14, during a review tendered to General 
Whitney, Colonel Oakes was thrown from his horse, and frac- 
tured his arm just above the elbow. A detailed report of the 
accident was forwarded to State headquarters promptly. 

Discipline was excellent at all times. Weather conditions 
perfect. 

I consider this tour of duty one of the best ever performed 
by this regiment. With the consent of the Commander-in-Chief, 
this regiment broke camp on the morning of August 18, and 
entrained by trolley to Marlborough, and steam cars to North 
Adams, where the annual drill took place. The train was in 
three sections, arriving at North Adams at 3.35, 3.43 and 4.01 
respectively. The regiment detrained in good order, and 
marched to the fair grounds, where a review and evening parade 
were held. The appearance of the regiment was marred at these 



12 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

ceremonies by a lack of uniformity in dress as to gloves and 
haversacks. 

Discipline excellent. Ceremonies well performed. 

The regiment left North Adams beginning at 7.10 for Ottawa, 
Can., and arrived there at 8.30 Sunday morning. This was a 
voluntary tour of duty, and by direction of the Adjutant Gen- 
eral I detailed Lieut. Col. Geo. H. Doty, Assistant Inspector 
General, to accompany the regiment as inspecting officer. He 
kept in close touch with the organization at all times, and care- 
fully observed its work. His report was forwarded to you 
promptly, and in it he speaks in the highest commendation of 
the tour of duty, discipline maintained, and the soldierly manner 
in which all officers and men acquitted themselves. The regi- 
ment received marked courtesies from the Governor General of 
Canada and other high officials, and the hospitalities of the 
Forty-third Canadian and detachment of other troops. The 
regiment gave a good account of itself, and was a credit to the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts. 

In obedience to Special Orders, No. 124, this regiment was 
paraded for inspection on Sunday morning, August 12, at 10 
a.m., with a view of determining the exact condition of the uni- 
forms and equipments, to the end that proper issue might be 
made prior to its departure from the Commonwealth on its 
tour of duty in the Dominion of Canada. The Inspector Gen- 
eral was accompanied by Brig. Gen. F. B. Carpenter, Commissary 
General, and Lieut. Col. Geo. H. Doty, Assistant Inspector Gen- 
eral, general staff, each taking a battalion. The inspection was 
very thorough. Blank cards were prepared and filled out for 
each article of uniform or equipment needed to completely fit out 
each man. Approximately the difference in value of the uni- 
forms and equipments which were recommended in the report 
was $5,438.76 less than that called for by requisition of the 
company commanders of the regiment. In my opinion, this in- 
spection would not have been necessary if the company com- 
manders had not been informed by some one in authority that 
the Quartermaster General was prepared to honor all requisi- 
tions made, and that it was an opportunity to make requisition 
for a lot of new uniforms and equipment that they did not 
actually need. 

Sixth Regiment Infantry. 

Performed its tour of camp duty at South Framingham, 
June 16 to 23. Average total enrollment, including band, 
807% ; average present, including band, 750%, — an average of 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 13 

92.94 per cent., Com/parry F having the best attendance and 
Company M the poorest. 

Eoll calls very good, excepting companies H and M. Setting- 
up exercises unsatisfactory. 

Inspection of quarters fair only. The inspector criticises the 
small attendance and the slovenly appearance of the men at these 
inspections, and the lack of policing between the tents. 

The band quarters were in a very unsatisfactory condition, 
and members of the band evidently had but little conception as 
to their duties as soldiers. 

Drills faithfully performed, but with a very small attendance 
of line officers, especially in Third Battalion. 

Ceremonies very satisfactory, and at the end of week excel- 
lent. 

Guard work poor, partially due to the number of recruits; 
but sentinels were not well posted, and universally walked post 
in a slouchy and indifferent way. 

Policing unusually good during the week, especially about 
mess halls and sinks. Post headquarters not systematically at- 
tended to. Military courtesy unsatisfactory, but improved some 
during the week. More instruction needed in this direction. 
Discipline, with few exceptions, very good. 

Three fires, made of contents of bed sacks, and two or three 
Ted fires, marred an otherwise excellent week's record. Ball play- 
ing on Sunday and during ceremonies was noticed. 
" The weather for the first three days was poor, and rain inter- 
fered with the work. Church service was held on Sunday, and 
was fully attended. 

Thursday and Friday were devoted to working out problems 
as laid out by post commander and First Lieut. T. F. Byan, 
Eleventh Cavalry IT. S. A. Outpost and rear guard duty was 
performed in a very creditable manner, and the officers showed 
themselves well versed in the essentials of these important duties. 

The camp was left in excellent condition, being well policed 
before the departure of the troops. 

The inspecting officer made a special report on three breaches 
of military discipline, but, as they were individual transgres- 
sions, I will refer only to the serious one, which was taking- 
down the flag staff and removal of the Y. M. C. A. flag. It 
is not necessary to refer to the character and work of that 
organization with the militia or elsewhere; but the insult given 
by a few cowards can hardly be atoned for, and the guilty men 
should be run down and punished so severely that no man will 



14 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



ever again dare to so insult this or any like organization, or 
his regiment. 

With the few exceptions noted, the regiment is to be com- 
mended for its splendid tour of duty. In the essentials of 
attendance, drills, ceremonies and policing, the general work 
was excellent. 

Eighth Regiment Infaxtry. 

This regiment performed its tour of camp duty at South 
Framingham, July 7 to 15 inclusive. "With an enrolled strength 
of 55 officers and 740 men, including Drum Corps, there were 
present 54 officers and 717 men. 24 being absent. Attendance 
by companies was as follows : — 



Company A, 
Company B, 
Company C, 
Company D, 
Company E, 
Company F, 



DO 

51 
59 
56 
60 
61 



Company G, 
Company H, 
Company I, 
Company K, 
Company L, 
Company M, 



58 
63 
58 
59 
63 
57 



' Transportation for the entire organization was contracted for 
with the Boston & "Worcester Street Railway Company by trolley 
cars. This method was found to be satisfactory and economical. 

The camp was well laid out, exactly in accordance with the 
U. S. Army regulations, except the kitchens and sinks. These 
could not be located at the head of company streets, owing to 
being already located in permanent buildings, and the tents of* 
majors and staff officers. 

Capt. R. C. Davis, Seventeenth U. S. Infantry, was with the 
regiment as instructor, and was given great latitude in the 
instruction of the regiment. He worked hard and made great 
progress. Schools for officers and non-commissioned officers were 
held each day, under the direction of Captain Davis, and were 
of great benefit. He also personally drilled every battalion and 
every company in the regiment during the week. He was 
assisted by three newly graduated officers from "West Point. 

Drills and field exercises were all performed in the forenoon, 
leaving afternoon free for schools and ceremonies. 

Roll calls well attended, and were satisfactory. Policing ex- 
cellent. Discipline excellent. Care of quarters excellent. Mil- 
itary courtesy very good. Personnel very good. Guard mounting 
excellent, excepting on first day. 



Guard duty was very good. 



It was under the direct charge 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 15 

of the lieutenant colonel, who held schools each day. The results 
were excellent. Some poor sentinels were found, but in most 
cases were the result of insufficient instruction before coming 
to camp. 

Field exercises were held on an elaborate scale, on territory 
outside the camp proper. They were of a most practical nature, 
and were under the direct supervision of Captain Davis. Officers 
and enlisted men entered most heartily into the work, and the 
results obtained were excellent. 

A review was tendered to Maj. Gen. B. F. Peach, retired, 
on Tuesday, the 10th, and to the Commander-in-Chief on Thurs- 
day, the 12th, after which the regiment was presented with a 
new stand of colors. 

The several staff departments were administered in a highly 
satisfactory manner. They were under the charge of able and 
experienced officers, who were painstaking in making the tour 
of duty a success. 

This regiment has improved rapidly during the past year. 
Both officers and men show a co-operation and esprit de corps 
that is bound to place the regiment in a most efficient condition. 
Great credit is due to Colonel Pew and Captain Davis for this, 
the most successful tour of camp duty ever performed by this 
regiment in Framingham, or in fact by any other, to my 
knowledge. 

Ninth Kegiment Infantry. 

Performed its camp duty at Framingham, July 22 to 29 
inclusive. The first day was voluntary duty, as regiment had 
received permission to perform one day's service in New York 
in September. Unnecessary delays were noted in making camp. 

An election for major was held Saturday evening, Captain 
Casey, the adjutant, being elected. 

The camp was over-run with visitors, estimated at 6,000 peo- 
ple, on Sunday, and was a detriment to military discipline and 
the proper observance of the Sabbath day. 

The tour of duty was broken into very much by the service 
performed at the Amsden building disaster in South Framing- 
ham. The regiment performed heroic service, and was a credit 
to its own tradition and to the militia. A full report of the 
disaster has been rendered, and official action has been taken 
by the Commander-in-Chief, so I do not include details in this 
report. 

The regiment was fortunate in having the services of Capt. 



16 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

R. C. Davis of the Seventeenth U. S. Infantry as instructor. 
Under his able instruction the regiment improved during the 
week. 

The attendance was unsatisfactor} r , especially in companies 
B, D, F and K. The average attendance of officers and men 
was 720%, or 89.7 per cent. Absent with leave, 42%; without 
leave, 39%. 

Guard duty was very poor; sentinels poorly instructed; too 
many recruits put on important posts. 

Policing in the camp until Wednesday very poor; loose straw, 
broken bottles, paper and banana skins very much in evidence. 

Too many civilian employees, and those claiming to be such, 
uniformed in whole or in part, were not amenable to discipline, 
and were roaming around the camp at all hours of day and 
night. 

Military courtesy fair only. Care of quarters fair only; care 
of rifles poor. Roll calls poor. Ceremonies fair only. 

The regiment was reviewed by the Inspector General on 
Thursday, and by the Commander-in-Chief on Friday, and the 
ceremonies, owing to many errors, can be rated fair only. 

More care should be used in recruiting this regiment, and 
some of the " tough element " eliminated. 

There has been too much politics in evidence among the 
officers, but it is hoped that with the recent changes this will 
be done away with. 

From a military standpoint the tour of duty was unsatis- 
factory, and not up to previous years. The officers of the regi- 
ment are of long experience, and better results should be ex- 
pected. 

The excellent work performed at the Amsden building offset 
the failure to perform a satisfactory tour of camp duty, but it is 
hoped and expected that the regiment will show a marked im- 
provement the coming year. 

New York Trip. 

This regiment performed its annual drill at Springfield, Mass., 

on October 12, and also a voluntary tour of duty to the city of 

New York, to participate in the dedication of the new armory 

of the Sixty-ninth Regiment, National Guards, N. Y., on October 

.12, 13 and 14. The attendance was as follows: — 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



17 



Field and staff, 44 officers anc 


.men 


Company I, 


. 51 


Band, . .24 


Company K, 


. 44 


Company A, 






53 


Company L, 


. 44 


Company B, 






53 


Company M, 


. 42 


Company C, 






53 






Company D, 






47 


Absent with leave, 


. 87 


Company E, 






53 


Absent without leave, 


. 39 


Company F, 






51 







Company G, 






54 


Total, 


. 126 


Company H, 






58 







At Springfield the regiment was escorted by the band, field 
music, and companies B, G and K of the Second Eegiment In- 
fantry. The officers were entertained at dinner by the officers 
of the Second. The regiment went to Forest Park, where a 
review was given complimentary to Brig. Gen. E. P. Clark. 
During the street parade and review the regiment did well. 
Entraining and detraining satisfactory. 

The regiment arrived in New York in two sections, at 7.35 
and 8.05, and were reported in old Sixty-ninth Eegiment Armory 
on Seventh Street. On Saturday the regiment paraded with 
the Seventh and Sixty-ninth, and two field batteries of the 
National Guards, N. Y., and the veterans of the Sixty-ninth 
New York and several other organizations. The Ninth Massa- 
chusetts looked well, even in their sombre, unattractive uniforms, 
and marched finely, and are to be highly congratulated on their 
performance in that point. The band was increased to forty 
pieces, and the Drum Corps was strong and proficient. On 
Sunday the two regiments paraded for church service at St. 
Patrick's Cathedral, where the Eev. Father Lee preached the 
sermon. The regiment arrived in Boston on the morning of 
October 15. 

The personnel of the regiment had not changed materially 
since the Framingham encampment. The discipline and general 
appearance of the men was much better. In physique the regi- 
ment compared favorably with those with whom they paraded, 
marched finely, and maintained distances and intervals well. 
They were at a great disadvantage, however, in the matter of 
uniform, the contrast between the organizations being especially 
noticeable, and the subject of frequent criticisms, thereby sub- 
jecting the regiment to unfavorable comment, for which it was 
in no way responsible. 



18 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Naval Brigade. 

The summer tour of duty was performed on board the U. S. S. 
" Brooklyn/' Captain Nazro, and U. S. S. " Maryland/' Captain 
Ingersoll, July 14 to 21 inclusive, headquarters and companies 
E, E, G and I, the engineer division and a portion of the signal 
division being assigned to the " Brooklyn/' and companies A, 
B, C and H to the "Maryland." 

The attendance on the " Brooklyn " was unsatisfactory, too 
many men being absent without leave, and about 50 per cent, 
of the men had never made a cruise before. 

The health of the men was excellent. 

The ordinary routine work aboard ship was performed. It 
should be remembered that this ordinary routine is the principal 
part of life aboard ship, carrying with it the cleaning, watch 
duty, soundings, steering, seamanship, getting in and out of 
boats, getting under way and coming to anchor, and the hundred 
and one duties which make up a sailor's life. Thej could be 
summed up in the phrase, " handling the ship, as opposed to 
handling the guns," or, " handling boats." The work embraced 
in " handling the ship " is the most important work of our naval 
militia on its tour of duty, as handling boats can be learned in 
our own cutters, and handling guns must be learned over again 
on every ship, each one having guns and drills of its own. 

In the different drill periods our men were assigned to dif- 
ferent positions, and all were given opportunities to perfect 
themselves in the different branches. As a rule, the men worked 
hard and faithfully, but the inspector noted a few instances of 
shirking duty. 

Generally speaking, the important duties were performed in a 
satisfactory manner. Discipline good. Roll calls and observance 
of taps satisfactory. 

The work of the watch officers was very satisfactory, notwith- 
standing their lack of practice. The engineer division did its 
regular duty in a satisfactory manner. The inspecting officer 
made several very pertinent criticisms in reference to some of 
the officers, and incidents -that occurred during the cruise, but 
in closing his report said : " I have called attention to those 
matters which appeared to be deserving of special mention, but 
it must not be construed, from the criticism herein, that the 
general work was unsatisfactory. In fact, I feel that the division 
on the { Brooklyn ' acquitted themselves well, showed good dis- 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 19 

cipline and military courtesy, tried earnestly to do that work 
which was given them, and with a little more practical guidance 
and instruction would have made a remarkably good showing." 

U. S. S. " Maryland." Attendance. 

Company H, 2 officers and 53 men. 
Company A, 1 officer and 45 men. 



Company B, 3 officers and 54 men. 
Company C, 2 officers and 55 men. 



The men were assigned to fill vacancies in regular crew, which 
resulted in an equal distribution of the militiamen throughout 
all parts of the ship excepting the engine room. Both officers 
and men were paired with those of the ship, and each was under 
the personal supervision and instruction of his mate. 

The regular routine of the ship was taken up, as on the 
" Brooklyn." In addition to the regular drills, the naval militia 
officers were required to attend lectures given by the regular 
officers of the ship, on " Ship's Crew Organization, Watch, Quar- 
ter and Station Bills ; " " Compass and Navigation ; " " Breech 
Mechanism and Ammunition ; " " Deck Duties ; " " Engine Eoom 
and Torpedo Work." These lectures were well attended, and 
were of much practical benefit. In the routine work of cleaning 
ship the men manifested a commendable disposition to promptly 
and cheerfully respond to all that was required of them, ex- 
cepting Company A, first division. The petty officers were not 
efficient, and the men shirked their duties. 

The ships laid at anchor at night in the ports of Belfast, 
Eockland, Portsmouth, Provincetown and Gloucester. Shore 
leave was freely given the men in these ports. Liberty men as 
a rule returned aboard ship on time and in good condition. Two 
men of the first division failed to report aboard ship at Eock- 
land, and she sailed without them. 

The weather was excellent, and the general health of men good. 
Many of the men neglected to comply with the orders to provide 
themselves with extra shoes and underclothes. 

Target practice had to be abandoned, owing to foggy weather. 

Discipline, fair. A larger degree of responsibility should be 
exacted of petty officers. Courtesy very good by a few, but great 
room for improvement by the remainder. 

Seventy men had never been on Naval Brigade tour; 44 had 
made one tour; 45 had made two; and 46 three or more. 

Loss of State property was excessive, and in the future some 
systematic way should be devised to properly care for it. 



20 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Some fault was found as to the way food was cooked, but the 
inspecting officers did not consider this was a just cause for 
complaint. 

The inspector recommends that each commissioned line officer 
of the brigade be provided with a copy of the latest issue of 
Bowditch " Navigator," and that a sufficient number of copies 
of the last authorized text book on " Landing Drill, Gun Drill 
and Infant^ Drill " be issued to equip each petty officer with 
one of each; also, that some distinctive mark be adopted, to be 
worn on the white and blue uniforms of the men for sea tours 
of duty, to the end that all officers are readily distinguished 
between Naval Brigade men and those of the regular service. 

The tour of duty was a success, and the officers and men on 
the " Maryland " were given a rare opportunity to get instruction 
on a vessel first class and modern in every way, the best and 
latest the Navy affords. 

The regular officers were most cordial and systematic in their 
efforts to impart instruction and to make the tour a useful one 
in every way. 

Companies A, C and H reported the following property as 
lost on this tour of duty : — 



White shirts, 






10 


Blue blouses, 






• 3 


Pants, 






15 


Leggings, . 






2 


Hats, 






14 


Haversacks, 






3 


Blue shirts, 






3 


Mattress, . 






1 


Lanyards, . 






8 


Mattress cover, 






1 


Neckerchiefs, 






14 


Blue sweaters, 






5 


Grommit, . 






1 


Ribbon, 






1 


Blankets, . 






7 


Rating badges, 






2 


Blue trousers, 






4 











The Chief of Company B failed to report losses, but no doubt 
suffered in the same proportion. 



First Corps of Cadets. 
Performed its annual tour of camp duty at Hingham, July 
7 to 14, going into camp on the night of July 6. The average 
attendance was 90.90 per cent., exclusive of band of 24 pieces, 
who were present all the time. The number of absentees varied 
from 21 on July 9 to 24 on the 11th and 12th. Company A 
averaged 8% absentees per day ; Company B, 4% ; Company C, 
4%; Company D, 3%. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 21 

Eoll calls excellent. Setting up exercises showed some lack 
of knowledge and practice, and could have been improved. In- 
spection of quarters excellent. Drills satisfactory. Ceremonies 
excellent, but somewhat marred by unsteadiness of band and 
lack of promptness of drum major. 

Guard duty very satisfactory. Sentinels well posted as to 
general and special orders, and were vigilant and painstaking 
in their work. Schools were held at guard quarters twice daily. 
Policing excellent at all times. The camp was noted for its 
clean and orderly condition. 

Military courtesy excellent. Discipline was practically per- 
fect at all times. Men were regular and prompt at calls, drills 
and for all duties required of them. The camp was absolutely 
quiet after taps, and great praise is due the corps for the splendid 
way in which this important feature of the camp was carried 
out. 

At all inspections buildings were found in excellent condition 
as to cleanliness and sanitation. 

Eifle practice was carried on daily by officers and men who 
had not previously qualified at the 200-yard range, 84 making 
the qualifying scores. 

The work of the commissary department was carried on in a 
systematic and satisfactory manner. 

The health of the corps was excellent; but four cases of sick- 
ness were reported, and those of a trivial nature. 

The inspecting officer made a special report on the case of 
Private Goodale of Company D, who was detailed for guard duty 
twice within three successive days, and in whose judgment this 
was done in a spirit of punishment, and contrary to regulations. 
This report was forwarded to State headquarters promptly, and 
referred to the commander of corps for action, but this depart- 
ment has not been advised as to the results obtained. 

In all essentials the corps performed a most excellent tour of 
duty. 

The First Corps of Cadets and the Commonwealth of Massa- 
chusetts suffered an irreparable loss in the death of Lieut. Col. 
Thomas F. Edmands, who for thirty-three years was in command 
of the corps. To no one man in the State is the militia so 
much indebted as to Colonel Edmands, for wise legislation, 
sound advice and untiring energy towards moulding the force 
into the efficient condition it is in today. He was an ideal 
soldier, a strict disciplinarian and a most lovable gentleman. 



22 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Second Corps of Cadets. 

Performed its tour of camp duty at Boxford, Jury 7 to 14. 
Average enrollment, 21 officers, 188 men, 24 in band; average 
attendance, 21 officers, 157 men, 24 in band. Average absent 
with leave, 24; without leave, 7. 

Roll calls satisfactory. Setting up exercises were held every 
morning for fifteen minutes. Inspection of quarters very fair. 

Drills very fair, but somewhat interfered with by details to 
small arms practice. The inspector recommends that these de- 
tails be curtailed, or so arranged as not to interfere with the 
regular drills and ceremonies. 

Guard duty unsatisfactory. Schools were held, and showed 
lack of proper instruction in armories. This work should receive 
the immediate attention of the commanding officer. 

Officers were well posted in the duties of guards and sentinels, 
and in close order drill, company and battalion, with the ex- 
ception of the firings. A decided lack of instruction in extended 
order was noted. 

Policing excellent. Personnel satisfactory, but, in opinion of 
inspector, too young for arduous field service. Discipline ex- 
cellent. Health of the corps excellent. 

Church service was held on Sunday. Weather conditions were 
very good. 

Condition of arms, uniforms and equipments good. The vari- 
ous staff departments were administered in an intelligent and 
satisfactory manner; books and papers well kept. A lecture on 
" Camp Hygiene and Sanitation " was given by Major Voss, and 
Major Bigelow gave two informal talks on "Army Rations and 
Drills." 

The corps was reviewed by the Commander-in-Chief on July 
11. The ceremonies were satisfactory, the corps making a very 
excellent passage. This corps showed steady improvement, and 
with more attention to details can gain a much higher degree 
of efficiency. 

First Battalion Field Artillery. 
Performed its camp duty at Ipswich, Mass., July 14 to 21 in- 
clusive. The work for each battery included transportation by 
team, road, march, camping in the field and target practice. 
The attendance was as follows : — 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 23 



Headquarters : — 




Battery B : — 




Officers, 


. 8 


Officers, . 


. 4 


Enlisted men, 


. 6 


Men, 


. 79^4 


Band, 


. 24 


Absent with leave, . 


. 2% 


Battery A : — 




Without leave, . 


. 1 


Officers, 


. 5 


Battery C : — 




Men, .... 


. 76 


Officers, . 


. 4 


Absent with leave, 


. 9 


Men, 


. 79V2 



Absent without leave, . hV-2 

The ammunition for the guns did not arrive, and batteries 
B and C were prevented from having the desired target practice. 

Battery A fired for the first time the new 3-inch gun, and, 
considering the fact that it was entirely new to officers and 
men, did exceedingly well. Battery drills were limited, owing 
to size of field, time taken for target practice, and road marches. 
Inspection of quarters should be made more frequently and 
thoroughly. More attention should be paid to guard duty. This 
important work was performed in a very unsatisfactory manner ; 
sentinels were ignorant of their duties. 

The equipment and property of Battery C was not properly 
cared for, and guns were not cleaned after firings. 

Many recruits were reported, which handicapped the respective 
commands, but this could have been prevented in a large degree 
if more individual instruction had been given. 

The review by the Commander-in-Chief was satisfactory, con- 
sidering the fact that it was the first time the battalion had been 
formed. 

Two breaches of discipline occurred, one in Battery B and 
the other in Battery A. In both instances courts of inquiry 
should have been held, but no action was taken. 

Batteries A and B went to camp by rail; Battery C, practice 
march from Lawrence. All batteries fairly well horsed. 

Greenhead flies, mosquitoes and midgets made life miserable 
for both men and horses. 

Battery B made a practice march of four days to its home 
station in Worcester, and it was very successful, both men and 
horses arriving in fine shape. 

Battery A made a practice march of two days to its home 
station, with satisfactory results. 



24 ADJUTANT GENEKAL'S KEPOKT. [Jan. 



First Squadron Cavalry. 

Performed its tour of camp duty at South Framingham, July 
14 to 21 inclusive. Out of an enrollment of 18 officers and 210 
enlisted men there were present for duty 16 officers and 187 
enlisted men, 10 being absent with leave and 15 without leave. 
In addition, they had a band of twenty-four pieces. 

The camp was well laid out and well policed at all times. 
Care of quarters very good. 

Discipline excellent except in Troop F. Military courtesy 
very good. Personnel in troops A and D very good; Troop F 
fair only. 

Drills very fair, and consisted of troop and squadron, field 
exercises, establishing outposts, use of advance and rear guards, 
troop inspection mounted and dismounted. Ceremonies fair only. 

Three talks on "Cavalry Drill " were given by Maj. John 
Bigelow, Jr., IT. S. A., retired; and one on " Outpost Duty/' by 
Lieut. T. F. Ryan, U. S. A. 

Guard mounting unsatisfactory, many errors being made. 
Guard duty poor. It was evident that instruction in guard duty 
as well as in the firings had not been properly attended to in 
the armories, and that guard duty was not given the attention 
that it deserved in camp. 

The horses in troops A and D were good. Troop F poor. 
The horsemanship of some of the troops showed the need of more 
instruction and practice. The stables of troops A and D were 
kept clean and in good order; those of Troop F quite the 
reverse. 

Troops A and D were properly uniformed, equipped and 
armed with carbines and sabres; Troop F came to camp without 
sabres, and quite ignorant of their use. They were supplied 
with some old rusty ones from the arsenal, that had previously 
been condemned. The troop also came to camp without a 
guidon. Most of the men were without hat cords, hat ornaments, 
gloves, and many without spurs. 

The deportment of the men was generally excellent. In 
Troop F, however, a number of men were arrested one night 
for disorderly conduct, and confined in the guard tents. They 
were tried by court-martial, and one of them convicted of dis- 
obedience of orders. 

From Major Bigelow's report it can be truly said that Troop 
F was decidedly inferior to the other troops in armament, equip- 
ment, clothing, mounts, instruction and discipline. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 25 

The squadron was reviewed, by the Commander-in-Chief on 
the 19th, and made a very good passage in review. 

The several staff departments were under able and efficient 
officers, and were well administered. 

Several accidents occurred during the week, the most serious 
one being to Lieutenant Fisher of Troop F, who was thrown 
from his horse and fractured his wrist. 

Ambulance Company. 

Performed its tour of camp duty at South Framingham, 
July 14 to 21 inclusive. With an enrollment of 3 officers and 
77 men, there were present 3 officers and 61 men. 

The camp was made near the field hospital building, and was 
well arranged. The field hospital tent was in a dilapidated 
condition, and full of holes. 

Care of quarters excellent and well policed. Personnel very 
good. 

Equipments in good condition and well cared for. Men 
were without overcoats or rubber blankets. Litters and appli- 
ances in good condition. Litter drill well done. Men were 
proficient in bandaging, splint work and management of the 
supposedly wounded men. 

Drills prompt and well executed. Ceremonies excellent. Mil- 
itary courtesy should be improved. 

Discipline as a whole satisfactory, and men were quiet and 
orderly after taps. Health excellent at all times. 

The hospital tent being devoid of furniture, the company 
went into the surrounding woods and procured boughs, twigs, 
grasses, evergreens, refuse wood, straw, etc., and made cots, 
tables, chairs, litters, bath tub lined with a rubber blanket, an 
operating table covered with clean linen, and a cot bed furnished 
and ready for occupancy. The work was done in a very in- 
genious and intelligent manner, reflected great credit on the 
corps, and demonstrated the enthusiasm and capability of officers 
and men. 

Drills were satisfactory, and improved each day. The per- 
formance of guard duty and ceremonies was commendable. At- 
tendance fair only. This company is in excellent condition. 

Signal Corps. 
During the week of July 14 to 21, the Signal Corps was at 
the post, under command of General Clark, and under General 
Orders No. 9, current series, the captain was required to submit 



26 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

to the post commander for approval an order to his corps that 
would best tend to secure the maximum of efficiency in the arm 
of the service it represented. This order being ignored by 
Captain Stevens after verbal and written requests and orders 
from General Clerk, and the disobedience of a special order 
directing him to report with his command to Major Perrins 
for a practice review, caused him to be placed under arrest on 
July 18. He was relieved from command, and confined to the 
limits of his camp. 

Rumors of alleged financial irregularities coming to my atten- 
tion, I requested General Clark to order Lieutenant Edwards 
and the corps treasurer to report to me with all books and 
papers for my examination. This was done, and I made an 
inspection of such books and papers as they had in camp on 
July 19, but found nothing that would warrant my taking 
further action. 

The corps left camp under the command of Lieutenant Ed- 
wards, and all papers in the case were forwarded to State 
headquarters by General Clark. In my opinion, this serious 
disobedience of orders by Captain Stevens needs a thorough 
investigation and vigorous action. 

With an enrollment of 57, the average attendance was 51. 
Absent with leave, 2% ; without leave, 2. 

Twenty men were mounted for the first time in this State. 
Privates armed with pistols and non-commissioned officers with 
pistols and sabres, one or two flags and one or two staves. 

Drills, both mounted and dismounted, very good. Men showed 
more or less efficiency in laying cable, signalling by mounted 
and dismounted squad, day and night signalling, field exercises 
with cavalry, heliograph practice, policing camp and guard duty. 

Arms were found rusty or dirty. Military courtesy good. 
Discipline fair. Policing of camp and care of quarters excellent. 
Personnel good. 

The inspector found men in need of some instruction and 
practice in the use of the regular blank form for messages. 
With this exception, both officers and men appeared to be thor- 
oughly prepared to render efficient field service. 

Recommendations. 
As prescribed by regulations, the following suggestions for the 
improvement of the militia are respectfully submitted : — 
1. The systematic instruction of officers in preparing all mil- 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 27 

itary papers, and a sample set of same to be issued to each 
headquarters and company. 

2. That all enlisted men care for their own rifles, and become 
familiar with the mechanism. 

3. That field officers exercise more careful supervision over 
companies in the armory, reporting promptly everything requir- 
ing attention. 

4. The issue of full dress uniforms to all troops. 

5. The cook houses and sinks at the State camp grounds are 
old and insanitary, and should be replaced with new ones. 

6. That means be taken to get the services of a regular army 
officer as military instructor in the armories, as well as in camp. 

7. Company officers should receive instruction in map making 
and making of field reports. 

8. Pay men for attendance at drills and inspections, and fine 
them for non-attendance. 

9. The adoption of a new system of issuing and checking 
passes. 

10. That consideration be given to the re-arrangement of 
companies in the armories. 

11. The adoption of a uniform system of card index alarm 
list. 

In conclusion, I wish to express my appreciation for the faith- 
ful and conscientious service rendered by the officers of this 
department. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

TO. H. BEIGHAM, 

Inspector General, HI. V. II. 



28 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



REPORT OF THE SURGEON GENERAL. 



Surgeon General's Office, Eoom 259, State House, 
Boston, Dec. 15, 1906. 

Brig. Gen. James A. Frye, Adjutant General, Massachusetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor to make the following report of the 
work done during the present year by the medical department of 
the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia : — 

Changes in Personnel. 

Since January 4, when I was appointed Surgeon General on 
the staff of His Excellency Governor Curtis Guild, Jr., the fol- 
lowing changes have occurred in the personnel of the medical 
officers : — 

Resignations. 

First Lieut. Thomas B. Shaw, assistant surgeon, Second Begi- 
ment Infantry, discharged by resignation, April 13. 

First Lieut. Joseph C. Stedman, assistant surgeon, Corps 
Coast Artillery, discharged by resignation, June 19. 

First Lieut. Horace Binney, assistant surgeon, First Corps 
Cadets, discharged by resignation, July 6. 

First Lieut. Charles S. Capelle, assistant surgeon, First 
Squadron Cavalry, discharged by resignation, August 7. 

Transfers. 

First Lieut. Harry H. Hartung, assistant surgeon, Fifth Begi- 
ment Infanfay, transferred to same rank and position on staff 
of Corps Coast Artillery, October 31. 

Commissions. 

Dr. Perley P. Comey, Worcester, commissioned first lieutenant 
and assistant surgeon, Second Begiment Infantry, May 5. 

Dr. William B. P. Emerson, Boston, commissioned first lieu- 
tenant and assistant surgeon, First Corps Cadets, October 26. 

Dr. Frederick E. Jones, Quincy, commissioned first lieutenant 
and assistant surgeon, Fifth Begiment Infantry, November 7. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 29 

Physical Examinations by Surgeon" General. 

State and Military Aid. — Seventeen men have been exam- 
ined to date during the present year, in accordance with the 
provisions of chapter 79, Eevised Laws. All were recommended 
for some measure of assistance. 

State Licenses. — Forty-five men who have rendered service 
in the United States Army and Navy were examined for- gratui- 
tous State licenses to peddle and hawk, in accordance with chap- 
ter 432, Acts of 1903. Of this number, four, either because of 
physical soundness or ineligibility under the statute, were not 
recommended for the license. 

Soldiers' Homes. — Thirty-five veterans of the Civil and Span- 
ish-American wars have been examined for admission into the 
various national homes, generally for the one in Togus, Me. 
In this matter the Surgeon General simply examines the appli- 
cants physically, not being required to make any recommenda- 
tion. 

Inspections by Surgeon General. 

Organizations. — On April 17 I inspected the Ambulance 
Company, sending a report to the Inspector General's depart- 
ment. Excepting the Naval Brigade, whose tour was performed 
on the high seas, and of the Corps Coast Artillery, I have visited 
every organization in the militia during its tour of duty. 

Convention of Military Surgeons. — In accordance with Spe- 
cial Orders, No. 131, A. G. 0., current series, in company with 
Maj. Gen. Eobert A. Blood, retired, former Surgeon General, 
and Maj. Howard S. Dearing, surgeon, Corps Coast Artillery, I 
attended the annual convention of the Association of Military 
Surgeons of the United States, which this year was held at 
Buffalo, N. Y., September 11-14. 

While a report of that duty has been sent to your office, it 
may properly be stated here that our militia should gain ma- 
terially from the new ideas acquired at Buffalo in regard to mili- 
tary hygiene and the medical details of camp life. 

School for Medical Officers. 
Speaker and Subject. — On Wednesday, April 4, at South 
Armory, Boston, Col. ' Valery Havard, Assistant Surgeon Gen- 
eral, U. S. A., read a very interesting and instructive paper on 
" Military Hygiene and Modern Warfare." Colonel Havard, 
by reason of his connection with the Eussian army in the late 



30 ADJUTANT GENEEAL'S EEPOET. [Jan. 

war with Japan, spoke from experience and with authority, 
rather than from theory simply. The value of his remarks was 
enhanced by the splendid series of lantern slides with which they 
were illustrated. 

Attendance. — In addition to several non-medical officers and 
civilian physicians, most of the active medical officers were 
present, in obedience to paragraph I, General Orders No. 4, 
A. G. (X, current series. The thanks of this office are due Ser- 
geant Ealph G. Perkins, hospital steward First Brigade, and 
Sergeant J. Everett Brown, at that time hospital steward Sec- 
ond Brigade, who acted as ushers. 

Change in Fiscal Yeae. 

In order to have the work of this office harmonize with the 
spirit of the statute law, a memorandum was issued on Novem- 
ber 19, requiring medical officers to send in their bills for the 
physical examination of recruits for the quarterly periods end- 
ing on the last day of February, May, August and November, 
in each case one month earlier than under the former rule laid 
down in paragraph XXVII, Circular No. 4, Surgeon General's 
office, series of 1905. The change was deemed advisable because 
annual appropriations are now available up to the last day of 
November in each year. The quarterly period ending on the 
last day of February will, therefore, include December of one 
year and January and February of the next. 

Physical Examinations of Eeceuits. 

While the figures for the present year are not complete, owing 
to the failure of some officers to send in complete bills, it is 
believed that the cost of the physical examination of recruits 
will be done inside the appropriation for the present year, in- 
cluding in the charges the pay and mileage of the examining 
officers and all office expenses. 

Change in Militia Law. 
The Change. — A change in the militia law that should prop- 
erly be noted in this report is that comprehended in section 15, 
chapter 504, Acts of 1906, where it is provided, speaking gen- 
erally, that any member of the Volunteer Militia or Naval 
Brigade injured in the service shall have his damages assessed 
by — 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



31 



a board of three officers, at least one being a medical officer, to be 
appointed upon the application of the member claiming to be so 
incapacitated by the commander-in-chief. 

Advantage. — This change obviously is an improvement over 
the former condition, which required the alleged injured person 
to apply to the State Legislature for relief. The new method 
is quicker, and refers the matter to a board which is more likely 
to measure the justice of the petition properly than any legisla- 
tive committee, which would be burdened with numerous legis- 
lative problems. 

Board of Medical Officers. 

Composition. — This Board, whose authority is derived from 
sections 57 and 60, chapter 465, Acts of 1905, has been com- 
posed during the present year of the following officers : Lieut. 
Col. Charles C. Foster, surgeon, First Brigade, president; Maj. 
Howard S. Dearing, surgeon, Corps Coast Artillery; Capt. 
Charles S. Butler, assistant surgeon, Eighth Eegiment Infantry, 
recorder. 

Examinations of Non-medical Officers. — The following table 
shows the physical examinations of non-medical officers made 
during the present year by the Board of Medical Officers, whose 
judgment in this respect is final under the statutes : — 



DATE. 


Number 
examined. 


Found 
Competent. 


Found 
Incompetent. 


Jan. 24, . 
Feb. 28, . 
March 28, . 
April 25, . 
May 23, . 
June 13, . 
June 27, . 
July 16, . 
Julv 25, . 
Aug. 22, . 
Sept. 26, . 
Oct. 24, . 
Nov. 28, . 








25 
16 

5 

19 
13 
12 

7 

1 

2 

6 
_ i 

10 
6 


25 

16 

5 

19 
13 
12 
7 
1 
1 
6 

9 
6 


1 
1 


Totals, 






• 


122 


120 


2 



1 No applicants. 



32 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Examinations of Medical Officers. — The following table 
shows the mental and physical examinations of medical officers 
made during the present year by the Board of Medical Officers, 
whose judgment in both these respects is final under the stat- 
utes : — 



DATE. 


Number 
examined. 


Found 
Competent. 


Found 
Incompetent. 


May 29, 

Nov. 8, . . . . . 


1 

2 


1 

2 


- 


Totals, .... 


3 


3 


- 



United States Hospital Corps Detail. 

The Detail. — An unusual aid this year in the instruction of 
our medical officers was afforded in connection with the annual 
convention of the American Medical Association, which was 
held at Boston in the early part of June. A detail of about 
forty men from Company A of the United States Hospital 
Corps, Captain Dutcher commanding, was one of the leading 
features of the convention. The number of men detailed would 
have been much larger but for the San Francisco disaster, where 
all available members of the Hospital Corps of the regular or- 
ganization had been sent. 

Equipment. ■ — As it was, Captain Dutcher' s command offered 
a very interesting exhibit. Besides various ambulances, including 
a big electric motor carriage and the small, convenient galloping 
ambulance, there were almost fifty tents. These tents com- 
prised hospital, wall, common and shelter tents, and covered 
about an acre of land adjoining the buildings of the new Har- 
vard Medical School, where the principal events of the conven- 
tion occurred. Drills were given within a space of ground which, 
by the courtesy of Hon. Edward J. Leary, city messenger of 
Boston, had been roped off without expense to this office or to 
the American Medical Association. Also, the materials and out- 
fits used in the United States Army Hospital Corps were dis- 
played in the various tents, Captain Dutcher and his men being 
always ready to explain to visitors anything that was not clear 
on personal inspection. 

Special Orders No. 8J±. — These exhibits and drills were free 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 33 

to the convention delegates and guests; but Thursday, June 7, 
was set apart by Special Orders No. 8-1, A. G. 0., current series, 
for the special benefit of our medical officers. Special Orders 
No. 84, read in part as follows : — 

The medical officers of the militia will report to the Surgeon Gen- 
eral, at such hour as he may designate, at the temporary army field 
hospital, Harvard Medical School (new) buildings, Boston, on Thurs- 
day, June 7, 1906, for the purpose of inspecting the equipment and 
routine of administration of the same. 



Attendance. — On the day named all but nine of the active 
medical officers appeared, and of the absentees six satisfactorily 
accounted for their absence by letter. It was a satisfying at- 
tendance altogether, especially as it drizzled in the forenoon; in 
fact, the weather during the entire day was raw and disagreea- 
ble. Former Surgeon Generals Eobert A. Blood and Herbert L. 
Burrell, the latter the present first vice-president of the Ameri- 
can Medical Association, were also present, and closely followed 
the proceedings. 

Ambulance Company Field Day. — The same day and place 
had likewise been set apart by the Adjutant General's office for 
the field day drill of the Ambulance Company, M. V. M., mak- 
ing the day one of much instruction for the officers and the hun- 
dreds of others who were present. 

Exhibition Drill. — At 11 o'clock the outfits of both State 
and national organizations were inspected by the medical offi- 
cers. Because of the cold drizzle and the muddy grounds, it was 
thought inadvisable to have any formal drill; but after the 
luncheon given to the medical officers by Lieut. Col. Charles C. 
Foster, surgeon, Second Brjgade, at his home in Cambridge, 
many returned to review the exhibition of first aid and litter 
work by the Ambulance Company at 4 o'clock, at which hour 
also the possibilities of the galloping ambulance in Captain 
Dutch er's possession were disclosed in the limited space at hand. 
The ingenuity displayed by Captain Bell, his officers and the 
men of the Ambulance Company, M. V. M., in improvising 
splints and litters out of saplings, barrel staves, pieces of wood 
and the other odds and ends generally found in and around 
camps, evoked general surprise and approval. A pleasant feature 
was the interest in their duties and the general intelligence 
shown throughout by the Ambulance Company men. 



34 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Ambulance Company Drill. — The regular Ambulance Com- 
pany, M. V. M., drill of Tuesday, June 5, was open to the 
delegates and guests of the American Medical Association, and, 
despite the rain, a large number seized the opportunity. The ex- 
hibition was quite novel to most of those present, whose previous 
knowledge of things military had been restricted to the ordinary 
marching and maneuvers. 

Lectubes on Camp Hygiene. 

General Orders No. If. — Paragraph II, General Orders No. 
4, A. G. 0., current series, read as follows: — 

On recommendation of the Surgeon General, a lecture will be 
given, prior to June 15, 1906, to the officers of each command of the 
militia, by a medical officer attached thereto. After complying with 
this order, the medical officers concerned will report to the Surgeon 
General, through channels, giving the date and subject of the lecture 
delivered, with the attendance thereat of the officers of their respec- 
tive commands. In the preparation of such lectures, instruction 
under the following heads is recommended : — 

(a) Preliminary remarks on the importance of such instruction. 

(5) Care of food and water supplies. 

(c) Camp sanitation: policing, care of sinks, etc. 

(d) Cause and prevention of such diseases as typhoid, and of the 
minor ailments of camp life. 

(e) Personal cleanliness. 

(/) Such other topics as may suggest themselves to the officer de- 
livering the lecture as being appropriate for discussion. 

Officers complying. — According to the correspondence on file 
in this office, the requirements of the above order were substan- 
tially complied with in the following organizations : Corps Coast 
Artillery, Second Regiment Infantry, Fifth Regiment Infantry, 
Sixth Regiment Infantry, Eighth Regiment Infantry, Ninth 
Regiment Infantry, First Squadron Cavaln^, First Corps Cadets, 
Second Corps Cadets. 

Acting Hospital Corps. 

General Orders No. If. — Paragraphs III-VI, General Orders 
No. 4, A. G. 0., current series, published on a recommendation 
from this office, read as follows : — 

III. ... in view of the probability of regimental encampments 
during the approaching season for field work, acting hospital corps 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 35 

will be organized, as below prescribed, in the several commands 
noted : — 

(a) In each regiment of infantry: the hospital steward to be de- 
tailed as acting hospital sergeant first class; two non-commissioned 
officers, or competent privates, to be detailed as acting hospital ser- 
geants; six competent privates to be detailed as acting hospital 
privates first class; and three privates to be detailed as acting hos- 
pital privates. 

( b ) In the Corps of Coast Artillery : the same as in a regiment of 
infantry, save that no details need be made from the line for duty 
as acting hospital sergeant, this command being entitled to three 
hospital stewards, under the provisions of paragraph III (a), Gen- 
eral Orders, No. 32, A. G. 0., Massachusetts, series 1905. 

(c) In each unattached battalion or squadron, and in each corps 
of cadets : the hospital steward to be detailed as acting hospital ser- 
geant; two competent privates to be detailed as acting hospital 
privates first class; and one private to be detailed as acting hospital 
private. 

(d) In the Signal Corps: one non-commissioned officer, or com- 
petent private, to be detailed as acting hospital sergeant; and one 
competent private to be detailed as acting hospital private first class. 

(e) At each brigade headquarters: the hospital steward to be de- 
tailed as acting hospital sergeant first class; and one competent pri- 
vate to. be detailed from the troops attached to the brigade for duty 
as acting hospital private first class. 

(/) With the approval of commanding officers, and on the recom- 
mendation of medical officers, properly qualified non-commissioned 
officers may be detailed from the line for the performance of hos- 
pital duties, in the place of the privates indicated in the foregoing 
sections. 

IY. Under the scheme of organization above prescribed, the 
strength available for hospital service will be, in the aggregate, as 
follows : — 

Acting hospital sergeants first class, 8 

Acting hospital sergeants, ........ 17 

Acting hospital privates first class, ...... 47 

Acting hospital privates, 22 



Total details for acting hospital service, . . . .94 

V. In perfecting the organization above prescribed, details will 
be made after consultation with the senior medical officer of each 
command, who will take steps to ascertain the names of physicians, 
medical students, drug clerks and others among the enlisted men who 
are qualified for or adapted to the performance of this duty. Men 



36 ADJUTANT GEXERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

thus detailed will be instructed in first add, hospital duties and kin- 
dred subjects, under the supervision of the senior medical officer, not 
only while in camp, but at such other times, subject to the approval 
of commanding officers, as "may be found practicable. 

VI. Medical officers responsible for the execution of this order 
will report, through channels, to the Surgeon General, imm ediately 
on the completion within their respective commands of the organiza- 
tion prescribed. Lieut. Cols. Walter A. Smith and Charles C. Foster, 
brigade surgeons, will supervise the work incident to such organiza- 
tions in commands attached respectively to the First and Second 
Brigades. Capt. Robert E. Bell, commanding the Hospital Corps, 
will render any assistance required in the organization of the hos- 
pital detachment designated for the Signal Corps. 

Necessity. — Such a plan as that outlined in General Orders, 
Xo. -4, seemed necessary in view of the intention to have regi- 
mental camps, which would be too numerous and widely scat- 
tered to be all taken care of by the Ambulance Company, as in 
other years. 

Commendation. — While there was a general compliance with 
the above paragraphs, commendation should be given here for 
extra work performed. Thus. Maj. Howard S. Dearing, sur- 
geon. Corps Coast Artillery, gave a series of four lectures on 
first aid to the injured in the spring of this year to the officers 
and enlisted men of his organization: while Capt. Patrick F. 
'Butler, assistant surgeon, Xinth Regiment Infantry, last spring 
gave a series of four lectures on first aid and military hygiene 
to the Xinth Regiment's acting hospital corps, and also made 
requisition on this office for a litter wherewith to give the mem- 
bers of the corps further instruction in litter bearing. 

Encampments. 

General Observations. 

Departure in Plan. — The militia camps of 1906 in one re- 
spect differed radically from the rule of the previous year. In 
1905, with the exception of the Xaval Brigade and the Corps 
Coast Artillery, all the organizations went into camp at West- 
field, Mass., in the same week, July 5-12. This year, however, 
the various organizations, speaking generally, performed their 
tours of duty at different times, while there were several camp 
grounds. 

Health. — The general health of the different commands was 
excellent. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 37 

Weather. — The weather averaged fair. The Second Eegi- 
ment had beautiful weather throughout its tour, while the Corps 
Coast Artillery found much wet weather. Extreme heat marked 
the week when the First Squadron Cavalry, the Signal Corps 
and the Ambulance Company encamped together at South Fram- 
ingham. 

Food. — All reports received at this office speak in the highest 
terms of the quality and quantity of food furnished by the Com- 
missary General's department, and any trifling defect in serving 
it that was pointed out by the medical officers was corrected at 
once. " Excellent, well served and well cared for," using the ex- 
act language of one report, seems to be the average opinion of the 
medical officers. The cooking also seems to have been generally 
good. 

Sinks. — The sinks were fairly well cared for. In line with 
the recommendations contained in the Manual for the Medical 
Department, U. S. A., I have constantly encouraged the free use 
of dry earth for sinks, rather than an excessive amount of lime. 
To get along with earth entirely is probably impracticable where 
troops are not on the march, especially at South Framingham, 
where the same sinks must be used by successive organizations. 

Second Regiment Infantry. 

In camp June 9-16, at South Framingham, with its com- 
plement of medical officers present, as follows : Maj. Ernest A. 
Gates, surgeon, and Capt. Abram C. Williams and First Lieut. 
Perley P. Comey, assistant surgeons. 

Various bottled waters were used for drinking, instead of 
the Framingham town supply. 

The weather was perfect; the health of the command good. 

An unfortunate incident was the accidental piercing of the 
eyeball of a private of Company E, while he was removing the 
bayonet from his gun. He was sent to the Eye and Ear In- 
firmary of Boston. 

Sixth Regiment Infantry. 

In camp June 16-23, at South Framingham, with its comple- 
ment of medical officers present, as follows: Maj. Joseph S. 
Hart, surgeon, and Capt. William N. Decker and First Lieut. 
Eustace L. Fiske, assistant surgeons. 

There were no cases of serious illness or accidents, although 
the usual number of men reported to have minor ailments 
treated. 



38 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

About the middle of the week one of the sinks, because of 
excessive use, became offensive, and had to be nailed irp to pre- 
vent further nse. Otherwise, the sinks caused no trouble. 

The acting hospital corps rendered good service in the care 
of the sick, particularly of those who fell out of the ranks during 
drills. The members of the corps were instructed daily along 
the lines laid down in Drill Regulations for the Hospital Corps, 
IT. S. A. 

Eighth Regiment Infantry. 

In camp July 7-11, at South Framingham, with its comple- 
ment of medical officers present, as follows : Maj. Thomas L. 
Jenkins, surgeon, and Capt. Charles S. Butler and First Lieut. 
Peer P. Johnson, assistant surgeons. 

The health of the camp was generally very good, there being 
only a few cases of diarrhoea. The generous lines on which the 
camp was laid out aided to this result. Because of copious rain, 
many men developed sore feet, especially those not provided with 
suitable shoes. One man suffering from a contagious disease 
was immediately isolated and sent home, while his bedding and 
uniform were burned. 

The sinks were well cared for, while the policing appeared 
to be good. 

First Corps Cadets. 

In camp July 7-14, at Hingham. Maj. David Cheever, sur- 
geon, was the only medical officer present, the vacancy caused 
by the resignation of First Lieut. Horace Binne} 7 , assistant 
surgeon, not having been filled. 

The general health of the command was extremely good. The 
drinking water, from the Hingham supply, was plentiful and 
pure. 

Second Corps Cadets. 

In camp July 7-14, at B oxford, with its complement of medi- 
cal officers present, as follows: Maj. J. William Voss, surgeon, 
and First Lieut. Benjamin F. Sturgis, Jr., assistant surgeon. 

The weather was very warm. The camp sanitation wa*s excel- 
lent, and the drinking water good. The health of the command 
was good, but the usual number of minor digestive disturbances 
appeared. 

Corps Coast Artillery. 

This organization went into camp at Fort Rodman, extending, 
as usual, over a space of three successive weeks, one battalion to 
a week. The tours were arranged as follows : — 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 39 

Third Battalion, July 7-14 ; medical officer, First Lieut. Harry 
H. Hartung, assistant surgeon, Fifth Eegiment Infantry, who 
was detailed for the purpose. 

Second Battalion, July 14-21; medical officer, First Lieut. 
Charles S. Capelle, assistant surgeon, First Squadron Cavalry, 
who was detailed for the purpose. 

First Battalion, July 21-28; medical officer, Maj. Howard S. 
Dearing, surgeon, Corps Coast Artillery. 

The details of Lieutenants Hartung and Capelle were necessary 
because Capt. William A. Bolfe, assistant surgeon, was absent on 
leave, and the vacancy caused by the resignation of First Lieut. 
Joseph C. Stedman, assistant surgeon, had not been filled. 

The tours presented no special incidents. The cooking of the 
food was good, the policing carefully done, and the water from 
the city of New Bedford supply wholesome. The problem of 
sinks does not arise at Fort Eodman, since the sea walls and the 
tides remove that difficulty for the Corps Coast Artillery. 

First Squadron Cavalry; Ambulance Company; Signal Corps. 

These three organizations formed a common camp at South 
Framingham, July 14-21. The medical officers of the First 
Squadron Cavalry present were Maj. George W. Mills, surgeon, 
and First Lieut. Arthur G. Scoboria, assistant surgeon. First 
Lieut. Charles S. Capelle, assistant surgeon, had been relieved 
from duty at this camp, and, as has been seen above, had been 
assigned for a week's tour of duty with the Second Battalion of 
the Corps Coast Artillery, July 14-21. All the officers of the 
Ambulance Company were present, as follows : Capt. Eobert E. 
Bell and First Lieuts. Malcolm Seymour and Edward L. Shinn. 
Before the end of the tour Captain Bell, because of the death of 
his mother, was granted leave for the rest of the tour. The 
Signal Corps has no medical officers, by long custom camping 
close by, and getting needed medical assistance from, the Am- 
bulance Company. 

The sick rate was about the same as in other years. The 
policing was good. 

The feature of the tour was the exhibition of improvised 
splints, bath tubs, cots, litters, operating table and other devices, 
made of the shrubs, twigs, barrel staves, muskets, rubber blan- 
kets, etc., that may be found on the ordinary field of military 
action. These were displayed in two hospital tents connected 
by a fly, where they were seen and admired by hundreds of vis- 



40 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

itors. It was an exhibition that showed conclusively the practical 
efficiency of the Ambulance Company men. The marching, too, 
of this organization was believed to be equal to that of the in- 
fantry organizations, which is certainly to the credit of a com- 
mand whose primary duties are along different lines. 

First Battalion Field Artillery. 

In camp July 14—21, at Ipswich, with its complement of medi- 
cal officers present, as follows: Maj. John F. Harve}^ surgeon, 
and First Lieuts. John M. Little, Jr., and George Osgood, as- 
sistant surgeons. 

The health of the men doubtless benefited from the location 
of the camp on a high plateau some distance from the town. 
The drinking water, taken from wells, judged by immediate 
results and the State Board of Health analysis, was excellent. 
Not one sick man reported for treatment, while only a few acci- 
dent cases were noted. 

Naval Brigade. 

This organization performed its tour of duty July 14-21, 
aboard ships of the United States Navy, part being assigned to 
the " Brooktyn " and the remainder to the " Marjdand." Lieut. 
Com. S. Virgil Merritt, surgeon, and Lieut. David G-. Eldridge, 
assistant surgeon, were assigned to the former, and Lieuts. Den- 
nis F. Sughrue and Orland R. Blair, assistant surgeon, to the 
latter. 

There were no serious -cases of illness or injury. One victim 
of melancholia was kept in the sick bay of the " Brooklyn " for 
nearly the entire tour, and has since been given a disability dis- 
charge. 

The tour was instructive to all the medical officers. 

Ninth Regiment Infantry. 

In camp July 21-28, at South Framingham, with its comple- 
ment of medical officers present, as follows: Maj. James E. 
McGourty, surgeon, and Capt. Patrick F. Butler and First Lieut. 
Frederick L. Bogan, assistant surgeons. 

The physical condition of the men was excellent. The policing 
was good. 

The collapse of the Amsden building, South Framingham, 
afforded a splendid chance to show the need of a thoroughly 
organized militia, and especially of a competent Hospital Corps. 
Although the regiment's Hospital Corps was only temporal, still, 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 41 

aided doubtless by its drill and instruction dnring the two or 
three months previous, it rendered very effective work during 
that disaster; in fact, all the men sent to the Amsden building, 
both officers and recruits, worked heroically, with some danger 
to themselves, to release the injured workmen and to care for 
those to whom death had come. The medical department worked 
all through the night following the disaster, and the unusual 
efforts extended then should be heartily commended. The mili- 
tiamen prostrated from the extra strain or injured by falling 
debris and timbers appear to have recovered entirely. 

Fifth Regiment Infantry. 

In camp August 11-18, at South Framingham, with its com- 
plement of medical officers present, as follows: Maj. Henry L. 
Dearing, surgeon, and Capt. Charles H. Keene and First Lieut. 
Harry H. Hartung, assistant surgeons. 

The sinks were well cared for, dry earth being applied liber- 
ally during the first half of the tour, and thereafter lime and 
earth. Very little sickness was observed. 

The men of the Hospital Corps were instructed daily in mat- 
ters of camp sanitation, hygiene, emergencies, dressing and litter 
drill, in which they were examined every day. 

On August 16 Major Dearing read a paper at a council of 
regimental officers, on " The Army Medical Bill, its Significance 
and Importance to Medical and All Officers," following up sim- 
ilar instruction during the few weeks preceding the camp. 

The trip of the regiment to Ottawa and Montreal, which fol- 
lowed the South Framingham tour of duty, was free of illness. 
At Ottawa a field hospital, with ambulance attached, had been 
established before the regiments arrival, while at Montreal am- 
bulance and hospital service was ready, if required. 

Death of Maj. Gex. Otis H. Mariox. 

It is with regret that I have to record the death of Maj. Gen. 
Otis -H. Marion, retired, on Tuesday, November 2-8. For sev- 
eral years the deceased had suffered from mitral stenosis, to 
which, although it seriously interfered with his active work, he 
would not yield, doing his regular work up to the last. 

General Marion's knowledge of the medical department was 
thorough, due to sincere interest and to long service in the de- 
partment. His active service began with his appointment as 
major and surgeon of the First Begiment Heavy Artillery on 



42 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

May 11, 1883, and culminated with his appointment as Briga- 
dier General and Surgeon General on the staff of Governor John 
L. Bates on May 2, 1904. 

Recommendations. 

The experience of last summer, gained personalty and through 
medical officers, convinces me that the following improvements 
should be made at the State arsenal grounds at South Fram- 
ingham : — 

Repairs to the wash stands. 

Repairs to the Ambulance Company cook house. 

Repairs to the mess halls, especially the steps. 

Repairs to the wooden water conductors in and around the 
cook houses. 

Repairs to the brigade hospital, as by replacing rotten plank- 
ing and attaching proper locks to doors and windows. 

Repairs to the concrete in the rear of the cook houses, as by 
leveling uneven places and concreting broken places. 

The supplying by the Quartermaster General's department of 
ample mosquito netting for the windows and doors of the cook 
houses. 

Extensive repairs in and around the various sinks, especially 
those for the main body of the men in the center of the field. 

The substitution of ice chests for the wooden boxes now used 
for that purpose. Some plan should be evolved, also, for keep- 
ing the chests away from the direct rays of the sun. On one day 
last summer one ice box is reported to have sent up to 90° a 
thermometer placed inside the box just under the cover. 

Final Woed. 

It is in no merely perfunctory spirit that I say that I cannot 
close this report without a final word of appreciation of the 
cordial attitude of your office toward the medical department, 
and for the kindly assistance always extended by Col. William 
C. Capelle, Assistant Adjutant General, amply qualified as he is 
to do this by long service both in this office and in your own. 

Very respectfully, }^our obedient servant, 

WILLIAM H. DEYINE, 

Surgeon General. 



1907.] 



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46 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Appendix B. 



Catalog of Books and Pamphlets in the Office of the Surgeon 
General of Massachusetts, Room 259, State House, Boston, 
Dec. 15, 1906. 

A. 

Address delivered at Army Medical School (Busey), 1897. 

Ambulance Corps Drill Regulations, M. V. M., 1894. 

Anatomy, Compendium of Human (Potter), 1886. 

Anatomy, Descriptive and Surgical (Gray), 1883. 

Appleton's Medical Dictionary, 1904. 

Armed Strength of the German Empire, in two parts (Grierson), 

1888. 
Army and Navy Dictionary (Wisser and Gauss), 1905. 
Army Medical Staff, Address by Webster, 1865. 
Army Surgeon's Manual (Grace), 1865. 
Art of subsisting Armies in War (Sharpe), 1893. 

B. 

Barracks and Hospitals, with Descriptions of Military Posts, Report 

on, Surgeon General's Office, U. S. A., 1870. 
Baths, Bathing and Swimming for Soldiers (Chase), 1896. 

C. 

Care of the Sick (Billroth), 1894. 

Chemistry, Inorganic, Compendium of (Ward), 1883. 

Clothing Case for the Army and Navy, and a Device for transporting 

the Wounded, a paper by Parker, 1894. 
Customs of the Service, a handbook of naval etiquette for the use of 

the Naval Militia (Dutton), 1893. 
Cycle Infantry Drill Regulations (Ordway), 1892. 

D. 

Dictionary of Practical Surgery (Heath), 1886. 

Digest of Acts of Massachusetts relating to Massachusetts Medical 

Society, etc., 1893. 
Diseases of the Horse, issued by the United States Department of 

Agriculture, 1903. 
Drill Regulations, Ambulance Corps, M. V. M., 1895. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 47 

Drill Regulations and Outlines of First Aid for the Hospital Corps, 

United States Army, 1904. 
Drill Regulations, Company Bearers, M. V. M., 1897. 

E. 

Emergency and Hygiene Notes for the Militia (Devine), 1894. 

Epidemic of Cholera and Yellow Fever in United States Army dur- 
ing 1867, Report on, Surgeon General's Office, U. S. A., 1868. 

Epitome of Tripler's Manual and Other Publications on the Examina- 
tion of Recruits (Greenleaf), 1893. 

Examination of Water (Leffiaiann), 1903. 

Excisions of the Head of the Femur for Gunshot Injuries, Report on, 
Surgeon General's Office, U. S. A., 1869. 

Extent and Nature of Materials Available for Preparation of a Medi- 
cal and Surgical History of the Rebellion, Report on, Surgeon 
General's Office, U. S. A., 1865. 

F. 

Farmer's Veterinary Adviser (Law), 1892. 
Field Service Regulations, United States Army, 1905. 
First Aid in Accident and Sudden Illness (Black). 
First Aid in Illness and Injury (Pilcher), 1894. 

First Aid to the Injured, published by the St. John Ambulance Asso- 
ciation, 1878. 
Food Inspection and Analysis (Leach), 1904. 
Fractures of the Skull, Report of Twenty Cases of (Brush), 1885. 

G. 

Gunshot Injuries (Longmore), 1895. 

H. 

Handbook for the Hospital Corps, United States Army (Smart), 

1889, 1898, 1902. 
Handbook for the Military Surgeon (Tripler and Blackmail), 1861. 
Handbook of First Aid to the Injured (Morton), 1884. 
Handbook of Subsistence Stores, for Use in the Army of the United 

States, 1896. 
Hints on Health in Armies (Ordronaux), 1863. 
Hints on the Medical Examination of Recruits for the Army, etc. 

(Henderson), 1840, 1856. 
Hospital and Superintendent (Fisher), 1902. 
Hospital Steward's Manual (Woodward), 1862. 
Hospitals, Dispensaries and Nursing (Billings and Hurd), 1894. 
Hygiene (Harrington), 1905. 
Hygiene of the United States Army, 1875. 



48 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



I. 

Infantry Drill Regulations, United States Army, 1891, 1899, 1904. 
Instruction of the Hospital or Ambulance Corps in the United States 

and State Service (Alden), 1896. 
Instructions for Medical Officers of United States Navy, 1873, 1886, 

1906. 
Instructions for transacting Clerical Business of War Department, 

etc., 1876. 

L. 

Land Forces of the United States (Lindsay), Adjutant General's 
Office, Massachusetts, 1905. 

M. 

Manual for Army Cooks, U. S. A., 1883, 1896. 

Manual for Infantry Officers of the National Guard (Gilchrist), 1890. 

Manual for loading and firing the Peabody Breech-loading Rifle, 1873. 

Manual for the Medical Department, Nebraska National Guard, 1900. 

Manual for the Medical Department, United States Army, 1902, 1906. 

Manual for Medical Officers (Greenleaf), 1864. 

Manual for Medical Officers of the Militia of the United States 

(Forster), 1877. 
Manual of Ambulance Transport (Longmore), 1893. 
Manual of Bacteriology (Hewlett), 1902. 
Manual of Chemistry (Simon), 1898. 

Manual of Drill for Hospital Corps, United States Army, 1891. 
Manual of Etherization (Jackson), 1861. 
Manual of Guard Duty, Salutes and Insignia of Rank, Adjutant 

General's Office, Massachusetts, 1887. 
Manual of Guard Duty, United States Army, 1902. 
Manual of Instruction for Stretcher Drill, as prepared and practised 

by the Ambulance Corps, First Brigade, M. V. M., 1889. 
Manual of Instructions for enlisting and discharging Soldiers (Bar- 

thalow), 1863. 
Manual of the Medical Officer of the Army of the United States 

(Tripler), being Part I, Recruiting and Inspection of Recruits, 

1858. 
Materia Medica, Compendium of (Potter), 1887. 
Materia Medica, Pharmacy and Therapeutics (Potter), 1903. 
Medical and Surgical History of the War of the Rebellion, 4 volumes, 

1875. 
Medical Dictionary (Dunglison), 1874. 
Medical Officer at the Summer Encampment (Greenleaf). 
Medical Register of Massachusetts (Brown), 1875. 
Medical Register for New. England (Brown), 1888. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 49 

Medical Work of the Massachusetts Volunteer Aid Association during 

the Spanish War, 1899. 
Military and Camp Hospitals, and the Health of Troops in the Field 

(Baudens), 1862. 
Military Courtesy (anonymous). 
Military Hygiene (Munson), 1901. 
Military Red Cross Corps (Parker), 1888. 
Militia Law of Massachusetts, 1875, 1876, 1878, 1887, 1893, 1897. 

N. 
Notes on Military Hygiene for Officers of the Line (Woodhull), 1890. 

0. 

Official Army Register, United States Army, 1866, 1886, 1894, 1901. 
Official Memoranda of Decisions on Points of Tactics, 1886. 
Organized Militia of the United States, 1893, 1894, 1895. 
Origin and Spread of Typhoid Fever in United States Military 

Camps during the Spanish War of 1898, Report on, 2 volumes, 

Surgeon General's Office, U. S. A., 1904. 
Outlines of Military Surgery (Ballingall), 1844. 
Outposts (Chase), 1888. 

P. 
Pharmacopoeia of the United States, 1893. 
Physiology, Human, Compendium of (Brubaker), 1886. 
Practical Dietetics (Thompson), 1896. 
Practical Examination of Urine (Tyson), 1886. 
Practical Horseshoeing (Fleming), 1877. 
Practical Hygiene (Parkes), edited by Notter, 1891. 
Practical Treatise on Venereal Disorders (Ricord), 1840. 
Practice of Medicine, Compendium of, parts I. and II. (Hughes), 

1885. 
Practice of Pharmacy (Remington), 1894. \ 

Prevention of Disease in the Army, The (Keane), 1906. 
Principles of Military Surgery (Hennen), 1830. 
Principles of the Naval Staff Rank, etc. (anonymous), 1869. 
Prompt Aid to the Injured (Doty), 1902. 

R. 

Records of the Living Officers of the United States Army, 1884. 
Regiments and Armories of Massachusetts, 2 volumes, 1899. 
Regulations for the Medical Department of the Army of the United 

States, 1861. 
Regulations for the Military and Naval Forces of the State of New 

York, 1894. 
Regulations of Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 1879, 1900. 



50 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Regulations, Rules, Decisions and Memoranda pertaining to Clothing 
and Equipage Supplies of the Army of the United States, 1893. 
Revised Laws of Massachusetts, 3 volumes, 1902. 
Revised Medical Regulations, United States Army, 1861. 

S. 

Soldier's First Aid Handbook (Dietz), 1891. 

Soldier's Handbook, for Use in the Army of the United States, pub- 
lished by Secretary of War, U. S. A., 1905. 

Specifications for Clothing, Camp and Garrison Equipage, etc., pub- 
lished by Quartermaster General, U. S. A., 1889. 

Standing Orders in Camp for First Corps Cadets, M. V. M., 1875, 
1895. 

Students' Standard Dictionary, 1898. 

Supplement to Manual of Guard Duty, First Corps Cadets, M. V. M., 
1885. 

Surgery, Compendium of (Horwitz), 1885. 

Surgical Cases in the Army, Report on, Surgeon General's Office, 
U. S. A., 1877. 

T. 

Table of Distances in the United States, published by Secretary of 
War, U. S. A., 1891. 

Text-book of Human Physiology, etc. (Landors and Stirling), 1886. 

Text-book of Hygiene (Rohe), 1895. 

Transport of Sick and Wounded by Pack Animals, Report on, Sur- 
geon General's Office, U. S. A., 1877. 

Troops in Campaign, 1892. 

Types Militaires. 

U. 

Uniformes de l'Armee Beige, 1893. 

United States Army Regulations, published by Secretary of War, 

1904. 
United States Artillery Tactics, 1874. 
United States Cavalry Tactics, 1874. 
United States Dispensatory (Wood, Remington and Sadtler), 15th 

edition, 1886; 18th edition, 1899. 
United States Infantry Tactics, 1874. 

V. 

Visceral Anatomy, Compendium of (Potter), 1885. 
Vivisection in the District of Columbia, United States Department of 
Agriculture, 1896. 

W. 

Webster's International Dictionary, 1895. 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



51 



Appendix C. 



Property List of Surgeon General of Massachusetts, Dec. 15, 

1906. 



ARTICLES. 


Total 
Amount. 


At 
Arsenal. 


At State 
House. 


With 
Officers. 


Ambulances, State, .... 


1 


1 






Analysis of urine, sets, 






1 


- 


- 


1 


Axes, 






1 


- 


1 


- 


Bags, hot water, 






4 


- 


2 


2 


Bags, ice, . 






7 


- 


3 


4 


Bags, saddle, U. S. A., pairs 






6 


- 


2 


4 


Basins, agate, 






21 


21 


- 


- 


Basins, tin, 






6 


6 


- 


— 


Basins, wash, 






6 


— 


— 


6 


Baskets, 






1 


1 


— 


- 


Bedsteads, iron, . 






28 


28 


— 


— 


Bedsteads, wooden, 






28 


5 


— 


23 


Bits, bridle, 






2 


2 


— 


— 


Blankets, gray, single, 






2 


2 


- 


- 


Blankets, red, single, . 






63 


63 


- 


- 


Blankets, rubber, 






5 


2 


3 


- 


Boards, urine analysis, 1 






1 


- 


1 


- 


Books, etc. : — 












Ambulance Report Books, 




1 


- 


- 


1 


Company Sick Report Books, 




7 


- 


7 


- 


Deaths and Interments, U. S. A., 


2 


— 


2 


— 


Diseases of the Horse, U. S. Agricul- 










tural Department, 


3 


- 


2 


1 


Doty's Prompt Aid to the Injured, . 


55 


- 


1 


54 


Drill Regulations, Ambulance Com- 










pany, M. V. M., . 


222 


— 


219 


3 


Drill Regulations, Company Bearers, 










M. V. M., 


15 


— 


14 


1 


Drill Regulations, Hospital Corps, 










U. S. A., 


109 


— 


22 


87 


Files, Enlistment, U. S. A., 


11 


— 


11 


— 


Forster's Manual, .... 


11 


— 


9 


2 


Gray's Anatomy, .... 


2 


— 


1 


1 


Handbook Hospital Corps, XL S. A. 










(Smart), ..... 


12 


— 


2 


10 


Hospital Fund and Ileturn of Durable 










Property, U. S. A., 


2 


- 


2 


— 


Index of Register of Patients, U. S. A., 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Information Slip Books, U. S. A., 


1 


"™ 


1 


"■ 



52 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan, 
Property List, etc. — Continued. 



ARTICLES. 


Total 
Amount. 


At 
Arsenal. 


At State 
House. 


With 
Officers. 


Books, etc. — Con. 










Instructions Medical Officers, U. S. 










Navy,. ... 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Letter and Order Books, U. S. A., 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Manual for Army Cooks, U. S. A., 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Manuals Medical Department, U. S. A., 


72 


- 


59 


13 


Meteorological Register, U. S. A., 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Morning Sick Reports (medical rec- 










ords), ..... 


59 


- 


39 


20 


Morning Sick Reports, U. S. A., 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Property Books, .... 


90 


- 


60 


30 


Property Books, large, 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Record Books, various, 


12 


- 


10 


2 


Record of Military History of Post, 










U.S.A., ... 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Register of Patients, U. S. A., . 


4 


- 


4 


- 


Register Physical Examination of Re- 










cruits, U. S. A., .... 


2 


- 


2 


— 


Register, Prescription and Medical 










Journals, ..... 


42 


- 


24 


18 


Regulations, M. V. M., 


12 


- 


7 


5 


Regulations, U. S. A., 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Soldier's Handbooks, U. S. A., . 


129 


- 


20 


109 


Supply Order Books, U. S. A., . 


2 


- 


2 


- 


Table of Distances, IJ. S. A., 


1 


- 


1 


- 


U. S. Dispensatory, U. S. A., 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Veterinary Inspection Book "A," 


7 


- 


4 


3 


Veterinary Stable Book "B," '. 


81 


- 


75 


6 


Veterinary Surgeon's Daily Report, . 


2 


- 


- 


2 


Weeks' Text-book of Nursing, TJ. S. A., 


4 


- 


1 


3 


Boxes, file, BH 


28 


- 


28 


- 


Boxes, letter, 


• • 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Brands, 


• 


2 


2 


- 


- 


Brooms, 


• 


3 


3 


- 


- 


Brooms, whisk, . 


• . 


2 


- 


2 


- 


Brushes, hair, 


• • 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Brushes, hand, . 


• • 


57 


- 


57 


- 


Brushes, horse, . 


... 


1 


1 


- 


- 


Brushes, scrub, . 




4 


2 


2 


- 


Brushes, shoe, 


• . 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Brushes, stencil, 


■ • • 


1 


1 


- 


- 


Brushes, whitewash, 


• « 


5 


5 


- 


- 


Brushes, throat, 


• 


7 


- 


7 


- 


Cabinets, mahogany, 9-drawer, 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Cages, meteorological, complete, . 


1 


1 


- 


- 


Candlesticks, ..... 


16 


15 


1 


- 


Cans, oil, squirt, ..... 


1 


1 


- 


- 


Cards, eye test, ..... 


12 


- 


5 


7 


Cases, alarm, Ambulance Company, 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Cases, aluminum, .... 


1 




1 





1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



53 



Property List, etc. - 


— Continued. 






ARTICLES. 


Total 
Amount. 


At 
Arsenal. 


At State 
House. 


With 
Officers. 


Cases, capital operating, . ... 


1 





1 




Cases, catheter, ..... 


12 


- 


11 


1 


Cases, expeditionary boat, medical, 


1 


- 


- 


1 


Cases, expeditionary boat, surgical, 


1 


- 


- 


1 


Cases, field operating, 


30 


- 


4 


26 


Cases, field operating, U. S. A., 


3 


- 


1 


2 


Cases, leather, No. 1, . 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Cases, leather, No. 2, . 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Cases, meteorological, complete, . 


2 


- 


2 


- 


Cases, pillow, ..... 


122 


103 


7 


12 


Cases, pocket medical, 


37 


- 


9 


28 


Cases, pocket surgical, 


36 


- 


9 


27 


Cases, pocket surgical, veterinary, 


2 


- 


- 


2 


Cases, suit, ..... 


1 


- 


1 


— 


Cases, tin, Board of Medical Officers, 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Cases, urinary, ..... 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Chairs, folding, ..... 


11 


11 


— 


— 


Chairs, wooden, ..... 


12 


12 


— 


_ 


Charts, anatomical, .... 


8 


— 


— 


8 


Chests, emergency, 


1 


1 


- 


— 


Chests for splints, .... 


1 


1 


- 


- 


Chests, medicine, .... 


15 


1 


— 


14 


Chests, reserve, ..... 


15 


1 


— 


14 


Chests, storage, ..... 


6 


6 


_ 


_ 


Chests, veterinary supply, . 


2 


1 


— 


1 


Chisels, ...... 


1 


1 


— 


_ 


Clips, steel, ..... 


4 


— 


4 


— 


Combs, ...... 


2 


— 


2 


_ 


Combs, curry, . . 


1 


1 


— 


— 


Commodes, ..... 


15 


15 


— 


_ 


Copyholders, ..... 


1 


— 


1 


_ 


Corkscrews, ..... 


3 


_ 


3 


_ 


Cots, folding, Gold Medal, . 


30 


30 


_ 





Covers, Massachusetts kit, . 


65 


— 


2 


63 


Covers, mattress, canvas, 


26 


26 


_ 





Crutches, pairs, . 


5 


4 


4* 


— 


Cups, 




18 


18 




— 


Cuspidors, iron, . 




13 


13 


— 


_ 


Cuspidors, tin, . 




26 


26 


_ 


_ 


Cutters, wire, 




6 


_ 


5 


1 


Dies for letter-head, 




1 


_ 


1 




Dippers, . 




11 


11 


_ 


_ 


Droppers, eye, . 




3 


— 


3 


_ 


Dusters, iodoform, 




3 





3 





Erasers, ink, 




2 





2 


__ 


Faucets, brass, . 




3 


3 







Faucets, wooden, 




4 


3 


1 





Files, examination of recruits, 


10 


— 


10 


_ 


Files, common iron, .... 


1 


_ 


1 





Files, letter and order, Shipman, . 


113 


~ 


75 


38 



54 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan, 
Property List, etc. — Continued. 



ARTICLES. 


Total 
Amount. 


At 
Arsenal. 


At State 
House. 


With 
Officers. 


Files, standard letter, .... 


14 




14 




Files, tin box, ..... 


3 


- 


3 


— 


Flags, red cross, .... 


14 


13 


— 


1 


Forceps, dentist's, .... 


6 


- 


6 


- 


Forceps, surgeon's, .... 


5 


- 


5 


- 


Forks, hay, ..... 


1 


1 


- 


- 


Forks, table, U. S. A., 


1 


— 


1 


- 


Forks, tuning, ..... 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Funnels, ...... 


2 


2 


— 


— 


Glasses, graduate, .... 


9 


- 


6 


3 


Glasses, magnifying, . . . ■ 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Glasses, medicine, .... 


5 


- 


4 


1 


Gloves, operating, pairs, 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Hammers, hand, .... 


4 


1 


3 


- 


Harnesses, double sets, 


1 


1 


— 


- 


Hatchets, ...... 


1 


1 


— 


— 


Holders, mucilage, .... 


2 


— 


2 


— 


Holders, pen, . . . . 


7 


- 


7 


- 


Holders, spring-back, .... 


6 


- 


6 


- 


Inkwells, ...... 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Inkwells and stands, .... 


2 


— 


2 


— 


Kettles, ...... 


1 


1 


— 


— 


Knives, Hospital Corps, U. S. A., with 










scabbards, ..... 


63 


- 


- 


63 


Knives, table, TJ. S. A., with scabbards, . 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Ladders, step, ..... 


2 


- 


2 


- 


Lamps, glass alcohol, .... 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Lanterns, ambulance, .... 


2 


2 


- 


- 


Lanterns, red, ..... 


1 


1 


- 


- 


Lanterns, square, .... 


6 


6 


- 


- 


Lanterns, tubular, 


17 


15 


- 


2 


Letter-openers, ..... 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Litters, Massachusetts, halves, 


67 


- 


4 


63 


Litters, U. S. A., 


2 


2 


- 


- 


Machines, punching, .... 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Mallets, 


2 


2 


- 


- 


Mattresses, ..... 


20 


20 


- 


- 


Measures, tape, ..... 


12 


- 


12 


- 


Mimeographs, ..... 


1 


- 


- 


1 


Mirrors, head, ..... 


1 


- 


- 


1 


Models, anatomical, arms, . 


13 


- 


- 


13 


Models, anatomical, half-arms, 


5 


- 


- 


5 


Models, anatomical, legs, 


6 


- 


- 


6 


Mortars and pestles, .... 


1 


- 


- 


1 


Pads, blotter, ..... 


3 


- 


3 


- 


Pads, rubber stamp, .... 


3 


- 


3 


- 


Pails, garbage, ..... 


23 


23 


- 


- 


Pails, water, ..... 


16 


16 


- 


- 


Pails, wooden, ..... 


1 


1 


- 


- 


Pans, bed, ..... 


8 


8 







1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 55 

Property List, etc. — Continued. 



ARTICLES. 


Total 
Amount. 


At 
Arsenal. 


At State 
House. 


With 
Officers. 


Pans, frying, . . . . . 


1 


1 





• mmm 


Pens, fountain, ..... 


1 


- 


1 


— 


Pens, ruling, ..... 


1 


- 


1 


- 


Photographs, Ambulance Company, 










framed, ...... 


9 


- 


9 


- 


Photographs, military surgeons', 










framed, ...... 


2 


- 


2 


- 


Pillows, ...... 


74 


72 


- 


2 


Pitchers, water, ..... 


25 


24 


1 


— 


Plates, ...... 


4 


4 


— 


— 


Poles, flag, . . . ■ ■ . 


14 


14 


- 


— 


Portraits, Surgeon Generals', framed, . 


10 


— 


10 


— 


Pots, coffee, . . 


1 


1 


— 


— 


Pouches, Ambulance Company, duty, 










with straps, ..... 


48 


- 


- 


48 


Pouches, Hospital Corps, U. S. A., 


55 


- 


1 


54 


Pouches, medical officer's, orderly, com- 










plete, ...... 


30 


- 


4 


26 


Pouches, medical officer's, orderly, 










empty, 


6 


- 


5 


1 


Pouches, medical officer's, orderly, com- 










plete, U. S. A., .... 


3 


- 


1 


2 


Probangs, bristle, .... 


2 


- 


2 


— 


Racks for models, 


4 


— 


— 


4 


Racks for urinary test tubes, 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Rakes, ...... 


2 


2 


— 


— 


Razors, ...... 


2 


— 


2 


— 


Rests, arm, . . 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Rods, height measuring, 


3 


- 


1 


2 


Rollers, bandage, .... 


1 


— 


— 


1 


Rulers, ...... 


2 


— 


2 


— 


Saws, hand, ..... 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Scales, letter, ..... 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Scales, platform, complete, . 


4 


- 


1 


3 


Scales, platform, complete, with height- 










measuring rods, 


1 


— 


— 


1 


Scales, pocket, ..... 


2 


- 


2 


- 


Scissors, pairs, ..... 


46 


- 


45 


1 


Scissors, surgeon's, pairs, 


3 


- 


3 


- 


Screens, ...... 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Screwdrivers, ..... 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Seals, Surgeon General's office, 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Shades, eye, ..... 


4 


— 


1 


3 


Sheets, bed, ..... 


167 


143 


— 


24 


Shovels, fire, ..... 


1 


1 


— 


— 


Signs, office, ...... 


1 


— 


1 


— 


Skeletons with stands, 


1 


— 


— 


1 


Slings, litter, leather, .... 


1 


1 


— 


— 


Slings, Massachusetts Utter, 


53 


— 


— 


53 


Slings and cases, horse, 


1 


1 


— 


— 



56 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan, 

Property List, etc. — Concluded. 



ARTICLES. 


Total 
Amount. 


At 
Arsenal. 


At State 
House. 


With 
Officers. 


Spatulas, ... . . 


10 


1 


8 


1 


Specula, ear, 








1 


- 


1 


- 


Specula, nose, 








1 


- 


1 


- 


Splints, various, 








10 


6 


4 


- 


Spoons, table, 








1 


- 


1 


- 


Spoons, tea, 








21 


- 


19 


2 


Stamps, rubber, 








27 


- 


26 


1 


Stamps, steel, 








14 


- 


14 


- 


Stands, small round, 






6 


6 


- 


- 


Stands, toilet, complet 


e, 




39 


39 


- 


- 


Statues, Mercury, 






1 


- 


1 


- 


Stencils, 






2 


2 


- 


- 


Stethoscopes, 






4 


- 


2 


2 


Stools, camp, 






5 


5 


- 


- 


Straps, leather, small, 






30 


30 


- 


- 


Stretchers, . 






2 


1 


- 


1 


Syringes, Davidson, 






1 


1 


- 


- 


Syringes, fountain, 






2 


- 


2 


- 


Syringes, hypodermic, 






37 


- 


9 


28 


Syringes, hypodermic, 


veterinary, 




3 


- 


1 


2 


Tables, folding, . 






16 


16 


- 


- 


Tables, round, . 






14 


14 


- 


- 


Tables, square, . 






6 


6 


- 


- 


Tanks, ice, 






1 


1 


- 


- 


Tents, hospital, . 






1 


- 


- 


1 


Tests, color-blindness, Holmgren's 




3 


- 


1 


2 


Thermometers, clinical, 




2 


- 


2 


- 


Thermometers, tin, 




6 


- 


5 


1 


Tourniquets, 




7 


- 


2 


5 


Towels, hand, 




126 


69 


34 


23 


Trays, enameled, 




3 


- 


- 


3 


Tra} r s for orderly pouches, . 




2 


- 


2 


- 


Trusses, .... 




1 


- 


1 


- 


Tubs, wooden, . 




2 


2 


- 


- 


Tumblers, glass, 




18 


16 


2 


- 


Typewriters, Underw T ood, 




1 


- 


1 


- 


Urinals, .... 




19 


18 


1 


- 


Urinometers with glasses, 




1 


- 


1 


- 


Valises, hand, 




1 


- 


1 


- 


Weights, paper, . 




1 


- 


1 


- 


Whips, .... 




1 


1 


- 


- 


Wraps, outfit, canvas,. 




3 


3 


- 


- 


Wrenches, monkey, 




2 


1 


1 


~ 



Note. — Transf erred to Quartermaster General's department since 
Surgeon General's last annual return of property: 6 bags, tent; 8 
flies, hospital tent; 8 poles, tent, ridge; 16 poles, tent, upright; 8 
tents, hospital. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 57 



KEPORT OF THE QUARTERMASTER GENERAL, 



Quartermaster General's Office, Boston, Jan. 22, 1907. 

Brig. Gen. James A. Frye, Adjutant General, Massachusetts, Boston, 

Mass. 

Sir : — Enclosed herewith please find my report as Quarter- 
master General for the rear 1906. 



Transportation. 
Transportation of troops from home stations to the State camp 
ground during 1906 was taken in charge by the senior quarter- 
masters of the various organizations. In almost every case con- 
tracts were made with electric tractions at a more or less saving 
to the companies than if they approached camp by steam railway 
alone. Aside from the saving to the companies in mileage, this 
method demonstrated conclusively the promptness and efficiency 
of the electric roads of Massachusetts when called upon to 
mobilize troops at a given point. Mr. E. P. Shaw, Jr., of the 
Boston & Worcester road, deserves the thanks of all quarter- 
masters for the zeal and intelligence displayed and the great 
assistance rendered. 

Repairs to Camp Ground. 

This year the fence enclosing the State property was put in 
excellent repair, and new gates built. 

Owing to the lack of space in the State arsenal, the wagons 
which are in daily use have been left out of doors until recently, 
when a wagon shed was built, ample in space to hold all the 
rolling stock of the State at Framingham, and protect it against 
the elements. 

The superintendent's house and the arsenal were wired for 
electricity, as much work in the arsenal is done after dark; the 
presence of kerosene seaming to the Quartermaster General as 
unsafe where so much valuable property is stored. 

Much rilling in of swamp land has been accomplished. 



58 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Equipment. 

The clothing and other equipment at the State arsenal is in 
very poor condition, and the supply on hand at a minimum. 

The rough usage necessitated at Manassas and Westfield has 
made a great proportion of our uniforms worthless; and the 
Quartermaster General regrets to state that on assuming care 
of the property at the State arsenal he found the stock in some 
cases practically exhausted, and totally inadequate even for peace 
conditions. The various organizations of the State were equipped 
as well during the year as the finances of the department would 
permit; and it is in his opinion a fit time to equip the State 
troops with suitable clothing, and conform to the regulations as 
lately prescribed by the United States Army. 

At least 250 rifles should be purchased at once, as there is 
not a serviceable rifle in the State arsenal. 

Repairs to Buildings. 

The sum of $908.37 was expended in repairs to buildings at 
the State camp grounds during the year 1906, the repairs being 
only such as were required to make the buildings habitable and 
safe. There is much left to be done in order that the building 
be kept in serviceable condition. All buildings have been gone 
over by an expert, and an estimate made of the cost of putting 
these buildings in serviceable condition. This estimate includes 
all buildings, and it will require not less than $2,000 to make 
repairs previous to any encampment during the year 1907. Of 
this amount, $285 is estimated as sufficient to place the brigade 
hospital in a condition satisfactory to the Surgeon General. The 
sinks are in a very bad condition, not at all satisfactory to this 
department, and the cause of much complaint from the Surgeon 
General's department. 

To install proper sanitary buildings, as prescribed by the 
Regular Army, an expenditure of about $4,000 would be neces- 
sary. It would seem to the Quartermaster General that a com- 
mittee composed of at least three medical officers, under the 
supervision of the Surgeon General, might investigate and rec- 
ommend satisfactory sanitary buildings which would be thor- 
oughly adaptable, and could be built at a much less cost than 
on the plans of the Regular Army (General Orders No. 170, 
headquarters of the army, Adjutant General's Office, Washington, 
Sept. 26, 1899). 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 59 



Cost of Camp. 

The expense for all outside labor, minor repairs, teaming 
and policing camps at Framingham was $1,995.33, — this for 
the encampments of the Second, Sixth, Eighth, Ninth and Fifth 
regiments, Cavalry, Signal and Hospital Corps. As a comparison 
as to the cost of regimental camps to the State, so far as the 
Quartermaster department is concerned, it is well to compare 
the above amount with the cost of the First Brigade camp alone 
in 1902, — $2,337.49, — composed of two regiments, one bat- 
talion of artillery and one troop of cavalry, Signal and Hospital 
Corps. 

The Quartermaster General calls to your attention the cost to 
this department of the encampment of the Corps Coast Artil- 
lery at Fort Bodman, 1906, — one regiment, — amounting to 
$1,699.21. Of this amount, $947.63 was for carpenter work. 

In the last few years carpenter work at Fort Bodman has 
averaged about $1,000, this work being represented by putting 
up temporary cook houses, commissary storehouse and various 
out-buildings. The Quartermaster General would urge a suffi- 
cient appropriation to have portable buildings constructed, which 
could be stored in New Bedford; and it is his opinion that 
the cost of buildings for three camps, under the present method, 
would pay the total cost of portable buildings, which should 
last indefinitely. 

Respectfully, 

WM. B. EMEBY, 

Brigadier General and Quartermaster General. 



60 ADJUTANT GENEEAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



REPORT OF THE COMMISSARY GENERAL. 



Commissary General's Office, Boston, Dec. 31, 1906. 
Brig. Gen. James A. Frye, Adjutant General, Massachusetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit report of the subsistence 
department for the year ending Dee. 31, 1906. 

Acting under General Orders Xo. 2, current series, the present 
chief of this department assumed his duty on Jan. 4, 1906. 

Special Orders, Xo. 28, was issued and a meeting of the 
commissaries of subsistence held on March the 8th, at the 
South armory, all the officers of the department, with the ex- 
ception of two, being present. The use of blanks was thor- 
oughly explained, and a copy of the " Subsistence Manual," 
" Issue and Conversion Table," company and regimental blanks 
of the United States were also issued and explained, it being 
the desire of the chief of this department to have commissary 
officers fully understand the use of all blanks, so that whenever 
they are obliged to draw on the United States Army basis 
they would fully understand their use. 

A day before each camp tour, commissary officers and quarter- 
master sergeants met at the office of the Commissar}'- General 
at camp, and were fully instructed in all details of requisition, 
issue and delivery blanks. There was also exhibited a sample 
of self-heating food, a most excellent production and a very 
practical proposition, the food being in a double-jacket can, 
the outside jacket filled with chemical, which when in contact 
with water generates heat so that the contents of the can would 
in from five to eight minutes be in condition to be served 
very hot, the time depending upon whether the contents were 
in liquid or solid form. 

By the courtesy of Commissary General Sharp of the United 
States Army, a supply of the new " emergency ration " adopted 
in April, 1906, was shown, and its method of use explained, all 
of which was of interest and productive of good results. 

Beginning on the second day of each camp, for theoretical 
instructions, requisitions were on United States blanks; these 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 61 

were based on the strength of the companies according to 
the morning report, and were consolidated in the same manner 
that they would be in the service. The issue of stores was 
made on the State blank, as before, on account of the fact that 
the quantities allowed by the United States ration would not 
take care of the troops and camp guests for the tour. 

I differ materially with the opinion expressed by Adjutant 
General Stopford in reference to the subsistence of troops. The 
suggestion of paying twenty-five cents for rations is not a fair 
proposition. The United States Army pay in this section of the 
country nearly that for rationing troops even in buying immense 
quantities, and we add to the army ration butter, milk and 
eggs. It must always be borne in mind that our troops leave 
offices and stores and come into camp for such a short time 
that they have greatly increased appetites, and will eat a great 
deal more food than they would under normal conditions or 
after having been in the field for a little while. 

The ever-present question of guests has to be considered, 
and in some way must be taken care of, and unless the regi- 
mental commanders arrange to have one mess set apart for 
guests, they must mess with the companies. I find the majority 
of company commanders prefer to have their guests with them 
at mess, but this means additional rations to be supplied to 
companies. It is true we issue more than would seem neces- 
sary, but the cooks who belong to the companies as a rule do 
not solely do the cooking. There is hardly a company where 
there are not from one to three assistants (civil), and in the 
majority of cases the extra men are the responsible, or rather 
the irresponsible, parties regarding the quantity of rations. If 
the troops go into camp and there be no guests at headquarters 
mess, the system of the army issue of rations could be utilized; 
but we must always be in a position to issue a much greater 
quantity than called for by the army ration tables for the first 
week or ten days. In the United States service when troops 
take the field, this is taken care of by drawing from the com- 
pany's fund, if such fund exists, and additional subsistence 
stores purchased; but this cannot be done with us, as the 
companies have no fund to draw from at camp, and they expect 
everything will be drawn from the Commissary General's stores. 

This year a mess bill was made up by the Commissary 
General and submitted to the Surgeon General and approved 
by him; nothing appeared on this bill except what appears 



62 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

in the ration tables of the United States Army, with the addi- 
tion of butter, milk and eggs. The various commanding officers 
have expressed themselves as satisfied with the quality of the 
rations, and the Commissary General will welcome any sug- 
gestions in reference to any better method of issue or improve- 
ments in the department that may suggest themselves. 

As all camps were held by regiments and in five different 
locations, the work of the department extended over six weeks 
time, and during this time camps were held simultaneously 
for four weeks. Camps were located at Framingham, Hingham, 
Boxford, Fort Rodman and Ipswich. The Corps of Coast 
Artillery at Fort Rodman had advantage of the commissary 
stores of the post, and therefore were not directly served by 
this department. At Ipswich, Captain Hunton, commissary of 
subsistence, Sixth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M., represented 
the department in issuing supplies, and he did his work most 
effectually. At Framingham, Lieut. Robert E. Belcher of the 
Signal Corps was detailed for duty in the department, and was 
continuously on duty for five weeks; he was of great assistance, 
and his work was most satisfactory. The Commissary General 
was on duty the greater part of the tours. 

I have to thank you for jour assistance at all times. 

Respectfully, 

FREDERICK B. CARPENTER, 

Brigadier General and Commissary General. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 63 



REPORT OF THE JUDGE ADVOCATE GENERAL. 



Judge Advocate General's Office, Boston, Dec. 15, 1906. 
Adjutant General. 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit my annual report, in 
compliance with section 623 of the Massachusetts Eegulations. 

During the past year, at the direction of the Adjutant Gen- 
eral, I have submitted eight opinions upon questions arising 
in connection with the militia. I have also examined and re- 
ported upon the proceedings in twenty-six regimental courts- 
martial. 

I have the honor to recommend that the law relative to 
courts-martial be amended so as to provide that the Commander- 
in-Chief establish courts to conform with the practice in the 
Eegular Army. The law in its present form needs revision, as 
it is not clear that there is any authority for military courts in 
the coast artillery, cavalry or light artillery. The present method 
of a regimental court for the trial of petty offences is slow, 
cumbersome and expensive. In order to maintain discipline, 
punishment for trivial offences should be prompt and immediate, 
as in the summary court in the army, or in the police court in 
civil affairs. If the military courts are patterned after those 
of the Eegular Army, there is one less thing to learn when 
the State troops are called into the national service. In the 
Eegular Army a company officer when the company is serving 
alone may frequently act as trial officer. There is no good 
reason why company officers in the militia should not similarly 
act for the trial of petty offences occurring away from the annual 
encampment. 

I further recommend that courts-martial be authorized to 
impose fines up to $10. Under the present practice, if a 
private soldier is found guilty of any offence, however trivial, 
practically the only punishment available is discharge. That 



64 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

penalty is frequently unnecessarily severe. The collection of a 
fine conld be enforced by providing that, if it were not paid 
within a limited period, the soldier should be discharged from 
the service. 

Very respectfully, 

HUGH BANCROFT, 

Brigadier General and Judge Advocate General. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 65 



REPORT OF BOARD OF MILITARY EXAMINERS. 



Board of Military Examiners, Boston, July 30, 1907. 

To the Adjutant General, M. V. M., Boston, Mass. 

Sir : — I have the honor to report for the Examining Board 
that during the year 1906 the Board has examined 144 candi- 
dates, of whom 121 have passed, 6 failed and 17 have passed 
conditionally. Of the candidates passed conditionally, 13 sub- 
sequently appeared before the Board. The Board has held 22 
meetings during the year. 

Very respectfully yours, 

WILLIAM A. PEW, Jr., 

Colonel and President. 



66 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



REPORT OF THE INSPECTOR GENERAL OF SMALL 

ARMS PRACTICE. 



Office of the Inspector General of Small Arms Practice, 
State House, Boston, Dec. 31, 1906. 

Brig. Gen. James A. Frye, Adjutant General. 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit the report of this depart- 
ment for the year ending Dec. 31, 1906, as follows: — 

Orders and Circulars. 

The following general orders and circulars relating to the de- 
partment have been issued from the office of the Adjutant Gen- 
eral during the year : — 

General Orders, No. 5, April 2, publishing the rules and regu- 
lations governing small arms practice and competitions of 1906. 

General Orders, No. 6, May 16, publishing the dates for State 
general rifle, carbine and pistol competitions, with additional 
rules for the government of these competitions ; also the appoint- 
ment of the Inspector General of Small Arms Practice as cap- 
tain of the team, to represent the Commonwealth of Massachu- 
setts in the national competitions at Sea Girt, N. J. 

General Orders, No. 10, July 9, announcing the appointment 
of the Inspector General of Small Arms Practice as captain of 
the team representing the Commonwealth in the competitions 
of the New England Military Eifle Association at Wakefield. 

General Orders, No. 11, July 19, publishing the names of the 
officers and men selected to represent the State in the competi- 
tions of the New England Military Eifle Association. 

General Orders, No. 12, August 13, publishing the names of 
the officers and men selected to represent the State in the compe- 
titions for the national trophy at Sea Girt, N. J. 

General Orders, No. 13, September 1, publishing details for 
State rifle, carbine and pistol competitions. 

General Orders, No. 15, December 29, publishing results of 
State general, regimental and corps competitions for 1906. 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



67 



Circular, March SI, publishing assignment of targets at Wake- 
field. 

Circular, August 7, publishing instructions in regard to quali- 
fications. 

Circular, December 8, requesting information in regard to 
ranges. 

Efficiency. 

The following table summarizes the year's work : — 



Marksmen of record in service October 31, 
Unqualified men in service October 31, . 

Aggregate strength, subject to range work, 
Of the 822 unqualified men : — 



The general staff returns, . 

The Corps of Coast Artillery returns, 

The First Brigade returns, 

The Second Brigade returns, 

The First Corps Cadets returns, 

The Second Corps Cadets returns, 

The Naval Brigade returns, 

The First Squadron Cavalry returns, 



4,751 
823 

5,574 



9 

72 

336 

338 

2 

19 
33 
14 



The unqualified men in the First Brigade are : — 

From staff, 2 

From Second Infantry, ..."".... 325 

From Sixth Infantry, 9 



The unqualified men in the Second Brigade are : 



From Fifth Infantry, 
From Eighth Infantry, 
From Ninth Infantry, 



59 

49 

230 



The companies in each organization having 5 or more un- 
qualified men are as follows : — 



Corps of Coast Artillery, Third Company, 
Corps of Coast Artillery, Second Company, 
Corps of Coast Artillery, Tenth Company, 
Corps of Coast Artillery, Eleventh Company, 
Corps of Coast Artillery, First Company, 
Second Regiment Infantry, Company H, . 



33 
11 

9 

7 

6 

62 



68 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



Second Regiment Infantry, Company C, 
Second Regiment Infantry, Company I, 
Second Regiment Infantry, Company A, 
Second Regiment Infantry, Company M, 
Second Regiment Infantry, Company L, 
Second Regiment Infantry, Company G, 
Second Regiment Infantry, Company D, 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, Company K, 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, Company B, 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, Company M, 
Fifth Regiment Infantrj^ Company D, 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, Company H, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, Company H, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, Compan}^ D, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, Company M, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company G, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company D, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company I, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company C, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company E, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company H, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company L, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company A, 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company F, 
Second Corps Cadets, Company A, 
Second Corps Cadets, Company B, 
Naval Brigade, Company A, 
First Squadron Cavalry, Troop F, 
First Squadron Cavalry, Troop A, 



61 

59 

58 

22 

16 

6 

5 

15 

11 

7 

6 

6 

11 

10 

9 

58 

30 

28 

22 

17 

15 

15 

6 

5 

6 

5 

11 

8 

6 



No provision having been made by the city authorities of 
Worcester for a rifle range, the companies stationed in Worces- 
ter—companies A, C and H, Second Regiment Infantry, and 
Company G, Ninth Regiment Infantry — are returned as fourth- 
class marksmen (those who have not fired) . 



Honorable Mention". 
The following companies, having the maximum legal enroll- 
ment, have qualified every officer and man : — 

Corps of Coast Artillery, Twelfth Company. 

Fifth Regiment Infantry, Company A. 

Sixth Regiment Infantry, companies A, D and F. 

Naval Brigade, Company G. 

First Corps Cadets, companies A and B. 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7 



69 



The following companies, Inv 



an the full legal en- 



rol lm^ut, Lave qualified every officer and man: — 

Corp- of Coast Artillery, Fourth, Fifth and Ninth companies. 

Fifth Regiment Infantry, companies C and B. 

Sixth Regiment Infantry, companies C. G, H, I, K and M. 

Eighth Regiment Infantry, companies E, F, 6 and I. 

Ninth Regiment Infantry, Company M. 

Naval Brigade, companies II and E. 

First Squadron Cavalry, Troop D. 

Twenty-seven companies have qualifie y officer and man. 

Q TALIFICATIOX BeOUIREMENI = . 

The qualification requirements prescribed in General Or 
No. 9. A. G-. 0.. of 1905. were changed t form to the Special 

Course C of Firing Eegulations for Small Arms, U. S. A., the 
ge affecting only the sharpshooter class, ■ the 

skirmish run of 20 shots in I . requirements for sharpshooters, 
in place of the rapid-fire requirement prescribed by my prede- 
cessor. This was done in order that the report to the War De- 
ment on the small arm3 practice of th - . 
unteer Militia should conform absolutely with those of all the 
other States. 

It is gratifying to be able to report that the figure of merit for 
the year 1906 is ^'.52 } as against 83.72 for 1905. 

FlGUBE OF MEEIT. 

The figure of merit shows an increase in every organize. 
)t the Second Regiment Infantry, and is as follows: — 



Corps jf Coast Artillery, 

Second Regiment Infantry, 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, . 
Sixth Regiment Infantry. , 
Eighth Regiment In fan 
Ninth Regiment Infant] 
First Corps Cadets, . 
Second Coi ps Cadets, 
Naval Brigade, . 
First Squadron Cavalry, . 







1903. 


1906. 




90.33 


92. 24 






60.29 


V- 






75.69 








88 .( E 


5.51 






82.84 


106.97 






56.0C 


57.58 


. 




. 130.12 


142.14 






. 


84.69 






88.21 


9o.3i 


. 




86.08 





70 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Ammunition Allowance. 

In place of a money allowance this year there was allotted ball 
cartridge, calibre .30, as follows: — 

To each brigade headquarters, 2,000 rounds; to each regi- 
mental headquarters, 5,000 rounds; to Naval Brigade headquar- 
ters, 5,000 rounds ; to each battalion headquarters, 3,000 rounds ; 
and to each company or troop, 5,000 rounds. 

Pistol ammunition was issued on requisition in the same man- 
ner at the rate of 100 rounds to each officer or man entitled to 
qualify with the pistol. 

Subsequent issues were made on requisition from commanding 
officers, who certified that the previous allotments had been 
judiciously expended. 

There was issued in the Quartermaster's department, on requi- 
sitions approved by this department, 747,980 rounds rifle ammu- 
nition and 128,700 rounds pistol ammunition. 

Decorations and Trophies. 
The usual military engravings with inscription plates have 
been awarded to the winning teams in the State regimental and 
battalion competitions, also medals and cups to the individual 
prize winners. Including the medals for qualifications, there 
were 7,167 decorations issued. 

Pistol Practice. 

Six hundred and forty-four officers and men qualified with 
the pistol, — 71 more than in 1905. 

The qualification requirements for pistol practice were the 
same as in 1905. The pistol competition, which was held at 
Wakefield, September 29, greatly stimulated interest in pistol 
practice, and was the direct cause of the increase in the number 
of qualifications. 

The State General Rifle Competition. 

The annual State rifle competition was held on the range of the 
Bay State Military Rifle Association, at Wakefield, September 
21 and 22. The weather conditions were excellent on the first 
day, but very bad on the second. 

The match was shot under the rules governing the competi- 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



71 



tions of 1906 issued by the War Department, and known as 
General Orders No, 56, current series, U. S. A. 

The iirst day was devoted to slow fire, at 200, 600, 800 and 
1,000 yards. The winning team at these distances was awarded 
the tri-color. The second da}^s competition was at 200 yards 
rapid fire and one skirmish run of 20 shots, the prize being a cup 
presented by Ex-Governor William L. Douglas, and known as the 
" Douglas trophy." The teams in both State and " Douglas 
trophy" matches consisted of 12 firing members. 

The following officers were detailed at this competition : — 

Lieut. Col. Henry L. Williams, general staff. 

Lieut. Col. E. W. M. Bailey, general staff. 

Lieut. Col. H. B. Fairbanks, Second Regiment Infantry. 

Lieut. Col. Morton E. Cobb, Assistant Adjutant General, 

Second Brigade. 
Com. James P. Parker, general staff. 
Lieut. Col. Thomas Talbot, First Corps Cadets. 
Maj. George F. Quinby, Corps of Coast Artillery. 
Maj. John F. Harvey, staff, Field Artillery. 
Maj. Joseph J. Kelley, general staff. 
Maj. Leon W. Ham, First Brigade staff. 
Maj. Elon F. Tandy, Second Brigade staff. 
Capt. J. H. Frothingham, Corps of Coast Artillery. 
Capt. Frederick A. Walker, staff, Fifth Regiment Infantry. 
Capt. J. Stearns Cushing, staff, Corps of Coast Artillery. 
Capt. Charles T. Dukelow, Fifth Regiment Infantry. 
Lieut. Harry D. Comerais, staff, Fifth Regiment Infantry. 
Lieut. William L. Mitchell, staff, Eighth Regiment Infantry. 
First Lieut. Molten B. Perkins, First Corps Cadets. 



The Sixth Eegiment Infantry won the tri-color, with a score 
of 1.903 points out of a possible 2,400 points. 

The Second Eegiment Infantry took second place, with a 
score of 1,896 points. 

The following table shows the scores made : — 



Sixth Regiment Infantry, 
Second Regiment Infantry, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, 
Corps of Coast Artillery, . 
First Corps Cadets, . 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, . 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, 
Naval Brigade, . 
Second Corps Cadets, 



1,903 
1,896 
1,844 
1,771 
1,718 
1,708 
1,615 
1,562 
1,558 



72 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



The " Douglas trophy " was won by the Eighth Regiment In- 
fantry, with a score of 963 out of a possible 1,800 points. 

The Sixth Regiment Infantry was second, with a score of 948 
points. 

The following table shows the scores made : — 



Eighth Regiment Infantry, 
Sixth Regiment Infantry, . 
Second Corps Cadets, 
First Corps Cadets, . 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, . 
Second Regiment Infantry, 
Corps of Coast Artillery, . 
Naval Brigade, . 
Ninth Regiment Infantry, no team. 



963 
948 
801 
787 
760 
684 
666 
595 



The State General Carbine and Pistol Competition. 

The State general carbine and pistol competitions were held 
on the same range, on Saturday, September 29. The weather 
conditions were excellent. Teams consisting of 6 members fired 
10 shots with carbine, at 200, 300, 500 and 600 yards. 

The following officers were detailed at these competitions : — 

Carbine Competition. 
Lieut. Col. Andrew Fitz, Second Corps Cadets. 
Capt. Stuart W. Wise, Inspector of Small Arms Practice, Sixth 

Infantry. 
Capt. F. S. Perkins, Second Corps Cadets. 
Lieut. Arthur G. Scoboria, Troop F, First Squadron Cavalry. 
Lieut. Alfred M. Blinn, First Squadron Cavalry. 

Pistol Competition. 
Capt. .John Caswell, Inspector of Small Arms Practice, Eighth 

Infantry. 
Lieut. Robert Robertson, Inspector of Small Arms Practice, 

Second Corps Cadets. 
Capt. John Kane, Ninth Infantry. 



The Guidon trophy was won by Troop D, with a score of 954 
out of a possible 1,200 points. 

The following table shows the scores made, and a comparison 
with those of 1905: — 

1906. 1905. 

Troop D, 954 908 

Troop A, 939 883 

Troop F, 891 915 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7 73 

The pistol competition was open to any member of the militia 
entitled to qualify with the pistol under the provision of General 
Orders, No. 5, A. G. 0., 1906. Distance, 50 yards; number of 
shots, 20. 

Prizes were awarded to the 7 competitors making the highest 
aggregate scores. There were 74 entries. The prize winners 
were : — 



First. — Capt. E. Dwight Fullerton, staff, Corps Coast Artillery, 

Second. — Lieut. John Balch Blood, Naval Brigade, 

Third. — Lieut. Robert Robertson, staff, Second Corps Cadets, 

Fourth. — Lieut. Dudley M. Pray, Naval Brigade, . 

Fifth. — Sergt. G. W. Austin, First Squadron Cavalry, . 

Sixth. — Capt. Thomas McCarthy, Fifth Infantry, . 

Seventh. — Capt. Stuart W. Wise, staff, Sixth Infantry, . 



Score 

89 

88 
87 
87 
87 
86 
86 



Regimental and Battalion Competitions. 

Company teams of 10 officers or enlisted men; 5 shots at 200, 
300 and 500 yards; possible score, 750 points. 

Sixth Infantry. — Competition held at Wakefield, September 
17. Winning team, Company H of Stoneham; score, 633. 

Naval Brigade. — Competition held at Wakefield, October 15. 
Winning team, Company H of Springfield; score, 612. 

First Corps Cadets. — Competition held at Wakefield, October 
19. Winning team, Company A of Boston; score, 599. 

Corps of Coast Artillery. — Competition held at Wakefield, 
October 2. Winning team, Sixth Company of Cambridge; score, 
598. 

Eighth Infantry. — Competition held at Wakefield, Septem- 
ber 12. Winning team, Company G of Gloucester; score, 597. 

Second Infantry. — Competition held at Wakefield, October 
5. Winning team, Company E of Orange; score, 592. 

Fifth Infantry. — Competition held at Wakefield, September 
3. Winning team, Company G of Woburn; score, 585. 

Second Corps Cadets. — Competition held at Wakefield, Sep- 
tember 12. Winning team, Company B of Salem; score, 576. 

Ninth Infantry. — Competition held at Wakefield, September 
28. Winning team, Company M of Lowell; score, 576. 

Highest Individual Scores made in Qualification for 

the Season of 1906. 

Under the conditions of Class C, it is necessary for experts to 
have made not less than 310 points. 

Capt. Stuart W. Wise, Inspector of Small Arms Practice, Sixth 



74 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Regiment Infant^, has the honor of leading the State with the 
highest individual score of 436. 

The following are the 35 highest individual scores made dur- 
ing the season : — 



Capt. Stuart W. Wise, Inspector of Small Arms Practice, 

Sixth Infantry, 

Q. M. Sergt. J. H. Keough, Company A, Sixth Infantry, 
Color Sergt. M. W. Parker, non-commissioned staff, Sixth 

Infantry, 

Musician J. E. Parker, Company G, Eighth Infantry, 
Musician G. W. Chesley, Company B, Second Infantry, . 
Priv. James Durward, Jr., Company B, Second Infantry, 
Priv. G. M. Jefts, Company H, Sixth Infantry, 
Q. M. Sergt. C. D. Berg, Company L, Fifth Infantry, 
Priv. F. W. Allen, Company B, First Corps Cadets, . 
Priv. George W. Reid, Company B, Second Infantry, 
First Sergt. F. R. Daniels, Company B, Second Infantry, 
Priv. C. P. Shillaber, Jr., Company D, First Corps Cadets, 
Lieut. A. T. Tornrose, Company G, Fifth Infantry, . 
Priv. T. J. Sweeney, Company H, Sixth Infantry, . 
Priv. H. Baptist, Company H, Sixth Infantry, 
First Sergt. C. J. Jeffers, Company D, Eighth Infantry, 
Priv. R. A. Barstow, Company A, Sixth Infantry, . 
Capt. F. S. Elliot, Company G, Eighth Infantry, 
First Sergt. C. W. Leach, Seventh Company, Corps Coast 

Artillery, 

Priv. P. A. Mansfield, Company H, Sixth Infantry, . 

First Sergt. L. Seavey, Company K, Eighth Infantry, 

Priv. A. L. Woodworth, Company K, Second Infantry, 

Capt L. G. Hunton, staff, Sixth Infantry, 

Capt. D. M. Stewart, Company H, Sixth Infantry, 

Sergt. E. A. Cox, Company B, Sixth Infantry, . 

Priv. R. E. Gibson, Company A, Sixth Infantry, 

Priv. J. E. Burns, Company C, Sixth Infantry, 

Priv. H. S. Chaffee, Company K, Second Infantry, 

Priv. F. W. Davis, Company D, First Corps Cadets, 

Ensign A. T. Wright, Company H, Naval Brigade, 

P. M. Sergt. E. S. Smith, non-commissioned staff, Second 

Infantry, 

Sergt. F. P. Simonds, Company B, First Corps Cadets, 
Corp. J. W. Powers, Company G, Eighth Infantry, . 
Sergt. C. G. Frost, Company I, Eighth Infantry, 
Lieut. Col. C. C. Foster, staff, Second Brigade, 



436 
432 

430 
429 
428 
427 
427 
424 
424 
422 
421 
420 
420 
417 
416 
416 
414 
414 

412 
412 

412 
409 
409 
408 
408 
408 
407 
407 
406 
405 

404 
404 
402 
402 
401 



The number of experts this year was 700, as against 441 in 
1905, — a gain of 259. 

The number of marksmen was 2,498, as against 2,067 in 
1905, — a gain of 431. 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



75 



Competitions of the New England Military Kifle 

Association. 

In accordance with General Orders, No. 10, A. G. 0., 1906, 
the chief of this department selected a team to represent the 
Commonwealth at the competitions held under the auspices of 
the New England Military Kifle Association at Wakefield, Mass., 
July 23-28, inclusive. 

The States represented in the interstate competition were 
Maine, Khode Island, New Hampshire and Massachusetts; Ver- 
mont and Connecticut could secure no appropriations, and there- 
fore entered no teams. Each of the two last-named States were, 
however, represented in the individual competitions. 

The interstate match was shot at the following distances: 
200, 600, 800 and 1,000 yards, slow fire; rapid fire, 200 yards; 
and one skirmish run of 20 shots. The possible score was 4,200 
points. Massachusetts won, with a score of 3,208. 

At the conclusion of the match the position of the teams was 
as follows : — 

Massachusetts, . . . 3,208 

Maine, 3,040 

Rhode Island 2,842 

New Hampshire, 2,667 

The names of the members of the Massachusetts team, with the 
scores made at each distance, follow : — 





Slow Fire. 


Rapid 

Fire, 

200 

Yards. 


Skir- 
mish. 






200 
Yards. 


600 
Yards. 


"800 
Yards. 


1,000 
Yards. 


Total. 


Capt. S. W. Wise, . 
Sergt. M. W. Parker, . 
Sergt. C. D. Berg, . 
Sergt. G. M. Jefts, . 
Priv. F. W. Allen, . 
Sergt. C. J. Jeffers, 
Musician G. W. Chesley, 
Musician J. E. Parker, 
Sergt. J. H. Keough, 
Lieut. A. T. Tornrose, . 
Priv. G. W. Reid, . 
Priv. Jas. Dnrward, Jr., . 


43 
39 
45 
45 
43 
41 
45 
36 
45 
41 
41 
45 

509 


42 
38 
41 
45 
43 
45 
46 
44 
39 
43 
45 
44 

515 


46 
44 
44 
44 
43 
45 
43 
42 
43 
40 
46 
37 

517 


34 
29 
34 
31 
41 
40 
32 
33 
43 
22 
27 
31 

397 


36 
39 
39 
42 
43 
46 
40 
43 
44 
37 
44 
40 

493 


28 

63 
65 
73 
69 
65 
86 
64 
58 
53 
57 
96 


229 
252 
268 
280 
282 
282 
292 
262 
272 
236 
260 
293 


Team totals, 


777 


3,208 



76 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Team Officers. 
Team captain, Inspector General of Small Arms Practice. 
Adjutant, Lieut. William S. Simmons, Company D, First Corps 
Cadets. 



The New England Military Rifle Association, which was 
formed in the fall of 1904:, has had two very successful years. 
It was organized to develop the interest in military rifle shoot- 
ing in the New England States, and the enthusiasm shown by 
the officers of the National Guard of these States is very grati- 
fying. The present Inspector General of Small Arms Practice 
is the president of this association, and therefore during the 
meeting at Wakefield this year, as he was serving as captain of 
the State team, it was necessary to have some unprejudiced offi- 
cer to act as executive of the interstate match. Maj. John 
Bigelow, Jr., TJ. S. A., retired, was invited to serve in this ca- 
pacity, and accepted. His administration of the rather exacting 
duties which are required in the position was eminently fair and 
able. 

This New England competition is a great advantage to the 
teams from the New England States entering the national com- 
petition, as it is shot at the same distances, and affords a good 
opportunity for steadying the men in competitive shooting be- 
fore participating in the larger match. It is also of great value 
in developing individual shots. While the other New England 
States thus far have not made the same advances in shooting as 
Massachusetts, there was a notable improvement this year over 
the work of last year. In the individual matches, out of 105 
prize winners Massachusetts was represented by 68. The 68 
prize winners from Massachusetts were as follows 



Sixth Regiment Infantry, . 

Second Regiment Infantry, 

Fifth Regiment Infantry, . 

First Corps Cadets, 

Eighth Regiment Infantry, 

First Brigade Headquarters, 

Battery A, Field Artillery, 

Second Corps Cadets, 

Corps of Coast Artillery, Headquarters, 

Ninth Regiment Infantry, 

Retired and past officers, . 



19 
15 
10 
6 
5 
4 
2 
2 
1 
1 
3 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 77 

The following officers volunteered their services, and assisted 
greatly in the conduct of the matches of the New England Mili- 
tary Rifle Association : — 

Chief range officer, Lieut. Col. Thomas Talbot, First Corps Cadets, 
M. V. M. 

Ordnance officer, Capt. John Caswell, Inspector of Small Arms Practice, 
Eighth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M. 

Statistical officer, Capt. Augustus G. Reynolds, U. S. V. 

Assistant statistical officer, Lieut. Harry D. Comerais, staff, Fifth Regi- 
ment Infantry, M. V. M. 

Post adjutant, Lieut. William S. Simmons, First Corps Cadets, M. V. M. 

Post quartermaster, Lieut. Col. George H. Doty, general staff, Massa- 
chusetts. 

Post surgeon, Maj. Gen. Otis H. Marion, M. V. M., retired. 

Assistant surgeon, Capt. H. H. Hartung, staff, Fifth Regiment Infantry, 
M. V. M. 

Eifty-six other officers of the National Guard of New Eng- 
land volunteered their services, and most of them served during 
the week. 

The marking and scoring was impartially and satisfactorily 
conducted by Eighty-ninth Company, TJ. S. Coast Artillery, from 
Fort Banks, under command of Capt. Homer B. Grant. This 
detail of United States soldiers was obtained from the War De- 
partment through the courtesy and strong recommendation of 
Col. J. M. K. Davis, Artillery Corps, commanding the Boston 
district, whose generous assistance and advice is hereby grate- 
fully acknowledged. 

National Coiipetitioxs. 

In accordance with General Orders, No. 6, A. G. 0., 1906, and 
complying with General Orders, No. 56, War Department, a 
team was selected to represent the Commonwealth in the compe- 
tition for the national and other trophies at Sea Girt, N". J., 
commencing Sept. 4, 1906. This team was selected by com- 
petitive tests, and practised Wednesdays and Saturdays during 
the season at Wakefield. 

On the 26th of August the team assembled at the armory of 
the First Corps Cadets, was then transported in omnibuses of the 
Armstrong Transfer Company to the South Station and en- 
trained via Fall Biver Line for New York; arriving in New 
York early the next morning, boat and train were taken to Sea 
Girt, N. J. This destination was reached in a pouring rain, 



78 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

which continued for three days without cessation. In spite of 
the demoralizing weather conditions, however, members of the 
team participated in all the principal matches of the national 
and New Jersey State Rifle Association. 

The national matches were shot on the 4th, 5th and 6th of 
September, the team matches on the 4th and 5th, and the indi- 
vidual matches commencing on the 6th. The national team 
match was open to teams of 12 men from the following : — 

A. The Army of the United States, two, — one from the 
cavalry and one from the infantry. 

B. United States Navy. 

C. United States Marine Corps. 

D. United States Military Academy. • 

E. United States Naval Academy. 

F. National Guard or uniformed militia of the several States 
and Territories, including District of Columbia; one team from 
each State or Territory and the District of Columbia; the mem- 
bers of each team being officers, cadets, midshipmen or enlisted 
men of the corps or organization which they represented. 

Kinds of fire : slow, rapid and skirmish. Distances : slow fire, 
200, 600, 800 and 1,000 yards; rapid fire, 200 yards; skirmish 
fire, one run. 

Number of shots : 2 sighting shots and 10 shots for record at 
each range, slow fire; 10 shots at rapid fire; 20 shots at the 
skirmish run. 

The prizes were : — 

First. — The national trophy, authorized by act of Congress, 
and $300; 

Second. — The Hilton trophy, and $200 ; 

Third. — The "Soldier of Marathon," and $150; 

Fourth. — $100 ; 

Fifth. — $75 : 

Sixth. — $50; 
also, a medal to each member of the winning teams. 

Forty-one teams were entered, — 37 States and Territories 
and 4 service teams; the United States Infantry, the United 
States Cavalry, the United States Navy and the United States 
Marine Corps. 

The standing of the teams at the close of the two days' match 
was as follows : — 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT— -No. 7 



79 



United States Infantry 

United States Cavalry, 

Massachusetts, . 

New York, . 

United States Navy, 

United States Marine Corps, 

Illinois, 

New Jersey, 

Wisconsin, . 

Washington, 

Minnesota, . 

Ohio, . 

Pennsylvania, 

Florida, 

Michigan, . 

District of Columbia, 

Connecticut, 

Iowa, . 

Rhode Island, 

Colorado, 

Oregon, 

Maryland, . 

Montana, 

Georgia, 

California, . 

Kansas, 

Indiana, 

Texas, 

Nebraska, . 

South Carolina, 

Missouri, 

Vermont, 

Delaware, . 

West Virginia, 

Tennessee, . 

New Mexico, 

Louisiana, . 

Oklahoma, . 

Alabama, 

Mississippi, 

Virginia, 



3,251 
3,191 
3,176 
3,158 
3,131 
3,113 
3,038 
3,033 
3,032 
3,024 
3,024 
3,002 
2,974 
2,900 
2,899 
2,894 
2,873 
2,864 
2,856 
2,823 
2,807 
2,752 
2,745 
2,731 
2,718 
2,626 
2,513 
2,507 
2,353 
2,270 
2,261 
2,174 
2,153 
2,140 
2,129 
2,100 
2,031 
1,955 
1,622 
1,560 
1,485 



Possible score, 4,200. The individual scores of the Massa- 
chusetts team were as follows : — 



80 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 







Slow 


Fire. 




i Rapid 
: Fire, 
200 


Skir- 
mish. 






200 


600 


800 


1,000 


Total. 




Yards. 


Yards. 


Yards. 


Yards. 








Q. M. Sergt. J. H. Keough, . 


46 


42 


41 


36 


36 


67 


268 


Priv. J. Durward, Jr., 


46 


41 


40 


26 


47 


45 


245 


Color Sergt. F. P. Simonds, . 


42 


33 


45 


37 


46 


70 


273 


Sergt. E. A. Cox, . 


39 


40 


41 


35 


43 


70 


268 


Musician G. TV. Chesley, 


44 


39 


39 


31 


42 


' 68 


263 


Musician J. E. Parker, . 


41 


37 


41 


34 


46 


32 


231 


Priv. F. W. Allen, . 


41 


40 


36 


30 


44 


82 


273 


Sergt. C. J. Jeifers, 


42 


47 


42 


34 


47 


77 


289 


Q. M. Sergt. C. D. Berg, 


45 


45 


42 


28 


40 


57 


257 


Priv. G. M. Jefts, . 


41 


40 


38 


33 


48 


78 


278 


Capt. Stuart W. Wise, . 


40 


43 


43 


30 


48 


65 


269 


Color Sergt. M. W. Parker, . 


42 


43 


44 


30 


48 


55 


262 



The substitutes were : — 

Priv. William T. Abbott, Company D, Eighth Infantry. 
Priv. George W. Reid, Company B, Second Infantry. 
Priv. Thomas J. Sweeney, Company H, Sixth Infantry. 

The administrative detail with the team was as follows : - 

Col. James G. White, Inspector General of Small Arms Practice, 

general staff. 
Lieut. Col. Thomas Talbot, First Corps Cadets. 
Maj. John F. Harvey, surgeon, staff, First Field Artillery. 
Capt. John M. Portal, Inspector of Small Arms Practice, staff, 

Corps of Coast Artillery. 
First Lieut. William S. Simmons, First Corps Cadets. 



The expenses of this team were provided for by an appropria- 
tion of $3,000 under chapter 28, Acts and Resolves of 1906. 

The thanks of the Commonwealth are due the members of the 
team for the faithful, conscientious work in practice, and the 
steadiness with which they shot in the largest competition ever 
held in this country. The discipline and spirit were excellent, 
each man seeming anxious to render the best possible service to 
the State. 

The result of this match places Massachusetts in shooting at 
the head of all the States. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 81 



Recommendations. 

The preparation of this report has been very much hampered 
and delayed by the negligence of commanding officers in making 
returns of range work. It is specifically directed in Paragraph 
V. of General Orders, No. 5, A. G. 0., 1906, as follows : — 

Annual returns of range work will be forwarded directly to the 
Inspector General of Small Arms Practice, at his office, Room 108, 
State House, Boston, in time to reach him for filing on or before 
Nov. 15, 1906. 

Commanding officers apparently have ignored this order. The 
following annual returns of small arms practice were not re- 
ceived until after November 16 : — 

Corps of Coast Artillery: Second Company, November 22; 
Eleventh Company, November 27. 

Second Infantry : returns from all companies, December 5. 

Fifth Infantry : Company C, November 19 ; companies B and 
K, November 20; field and staff, and companies G, L and M, 
November 23; Company H, November 24; Company F, No- 
vember 27. 

Sixth Infantry: Company B, November 20; Company D, No- 
vember 21; field and staff, and companies A, F and K, Novem- 
ber 24; companies C and E, November 26; Company M, Novem- 
ber 27; companies G, H, I and L, November 30. 

Eighth Infantry: returns from all companies, November 22. 

Ninth Infantry: companies A, B, D, E and I, December 6; 
companies F, K, L and M, December 11 ; field and staff, and 
Company C, December 19 ; Company G, December 21 ; Com- 
pany H, December 24. 

Second Corps Cadets : companies B and D, November 20 ; 
Company C, November 22; field and staff, and Company A, 
November 27. 

Naval Brigade : Company B, November 24. 

First Squadron Cavalry: Troop F, November 21. 

Field Artillery: batteries B and C, November 19. 

Signal Corps: December 19. 

I wish to especially mention the promptness of those organ- 
izations which reported on the specified date, or within twenty- 
four hours thereof : — 

Second Brigade staff : November 14. 



82 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

First Corps Cadets: field and staff, and four companies, No- 
vember 15. 

Corps of Coast Artillery: field and staff, and First, Third, 
Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, Eighth, Ninth, Tenth and 
Twelfth companies, November 15. 

Fifth Infantry: companies A, D, E and I, November 15. 

Naval Brigade: headquarters, and companies A, C, E, F, G, 
H and I, November 15. 

First Squadron of Cavalry: field and staff, and troops A and 
D, November 15. 

Field Artillery: field and staff, November 2; Battery A, No- 
vember 15. 

First Brigade staff: November 16. 

It will thus be seen that out of 96 reports but 38 arrived on 
the designated date, or within twenty-four hours of that time. 

It is therefore recommended that companies which here- 
after do not render a report of range work on the specified date, 
without a sufficient excuse from the commanding officer, shall 
be penalized by losing a certain percentage from their efficiency 
rating. 

The recommendation which has been incorporated in all the 
reports of the present chief of this -department, and was also 
a part of the report of the department last year, is again strongly 
renewed, viz., that the State acquire & rifle range large enough 
for every class of fire, and with ample facilities for the rifle 
practice of the entire militia. 

Such a range is now in operation at Wakefield, owned by a 
corporation known as the Bay State Military Rifle Association. 
In my judgment, no better range could be built by the State 
than this one. The skirmish field, however, should be much 
larger; and for that purpose, if the State should acquire it, 
more land should be secured on the eastern side and in the rear 
of the 600, 800 and 1,000 yard targets. 

Another large range also should be constructed somewhere 
in the western part of the State. When these ranges are se- 
cured it will be possible to use a certain proportion of the 
amount allotted to this State by the national government for 
the support of ranges, so that the expense of maintaining them 
will not fall upon the Commonwealth. 

At present the Corps of Coast Artillery with the exception 
of four companies, the Fifth Regiment with the exception of 
three companies, seven companies of the Sixth Regiment, the 
Eighth Regiment with the exception of three companies, the 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 83 

Ninth Eegiment with the exception of four companies, the en- 
tire First and Second Corps Cadets, the Naval Brigade, two 
troops of cavalry, the Signal and Hospital corps, rise the range 
at Wakefield. 

This leaves the entire Second Eegiment and twenty-one com- 
panies to be otherwise accommodated. The four companies of 
the Coast Artillery not accommodated by the range at Wake- 
field are taken care of at New Bedford, Taunton, Brockton and 
Fall Biver. The Fall River range is an exceptionally good one. 
These ranges are owned by the above-named cities. 

The Second Regiment now has the use of an excellent range 
furnished by the town of Orange, a very fair one at Long- 
meadow and at Holyoke, and expects that the city of Spring- 
field will furnish another. 

The Fifth Regiment has the use of a very good range at 
Plymouth. 

The Sixth Regiment is accommodated also by a fair range at 
Concord, a very excellent one at Dracut, near Lowell, and a 
very good one at Marlborough. 

The Eighth Regiment is accommodated by a fair range at 
Indian Hill, near Lynn, at Haverhill and at Gloucester. 

Three companies of the Second Regiment and one of the 
Ninth have no accommodation whatever in the city of Worces- 
ter, which city has thus far neglected to furnish a range, as 
required by section 110 of chapter 465, Acts and Resolves of 
1905; and I recommend that prompt action be taken through 
the Attorney General in this case. 

I believe that the whole care and superintendence of rifle 
ranges for the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia should be in the 
control of the State, and that this department should be the re- 
sponsible supervising authority, under the direction of the Ad- 
jutant General; and I so recommend. 

I also recommend that there be another appropriation made 
this year of not less than $3,000 for the necessary expenses of a 
rifle team which shall represent the Commonwealth in the com- 
petitions for the national and other trophies. This competition 
will probably be held this year in Ohio. 

I recommend that, two officers of rank not below that of 
major be appointed as assistants to the department of small 
arms practice; and that the clerical assistant in the office of this 
department shall receive the rank of captain, and in place of 
per diem duty pay shall receive an annual salary of $1,200. 

The demands on the chief of this department have grown so 



84 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S KEPOET. [Jan. 

rapidly in the past few years that it is impossible for one man 
to satisfactorily discharge all the duties required. Other States 
have a corps of officers acting under the direction of the In- 
spector General of Small Arms Practice, and therefore are able 
to cover a large amount of work without an expenditure of too 
much individual effort. Massachusetts now has a standing in 
small arms efficiency second to no other State, and through 
the work of this department has developed through the present 
members of the Volunteer Militia and those who have been en- 
listed in its service in past years a very large body of men thor- 
oughly trained in the use of arms; so that should occasion arise 
probably a larger proportion of experienced marksmen for the 
volunteer service of the United States could be furnished by 
Massachusetts than by any other State, one reason being that 
our requirements for qualification in the past have been more 
severe than those of other States. 

Effort has not been especially directed to develop individual 
shots at the expense of the general efficiency; and the policy of 
this department is to make a general improvement, rather than 
to have a small body of distinguished shots and a large number 
of poor ones. 

In conclusion, I wish to express to the Commander-in-Chief, 
and to you, sir, my appreciation of the sympathy you have 
shown in my work and the encouragement you have given me. 
The fact that both His Excellency and you have been former 
heads of this department accounts in a measure for the decided 
interest you have evinced in everything which pertained to the 
advancement of small arms practice, that most important part 
of a soldier's training. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

JAMES G. WHITE. 

Colonel, Inspector General Small Arms Practice, 
Acting Chief of Ordnance, Massachusetts. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 85 



REPORTS OF COMMANDING OFFICERS. 



Headquarters First Brigade, M. Y. M., 

South Armory, Irvixgtox Street, 

Bostox, Mass., July 2, 1906. 
The Adjutant General, Boston, Mass. 

Sir : — In compliance with paragraph 3, General Orders, Xo. 
9, A. G. 0., current series, I have the honor to make the 
following report upon the performance of field duty by the 
Second Regiment Infantry, M. V. M., June 9-16, inclusive. 

The post camp, established under authority of General Orders, 
Xo. 9, A. G. 0., current series, was designated as " Camp 
Framingham," the brigade commander assuming command as 
post commander on the evening of June 8. The following 
details from brigade headquarters performed the tour of duty 
for the period : the General commanding, the Assistant Adjutant 
General, the surgeon, the quartermaster, the sergeant major, 
the quartermaster sergeant, the commissary sergeant. The bri- 
gade commissary performed four days' tour, being granted leave 
of absence June 13, because of urgent business. Under verbal 
authority of the Adjutant General, allowing, in addition to the 
post commander and Assistant Adjutant General, a post quarter- 
master or post commissary, and a post quartermaster sergeant 
or post commissary sergeant to be returned for pay for the three 
weeks' tour of duty ordered by General Orders, No. 9, A. G. 0., 
current series, Maj. George H. Benyon was detailed in orders 
as post commissary for the remainder of the week, — June 
13-16, inclusive. 

The commanding officer, Second Eegiment, reported his com- 
mand thirty-five minutes later than the time prescribed in 
orders, delay being caused in transportation. Guard mounting, 
the first duty on the schedule, was twenty minutes late, the 
commanding officer giving as his reason the lateness of the 
regiment in getting into camp. Evening parade was also fifteen 
minutes late. 

On Sunday no drills took place. Regimental inspection had 



86 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

been ordered by the post commander for 9 o'clock a.m., but 
upon representations by the regimental commander the inspec- 
tion was permitted to be postponed until 2 o'clock p.m. Church 
services were held in the morning, and evening parade at the 
time ordered. 

At the very outset of this tour of duty the post commander 
endeavored to emphasize verbally to the regimental commander 
what had already been mentioned in orders, — that a most rigid 
maintenance of military discipline and a strict observance of 
military courtesy would be insisted upon; and I am happy to 
state that in my opinion the command showed constant and 
commendable improvement in these two respects. 

The drill schedule as prescribed in General Orders, Xo. 9, 
A. G. 0., current series, was strictly adhered to throughout the 
week; it was progressive and instructive, and of benefit to the 
organization. The establishment of outposts on Thursday after- 
noon, June 14, and the exemplification of advance and rear 
guard on Friday, June 15, were most commendable. In the 
working out of these problems the post commander desires to 
acknowledge his indebtedness to First Lieut. Thomas F. Ryan, 
Eleventh Cavalry, TJ. S. A., for most valuable suggestions and 
assistance. The problems were carefully studied and thor- 
oughly explained in advance, with the result that when the 
troops took up their solution the work was understood and 
performed in an intelligent and satisfactory manner. It is 
believed that this is the first time that the prescribed forms for 
field orders were actually used in this section, and I believe 
that this work was the most beneficial ever given to the State 
troops. Copies of the orders used in connection with these 
problems are herewith enclosed. 

On Frida} T , June 15, the regiment received from His Ex- 
cellency the Governor and Commander-in-Chief a new set of 
colors, after which it tendered to him a review. 

On Saturday, June 16, camp was broken and the troops 
returned to home stations. 

I regard the performance of guard duty as hardly better 
than poor; the same difficulties which always prevail were 
clearly in evidence at this tour of duty. Men but a short time 
enlisted, or almost entirely without any practical experience, 
are chosen for the guard details and, until more rigid instruc- 
tion is given in the essentials of guard duty by officers, better 
results are hardly to be expected. Military courtesy was fair, 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 87 

and, as in the case of ceremonies, improved during the week. 
The policing of camp and quarters was the best I have ever 
seen, and was well-nigh perfect. 

The colonel commanding the regiment was clearly successful 
in establishing the fact that he has a well-disciplined command, 
and all his subordinate officers seemed to be working to gain for 
the regiment the best possible reputation. 

The band and field music are not as good as the regiment 
should have attached to it. 

Very respectfully, 

Embury P. Clark, 

Brigadier General, Commanding Post. 

Outpost Problem. 

Situation : A brigade, operating in friendly territory, is approach- 
ing Framingham Center from the west. 

At 1 p.m., June 14, 1906, the advance guard of the brigade, con- 
sisting of the Second Infantry, M. V. M. (less one battalion), has 
reached the camp grounds, when the colonel commanding the advance 
guard receives orders to establish an outpost on the general line 
Saxonville, Cochituate station, to cover the brigade which will go into 
bivouac on the camp grounds. 

The enemy is advancing from the northeast, and is reported to 

have reached a point twenty-five miles from Saxonville at 8 a.m. 

to-day. 

Outpost First Brigade, M. V. M., 
Camp Framingham, Mass., June 14, 1906, 1 p.m. 

Field Orders, No. 1. 

1. A brigade of hostile infantry is reported to have reached a 
point twenty-five miles northeast of Saxonville at 8 a.m. to-day. Our 
brigade will bivouac on the camp grounds to-night. 

2. The Second Infantry, M. V. M., less the First Battalion, will 
establish an outpost line extending from Saxonville to the cross roads 
one thousand yards south of Cochituate station. 

3. (a) Company A, posted at the cross roads one thousand yards 
south of Cochituate station, will constitute the right support; com- 
pany H, at the cross roads near Cochituate station, the right center 
support; Company K, at the cross roads half a mile southeast of 
Saxonville, the left center support; and Company L, at the northern 
exit of Saxonville, the left support. Roads leading north and east 
will be carefully observed, (b) The reserve will be posted in two 
detachments : companies D and Gr, under Major Hayes at the cross 
roads midway between the camp grounds and Cochituate station; 
companies F and B, under Captain Nicholson, at the cross roads 
midway between the camp grounds and Saxonville. 



88 ADJUTANT GENEEAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

•A. The regimental train will join the supports and reserves. 

5. In case of attack, the supports will maintain their positions. 

6. I will be with the northern detachment of the reserve. 

Colonel Commanding. 
Verbally to field and staff officers. 

Headquarters First Brigade, M. V. M., 

" Camp Framixgham," June 14, 1906, 10 p.m. 

The Commanding Officer, Second Infantry, M. Y. M. 

Sir : — The enemy is advancing from the northeast. Hostile in- 
fantry patrols were seen ten miles northeast of Saxon ville at dusk 
this afternoon. 

The stores hi the depot (imaginary), at B, one mile east of Co- 
chituate station, are being moved to Framingham Center. The work 
will be completed shortly after noon to-morrow. 

The commanding general directs that you cover the removal of the 
remainder of the stores with your regiment, returning to camp after 
the removal has been completed. 

In moving out you will use the road running directly east from the 
camp grounds, and pass east of Mud and Pickerel ponds, so that the 
direct road from the depot to Framingham Center may be left clear 
for the transportation of supplies. . 

One battalion of the Sixth Infantry, M. V. M. (imaginary), will 
occupy Saxonville early to-morrow morning; the remainder of the 
brigade will remain in camp. 

Very respectfully, 

Walter L. Sanborn, 
Assistant Adjutant General. 

Headquarters Second Ixfaxtry, M. V. M., 

" Camp Framixgham," June 14, 1906, 10.10 p.m. 

Field Orders, No. 1. 

Troops. 

(1) Advance guard: Major Hayes, Second Battalion, Second In- 
fantry, m. v. m. 

(2) Main body (hi order of march) : Third Battalion, Second In- 
fantry, M. V. M., First Battalion, Second Infantry, M. V. M. 

1. The enemy is advancing from the northeast. His infantry 
patrols were seen ten miles northeast of Saxonville at dusk to-day. 
One battalion of the Sixth Infantry, M. V. M., will occupy Saxonville 
early to-morrow morning. The main body of our brigade will remain 
in camp. 

2. The regiment will move to the cross roads near the head of 
Snake Brook to-morrow morning, to cover the removal of stores from 
the depot (imaginary) at the cross roads, one mile east of Cochituate 
station. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 89 

3. (a) The advance guard will march from the cross road nve 
hundred yards southeast of Sucker Pond at 7 a.m., proceeding to the 
cross roads at the head of Snake Brook via the camp grounds, Mud 
Pond, Pickerel Pond road, (b) The main body will follow the ad- 
vance guard at five hundred yards. 

4. The regimental train -will remain in camp. 

5. Reports will reach the regimental commander at the head of the 
main body. 

By order of Colonel Pierce. 

Paul J. Norton, 
Captain and Adjutant. 

Dictated to battalion adjutants. 

Second Battalion, Second Infantry, M. V. M., 

" Camp Framingham," June 14, 1906, 11 p.m. 

Field Orders, No. 1. 

1. The enemy is advancing from the northeast. His infantry pa- 
trols were seen ten miles northeast of Saxonville at dusk to-day. 
One battalion of the Second Infantry, M. V. M., will occupy Saxon- 
ville early to-morrow morning, and our regiment will go to the head 
of Snake Brook to cover the removal of stores from the depot (imag- 
inary) at cross roads, one mile east of Cochituate station; the main 
body of our brigade will stay in camp. 

2. This battalion will act as advance guard for the regiment. 

3. (a) The vanguard, consisting of companies F and B, under 
Captain Nicholson, will march from the cross roads five hundred 
yards southeast of Sucker Pond at 7.30 a.m., proceeding to the camp 
grounds, Mud Pond, Pickerel Pond road to the cross roads near the 
head of Snake Brook, (b) The reserve, consisting of companies D 
and G in the order named, will follow the vanguard at three hundred 
yards. 

4. I will be with the reserve. 

Major Second Infantry, M. F. M. 

Verbally to company commanders or their representatives. 

Headquarters Second Infantry, M. V. M., 

Cross Roads near Head of Snake Brook, 

June 15, 1906, 10.20 a.m. 
Field Orders, No. 2. 

1. No further information concerning the enemy has been re- 
ceived. Reports just received from the depot a mile west of here 
indicate that the removal of the stores from that point will be com- 
pleted about noon. 

2. The regiment will remain here until the removal of the stores 
has been completed. 

3. (a) The Third Battalion, Major Rider, will move to the hill (R) 
half a mile north of here, and provide for the security of the regi- 



90 ADJUTANT GENEKAL'S EEPOKT. [Jan. 

nient. (&) The First Battalion will halt here; the Second, when re- 
lieved by the Third, will assemble on the road four hundred yards 
northwest of here. 

4. Reports will reach me here. 

Colonel Commanding. 

Verbally to regimental field and staff officers. 

Headquarters Second Infantry, M. V. M., 

Reeves Hill, June 15, 1906, 12.30 p.m. 

Field Orders, No. 3. 

Troops. 

(1) Main body, in order of march: Second Battalion, Second In- 
fantry, M. V. M., First Battalion, Second Infantry, M. V. M. 

(2) Rear guard: Major Rider, Third Battalion, Second Infantry, 

m. v. m. 

1. The enemy is advancing from the north in force; the head of 
his advance guard has reached the cross road two miles north of here. 
The removal of stores from the depot has been completed. 

2. The regiment will return to camp. 

3. (a) The main body will march at once, moving via the direct 
road through Cochituate station to the camp grounds, (b) The rear 
guard will maintain its present position until the main body is in 
march and then follow at twelve hundred yards distance. 

4. I will join the main body near the depot. 

Frederick E. Pierce, 
Colonel Commanding. 

Verbally to Major E.; by staff officer to the lieutenant colonel and the 
commanding officers First and Second battalions. 

Rear Guard, Second Infantry, M. V. M., 

Reeves Hill, June 15, 1906, 12.40 p.m. 

Field Orders, No. 1. 

1. The enemy is advancing in considerable force. Our regiment is 
about to return to camp. 

2. The rear guard will, from its present position, temporarily 
check the enemy, without involving itself in a serious engagement, 
and thereafter follow the main body of the regiment. 

3. (a) The reserve, consisting of companies H and K, will, in the 
order named, after the main body is in march, follow it at a distance 
of twelve hundred yards, (b) The rear party, consisting of com- 
panies A and C, under Captain Barrett, will follow the reserve at a 
distance of eight hundred yards. 

4. Reports will reach me with the reserve. 

Major Commanding. 

Verbally to Captain Barrett, Company A; by staff officers to the 
other company commanders. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 91 



Headquarters First Brigade, M. V. M., 

South Armory, Irvington Street, 

Boston, Mass., July 2, 1906. 
The Adjutant General, Boston, Mass. 

Sir : — In compliance with paragraph 3, General Orders, No. 
9., A. G. 0., current series, I have the honor to make the 
following report upon the performance of field duty by the Sixth 
Eegiment Infantry, M. V. M., June 16-23, inclusive. 

The following details from brigade headquarters, in addition 
to the general commanding and the Assistant Adjutant General, 
performed the tour of duty for the period: the ordnance officer, 
the two aides-de-camp, the quartermaster sergeant, the two ser- 
geants clerk. In addition to the above, Maj. George H. Ben} T on 
performed the tour under orders as post commissary. Capt. 
Frederick H. Osgood, veterinary, reported on Saturday, June 
16, for one day's tour, and made an inspection of all the 
horses, as he also did on Saturday, June 9, in connection with 
the Second Eegiment reporting for duty. 

The commanding officer, Sixth Regiment, reported his com- 
mand promptly on time. Eain began to fall soon after the 
arrival of the regiment, and a steady downpour continued all 
day Sunday. Church services, however, were held in one of the 
mess houses, but the regimental inspection, prescribed in orders, 
had to be omitted on account of the weather. 

Guard mounting was held promptly at the prescribed hour on 
June 16, and at this ceremony the band appeared in khaki 
uniforms. At retreat the same day the band again appeared 
in khaki. Its failure to be in dress uniform at these two cere- 
monies was explained by the regimental commander to be due 
to the fact that blue uniforms had not, up to that time, been 
issued to the band. The matter was adjusted Sunday morning. 
The post commander had prescribed in orders that no games 
of any kind would be permitted on the parade during cere- 
monies, or on Sunday. It was noted that during guard mount- 
ing on Saturday, June 16, several enlisted men were playing 
ball; and on Sunday, this breach of orders again occurring, the 
matter was rectified by the regimental commander (though some- 
what too tardily), upon his attention being called to it by the 
post commander. 

As in the case of the Second Eegiment, the post commander 
took occasion emphatically to warn the regimental commander 
against tolerating any breach of military discipline and courtesy, 



92 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

and the regimental commander is to be commended upon the 
manner in which he carried out the directions and suggestions 
of the post commander. 

The drill schedule as prescribed was followed out completely 
and accurately through the week. The same problems to ex- 
emplify the principals of outposts, and advance and rear guard, 
as were used by the Second Regiment, were worked out by the 
Sixth Regiment on Thursday afternoon and Friday, June 21 
and 22, respectively. Reference is here made to the copies of 
orders used in connection with these problems forwarded as 
an enclosure to my report on the tour of duty performed by 
the Second Regiment Infantry. The battalion detailed for the 
advance guard on Friday, June 22, is to be criticized for its 
failure to comply with instructions to use signals only. It was 
noticeable that directions and commands were given bv word of 
mouth, so as to be altogether too audible. 

In drill the regiment improved consistently from day to day; 
and ceremonies, begun at first with some errors, were toward 
the close of the tour of duty well executed. Military courtesy 
was fair, and the performance of guard duty poor, the same 
comment as made in connection with my report of the Second 
Regiment, regarding recruits, being pertinent in this case. One 
company was conspicuous because of its large number of ab- 
sentees without leave. 

The policing of camp and quarters was excellent, while attend- 
ance at stated roll calls could have been improved upon. 

On Friday, June 22, the Regiment received from His Ex- 
cellency the Governor and Commander-in-Chief a new set of 
colors, after which it tendered him a review. 

On Saturday, June 23, camp was broken, and the troops re- 
turned to home stations. 

The quality of food under the administration of the commis- 
sary of subsistence could not have been better during the two 
weeks' tour, from -June 9-23 inclusive. 

It seems to the post commander that the officers of the Sixth 
Regiment are united in their efforts to improve and perfect the 
regiment, and that the organization has made great strides over 
last year, and should be commended for its marked improve- 
ment. 

Very respectfully, 

Embury P. Clark. 

Brigadier General, Commanding Post. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 93 



Headquarters First Brigade, M. V. M., 

South Armory, Irvington Street, 

Boston, Mass., Aug. 8, 1906. 

The Adjutant General, State House, Boston, Mass. 

Sir : — In compliance with paragraph 3, General Orders, No. 
9, A. G. 0., current series, I have the honor to report upon 
the performance of field duty by the First Squadron Cavalry, 
Signal Corps, and Hospital Corps, at " Camp Framingham," 
July 14-21 inclusive, as follows: — 

The following details from brigade headquarters, in addition 
to the general commanding and the Assistant Adjutant General, 
performed the tour of duty for the period : the inspector, the 
engineer, the quartermaster sergeant, the hospital steward, the 
bugler, the sergeant clerk. The brigade commissary was on duty 
for a part of the period, and several other officers and non- 
commissioned officers volunteered their services for portions of 
the period. Capt. Arthur W. May, veterinary surgeon, Second 
Brigade, was also assigned to post headquarters for the tour. 

For a detailed report upon the work of the organizations in 
camp I respectfully refer you. to the reports of Maj. George H. 
Benyon, post inspector, copies of which are herewith enclosed, 
and which I approve. 

In General. — Owing to the small number of troops in camp, 
the guard details were reduced to the smallest number con- 
sistent with adequate protection to State property. The camps 
being located at the extreme northwesterly end of the reser- 
vation, all gates were closed with the exception of the entrances 
at post headquarters and opposite the cavalry camp. A small 
post guard was furnished by the Signal and Hospital Corps, 
and, considering the inexperience of members of these organiza- 
tions in guard duty, performed a very satisfactory tour. I desire 
also , to commend the soldierly bearing and conduct of the 
orderlies detailed to headquarters. 

On Thursday, July 19, the troops in camp, under command 
of Maj. William A. Perrins, First Squadron Cavalry, were re- 
viewed by His Excellency the Commander-in-Chief. The pas- 
sages in review by the cavalry at a trot and gallop were notice- 
ably well done. 

If my understanding of the purposes of this year's en- 
campments is correct, that is, to demonstrate the condition of 
organizations acting by themselves, as well as the fitness of 
officers to command, I am obliged to report that in the cases 



94 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

of the First Squadron Cavalry and the Signal Corps the en- 
campment resulted in but little benefit. In the former case the 
object of the encampment (as I understand it) was defeated 
largely owing to the fact that the commanding officer, in 
attempting to carry out the expressed wishes and directions of 
the State inspecting officer, had little opportunity to impress 
his individuality upon his command or to demonstrate his power 
of initiative. The interference of an inspecting officer with 
the rights and responsibilities of a commanding officer is un- 
warranted by military rules and usages. 

On Friday, July 20, the cavalry exemplified an outpost and 
advance and rear guard problem similar to that exemplified 
by the Second and Sixth Infantry (previously reported upon), 
but modified to suit the requirements of a cavalry squadron. 
The principles were demonstrated in a satisfactory manner. 

No schedule of work for the Signal Corps was submitted to 
the post commander until well into the week, and such work 
as was done would appear not to have been well planned or 
systematized. On July 18, Captain Stevens, signal officer, was 
ordered in arrest. A full report upon this matter was forwarded 
at the time, and subsequently charges have been preferred. In 
my opinion, the unfitness of Captain Stevens to command the 
Signal Corps was clearly demonstrated. 

I am happy to report that the work of the Hospital Corps 
was most commendable. The officers are enthusiastic and effi- 
cient, and the men well qualified for their special line of service. 

For this tour of duty, as others, the quality of food supplied 
by the Commissary General's department was excellent. 
Very respectfully, 

Embury P. Clark, 

Brigadier General, Commanding Post. 



Headquarters Second Brigade, M. V. M., 

Boston, Mass., Aug. 27, 1906. 
Adjutant General, Massachusetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor herewith to submit my report of the 
tour of camp duty of the Second Brigade, M. V. M., for 1906. 

In accordance with General Orders, No. 9, A. G. 0., current 
series, and General Orders, Nos. 1 and 5, current series, these 
headquarters, also Special Orders, No. 27, current series, these 
headquarters, the Second Brigade, M. V. M., performed its tour 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 95 

of camp duty for 1906 at " Camp Bancroft/' South Framing- 
ham, Mass., in three separate tours. 

The actual attendance of the members of headquarters Second 
Brigade, M. V. M., will be noted by the check list (see Ex- 
hibit A). 

For the duty performed each week by members of head- 
quarters, which is the basis for the claim for pay, I have the 
honor to invite your attention to Exhibit B. 

For the actual attendance of officers and men for the entire 
post, during each week, I have the honor to invite your atten- 
tion to Exhibit C, which was compiled at the request of the 
Commissary General and forwarded to him. 

Through the efforts of Col. William A. Pew, Jr., commanding 
Eighth Eegiment Infantry, M. V. M., and his officers, the 
services of Capt. Eobert C. Davis, Seventeenth Infantry, U. S. 
A., were obtained as instructor for the brigade. 

Captain Davis, as directed by the Adjutant General, re- 
ported to me at a meeting between the commanding officer of 
the Eighth Eegiment Infantry and myself, at which Captain 
Davis was present, and the plan of work for the tour of the 
Eighth Eegiment was decided upon. This plan proved so 
successful with the Eighth Eegiment Infantry that it was suc- 
cessively copied for the tours of the Ninth Eegiment Infantry 
and the Fifth Eegiment Infantry. 

Captain Davis at my direction formulated the work for every 
officer and man at " Camp Bancroft " during the whole three 
tours. Every officer and man present at the post devoted his 
every energy most heartily toward carrying out the work as laid 
down by Captain Davis, and by strict attention absorbed all the 
information possible from Captain Davis's instruction, which 
every one deemed it a privilege to receive. Captain Davis re- 
ported on Friday, the 6th of July, and the work for the week 
was carefully formulated. 

The Eighth Eegiment Infantry, commanded by Col. Wm. A. 
Pew, Jr., reported on the field shortly before 11 o'clock a.m. 
at " Camp Bancroft," July 7, 1906. The camp was methodically 
pitched and in order by 1.30 p.m. Guard mount was at 2 
o'clock, well performed. During the first day the uniforms 
of the regiment were rather mixed, thus detracting from the 
good appearance of the regiment. 

Guard duty for the week good, with the exception of post 
headquarters guard on Sunday, the 8th, when, on account of 



96 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

the new men and inefficiency of warrant officers, it was very 
poor, one corporal being reduced to the ranks in consequence. 

Inspection at 9 a.m., Sunday, Jnly 8, showed equipment and 
arms in good condition, caps good, trousers fair, blouses very 
poor. The brigade inspector recommends, in view of the fact 
that the blouses were unserviceable and unsanitary, that the 
command should have a new issue of blouses. 

Military courtesy and discipline were excellent during the 
week; personnel fair. The policing of the grounds during the 
tour and at the close of the camp excellent. 

In the opinion of the brigade inspector, it was the best tour 
in every respect ever performed on the field by any command. 
Entraining and detraining of troops excellent. 

The Ninth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M., Col. William H. 
Donovan commanding, reported at " Camp Bancroft " at 5 
p.m., July 21. Camp was pitched and put in order for the 
night, the tour of duty commencing Sunday morning, July 2 2d. 

Inspection Sunday morning showed khaki uniforms in bad 
state of cleanliness and repair; rifles in poor condition. The 
policing of the camp showed marked improvement during the 
week; condition of cook houses and mess house was fair. Mil- 
itary courtesy showed great improvement during the tour. The 
lack of courtesy appeared to come more from want of in- 
struction than from wilful intent. Discipline for the most part 
excellent. Camp was as a rule quiet at night, and cheerful 
obedience of orders was general throughout the command. 

The enlisted men of this command are a sturdy lot, naturally 
adapted to the requirements of soldier life. Drill work through- 
out the week was excellent after the first day or two, when the 
presence of many new men interfered somewhat with its 
smoothness. Officers and enlisted men all showed commendable 
earnestness in their work, making a splendid showing during 
the last two days. Field work excellent. The performance of 
ceremonies improved wonderfully during the week; the per- 
formance of guard duty did not show corresponding improve- 
ment. 

The command seems to be in a fairly effective state, and 
with the proper amount of attention by the officers to special 
instruction and more esprit cle corps among the officers may be 
brought to a very much higher standard. 

The tour of camp duty I consider a very successful one for 
the command, in that it showed tremendous improvement under 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — Xo. 7. 97 

the instruction given. The routine work for the week was 
somewhat demoralized by the special duty performed by the 
regiment at South Framingham at the time of the accident at 
the Amsden building, when the command did magnificent work, 
the particulars of this duty being the subject of a special report 
already forwarded to the Adjutant General. 

I would respectfully recommend most urgently that the dress 
uniforms which were worn by members of this command at 
the Amsden building, South Framingham, be immediately in- 
spected, and that the Quartermaster General issue new uniforms 
in place of those injured or destroyed by the performance of this 
duty. 

The Fifth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M., commanded by 
Col. William H. Oakes, reported at " Camp Bancroft w at 11 
a.m., August 11. The routine duty was immediately taken up. 

Military courtesy by enlisted men excellent. Discipline ex- 
cellent. Personnel of enlisted men excellent, though somewhat 
lacking physically; this might be improved under sufficient 
training. 

The policing of the camp during the tour and when leaving 
excellently performed. The arrangement of the tents was uni- 
form; cook houses and mess house and stables excellently 
policed; roll calls promptly performed, but some lack of attend- 
ance noticeable. 

Drills were performed during the early days of the week 
excellently, but after Captain Davis left there was a noticeable 
falling off in the quality of the work, thus showing the advantage 
of a professional instructor at these encampments. Ceremonies 
well performed; guard duty excellent. 

The tour for the regiment was a great success, and the organ- 
ization is to be congratulated upon the results of its efforts. 

I regret exceedingly that Col. William H. Oakes met with a 
severe accident upon Tuesday, August 14. During the review 
of the regiment by the post commander Colonel Oakes was 
thrown from his horse and broke his right arm. Lieut. Col. 
Murray D. Clement immediately took command of the regiment 
for the remainder of its tour of duty. 

Marked deficiencies were noticed from time to time during 
the tour of each regiment. Steps have been taken to remedy 
these. 

The course of instruction for the three tours as carried out by 
Captain Davis was on the principle of beginning with company 



98 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

and ending with regimental work. Captain Davis personally 
drilled every company in the brigade, also every battalion in 
the brigade; the first three days being devoted to close order 
work, the last three days introducing extended order advance 
guard and outpost work, with one day of field manoeuvers. 
This was carried out identically for the three tours, with the 
exception of the fact that during the Fifth Regiment tour 
extended order work and field manoeuvers were omitted, owing 
to the fact that it was desired that the regiment, in view of its 
trip to Canada, should devote most of its attention to close 
order drill and ceremonies. 

For the hours of service and established routine work of 
these tours I have the honor to invite your attention to the 
General Orders of these headquarters, and to Exhibit D, Special 
vOrder No. 27. 

Post guard was at all times maintained at greater strength 
than ever before during a tour of duty, in order that practically 
every member of the commands should some time during the 
tour have the advantage of personal instruction in the duties of 
sentinels and the performance of guard duty. This feature of 
the work was ver}^ successful, and I believe that more men 
left " Camp Bancroft " with an intelligent understanding of 
guard duty than ever before. 

I consider that the advantage which the Second Brigade has 
received from the instructions of Capt. Robert C. Davis is of 
tremendous importance; that the tour of duty of the Second 
Brigade on this account has this year been the most successful 
one that the brigade ever performed ; and I strongly recommend 
that the services of Capt. Robert C. Davis be obtained imme- 
diately for one year as drill instructor for the Massachusetts 
Volunteer Militia. Captain Davis, with the cheerful co-operation 
which every officer and man of the Second Brigade, and I am 
sure every member of the militia, would gladly give, could 
place the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia in a condition which 
could not be surpassed by the militia of any State. 

I wish to acknowledge the very valuable assistance of Cadet 
Walter Weaver, U. S. Military Academy. He was quartered 
with the Fifth Regiment during its tour at " Camp Bancroft," 
and worked very energetically during the third week as assistant 
to Captain Davis in promulgating his instructions. After Cap- 
tain Davis left, Mr. Weaver carried on the work of instruction 
until the regiment left Framingham. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 99 

The transportation of troops to and from " Camp Bancroft " 
was. except in the case of one or two companies, accomplished 
entirely over the lines of the Boston & Worcester Street Bail- 
way Company. I consider that the experience of this tour shows 
that transportation of troops and baggage by trolley lines is 
entirely satisfactory. More prompt service under more com- 
fortable conditions was furnished for this tour than for any 
tour during my connection with the militia. Owing to the 
efficient management, cars were always on hand at the time and 
place ordered^ and there were no delays in transit. 

Very respectfully. 

J. H. Whitxey. 
Brigadier General. 
• 

Fall Field Day of the Fifth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M. 

The Fifth Begiment broke camp early on the morning of 
August 18. The First Battalion left camp at T a.m., nearly 
an hour later than ordered, because word had been received 
that the trains would not be in readiness at Marlborough at 
the time ordered. The other two battalions left the field thirty 
minutes later. They entrained in electrics at the headquarters 
gate, and the last car arrived at Marlborough at 8.30. Owing 
to mismanagement of the Boston £ Maine Bailroad. the regiment 
remained at Marlborough over two hours. 

The command entrained in three sections, each consisting of 
one baggage coach, one Pullman sleeper and four tourist cars, 
with one tourist car added to the first section for the band. 
The first section left Marlborough at 11 a.m.. the second at 
11.15 a.m., and the third at 11.20 a.m. 

The regiment detrained at Xorth Adams, at the fair grounds, 
at 4 p.m v four hours behind schedule time. Arms were stacked, 
and one hour's liberty given the men. At 5 o'clock the regiment 
formed for evening parade, and this ceremony was very cred- 
itably performed. After lunch the regiment entrained for 
Ottawa. The first section left Xorth Adams at 7.15 p.m.. the 
second section at T.30 p.m. and the third section at 8.15 p.m. 
Entraining and detraining was properly performed: order and 
discipline was good throughout the daws tour, which was cred- 
itably and systematically performed, regardless of delays on 
account of train service. 

The members of the regiment who did not go to Canada 
performed their field day at " Camp Bancroft.*' They com- 



100 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

prised members of every company except Company A. By my 
direction they were formed into a provisional company under 
the command of Capt. Charles W. Facey, Second Lieutenant 
Brown being the only other officer remaining, and the roll was 
called. A detail for guard duty was formed, and at 6 a.m. 
relieved the guard at the headquarters gate and at the main 
gate. The remainder of the provisional company was formed 
into squads and struck the tents. At 10.20 a.m. work of strik- 
ing tents was discontinued and the camp was thoroughly 
policed. At 11 a.m. a second roll call took place, and the 
provisional company was immediately marched off the field and 
entrained for home. Details for the attendance have been for- 
warded by special report to the Inspector General. 

Very respectfully, 

J. H. Whitney, 
Brigadier General. 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



101 



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Whitney, Brig. Gen. J. H 

Cobb, Lieut. Col. M. E 

Foster, Lieut. Col. C. C, 
Wyman, Maj. Albert L., . . 
Rogers, Maj. William^C, 
Burnham, Maj. F. J., . 

Tandy, Maj. Elon F. 

Gow, Maj. Charles R., 

Baker, Capt. Roy B., .... 

May, Capt. Arthur W., 

Hitchcock, Capt. F. T., 

Gilman, Capt. John E., Jr., . 

Record, Sergt. Chas. A., 

Williams, Sergt. Frank T 

Arnold, Sergt. E. Everett, . 
Young, Sergt. Stephen E., . 
MacKusick, Sergt. Albert R., 
Robinson, Sergt. George I., Jr., . 
Reynolds, Sergt. Gilbert R., 
Chase, Sergt. Harry G., 

Chamberlain, Corp. J. L., . 
Gilley, Priv. W. S., . 





'u 



102 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Exhibit B. 

Days of Service of Members Headquarters Second Brigade, M. V. M., 
during Continuance of "Camp Bancroft," 1906. 









First Week. 




General Whitney, . . 8 


Sergeants : — 




Lieut. Col. Cobb, . 




8 


Record, 


. 8 


Lieut. Col. Foster, 




7 


Williams, . 


. 8 


Major Wyman, 




9 


Arnold, 


. 9 


Major Burnham, 






9 


Young, 


. 3 


Major Rogers, 






2 


MacKusick, 


. 3 


Major Tandy, 






8 


Robinson, . 


. 6 


Captain Baker, 






8 


Reynolds, . 


. 8 


Captain May, 






3 






Captain Hitchcock, 




8 






Second Week. 




General Whitney, . . 8 


Sergeants : — 




Lieut. Col. Cobb, . 




8 


Williams, . 


. 3 


Major Wyman, 






9 


Arnold, 


. 8 


Major Burnham, 






. 9 


MacKusick, 


. 3 


Major Rogers, 






8 


Robinson, . 


. 1 


Major Tandy, 






1 


Chase, 


. 8 


Major Gow, 






8 






Captain Baker, 






1 






Captain May, 






4 






Captain Gilman, 






1 






Captain Hitchcock, 




3 






Third Week. 




General Whitney, . . 7 


Sergeants : — 




Lieut. Col. Cobb, . 




. 7 


Record, 


. 1 


Lieut. Col. Foster, 




1 


Williams, . 


. 2 


Major Wyman, 




9 


Arnold, 


. 4 


Major Burnham, 






8 


Young, 


. 8 


Major Rogers, 






4 


MacKusick, . . . 


. 7 


Major Tandy, 






1 


Robinson, . 


. 1 


Major Gow, 






8 


Chase, 


. 4 


Captain Baker, 






1 






Captain May, 






2 






Captain Hitchcock, 


8 






Captain Gilman, . 






t 







•1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



103 



Exhibit C. 







July. 




6 


7 


8 


9 


10 


11 


12 


13 


14 




Brigade Staff. 




















Officers, 




5 


9 


8 


8 


8 


9 


8 


10 


8 


Men, 


Eighth Regiment. 


2 


8 


6 


7 


6 


6 


6 


7 


6 


Officers, 




- 


54 


54 


53 


53 


53 


53 


54 


54 


Men, 




- 


647 


660 


659 


656 


651 


650 


649 


646 


Band, 




— 


40 


40 


40 


40 


40 


40 


40 


40 







July. 




20 


21 


22 


1 
23 24 


25 


26 


27 


28 




Brigade Staff. 




















Officers, 




3 


8 


8 


7 


8 


8 


6 


8 


7 


Men, 


Ninth Regiment. 




6 


7 


6 


4 


5 


4 


6 


5 


Officers, 


, 


- 


— 


54 


53 


53 


53 


53 


53 


53 


Men, 




- 


- 


626 


632 


631 


628 


629 


628 


628 


Band, 




■~ 


— 


40 


40 


40 


40 


40 


40 


40 





August. 




10 


11 12 


13 


14 


15 16 17 


18 


Brigade Staff. 
Officers, ...... 

Men, ..... 

Fifth Regiment. 
Officers, ...... 

Men, ...... 

Band, ...... 


6 
3 


9 
6 

54 

654 

40 


8 
6 

55 

680 

40 


7 
4 

56 

660 

40 


7 
3 

56 

664 

40 


9 
4 

55 

664 
40 


10 
9 

56 

667 

40 


9 
6 

56 

667 

40 


8 
6 



Exhibit D. 

Headquarters Second Brigade. M. A'. M., 

Bostox, Aug. 10, 1906. 

Special Orders, No. 27. 

I. The guard at " Camp Bancroft " will consist of a main guard 
and a headquarters guard. 

The commanding officer of the Fifth Regiment Infantry, M. Y. M., 
will make a suitable detail for the main guard, having in view the 
protection of the storehouses and the unused buildings of the post 
against thieves and fire. Special caution will be observed between 
tattoo and reveille. 

The instructions for various posts, as prescribed in Special Orders, 
No. 5, these headquarters, will be observed, the numbers of the posts 
being changed at the discretion of the regimental commander. 



104 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

The headquarters guard will consist of 1 sergeant, 3 corporals, 2 
orderlies and 12 privates, who will be mounted with the main guard. 
The adjutant will select from the entire guard for headquarters 
orderlies the two privates of most soldierly appearance, and whose 
arms and equipment are in the best condition. 

After the completion of the ceremonies at the guard house, the 
headquarters guard, under the command of its sergeant, will report 
to the Adjutant General at post headquarters. 

So much of previous general and special orders as conflicts with 
this order is hereby revoked. 

II. The commanding officer of the Fifth Regiment Infantry will, 
upon the arrival of the regiment at " Camp Bancroft," immediately 
station sentries at the main gate and at the quartermaster's gate, to 
keep out objectionable people, and direct all teams to the quarter- 
master's gate. 

III. The following changes in the hours for service, as prescribed 
in General Orders, No. 5, current series, these headquarters, are 
hereby announced : — 

P.M. 

First call, 4.30 

Parade, assembly, . . . . . . .4.40 

Mess call, 6.30 

The first call for drill and for parade, in addition to those here- 
tofore prescribed, will be sounded at post headquarters. All calls 
sounded at post headquarters will be repeated by a musician of the 
main guard. 

IV. The commanding officer of the Fifth Regiment Infantry will 
cause to be organised a fire brigade, for the protection of all build- 
ings on the reservation. 

V. The ceremony of retreat will take place during evening parade. 

YI. So much of General Orders, No. 5, current series, these head- 
quarters, section 5, as refers to the wearing of leggings with the dress 
uniform, is hereby revoked. 

VII. Lieut. Col. Murray D. Clement is hereby directed to serve 
as instructor of the post guard; also he is hereby appointed as sum- 
mary court; both appointments to continue while the Fifth Regiment 
Infantry is at this post. 

VIII. The post mails close at the post adjutant's office as fol- 
lows : — 

„ , I ' ' ' ) week days. 

Mails close, < 5 p.m. J 

I 8 a.m. Sundays. 

_ ' • ' 7 week days. 
Mail will be distributed, . . . 6 p.m. J 

I 9 a.m. Sundavs. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 105 

A regimental mail orderly will deliver and receive all mail for the 
Fifth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M., at the post adjutant's office, as 
indicated by hours of distribution. 

By command of Brigadier General Whitney, 

Morton E. Cobb, 
Lieutenant Colonel and Assistant Adjutant General. 

Headquarters Second Brigade, M. V. M., July 28, 1906. 
Adjutant General, Massachusetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor to report as commander of the post, 
" Camp Bancroft/' South Framingham, Mass., upon the per- 
formance of duty by the members of my command pursuant to a 
precept, issued to me by the selectmen of the town of Fram- 
ingham, under date of July 23, 1906, and previously forwarded 
to the Adjutant General's office. 

There were stationed at the post the Ninth Regiment In- 
fantry, M. Y. M., under command of Col. William H. Donovan, 
six of my personal staff, and six enlisted men attached to my 
headquarters. 

About 4 p.m., July 23, 1906, a telephone message was re- 
ceived by the officer of the day at the guard house at the main 
gate that a serious disaster had taken place in South Fram- 
ingham; that a building had collapsed, and many people were 
buried in the ruins. This fact was immediately communicated 
by him to Colonel Donovan, and he in turn was directed to 
report the same to the commander of the post. Almost simul- 
taneously a telephone message was received at State headquarters 
by Brig. Gen. Frederick B. Carpenter, from the chief of the 
fire department of Framingham, giving the above facts, which 
were immediately communicated to me. 

Cars were required for of the Boston & Worcester Street 
Railway, and Colonel Donovan was directed to detail one hun- 
dred men to proceed to South Framingham with the greatest 
possible haste. The regiment was assembling in dress uniform, 
in anticipation of evening parade. Colonel Donovan detailed 
the First Battalion, under command of Major Murray, to report 
without arms directly at South Framingham. The battalion 
marched into the square at South Framingham in ten minutes 
from the receipt of the telephone message. Every member of 
the medical department, with all stores and equipment, was also 
ordered to report immediately at South Framingham. Very 
shortly, by direction of the Commander-in-Chief, all supplies 
necessary, such as rope, hammers, picks, etc., which were avail- 



106 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

able in the storehouse of the State arsenal, were placed at the 
disposal of those assisting in clearing the ruins. 

I reported immediately with members of my staff to the select- 
men of the town of Framingham, who placed me under the 
demands of a precept, and directed me to do everything in my 
power to preserve order and clear the ruins of the Amsden 
building sufficiently to release any persons imprisoned therein. 

I directed Maj. Charles R. Gow, brigade inspector, to take 
command of operations, and directed all members of the com- 
mand to obey his orders. One company from the Third Battalion 
was sent for and posted as a guard, fixing the limits of the 
fire lines. The officers and men from the First Battalion of 
the Ninth Regiment worked manfully in the ruins in the attempt 
to reach any person who might be alive. Owing to the peculiar 
construction of the building and the tangled mass of ruins, 
progress was very slow, and it was a long time before any one 
was reached. 

In less than an hour Mr. E. P. Shaw, Jr., manager of the 
Boston & Worcester Street Railway, reported with his whole 
construction gang, numbering about eighty, under a foreman, 
and his men were immediately set to work by Major Gow, and 
rendered very valuable assistance. 

During the first hour about twenty-five members of the First 
Battalion of the Ninth Regiment were overcome by heat and 
exhaustion, or by being accidentally injured. Most of the dis- 
abled were treated on the grounds by surgeons and volunteer 
nurses. One was sent to the Framingham hospital, where his 
wounds were dressed and he was sent back to quarters. After 
the first hour it was found that it was impossible to imme- 
diately reach any one who might be alive, therefore more sys- 
tematic work was planned. The First Battalion was relieved 
by the Second Battalion, under command of Major Sullivan, 
and a system of reliefs was established. The First and Second 
battalions relieved each other as workers, and the companies 
of the Third Battalion formed into reliefs for guard duty. 

A precept was also issued to the commander of the local 
company, Company E, Sixth Regiment Infantry, M. V. M., 
commanded by Captain Damon. This company very promptly 
assembled in response to an alarm call, and took its turn in 
relieving the companies of the Third Battalion on guard duty. 
This routine was followed until the forenoon of Tuesday, July 
24, when the working battalions were relieved and sent to 
quarters, and the labor of clearing the ruins was performed 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



107 



by an organized gang of professional wreckers. The routine of 
guard duty, however, was continued until 8 o'clock a.m. Wednes- 
day, July 25, when the relief which reported at South 
Framingham was verbally dismissed and sent to quarters, and 
very shortly a written communication was forwarded to my 
headquarters, relieving me of any further demands from the 
precept. This communication I received at 11.40 a.m., July 
25, 1906. 

The reliefs for both labor and guard duty were quartered 
in the armory of Company E, Sixth Eegiment Infantry, at South 
Framingham. 

The commissary supplies for members of my command were 
handled by the commissary department of the post, and sand- 
wiches and coffee was served Monday night and part of the next 
day to all reliefs going off duty. The commissary supplies for 
Company E, Sixth Eegiment Infantry, were handled by their 
own officers. The supplies were provided by the selectmen of 
the town. 

Between thirty and fifty people were supposed to have been 
in the building. Twenty-nine people were known to be injured 
or killed in the disaster. Six slightly injured escaped from 
the ruins. Ten either escaped or were taken out before the 
arrival of the troops, and sent to the Framingham hospital. 
Three were taken out before the arrival of the troops, sent to 
the hospital, and subsequently died. Ten bodies were removed 
from the ruins during our performance of duty. All but two 
of those who lived have left the hospital. One of these will 
probably die. 

Below are the names of those who were killed by the acci- 
dent : — 



Scanlan, Wm. A. H., Holliston. 

Maschi, Romeo, South Framing- 
ham. 

Walsh, James W., Westborough. 

Pendergast, Patrick, Newton 
Lower Falls. 

O'Brien, Neil, South Framingham. 

Hardy, Cyrenus F., Natick. 



Sawyer, Henry L., South Fram- 
ingham. 

Lombardini, Silvia. 

Drought, Jos. 

Piazza, Emilio. 

Driscoll, Dennis, Newton. 

Blythe, C. J., South Framingham. 

Visconti, Pietro, South Framing- 
ham. 



The appreciation of the selectmen of the town of Framingham 
was very strongly expressed in their letter relieving the troops 
from duty, also a strong letter of appreciation was received 



108 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

from the family of Henry L. Sawyer; copies of these letters 
I enclose. 

In closing, I wish to commend most strongly the willing zeal 
with which the officers and men of the Ninth Regiment Infantry 
took hold of the work of rescue. The officers and men of the 
First Battalion, who reported in dress uniforms, owing to the 
emergency of the call, returned to their quarters with uniforms 
practically destroyed. A great many parts of uniforms were 
lost; blouses and trousers were torn and soiled. The officers 
did everything in their power to render the most efficient service, 
and in doing so in many cases ruined their uniforms. 

I also acknowledge the prompt co-operation by the manage- 
ment of the Boston & Worcester Street Railway in furnishing 
cars immediately for transportation of the troops. The man- 
agement also placed at my orders a special car, which was 
stationed in the square at South Framingham continuously from 
4 p.m. on Monday until 9 a.m. on Tuesday, and which was used 
in transporting the reliefs back and forth from their quarters. 

The promptness with which Mr. Shaw, as hereinbefore alluded 
to, transported his whole construction gang at the scene of the 
disaster and placed them under my orders to do everything 
possible to assist in the work of rescue, I also gratefully acknowl- 
edge. Great public spirit was shown in those doing everything 
possible to render every assistance. 

Very respectfully, 

J. H. Whitney, 
Brigadier General. 
[Copy.] 

South Framingham, Mass., July 25, 1906. 

Brig. Gen. J. H. "Whitney, Commanding Post " Camp Bancroft," South 

Framingham, Mass. 

Sir : — It appears to us that we can now, with the assistance of 
the local militia company, and the police, control the situation caused 
by the accident to the Amsden building, and hereby relieve you from 
duty on precept given you, dated July 23, 1906. 

We voice the sentiments of the citizens of Framingham when we 
commend you and your officers and men for the prompt and efficient 
service rendered, and assure you that it will long be remembered. 

Very respectfully, 

William H. Walsh, 
John L. Young, 
Herbert W. Damon, 
Selectmen of Framingham. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 109 

[Copy.] 

South Framingham, Mass., July 25, 1906. 
To Brig. Gen. J. 11. Whitney. 

Dear Sir : — Mrs. Henry L. Sawyer and family wish to express to 
you their gratitude for the prompt aid which was given by your 
orders toward rescuing those imprisoned in the ruins of the Amsden 
building. The knowledge of the brave work being done, so promptly, 
orderly and systematically, was their only stay and hope in those 
awful hours of uncertainty. 

They know good work was done by the fire department and Com- 
pany E of Framingham., and to draw a line at this time one could 
not and would not, except to the towns people this catastrophe came 
home to the citizens as members of one family or community. To the 
good fortune of all, the Ninth Regiment was near to render invalu- 
able assistance. Will you, hi such way as seems the best one to you, 
express to the men of the Ninth, some time when assembled, the 
gratitude of the bereaved family for their splendid work in the 
recovery of the body of Mr. Henry L. Sawyer, and ask each man who 
so nobly proved his true soldiership by the strength he gave and 
sacrifices made in this terrible disaster, to feel it is the personal 
thanks of the united family to each man as an individual, and say 
the family will ever gratefully remember it was to their efforts and 
hard work that all that is mortal of their loved one was returned to 
them. 

To Company E Mr. Sawyer was known, and Company E has 
already won our regard, which is now increased. Please say to the 
members of the Ninth Regiment it will ever be held in grateful re- 
membrance for its splendid rescue work by the family of Mr. Sawyer, 
whom we feel gave his life as a soldier so often does in the per- 
formance of his simple duty. 

To the general and officers they send their thanks. 

Mary C. Fuller, 
For Mrs. Henry L. Sawyer and family. 



Headquarters Corps of Coast Artillery, M. V. M., 

Boston, Dec. 15, 1906. 

Adjutant General, Massachusetts, State House, Boston, Mass. 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit my report on the duty 
performed by this command during its late tour of artillery 
instruction at Fort Rodman, New Bedford, Mass., July 7-28, 
1906, inclusive : — 

Under the provisions of General Orders, No. 32, A. G. 0., 
series 1905, General Orders, No. 9, A. G. 0., current series, 



110 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

and General Orders, Nos. 10, 11 and 12, from these head- 
quarters, all of the current series, 1906, on Friday, July 6, 1906, 
Lieut. Col. Charles B. Woodman proceeded to Fort Rodman, 
Mass., and assumed command of the battalion and headquarters 
camps. Capt. J. Stearns Cushing, C. Q. M., Capt. Guy Murchie, 
C. C. S., Q. M. Sergt. Geo. W. Andrews, N. C. S., Battalion 
Sergt. Maj. Walter E. Oakes, N. C. S. (acting commissary ser- 
geant), Ordnance Sergeant Miles, N. C. S., and the quartermaster 
sergeant, with three privates, each from the Fourth, Ninth, 
Tenth and Twelfth companies, reported to him at 12 o'clock 
noon, for the purpose of preparing and pitching camp. The 
work was promptly and efficiently executed by these details. 

For the purposes of administration and instruction during 
the term of the encampment, the below-named field and staff 
officers were assigned to duty during the entire encampment : 
Col. Chas. P. Nutter, Lieut. Col. Chas. B. Woodman, Maj. 
Geo. F. Quinby, Maj. Norris 0. Danforth, Maj. Walter E. 
Lombard, Capt. E. Dwight Fullerton, Capt. J. Stearns Cush- 
ing, Capt. Horace B. Parker, Capt. Guy Murchie, First Lieut. 
John B. Hanscom, First Lieut. Frederick Spenceley, Chaplain 
Geo. W. Sargent. Nine noncommissioned staff officers and the 
corps band were detailed for duty during the entire tour. 

From July 7 to 14 inclusive, the Fourth, Ninth, Tenth and 
Twelfth companies, under the command of Maj. Norris O. 
Danforth, were on duty and under instruction at the post; 
from July 14 to 21 inclusive, the Third, Fifth, Eighth and 
Eleventh companies, under the command of Maj. Walter E. Lom- 
bard ; and from July 21 to 28 inclusive, the First, Second, Sixth 
and Seventh companies, under the command of Maj. Geo. F. 
Quinby. 

To the first of the detachments above named were attached 
Capt. John M. Portal, First Lieut. Jas. E. Totten, Second 
Lieut. Edw. A. Thurston, staff; to the second, First Lieut. John 

B. Paine, Second Lieut. Frederick L. Woods, staff ; to the third, 
Maj. Howard S. Deering, First Lieut. Wm. M. Foster, Second 
Lieut. Whipple F. Smith, staff. 

Owing to the absence on leave of Capt. and Asst. Surg. 
Wm. A. Rolfe, and the recent discharge of First Lieut. Jos. 

C. Stedman, the medical duties of the post were performed 
from July 7 to 14 inclusive by First Lieut. Harry H. Hartung, 
assistant surgeon, Fifth Regiment of Infantry, on special detail; 
from July 14 to 21 inclusive, by First Lieut. Chas. S. Capelle, 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No, 7. 



Ill 



assistant surgeon, First Squadron of Cavalry, on special detail; 
from July 21 to 28 inclusive, by Maj. Howard S. Deer ing, sur- 
geon, Corps Coast Artillery. 

The Corps of Coast Artillery, Massachusetts, Return of Strength Present 
and Absent, Fort Rodman, Mass., 1906. 





First 


Second 


Third 


Fourth 


Fifth 


Sixth 


Seventh Eighth 




Day. 


Day. 


Day. 


Day. 


Day. 


Day. 


Day. 


Day. 


Headquarters, .... 


60 


60 


60 


60 


60 


60 


60 


60 


First Company, .... 


57 


59 


60 


61 


63 


63 


63 


63 


Second Company, 


61 


61 


62 


63 


63 


63 


63 


64 


Third Company, 


60 


60 


60 


60 


60 


60 


60 


60 


Fourth Company, 


59 


60 


61 


61 


61 


61 


61 


61 


Fifth Company, .... 


59 


61 


61 


61 


61 


61 


61 


61 


Sixth Company, 


64 


64 


64 


64 


64 


64 


64 


64 


Seventh Company, 


61 


62 


62 


63 


63 


63 


63 


64 


Eighth Company, 


65 


65 


65 


65 


65 


65 


65 


65 


Ninth Company, 


60 


60 


60 


61 


61 


61 


61 


61 


Tenth Company, 


64 


64 


64 


64 


64 


64 


64 


64 


Eleventh Company, 


60 


62 


62 


62 


62 


62 


62 


62 


Twelfth Company, 


65 


65 


65 


65 


65 


65 


65 


65 


Aggregate present, 


795 


803 


806 


810 


812 


812 


812 


814 


Aggregate absent, 


30 


22 


19 


15 


13 


13 


13 


11 


Present and absent, 


825 


825 


825 


825 


825 


825 


825 


825 


Percentage present, 


96.3 


97.3 


97.6 


98.1 


98.4 


98.4 


98.4 


98.6 



Average percentage present for entire tour, 97.9. 

The strength of the corps present for duty during the tour 
was very satisfactory, ranging from 96.3 to 98.6 per cent., and 
averaging a percentage present for the entire tour of 97.9. 
The preceding return, compiled from the muster rolls for pay 
on file in your office, exhibits the strength present and absent, 
computed on the basis of eight-days tour for the entire corps. In 
addition to the strength returned, the corps is to be credited 
with 120 days extra duty performed by commissioned officers 
and 487 by enlisted men, giving an aggregate of 607 days duty 
rendered in excess of the requirements of the statutes. 

The Eighth and Twelfth companies throughout the tour re- 
turned as present for duty the maximum strength allowed by 
law, while the Sixth and Tenth companies, on a like enrollment, 
returned only one man each absent for the entire tour. 

The company organization and the routine of duty, as pre- 
scribed in General Orders, No. 11, current series, from these 
headquarters, were successfully executed. 

In General Orders, No. 8, corps headquarters, current series, 
under date of May 23, 1906, the gunners' instructions, prepared 
by a board consisting of Maj. Walter E. Lombard, field, Capt. 



112 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Frederick S. Howes, Second Company, Capt. Walter L. Pratt, 
Fifth Company, Capt. Alonzo K. Crowell, Ninth Company, 
were published for the instruction and guidance of the corps, 
thus establishing a uniform drill for all companies throughout 
the organization, and giving to each company a complete corps 
of special details for observation, reading, recording, plotting 
and transmitting. 

The company commanders in each case were held responsible 
for the drill and instruction of their officers and men, which 
proved satisfactory. Each company commander was given full 
charge in the B. C. station during the target practice, and held 
responsible that previous instructions were executed, the com- 
manding officer alone reserving to himself the supervision of the 
range. The practice was carried out under the most trying 
conditions, due to the prevalence of fogs and rains, which ob- 
structed the range and made it absolutely unsafe at times to 
undertake artillery practice; but by persistent effort, and avail- 
ing of every opportunity, the number of shots allowed for each 
company were successfully fired, namely: three 8-inch B. L. R.,. 
ten 3-inch R. F. G., ten sub-calibre for 8-inch B. L. R., with 
varying results, which are hereafter shown. 

Through the interest and courtes}^ of Brig. Gen. Frederick B. 
Carpenter, Commissary General, Massachusetts, three cups were 
offered, as trophies indicative of artillery efficiency. These 
were awarded from the results obtained in the artillery practice,, 
the winners being noted in the following tables : — 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



113 



Artillery Practice, First Battalion C. C. A., Massachusetts. 
Fort Rodman, New Bedford, Mass., July 26, 27, 1906. 

Gun, 8 -in. B. L. R.; P. M., I. V., 2185, f. s., 1906; W. P., 316 pounds capped. 





CO 


to 










-c 1? 






d 

jz: 

O 

-a 

CO 


13 

S-, 

c3 

b 

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a 


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CO 


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b 

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A 

CO 


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3 

b 

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b 

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03 

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2 s- M 
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W 


CO 




1 


6,508 


6,375 


133 


_ 


45 


_ 


_ 


_ 


First Company, Capt. J. H. 


2 


6,508 


6,390 


118 


— 


— 


24 


- 


- 


Frothingham. Shot struck 


3 


6,508 


6,535 


- 


27 


7 


- 


3.50 


1 


in front of target. 


4 


6,508 


6,818 


— 


310 


18 


- 


- 


- 




5 


6,508 


6,406 


102 


- 


18 


- 


- 


- 




6 


6,508 


6,548 


- 


42 


2 


- 


5.39 


1 




1 


6,526 


6,507 


19 


- 


- 


2 


- 


- 


Second Company, Capt. F. S. 


2 


6,420 


6,430 


- 


10 


3 


- 


1.30 


1 


Howes. 


3 


6,490 


6,510 


- 


20 


- 


15 


2.63 


1 




4 


6,438 


6,438 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 




5 


6,507 


6,597 


- 


90 


- 


- 


- 


- 




6 


6.517 


6,557 


- 


40 


- 


7 


5.13 


1 




1 


6,508 


6,907 


- 


399 


27 


- 


54.60 


- 


Sixth Company, Capt. M. Un- 


2 


6,508 


6,458 


50 


- 


2 


- 


- 


- 


derwood. 


3 


6,507 


6,517 


- 


10 


- 


- 


1.34 


1 




4 


6,507 


6,528 


- 


21 


2 


- 


2.63 


1 




5 


6,497 


6,528 


- 


31 


- 


4 


3.80 


1 




6 


6,518 


6,508 


10 


- 


- 


7 


- 


1 




1 


6,583 


6,553 


30 


- 


22 


- 


- 


- 


Seventh Company, 1 First Lieu- 


2 


6,583 


6,613 


- 


30 


- 


15 


4.02 


1 


tenant King. 


3 


6,583 


6,593 


- 


10 


7 


— 


1.36 


1 




4 


6,623 


6,623 


- 


- 


9 


- 


- 


1 




5 


6,623 


6,604 


19 


- 


17 


— 


- 


- 




6 


6,557 


6,543 


14 


- 


68 


- 


- 


- 





54£ per cent, hits; standard hypothetical target, 435' long, 75' beam, 24' free board. 



Artillery Practice, Second Battalion C. C. A., Massachusetts. 
Fort Rodman, New Bedford, Mass., July 11, 1906. 

Gun, 8-in. B. L. R.; P. M., I. V., 2185, f. s., 1906; W. P., 316 pounds capped. 



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CQ 


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b 

a> 


Height of Shot 
over Water at 
Target. Yards. 






1 


6,480 


6,240 


240 


_ 


35 


_ 


_ 


_ 


Ninth Company, * Capt. A. K. 


2 


6,480 


6,477 


3 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Crowell. 


3 


6,480 


6,477 


3 


- 


26 


- 


- 


1 




1 


6,480 


6,293 


187 


- 


62 


- 


- 


- 


Tenth Company, Capt. G. E. 


2 


6,480 


6,608 


— 


128 


163 


- 


17.00 


- 


Horton. 


3 


6,480 


6,565 


- 


85 


46 


- 


11.22 


- 




1 


6,620 


6,270 


350 


- 


- 


30 


- 


- 


Twelfth Company, Capt. David 


2 


6,620 


6,610 


10 


- 


- 


15 


- 


1 


Fuller. 


3 


6,620 


6,610 


10 


- 


- 


17 


- 


1 




1 


6,590 


6,525 


65 


- 


22 


- 


- 


- 


Fourth Company, Capt. J. C. 


2 


6,590 


6,620 


- 


30 


24 


- 


3.50 


1 


DeWolf. 


3 


6,590 


6,710 


- 


120 


- 


3 


16.00 


- 





i 41§ per cent, hits; standard hypothetical target, 435' long, 75' beam, 24' free board. 

1 Winner of battalion efficiency trophy, presented by Brig. Gen. Frederick B. Car- 
penter. 



114 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Aetillery Practice, Third Battalion C. C. A., Massachusetts. 
Fort Rodman, New Bedford, Mass., July 19, 1906. 

Gun, 8-in. B. L. R.; P. M., I. V., 2185, f. s., 1906; W. P., 316 pounds capped. 

























In 


Ul 


^ 




^ 












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b 


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1-3 


W 


W 




1 


6,712 


6,605 


107 


_ 


13 


_ 


_ 


_ 


Eighth Company, Capt. J. H. 


2 


6,712 


6,772 


- 


60 


5 


- 


8.30 


- 


Smyth, 


3 


6,712 


6,744 


- 


32 


- 


6 


4.45 


l 




1 


6,713 


6,634 


79 


- 


_ 


18 


_ 


_ 


Fifth Company, Capt. W. L. 


2 


6,713 


6,814 


- 


101 


7 


- 


14.20 


- 


Pratt. 


3 


6,713 


6,764 


- 


51 


15 


- 


7.00 


1 




1 


6,664 


6,623 


41 


- 


- 


6 


_ 


_ 


Third Company, Capt. A. B. 


2 


6,664 


6,613 


51 


— 


— 


5 


- 


- 


Chick. 


3 


6,664 


6,743 


- 


79 


- 


- 


10.90 


- 




1 


6,573 


6,563 


10 


_ 


- 


18 


_ 


1 


Eleventh Company, x Capt. F. 


2 


6,573 


6,574 


- 


1 


- 


7 


0.39 


l 


M. Whiting. 


3 


6,573 


6,574 




1 




7 


0.39 


l 





41| per cent, hits; standard hypothetical target, 435' long, 75' beam, 24' free board. 



Massachusetts Corps Coast Artillery. 
Fort Rodman, New Bedford, Mass. 

15-pounder or 3-in. R. F. G.: First Battalion, July 27, 1906; Second Battalion, July 
14, 1906; Third Battalion, July 19, 20, 1906. 



Company. 


Shots. 


Hits. 


Range 
(Yards). 




Seventh, * Lieutenant King,. 


10 


3 


2,190 


July 27, 


1906. 


Second, Captain Howes, 






10 


1 


2,180 






First, Captain Frothingham, 






10 


- 


2,200 






Sixth, Captain Underwood, . 






10 


1 


2,170 






Tenth, Captain Horton, 






10 


3 


2,150 


July 14, 


1906. 


Twelfth, Captain Fuller, 






10 


2 


2,150 






Ninth, 1 Captain Crowell, 






10 


7 


2,150 






Fourth, Captain DeWolf, 






10 


3 


2,150 






Fifth, Captain Pratt, . 






10 


3 


2,150 


July 19, 


20, 1906. 


Eighth, Captain Smyth, 






10 


1 


2,150 






Third, Captain Chick, 






10 


1 


2,150 






Eleventh, 1 Captain Whiting, 






10 


4 


2,150 







1 Winners of the battalion efficiency trophy, presented by Brig. Gen. Frederick B. 
Carpenter. 

The artillery practice of the First Battalion, Major Quinby's, 
for the year 1905, which was omitted on account of weather 
conditions in 1905, was completed during the week of July 
21-28, 1906, and is included in the previous tables. It should 
be noted, however, that in the awarding of the Carpenter trophies 
the first series of shots, representing the 1906 practice, were 
considered. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 115 

No alarm drills were held during the tour, although they had 
been contemplated and provided for in orders. 

Through the courtesy of Brig. Gen. Frederick B. Carpenter, 
Commissary General, Massachusetts, this command was allowed 
to procure its own rations. Bations for each company were 
contracted for by individual company commanders, the issue of 
rations by the corps commissary thus becoming theoretical only. 
The newly appointed battalion commissaries, however, were in- 
structed as to IT. S. ration tables and the returns in vogue in 
Massachusetts. These officers had charge one week each of the 
headquarters mess. They were also required to make a theo- 
retical issue of garrison and field rations, on both U. S. and 
Massachusetts blanks, during each week to the quartermaster 
sergeants of their battalions. Each company commander signed 
these returns, and in every particular the form of the issue was 
made to correspond to actual service conditions. Company en- 
listed men as at present organized appear to be competent to 
receive and prepare all rations which may be issued to each 
company through the corps commissary, and I am convinced 
that, if the commissary department is ever to be practically 
equipped and prepared for war service, the entire food supply 
should be managed by that department. The corps commissary 
should be empowered either to draw from the State or national 
government a total fixed ration, or to contract for himself in the 
market on the basis of rations prescribed by the Commissary 
General. 

During the tour of duty an officers' mess and club was organ- 
ized at headquarters, at which all commissioned officers, both 
of field, staff and line, obtained their rations. The officers' 
mess and club was under the immediate charge of the corps 
commissary, and proved to be a pleasing innovation, both as to 
its social features and the cost per diem. 

Infantry drills were confined to one-half hour daily, devoted 
to the School of the Battalion, in close order, together with 
the necessary daily ceremonies. As in previous years, the Fifty- 
second Company of the IT. S. Coast Artillery participated in all 
ceremonies and reviews. The command was inspected and re- 
viewed by His Excellency Governor Guild, Commander-in-Chief, 
Inspector General William H. Brigham, Brig. Gen. Jas. A. Frye, 
and His Honor the Mayor of New Bedford. 

The policing of the camp was excellent, especially so at the 
close of the camp, inasmuch as it called forth a highly com- 



116 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

mendator}- letter from the commanding officer of the post, Maj. 
Willoughby Walke, referring to the cleanliness of the camp 
during the entire tour, and more particularly after breaking 
camp. 

Military courtesy, while not bad, was not what it should be, 
and what we hope to obtain in the future. This was due largely 
to the number of recruits present, who were willing, but had not 
had opportunities to obtain the necessary instructions in these 
matters prior to going to camp. 

Guard duty was well performed, although not to the entire 
satisfaction of the commanding officer, and decided measures will 
be taken to correct the errors noted before another year. 

There was but little sickness during the entire tour; these 
cases were all of minor importance, and but one accident oc- 
curred during the drill and practice, a private of the Tenth 
Company breaking his index finger while manipulating the 
breech block of one of the 8-inch guns. 

The corps was visited during the encampment by Brig. Gen. 
Frederick B. Carpenter, Commissary General, Massachusetts, 
and Brig. Gen. Chas. PfafT, retired, both of whom were tendered 
reviews. 

Salutes were properly fired for all visiting officers entitled to 
the honor, from the one-pounders mounted near the guard quar- 
ters, with the exception of the salute to His Excellency Governor 
Guild, which was fired by a detachment of the Fifty-second Com- 
pany, A. C, U. S. A. 

It gives me great pleasure to acknowledge the many cour- 
tesies extended to the corps and its officers by Maj. Willoughby 
Walke, Artillery Corps, U. S. A., commanding Fort Rodman, 
and the many valuable suggestions of Lieut. Col. Roger Wolcott, 
Maj. John A. Curtin and yourself, during your tours with the 
corps as inspecting officers; and to you, sir, I wish to express 
my appreciation of the valuable advice and assistance rendered 
by you through your office. 

Very respectfully, 

Chas. P. Nutter, 

Colonel. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 117 



Headquarters First Corps Cadets, M. V. M., 
Boston, Aug. 2, 1906. 

Adjutant General, Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, Boston, Mass. 

Sir : — ■ I have the honor to report that my command assem- 
bled in its armory at 4.50 o'clock p.m. on Friday, July 6, and 
arrived in camp at Hingham, Mass., at 6.23 p.m., remaining 
there until 10.15 a.m. on Saturday, July 14, thence returning 
to its armory in Boston and arriving at 12.30 p.m. The duty 
performed on Frida}', July 6, was ordered by myself; Saturday, 
July 8, was the day of annual drill; the balance of the tour 
was camp duty according to law. 

Brig. Gen. William PI. Brigham, Inspector General, Brig. 
Gen. Frederick B. Carpenter, Commissary General, Lieut. Col. 
Henry L. Williams, Assistant Inspector General, Massachusetts 
Volunteer Militia, accompanied the corps to camp, the first two 
officers named remaining with us until Sunday afternoon, and 
the latter remaining during the entire tour. 

On Tuesday, July 10, His Excellency the Governor, Curtis 
Guild, Jr., accompanied by the Adjutant General and five other 
members of the staff of the Commander-in-Chief, visited camp, 
reaching the grounds at 11.15 a.m., and dining with the corps. 
In the afternoon the Governor reviewed the corps, and left camp 
at 4 o'clock. 

In consequence of the efforts of my predecessor, Lieutenant 
Colonel Edmands, the town authorities of Hingham have placed 
under Otis Street a five-foot pipe, so that the cove, which was 
mentioned in the. report of the camp of 1904 as a nuisance and 
menace to health, owing to the semi-stagnant and scum-covered 
body of water which it contained, can now be flushed out as the 
tide serves; and, if the arrangements are properly attended to 
by the authorities, who now show every inclination to do what 
is necessary, I think that the sanitary conditions will be much 
improved. 

The report of the surgeon will be sent to the Surgeon General 
direct. 

A table of attendance is enclosed. 
Very respectfully, 

Thomas Talbot, 

Lieutenant Colonel Commanding. 



118 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



First Corps Cadets. 




The above does not include band of 24 pieces. 



Headquarters Second Coeps Cadets, M. Y. M. r 
Salem, July 24, 1906. 

To the Adjutant General of Massachusetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor to submit the following report of 
the annual drill and tour of camp duty performed by this com- 
mand in accordance with General Orders, A. G. 0., No. 9, 
May 21, 1906, July 7-14 inclusive. 

The corps, at 8.20 on the morning of July 7, marched from 
its armory tp the railroad station, left Salem on special train 
at 8.30, disembarked at East Boxford at 9.20, and at 9.30 
reached its camp ground. As has always been its custom, the 
corps pitched all the tents used during the tour of duty, and 
this work was done promptly and well before mess call sounded 
at 12.30. Guard mounting was performed at 10.30. Maj. John 
Bigelow, detailed as inspector, arrived in the early part of the 
afternoon. 

As many recruits were present at their first tour of camp 
duty, company drills were held in the afternoon. The routine 
prescribed in orders was followed. 

On Sunday forenoon Major Voss, surgeon, delivered a lecture 
to the officers and men on Camp Hygiene. In the afternoon, 
at 3.45, church service was held, Rev. Peter H. Goldsmith of 
Salem officiating. 

Battalion drills were held forenoons and afternoons, and were 
devoted to close order drill, demonstration of normal attack, 
formation of advance and rear guard and establishing outposts. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 119 

The custom of the corps of holding schools in guard duty 
during the drill hour preceding guard mounting was followed. 
Major Spencer, detailed in orders from these headquarters, ex- 
ercised careful supervision over the guard duty, and personally 
instructed the members of each guard in their duties. 

Eifle practice under Lieutenant Bobertson, Inspector Small 
Arms Practice, was begun on Monday, and each company had 
its day of practice at the range, the practice being at 200, 300, 
500 and 600 yards. Revolver practice for officers and noncom- 
missioned staff was also kept up through the week. 

Major Bigelow gave some talks to the officers on subjects of 
practical value and interest, and was ready at all times to 
answer questions and impart information. 

Wednesday afternoon His Excellency the Governor, with 
Adjutant General Frye and other members of his staff, visited 
the camp, arriving about 4 o'clock, and reviewed the corps, 
leaving soon after battalion parade. 

The weather was good during the eight days, and all scheduled 
work was performed with the exception of one drill omitted by 
advice of the medical officers on account of the intense heat, 
and another shortened by a very heavy shower, which also ne- 
cessitated the omission of battalion parade. 

Camp was broken on Saturday, and the corps reached Salem 
about 4 o'clock, marched to the Common, where muster and 
battalion parade were held, then to the armory, where the corps 
was dismissed. A test of the time required to embark the corps 
was made on leaving Boxford, without the knowledge of the 
men, and it was found that within one and one-half minutes of 
the beginning of the entraining the train had pulled out from 
the station. 

The health of the command was excellent, and the entire tour 
of duty one of profit and instruction. 
Yery respectfully, 

Andrew Fitz, 

Lieutenant Colonel. 



Headquarters First Battalion Field Artillery, M. V. M., 
Boston, Aug. 30, 1906. 

Gen. James A. Frye, Adjutant General of Massachusetts. 

Sir : — I have the honor to make the following report of the 
tour of duty of the First Battalion Field Artillery at Ipswich, 
Mass., July 14-21, 1906. 



120 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

In accordance with General Orders, No. 9, and Special Orders, 
No. 101, A. G. 0., current series, and General Orders, No. 5, 
these headquarters, the field and staff, noncommissioned staff 
and band, reported for duty in camp at Ipswich Farms, 10 a.m., 
July 14; Battery A reported on the field at 2.30 p.m. and Bat- 
tery B at 6 p.m. same day; Battery C reported at 1.30 p.m. 
July 15; batteries A and B having come by rail from home sta- 
tions, and Battery C by practice march from Lawrence. 

All the batteries were fairly well horsed, and came into camp 
in very good shape. The horses having been picketed, the men 
went to work with a will in pitching the tents, setting up the 
kitchens, digging sinks, etc. By dark, everything being in order, 
the men fell in for supper, and the regular routine of camp 
duty began. 

First Lieut. W. H. Hennessey, with his quartermaster ser- 
geant, had preceded the battalion the week before, for the 
purpose of erecting picket line posts, building and repairing old 
troughs for the watering of horses, and new platform for cover- 
ing of an eight-foot well, the old platform being in such a rotten 
condition as to be unsafe. 

It became necessary to purchase a force pump and several 
feet of water pipe in order to supply the cook houses and 
watering troughs. 

Lumber having been purchased in Ipswich, it was taken on 
board power boats down Ipswich River, thence into Plum Island 
River, a distance of six miles, where it was lightered on row 
boats to a point selected for target No. 1, then to target No. 2, 
one-half mile off east shore of Plum Island River, then to 
target No. 3, one-half mile south of Plum Island life saving 
station. The lumber for targets Nos. 1 and 2 had to be carried 
on the shoulders of the men for quite a distance through tall 
eel grass and water infested with green-head flies, mosquitoes 
and midgets, which made it almost unendurable. Lumber for 
target No. 3 had to be carted one and one-half miles over a 
soft, sandy road. 

Saturday, July 14, the ammunition for the 3-inch guns having 
arrived, it was turned over to Battery A. 

Sunday, July 15, inspection of quarters at 8.30 a.m., after 
which all drills were suspended. 

Monday, July 16, platoon and battery drills in the morning, 
and battalion practice review in the afternoon. 

Tuesday, July 17, battery drill in the forenoon. A detail 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 121 

from the staff was sent to Ipswich to receive His Excellency 
the Governor and Commander-in-Chief. Upon his arrival in 
camp he was greeted by the usual salute of seventeen guns; 
after being welcomed to headquarters and a rest of thirty min- 
utes, dinner was served. 

Capt. H. B. Jordan, U. S. A., having arrived, went to work 
at once to correct the sights of the 3-inch guns. 

At 2 p.m. the Governor took his position at the reviewing 
point, the battalion passed at a walk and again at a trot, after 
which the Governor retired to headquarters, and left camp at 
4.30 p.m. About 5.30 a terrific thunder storm struck the camp, 
razing the marque and all three targets to the ground. 

Wednesday, July 18, Battery B left camp at 8.30 a.m., on a 
four-days practice march for Worcester. Batteries A and C 
had the usual morning drills, while the targets which had been 
blown down the afternoon before were being repaired. At 2 
p.m. Battery A began target practice at the 3 and 2 mile 
ranges, firing 29 shot of shell and shrapnel. Maj. W. S. Peirce, 
U. S., A. 0. D., having finished his work with the 3-inch guns, 
returned to Springfield about 3 p.m. 

Thursday, July 19, usual drills took place in the morning 
and afternoon, and Battery A completed their target practice 
at 1-mile range. 

Friday, July 20, Battery A left camp for a two-days practice 
march for home station. 

Saturday, July 21, Battery C left camp at 9.30 a.m. to en- 
train at Ipswich for home station. 

The staff, after inspecting and finding the grounds had been 
thoroughly policed and in good order, left for home at 11 a.m. 

I wish to close my report by saying that the discipline and 

behavior of the men on this tour of duty were excellent. No tour 

of duty was ever more practical and more enjoyed by officers and 

men of this battalion. What is more satisfactory to all of us 

is, that the people of Ipswich want us to come again. 

Very respectfully, your obedient servant, 

L. N. Duchesney, 

Major. 



122 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



GENERAL ORDEES AND CIECULAES. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant Geneeal's Office, Boston, Jan. 3, 1906. 

General Orders, No. 1. 
Whole number of series of 1905, 36. 

I. The following-iiamed officers of the staff of the Com- 
mander-in-Chief, having tendered their resignations, are hereby 
honorably discharged, to take effect Jan. 4, 1906 : — 

Brig. Gen. Charles W. Bartlett, Judge Advocate General. 
Brig. Gen. William H. Devine, Surgeon General. 
Brig. Gen. William B. Emery, Commissary General. 
Col. Charles H. Cole, Jr., Inspector General of Small Arms 
Practice. 

Col. William C. Capelle, Assistant Adjutant General. 
Lieut. Col. Charles F. Wonson, Assistant Inspector General. 
Lieut. Col. Winthrop M. Merrill, Assistant Inspector General. 
Maj. Emil Zaeder, Assistant Quartermaster General. 
Maj. Bobert J. Crowley, Aide-de-Camp. 
Maj. Daniel W. Packard, Aide-de-Camp. 
Maj. Patrick P. O'Keefe, Aide-de-Camp. 
Maj. William L. Mitchell, Aide-de-Camp. 

II. The following-named officers of the staff of the Com- 
mander-in-Chief are, on their own request, placed on the retired 
list of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, as provided by law, 
with the rank set against their names : — 

Brig. Gen. William Stopford, Adjutant General, as Major 
General. 

Lieut. Col. Edward J. Gihon, Assistant Inspector General, 
as Colonel. 

Lieut. Col. John Perrins, Jr., Assistant Inspector General, as 
Colonel. 

Lieut. Col. Henry L. Kincaide, Assistant Inspector General, 
as Colonel. 

Lieut. Col. Francis T. L. Magurn, Assistant Inspector Gen- 
eral, as Colonel. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 123 

III. In accepting the resignations and retirements of the 
above-named officers, the Commander-in-Chief takes occasion to 
express his appreciation of their faithful and efficient service to 
the militia of the Commonwealth, and in taking his official leave 
desires to commend the officers and men of the Volunteer Militia 
for the satisfactory performance of duties required of them. 
By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

William Stopford, 

Adjutant General. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Jan. 4, 1906. 

General Orders, No. 2. 

I. The following is published for the information of the 
militia : — 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 

Executive Department, Jan. 4, 1906. 

The following officers are hereby appointed on the staff of the 
Commander-in-Chief : — 

Brig. Gen. James A. Frye of Boston, Adjutant General. 

Brig. Gen. William H. Devine of Boston, Surgeon General. 

Brig. Gen. William H. Brigham of Hudson, Inspector General. 

Brig. Gen. Frederick B. Carpenter of Boston, Commissary General. 

Brig. Gen. William B. Emery of Newton, Quartermaster General. 

Brig. Gen. Hugh Bancroft of Cambridge, Judge Advocate General. 

Col. William C. Capelle of Boston, Assistant Adjutant General. 

Col. James G. White of Newton, Inspector General of Small Arms 
Practice. 

Lieut. Col. Edwin W. M. Bailey of Amesbury, Assistant Inspector 
General. 

Lieut. Col. Henry L. Williams of Northampton, Assistant In- 
spector General. 

Lieut. Col. Samuel D. Parker of Boston, Assistant Inspector Gen- 
eral. 

Com. James P. Parker of Boston, Naval Assistant Inspector Gen- 
eral. 

Lieut. Col. Roger Wolcott of Readville, Assistant Inspector Gen- 
eral. 

Lieut. Col. George H. Doty of Waltham, Assistant Inspector Gen- 
eral. 

Maj. Edward Glines of Somerville, Assistant Quartermaster Gen- 
eral. 

Maj. Joseph J. Kelley of Boston, Aide-de-Camp. 



121 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Maj. Thomas D. Barroll of Boston, Aide-de-Camp. 
Maj. John A. Curtin of Brookline, Aide-de-Camp. 
Maj. Charles Harden of Boston, Aide-de-Canip. 

(Signed) Curtis Guild, Jr., 

Governor and Commander-in-Chief . 

II. The foregoing-named officers, having been duly com- 
missioned and qualified, will be obeyed and respected accordingly. 
By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Fete, 

Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, March 21, 1906. 

General Orders, ISTo. 3. 

I. So much of General Orders, jSTo. 34, series of 1905, this 
office, as relates to the inspection dates for commands not already 
inspected at their home stations, during the season current, by 
officers of the regular establishment, hereby is revoked. 

II. Combined United States and State inspection of the fol- 
lowing headquarters and commands are ordered for the dates 
below noted : — 

Second Infantry. — Headquarters, Springfield, April 11, 1906. 
Company A, Worcester, April 12. Company B, Springfield, 
April 11. Company C, Worcester, April 12. Company D, Hol- 
3 7 oke, April 10. Company E, Orange, April 17. Company F, 
Pittsfield, April 6. Company G, Springfield, April 11. Com- 
pany H, Worcester, April 12. Company I, Northampton, April 
9. Company K, Springfield, April 11. Company L, Greenfield, 
April 16. Company M, Adams, April 5. 

Fifth Infantry. — Headquarters, Boston, April 25, 1906. 
Company A, Charlestown, April 23. Company B, Cambridge, 
April 25. Company C, Xewton, April 11. Company D, Plym- 
outh, April 12. Company E, Medford, April 18. Company F, 
Waltham, April 18. Company G, Woburn, April 10. Company 
H, Charlestown, April 23. Company I, Attleborough, April 13. 
Company K, Hingham, April 18. Company L, Maiden, April 9. 
Company M, Hudson, April 17. 

Sixth Infantry. — Headquarters, Fitchburg, April 13, 1906. 
Company A, Wakefield, April 11. Company B, Fitchburg, April 
13. Company C, Lowell, April 18. Company D, Fitchburg, 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 125 

April 13. Company E, South Eram in gharri, April 16. Com- 
pany E, Marlborough; April 12. Company G, Lowell, April 18. 
Company H, Stoneham, April 23. Company I, Concord, April 
16. Company K (vacancy). Company L, Boston. April 13. 
Company M, Milford, April 24. 

Eighth Infantry. — Headquarters. Cambridge, April 25, 1906. 
Drum Corps, Lawrence, April 5. Company A, Charlestown, 
April 24. Company B, Everett, April 9. Company C, Cam- 
bridge, April 25. Company D, Lynn, April IT. Company E, 
Cambridge, April 25. Company E, Haverhill, April 24. Com- 
pany G, Gloucester, April 12. Company H, Salem, April 23. 
Company I, Lynn, April IT. Company K, Somerville, April 
16. Company L, Lawrence, April 5. Company M, Somerville, 
April 16. 

Ninth Infantry. — Headquarters, Boston, April 9, 1906. 
Company A, Boston, April 9. Company B, Boston, April 10. 
Company C, Boston, April 9. Company D, Boston, April 
9. Company E, Boston. April 10. Company F, Lawrence, 
April 5. Company G, "Worcester, April 12. Company H, Bos- 
ton, April 10. Company I, Boston, April 10. Company K, 
Clinton, April 11. Company L, Xatick, April 13. Company M, 
Lowell, April 18. 

First Cavalry. — Troop A, Boston, April IT. Troop D, Box- 
bury, April 5. Troop F (unattached), Chelmsford, April 10. 

First Corps Cadets. — Headquarters, companies A, B, C, D, 
Boston, April 24. 

Second Corps Cadets. — Headquarters, companies A, B, C, D, 
Salem, April 5. 

III. The following headquarters and commands, which al- 
ready have been inspected during the season current by officers 
of the regular establishment, will be inspected at their respective 
home stations by officers of the Inspector General's department 
of the Commonwealth on the dates below prescribed : — 

First Brigade. — Headquarters, Boston, April 4, 1906. 

Second Brigade. — Headquarters, Boston, April 5, 1906. 

Corps of Coast Artillery. — Headquarters. Boston, April 9, 
1906. First Company. Boston, April 9. Second Company, Bos- 
ton, April 9. Third Company, Boston, April 11. Fourth Com- 
pany, Xew Bedford, April 16. Fifth Company, Chelsea, April 
23. Sixth Company. Cambridge. April 24. Seventh Company, 
Boston, April 9. Eighth Company, Boston, April 11. Xinth 
Company, Taunton, April 18. - Tenth Company. Brockton, April 



126 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

30. Eleventh Company, Boston, April 11. Twelfth Company, 
Fall River, April 17. 

First Battalion Field Artillery. — Headquarters, Boston, April 
24. Battery A (unattached), Boston, April 24. Battery B, 
Worcester, April 25. Battery C, Lawrence, April 23. 

First Squadron Cavalry. — Headquarters, Boston, April 4. 

Signal Corps. — Boston, April 10. 

Hospital Corps. — Boston, April 17. 

IV. Lieut. Col. Edwin W. M. Bailey, general staff, is de- 
tailed as acting Inspector General, to serve as such until relieved 
in further orders. He will be obeyed and respected accordingly. 
He will detail such officers, either active or retired, as may be 
required to serve in his department in connection with the in- 
spections hereby ordered. All correspondence relative to inspec- 
tions will be addressed directly to him, at his home station, 
Amesbury, Mass. 

Y. Unless otherwise ordered by inspecting officers, troops will 
be paraded for inspection at 8 p.m. on the dates above prescribed, 
in dress uniform, light marching order, with white gloves and 
collars and without leggings. Haversacks and canteens will be 
worn. Other military property than that above noted will be 
suitably arranged for rapid inspection and verification. Com- 
pany books, records and accounts will be presented for inspec- 
tion at any hour of the day desired by the inspecting officer, 
who will require the presence at the armory, at such hour, of the 
company commander or of some officer competent to represent 
him. 

VI. A field officer should be present at the inspections in 
each regiment, battalion or corps. In armories wherein two or 
more companies are paraded as infantry for inspection on the 
same date, they will be formed as a battalion, and the inspection 
will be conducted in accordance with the provisions of para- 
graphs 488-493, Infantry Drill Regulations, under the command 
of the senior major or captain present for duty with the troops 
to be inspected. 

VII. Every possible courtesy will be shown to the officers of 
the regular establishment detailed for duty at the inspections 
hereby ordered. Such assistance as they may require will be 
rendered, and any information desired by them will be fully 
given. 

VIII. Reports of headquarters and company inspections will 
be forwarded to the acting Inspector General by inspecting 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 127 

officers not later than May 10. The returns of strength present 
and absent will be consolidated by him, and forwarded, with the 
original inspection reports, to the chief of staff, not later than 
May 21, 1906. 

IX. Under the exigencies of the service, it has been found 
impracticable in certain cases to conform to scheduled drill nights 
in the fixing of inspection dates. As a test of discipline, how- 
ever, it is expected that the full strength of each command will 
be paraded. Prompt action will be taken by company command- 
ers in the matter of any unauthorized absences from inspection. 
By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Frye, 

Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, March 26, 1906. 

General Orders, No. 4. 

I. A school for medical instruction will be held at the South 
Armory, Boston, at 3 p.m., Wednesday, April 4, 1906. Brig. 
Gen. William H. Devine, Surgeon General, is detailed as pre- 
siding officer. The medical officers of the militia will report to 
him, under pay and with transportation, at the above hour and 
place. Uniform, dress, without side arms. Col. Valery Havard, 
Assistant Surgeon General, U. S. A., will deliver a lecture on 
" Military Hygiene and Modern Warfare." The privilege of 
voluntarily attending this school is extended to officers other than 
those of the medical department. 

II. On recommendation of the Surgeon General, a lecture 
will be given, prior to June 15, 1906, to the officers of each com- 
mand of the militia by a medical officer attached thereto. After 
complying with this order, the medical officers concerned will 
report to the Surgeon General, through channels, giving the date 
and subject of the lecture delivered, with the attendance thereat 
of the officers of their respective commands. In the preparation 
of such lectures, instruction under the following heads is recom- 
mended : — 

(a) Preliminary remarks on the importance of such instruc- 
tion. 

(b) Care of food and water supplies. 

(c) Camp sanitation; policing, care of sinks, etc. 



128 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

(d) Cause and prevention of such diseases as typhoid, and of 
the minor ailments of camp life. 

(e) Personal cleanliness. 

(/) Such other topics as may suggest themselves to the officer 
delivering the lecture as being appropriate for discussion. 

III. On recommendation of the Surgeon General, and in 
view of the probability of regimental encampments during the 
approaching season for field work, acting hospital corps will be 
organized, as below prescribed, in the several commands noted : — ■ 

(a) In each regiment of infantry: the hospital steward to be 
detailed as acting hospital sergeant, first class; two noncommis- 
sioned officers, or competent privates, to be detailed as acting 
hospital sergeants; six competent privates to be detailed as act- 
ing hospital privates, first class ; and three privates to be detailed 
as acting hospital privates. 

(b) In the Corps of Coast Artillery: the same as in a regi- 
ment of infantry, save that no details need be made from the 
line for duty as acting hospital sergeant, this command being 
entitled to three hospital stewards, under the provisions of para- 
graph III (a), General Orders, No. 32, A. G. 0., Mass., series 
of 1905. 

(c) In each unattached battalion or squadron, and in each 
corps of cadets: the hospital steward to be detailed as acting 
hospital sergeant; two competent privates to be detailed as act- 
ing hospital privates, first class; and one private to be detailed 
as acting hospital private. 

(d) In the Signal Corps: one noncommissioned officer, or 
competent private, to be detailed as acting hospital sergeant; 
and one competent private to be detailed as acting hospital pri- 
vate, first class. 

(e) At each brigade headquarters: the hospital steward to be 
detailed as acting hospital sergeant, first class; and one compe- 
tent private to be detailed from the troops attached to the brigade 
for duty as acting hospital private, first class. 

(/) With the approval of commanding officers, and on the 
recommendation of medical officers, properly qualified noncom- 
missioned officers may be detailed from the line for the perform- 
ance of hospital duties in the place of the privates indicated in 
the foregoing sections. 

IV. Under the scheme of organization above prescribed, the 
strength available for hospital service will be, in the aggregate, 
as follows : — 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 129 

Acting hospital sergeants, first class, ... 8 
Acting hospital sergeants, . . . . .17 

Acting hospital privates, first class, ... 47 
Acting hospital privates, ..... 22 



Total details for acting hospital service, . 94 

V. In perfecting the organization above prescribed, details 
will be made after consultation with the senior medical officer of 
each command, who will take steps to ascertain the names of 
physicians, medical students, drug clerks and others among the 
enlisted men who are qualified for or adapted to the perform- 
ance of this duty. Men thus detailed will be instructed in first 
aid, hospital duties and kindred subjects, under the supervision 
of the senior medical officer, not only while in camp, but at such 
other times, subject to the approval of commanding officers, as 
may be found practicable. 

VI. Medical officers responsible for the execution of this 
order will report, through channels, to the Surgeon General, 
immediately on the completion within their respective commands 
of the organization prescribed. Lieut. Col. Walter A. Smith 
and Charles C. Foster, brigade surgeons, will supervise the work 
incident to such organization in commands attached respectively 
to the First and Second Brigades. Capt. Eobert E. Bell, com- 
manding the Hospital Corps, will render any assistance required 
in the organization of the hospital detachment designated for the 
Signal Corps. 

VII. For purposes of administration and instruction, the 
Ambulance Company, M. V. M., Capt. Eobert E. Bell command- 
ing, will perform its field duty for the current year as an undi- 
vided command, at a station and date later to be ordered, and 
no detachments therefrom will be made unless under unforeseen 
contingencies. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Frte, 

Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



130 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, April 2, 1906. 

General Orders, No. 5. 

I. Col. James G. White, Inspector General of Small Arms 
Practice, general staff, is detailed as acting Chief of Ordnance, 
and will perform the duties of that office in addition to those of 
his department proper. 

II. Maj. Leon "W. Ham, ordnance officer, First Brigade, 
Maj. Elon F. Tandy, ordnance officer, Second Brigade, First 
Lieut. John M. Portal, inspector of small arms practice, Corps 
of Coast Artillery, and First Lieut. John Caswell, inspector of 
small arms practice, Eighth Infantry, are detailed for the per- 
formance of such duties in the department of small arms prac- 
tice as may be rendered without conflict with the duties required 
from them in connection with their respective commands. They 
will report for instructions, through channels, to the Inspector 
General of Small Arms Practice. 

III. So much of paragraph 51, General Orders, No. 6, series 
of 1903, from this office, as relates to the insignia to be worn by 
the Inspector General of Small Arms Practice and junior officers 
assigned to like staff duty, hereby is rescinded. In place of the 
initials heretofore prescribed, the Inspector General of Small 
Arms Practice will wear the insignia of the Inspector General's 
and ordnance departments combined, and inspectors of small 
arms practice will wear the combined insignia of the ordnance 
department and of the arm of the service with which they re- 
spectively are on duty, the flaming shell being affixed in the lower 
angle formed by the crossed arms. 

IV. The following regulations governing small arms practice 
for the range season of 1906, as determined by the Inspector 
General of Small Arms Practice, are published for the informa- 
tion of the service. They will be strictly observed. 

V. The season for range firing will close on Wednesday, 
Oct. 31, 1906. Annual returns of range work will be for- 
warded directly to the Inspector General of Small Arms Prac- 
tice, at his office, Room 108, State House, Boston, in time to 
reach him for filing on or before Nov. 15, 1906. 

VI. Medical officers, chaplains, officers and enlisted men of 
the Hospital Corps, hospital stewards, apothecaries, drum majors, 
chief buglers, baymen and enlisted musicians may, upon the 
application of their respective commanding officers to the In- 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 151 

spector General of Small Arms Practice, be relieved from small 
arms qualification. Ail other officers and enlisted men will be 
required to qualify as herein prescribed, and will be awarded 
decorations in accordance with their respective classes : — 

(a) With the Service Pistol. — All officers, noncommissioned 
staff officers, color sergeants, headquarters orderlies, petty offi- 
cers of the Naval Brigade and enlisted men of the Signal Corps 
attached thereto, and enlisted men of the cavalry, field artillery 
and Signal Corps. 

(&) With the Service Rifle. — All officers and enlisted men of 
the infantry, coast artillery and Naval Brigade. 

(c) With the Service Carbine. — All officers and enlisted men 
of the cavalry. 

VII. Any member of the militia not required by orders to 
qualify with the rifle may do so at his own expense, and under a 
like condition any retired officer of the militia may qualify with 
the rifle, carbine or pistol. For qualifications so recorded, the 
regulation decorations will be issued. 

VIII. The arms authorized for practice and competitions will 
be the United States magazine rifle or carbine, caliber .30, as 
issued by the ordnance department for the service of this Com- 
monwealth, and the Colt or Smith & Wesson service pistol, 
caliber .38 or caliber .45. The minimum trigger pull for the 
rifle and carbine will be three pounds; for the pistol, four 
pounds. No alterations will be made in arms as issued, save 
that the blackening of sights will be allowed. 

IX. Ammunition in the following allowances will be issued, 
without charge, for the range practice of 1906, on the receipt of 
requisitions therefor, which should be forwarded direct to the 
Inspector General of Small Arms Practice (ball cartridge, cali- 
ber .30) : — 

Rounds 

To each brigade headquarters, . . . 2,000 

To each regimental headquarters, • . . . 5,000 

To headquarters, Naval Brigade, . . . 5,000 

To each battalion headquarters, . . . 3,000 

The allowance of rifle or carbine ammunition will be 5,000 
rounds to each company or troop, to be issued in the discretion 
of regimental, battalion or separate troop commanders. Pistol 
ammunition will be issued on requisition, in like manner, at the 
rate of 100 rounds for each officer or man entitled to qualify with 



132 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

the pistol. On evidence of expenditure satisfactory to Mm, ad- 
ditional issues of ammunition may be made by the Inspector 
General of Small Arms Practice. Commanding officers desiring 
to purchase rifle ball ammimition in addition to the allowances 
herein made, may do so by forwarding with their requisitions 
checks at the rate of $27 per 1,000 rounds. Such checks will 
be made payable to the order of the Inspector General of Small 
Arms Practice, and must be certified. Xo fractional part of 
1,000 rounds can be thus purchased. 

X. Squads or individuals reporting at the range for qualifi- 
cation practice will be paraded in uniform, and under the com- 
mand of an officer or noncommissioned officer, who will be held 
to strict accountability for the discipline of his men and the 
proper use and care by them of their arms and ammunition. 
Unqualified men will be thoroughly instructed in the princijues 
of the sighting, aiming and position drills before being permitted 
to practise with ball cartridge. 

XL Before leaving the armory for the range, all rifles, car- 
bines and pistols will be inspected, and they again will be in- 
spected prior to leaving the range for home stations. Arms will 
be loaded at the firing point only. Under no circumstances will 
a soldier be allowed to leave the firing point with a loaded rifle 
or carbine, or to permit a loaded weapon to pass out of his hands. 
Except at the firing points, the carrying of a loaded pistol, either 
in the holster or hand, is prohibited. Magazines will be cut off 
in all slow-fire practice. 

XII. Any accidents occurring in practice will be made the 
subject of rigid official inquiry, with a view to action by court- 
martial in any cases of negligence or recklessness which may be 
developed. Every officer and nonco mm issioned officer will act 
promptly in each case of the careless use of arms which may 
come under his observation, whether or not the man so offending 
is a member of his immediate detachment. 

XIII. The qualification requirements for rifle and carbine, as 
prescribed in Tiring Regulations for Small Arms. U. S. A.. 
1904, paragraphs 182-184, inclusive, and designated Special 
Course O, hereby are adopted, as follows: — 

Fourth Class. — All who have not fired. 

Third Class. — All who report for practice and are unable to 
score 10 out of a possible 25 at 200 yards in any score, or who 
have fired two or more full scores at 200, 300 and 500 yards, and 
from the best two have made an aggregate of less than 67. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — Xo. 7. 133 

Second Class. — All who have fired two or more scores at 200, 
300 and 500 yards, and from the best two have made a total of 
67 out of a possible 150. 

First Class. — All who have fired two or more full scores at 
200, 300 and 500 yards, and from the best two have made a total 
of 83 out of a possible 150. 

Marksmen. — All who have fired two or more full scores at 
200, 300 and 500 yards, and from the best two have made a total 
of 98 out of a possible 150. 

Sharpshooters. — All who have fired two or more full scores at 
200, 300, 500 and 600 yards, and from the best two in each 
range have made a total of 160 ; and have fired two or more full 
scores, timed fire, at 200 yards (30 seconds firing interval in each 
score), and in the best two have made a total of 25; and have 
made one skirmish run of 20 shots, advancing from 600 to 200 
yards; the total of all scores being not less than 235. 

Experts. — All who have made the necessary total to qualify 
as sharpshooter, and have fired two or more full scores at 800 
and 1,000 yards, and from the best two have made a total of 40 
at 800 yards and 35 at 1,000 yards. 

XIY. Skirmish runs, until further orders, will be held only 
under the supervision of officers detailed for the purpose, and on 
ranges duly authorized. Scores shot under such official super- 
vision only will be accepted for record. 

XY. In slow, timed and skirmish fire the rules prescribed in 
Firing Eegulations for Small Arms, U. S. A., will be followed, 
viz. : slow fire, page 90, paragraph 160, and page 94, paragraph 
168; timed fire, page 94, paragraph 169: skirmish fire, page 90, 
paragraph 162. 

XVI. Firing positions are prescribed as follows : at 200 
yards, standing, off-hand; at 300 yards, sitting or kneeling; at 
500, 600, 800 and 1,000 yards, prone, with head towards the 
target. 

XVII. The targets authorized for rifle and carbine practice 
will be those prescribed in Firing Eegulations for Small Arms, 
U. S. A., pages 20-21, plates I. and TV., viz. : slow or timed fire: 
at 200 and 300 yards, Target A; at 500 and 600 yards, Target 
B: at 800 and 1,000 yards. Target C. Skirmish fire: Target G. 
The dimensions, method of marking and value of hits prescribed 
in the use of these targets will be strictly adhered to. 

XYIII. Qualifications with the service pistol will be recorded 
in the following classes : — 



134 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Second Class. — Slow fire : two scores of 20 out of a possible 
25 ; distance, 50 yards. 

First Class. — - Slow fire : two scores of 22 out of a possible 
25 ; distance, 50 yards. Timed fire ; two scores of 18 out of a 
possible 25* 20 seconds to a score; distance, 50 yards. 

Experts. — Slow fire : two scores of 25 out of a possible 25 ; 
distance, 50 yards. Timed fire : two scores of 21 out of a possi- 
ble 25; 20 seconds to a score; distance, 50 yards. Rapid fire: 
two scores of 20 out of a possible 25 ; 10 seconds to a score ; dis- 
tance, 50 yards. • 

XIX. The targets prescribed for pistol qualifications are those 
described in Firing Regulations for Small Arms, IT. S. A., viz. : 
for slow and timed fire: Target A, already herein noted; and 
for rapid fire, Target F, as indicated on page 21, and by plate 
IV. The position prescribed is standing, with arm extended and 
elbow free from body. 

XX. In pistol firing, the weapon will be loaded with five 
cartridges only, the hammer being located over the empty cham- 
ber. Either the single or double action may be used in firing. 
While at the firing point, the pistol will be returned to the posi- 
tion of " raise pistol " after each shot is fired, and will not be 
lowered except to eject the cartridges or empty shells. 

. XXI. Any five consecutive shots with the rifle, carbine or 
pistol constitute a score in slow fire; in timed fire with the rifle 
and carbine, and in timed and rapid fire with the pistol, any five 
shots fired within the time limit prescribed in each case. 

XXII. Marksmanship decorations will be issued as fol- 
lows : — 

(a) Rifle and Carbine. — Medals for original qualifications 
and bars for requalifications in the expert, sharpshooter, marks- 
man, first and second classes only. Marksmen of record failing 
to requalify will be returned and carried as fourth class. 

(b) Pistol. — Medals and bars will be issued for original 
qualifications and requalifications. 

XXIII. Marksmanship decorations become the property of 
the officers and men to whom they are awarded, the Common- 
wealth reserving no rights therein save to prescribe the number 
allowed to be worn when on duty in uniform, and the manner of 
wearing the same. Decorations will be issued for qualifications 
recorded by officers resigning or retiring, and by enlisted men 
receiving honorable discharges by reason of expiration of service 
prior to the close of the season for range practice. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 135 

XXIV. Inspectors of small arms practice, when required so 
to do, will verify expenditures of ammunition issued by the 
department to their respective commands; and in view of this 
requirement company and troop commanders will keep on file all 
scores, both complete and incomplete, fired for qualification by 
their men during the season current. An officer or noncommis- 
sioned officer in command of a detachment for practice firing 
will certify in writing, and on honor, to the correctness of the 
scores turned in as made during his tour. Scores signed by a 
noncommissioned officer will be countersigned at home stations 
by the company commander, provided he be satisfied of their 
regularity. 

XXV. Inspectors of small arms practice will report direct 
to the Inspector General of Small Arms Practice, on or before 
May 15, 1906, any cases of negligence on the part of city or town 
authorities in providing necessary facilities for rifle practice 
under section 110, chapter 465, Acts of 1905. They also will 
inspect such ranges as may be provided for the several companies 
or troops of their respective commands, and, on or before the 
date above noted, will report any range which may be found un- 
safe for practice, together with their recommendations thereon. 

XXVI. The senior ordnance officer or inspector of small 
arms practice on duty at any range during practice thereon by 
troops shall act as range officer. He will satisfy himself, before 
giving the order to commence firing, that all conditions required 
in the direction of safety have been complied with. 

XXVII. The State general competitions — rifle, carbine and 
pistol — will be held under conditions, on dates and at ranges 
to be announced in later orders. 

XXVIII. Eegimental, Naval Brigade and battalion competi- 
tions will be held, prior to the close of the season for range 
firing, on dates and at ranges to be determined by the command- 
ing officers concerned, who will report to the Inspector General 
of Small Arms Practice, at least one week prior to the competi- 
tion, the date and place selected, and at the same time submit for 
his approval such details of officers and enlisted men as they may 
desire to make for' the performance of special duty at the com- 
petition. 

XXIX. In regimental, Naval Brigade and battalion com- 
petitions, teams shall consist of ten officers or enlisted men and 
one substitute. One team may be entered from each company or 
troop, and from each headquarters, excepting the headquarters 



136 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

of a battalion. Scores shall consist of five shots each at 200, 300 
and 500 yards, preceded by one sighting shot at each range. 

XXX. A trophy will be awarded by the Commonwealth to 
the winning team in each organization. Such trophies, already 
issued or hereafter to be awarded to headquarters, companies or 
troops, will not be borne on property accounts; they will, how- 
ever, on the disbandment of the organization for any cause, be 
turned in to the Inspector General of Small Arms Practice by 
the officer in command at the time of such disbandment. 

XXXI. Special duty pay and transportation will be allowed 
to officers and enlisted men competing in State, regimental, Naval 
Brigade and battalion competitions, or on other duty thereat 
under orders issued by competent authority. 

XXXII. Reports on regimental, Naval Brigade and battalion 
competitions, in shot-for-shot detail, will be forwarded by com- 
manding officers direct to the Inspector General of Small Arms 
Practice within one week after the date on which the competi- 
tion was held. 

XXXIII. In addition to the days herein assigned for the 
State general, regimental, Naval Brigade and battalion competi- 
tions, each command may be ordered to perform one day's duty, 
under special duty pay and with transportation, devoting the 
tour exclusively to small arms practice for qualification. Should 
this project be found practicable, further details in relation 
thereto will be published in later orders. 

XXXIV. Attention is called to paragraphs 283, 284 and 
285, U. S. A. Regulations, 1904, relating to the care of small 
arms, and prohibiting : — 

(a) The taking apart of arms by enlisted men, except with 
the permission of a commissioned officer, and then only under 
proper supervision, and in the manner prescribed in the descrip- 
tive pamphlet of the arm issued by the ordnance department. 

(b) All polishing of blued or browned parts, or re-bluing or 
re-browning such parts, or the putting of any portion of an arm 
in the fire. 

(c) The removing of a barrel from the receiver. 

(d) The mutilation of any part by filing or otherwise, and 
any attempts at beautifying or changing the finish of an arm, 
other than by the application of raw linseed oil to the wooden 
parts. 

XXXV. Commanding officers are enjoined to give their close 
personal attention during the range season current to the qualifi- 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 137 

cation work in their respective commands. They will require 
monthly reports from their company commanders regarding the 
progress made towards qualifying their several enrolments, and 
will take such action as may be required in cases where lack of 
interest or of capacity becomes apparent. 

XXXVI. A camp of instruction in small arms practice will 
be established at the range of the Bay State Military Bine Asso- 
ciation, Wakefield, to be opened on May 1, continuing until 
Nov. 1, 1906. The Inspector General of Small Arms Practice, 
in addition to his other duties, is detailed as commanding officer 
of this camp. He will establish such regulations for its govern- 
ment as he may deem necessary, and will make requisition on 
the Quartermaster General for the required tentage and other 
camp equipage. Officers and men reporting for duty at this 
camp will volunteer such services as they may render. 

XXXVII. So much of General Orders, No. 9, series of 1905, 
from this office, as may not be inconsistent with the provisions of 
this order, will remain in effect. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Frye, 

Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, May 16, 1906. 

General Orders, No. 6. 

I. The State general rifle competition will be held on the 
range of the Bay State Bine Association, at Wakefield, Septem- 
ber 21 and 22, under the following conditions : — 

Open to one team from each of the following organizations: 
Corps of Coast Artillery; Second, Fifth, Sixth, Eighth and 
Ninth Infantry; First and Second Corps of Cadets; Naval 
Brigade. 

Kinds of Fire. — Slow, rapid and skirmish. 

Distances. — State match : 200, 600, 800 and 1,000 yards, slow 
fire. Douglas trophy match: 200 yards, rapid fire; one skir- 
mish run. 

Number of Shots. — Two sighting and ten shots for record at 
each range, slow fire; two scores of five shots each at rapid 
fire; and one skirmish run of 20 shots. 

Positions. — Standing at 200 yards, slow and rapid fire ; 



138 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

prone, with head towards target, at all other ranges, slow fire, 
and at all ranges in skirmish fire. 

Arms. — The United States service rifle, with not less than 
three pounds trigger pull. 

Two Days' Contest. — First day, 200, 600, 800 and 1,000 
yards; second day, rapid fire and skirmish. 

Ammunition for these matches will be issued at the range. 

Shooting will be done in service or authorized uniform, with 
belts. 

Teams. — In both the State and Douglas trophy matches, 
teams will consist of twelve firing members each, either com- 
missioned officers or enlisted men. 

In addition to the twelve shooting members there will be al- 
lowed to each team the following: one team captain; one team 
coach; one team spotter; two substitutes. 

Prizes. — - To the team making the highest aggregate score in 
the State match (200, 600, 800 and 1,000 yards, slow fire), the 
" Tri-color " ; to the second team, a trophy. To the team making 
the highest aggregate score in the Douglas trophy match (rapid 
fire and skirmish), the "Douglas trophy," a silver cup, pre- 
sented by the Hon. William L. Douglas, to be shot for annually 
for ten years ; trophy to be held by the winner till the next com- 
petition, and finally to become the property of the team winning 
it the most times. 

To the twelve competitors making the highest aggregate scores 
in the State match, each a cup. To the twelve sharpshooters 
of record, who have never won a medal in a State competition, 
making the highest aggregate scores in the State match, each 
a gold medal. 

The rules and regulations governing this competition will be 
those governing the national competition (General Orders, No. 
56, War Department, current series), so far as applicable, and 
team captains and coaches will make themselves familiar with 
them. 

No coaching will be allowed except in skirmish firing, and 
then only by the team captains, who will coach on the run. 

The competition will be in charge of the Inspector General 
of Small Arms Practice, who is hereby appointed executive 
officer, and to whom all communications in regard to it will be 
addressed. He will arrange all details, and be held responsible 
for the proper execution of this order. 

II. The State general carbine and pistol competitions will 
be held at Wakefield, on Saturday, September 29. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 139 

■III. Details of officers and men for duty Tinder paragraphs 
I. and II., and the conditions governing the carbine and pistol 
competitions, will be published in later orders. 

IV. In accordance with General Orders, No. 56, War De- 
partment, current series, the national rifle competition for 1906 
will be held at Sea Girt, N. J., commencing Sept. 4, 1906. 

The Inspector General of Small Arms Practice is hereby ap- 
pointed team captain, and is ordered to select and train a team 
from the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia to represent the Com- 
monwealth in that competition, and will select those eligible to 
compete under the rules and regulations laid down in the gen- 
eral order above quoted. 

He will make the necessary arrangements for the care, trans- 
portation and subsistence of the team, including a detail of 
such officers and enlisted men as he may need, and is authorized 
to make requisition on the Quartermaster General for arms, 
ammunition and equipments. 

On completion of the tour of duty he will make report to 
this office. 

V. Skirmish firing for qualifications will begin on Monday, 
June 25, on the range at Wakefield, and continue on succeeding 
Mondays till further orders. Shooting will commence at 1 p.m. 

Only those members of the militia who have completed their 
slow fire qualifications for 1906 will be allowed to take up skir- 
mish firing. 

Details of officers to supervise the firing will be made by the 
Inspector General of Small Arms Practice. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Frye, 

Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, May 17, 1906. 

General Orders, No. 7. 

I. In reverent recognition of the services rendered by the 
soldiers and sailors of the Commonwealth in the conflicts which 
successively led to the founding of the Eepublic, assured its in- 
tegrity and maintained its honor, the officers and men of the 
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia are directed to tender their ser- 
vices, so far as may be practicable, for the performance of any 
duties required of them in the fitting observance of Memorial 
Day, Wednesday, May 30, 1906. 



140 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

II. General and field officers commanding will issne the 
necessary orders to authorize the performance of duty, under 
arms, by the battalions or companies of their respective com- 
mands. 

III. Officers and men of the active force who also are mem- 
bers in their own right of any of the several service associations 
of the civil war or of the war with Spain, will be relieved from 
duty under this order, to the end that they may parade, if they 
so desire, with their former comrades. 

IV. In further observance of the anniversary, the national 
flag will be displayed at the State arsenal and on all the State 
armories from sunrise until noon, at half staff; from noon until 
sunset, at full staff. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Frye, 

Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, May 19, 1906. 

General Orders, No. 8. 

I. In the interests of administration and uniformity of in- 
struction, and under the provisions of section 24, chapter 465, 
Acts of 1905, the following changes in the organization of the 
Massachusetts Volunteer Militia are published for the informa- 
tion of the service : — 

II. The First Battalion Cavalry, Maj. William A. Perrins 
commanding, hereafter officially will be designated as the First 
Squadron Cavalry. 

III. Troop F, Cavalry, Capt. Edward H. Keyes command- 
ing, is detached from the First Brigade and assigned to the First 
Squadron Cavalry, to the commanding officer whereof Captain 
Keyes will report for further instructions. 

IV. Battery A, Field Artillery, Capt. Howard L. Rogers 
commanding, is detached from the Second Brigade and assigned 
to the First Battalion Field Artillery, Capt. Charles F. Sargent 
commanding, — in the absence on leave of Maj. Lawrence N. 
Duchesney, — to whom Captain Rogers will report for further 
instructions. 

V. The First Squadron Cavalry, Maj. William A. Perrins 
commanding, consisting of Troops A, D and F, is detached from 
the Second Brigade and will remain unassigned until further 
orders. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 141 

VI. The First Battalion Field Artillery, Capt. Charles F. 
Sargent temporarily commanding, consisting of Batteries A, 
B and C, is detached from the First Brigade and will remain 
unassigned until further orders. 

VII. The medical officers and hospital sergeants attached to 
Troop F, Cavalry, and Battery A, Field Artillery, will be con- 
tinued in the service, under the provisions of section 188, chap- 
ter 465, Acts of 1905, and will be assigned to the performance 
of such duty as may be prescribed by their respective squadron 
and battalion commanders. 

VIII. In connection with future brigade operations or en- 
campments, or at any time considered expedient by the Com- 
mander-in-Chief, such cavalry or field artillery as may be required 
will be attached to the brigade organizations. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Frye, 

Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, May 21, 1906. 

General Orders, No. 9. 

I. As determined upon and announced at a council of com- 
manding officers, held on April 13, 1906, stations and elates for 
the performance of field or cruising duty during the season 
current by the several commands of the Massachusetts Volun- 
teer Militia hereby are published for the information of the 
service. 

(a) At South Framingham, reporting to Brig. Gen. Jophanus 
H. Whitney, Second Brigade, commanding post: July 7-14, 
Eighth Infantry, Col. William A. Pew, Jr., commanding; July 
21-28, Ninth Infantry, Col. William H. Donovan command- 
ing; August 11-17, Fifth Infantry, Col. William H. Oakes 
commanding. 

(b) At South Framingham, reporting to Brig. Gen. Embury 
P. Clark, First Brigade, commanding post: June 9-16, Second 
Infantry, Col. Frederick E. Pierce commanding; June 16-23, 
Sixth Infantry, Col. George H. Priest commanding; July 
14—21, First Squadron Cavalry, Maj. William A. Perrins com- 
manding; Signal Corps, Capt. Walter C. Stevens commanding; 
and Hospital Corps, Capt. Eobert E. Bell commanding. 

(c) At Fort Bodman, New Bedford, reporting to Col. Charles 



142 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

P. Nutter, Corps of Coast Artillery, commanding .camp of artil- 
lery instruction : July 7-14, Fourth, Ninth, Tenth and Twelfth 
companies Coast Artillery, Maj. Norris 0. Danforth command- 
ing; July 14-21, Third, Fifth, Eighth and Eleventh companies 
Coast Artillery, Maj. Walter E. Lombard commanding; July 
21-28, First, Second, Sixth and Seventh companies Coast Artil- 
lery, Maj. George F. Quinby commanding. 

(d) At Hingham, July 7-14, First Corps Cadets, Lieut. Col. 
Thomas F. Edmands commanding. 

(e) At Boxford, July 7-14, Second Corps Cadets, Lieut. 
Col. Andrew Fitz commanding. 

(/) At station yet to be determined and announced, July 
14-21, First Battalion Field Artillery, Maj. Lawrence N. Du- 
chesney commanding. 

(g) At Boston, as port of embarkation, reporting to senior 
officer of squadron of United States Navy assigned for training, 
July 14-21, Naval Brigade, Capt. George R. H. Buffinton com- 
manding. 

II. (a) The Fifth Infantry, having waived one-half its 
claim for transportation for the tour, will perform one day's 
duty at North Adams, under the provisions of section 134, 
chapter 465, Acts of 1905, on Aug. 18, 1906. (6) The Hos- 
pital Corps, having volunteered one day's duty at South Fram- 
ingham, on July 21, will perform one day's duty at Boston, 
under section 134, chapter 465, Acts of 1905, on June 7, 1906. 

III. General officers assigned to the command of the post 
and camp of instruction at South Framingham, after consulta- 
tion with the several regimental commanders successively to 
report to them under this order, will prescribe such general 
camp regulations and hours of service as best may be adapted 
to the carrying out of the scheme of infantry instruction below 
indicated, and will issue the necessary orders therefor. They 
will give instructions, as required, for post guards and patrols, 
will closely observe the drill of the troops and their conduct 
both while on and off duty, and will be held to accountability 
for the rigid maintenance of discipline, the strict observance 
of military courtesy, and the thorough policing of the reserva- 
tion during their respective tours in command. They will con- 
trol the issue of passes, and will permit civilians, except as the 
guests of commissioned officers, to enter and remain within the 
reservation between the hours of noon and tattoo only. Within 
twenty days after the conclusion of their respective tours they 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 143 

will report in writing to the chief of staff on any instances of 
inefficiency or lack of aptitude for command on the part of 
commissioned officers which may have come under their ob- 
servation. « 

IV. For the purpose of ensuring uniformity in instruction, 
and in order to establish a basis for comparisons of relative 
efficiency, the following general programme for infantry work 
will be followed by all regiments on duty at South Framing- 
ham: Saturday: mobilize, pitch camp. Sunday: religious ser- 
vices. Monday: company drill in extended order in forenoon, 
battalion drill in close order in afternoon. Tuesday: battalion 
drill in extended order in forenoon, regimental drill in close 
order in afternoon. Wednesday: battalion drill in extended 
order in forenoon, regimental drill in extended order in after- 
noon. Thursday: regimental drill in extended order in fore- 
noon, establishment of outposts in afternoon. Friday: practice 
march, carrying one cooked ration, and instruction as advance 
and rear guard, forenoon to afternoon. Saturday: break camp, 
and return to home stations. Guard mounting and evening 
parade will be held daily. Eeviews, when held, will be ordered 
at the time of evening parade. 

Y. Commanding officers at once will make requisition direct 
on Brig. Gen. William B. Emery, Quartermaster General, for 
the tentage required for their respective commands, basing their 
requirements on an allowance of one tent for each commissioned 
officer, one for each two noncommissioned staff officers, one for 
each four bandsmen or headquarters drummers, twenty for the 
enlisted men of each company of infantry or coast artillery, 
twenty-four for the enlisted men of each troop of cavalry, and 
thirty for the enlisted men of each battery of field artillery. 

VI. Brig. Gen. Frederick B. Carpenter, Commissary General, 
hereby is authorized to purchase, or arrange for the purchase, 
of commissary supplies in accordance with the ration table as 
adopted in General Orders, No. 7, series of 1889, from this 
office, and to issue the same to troops on duty under this order, 
charging against their pay the actual cost thereof, and settling 
all accounts incurred therefor. Paymasters will honor assign- 
ments of pay, as presented by him, on arrival at the post. He 
may, in his discretion, authorize commands to ration themselves. 
He will assume direction of the affairs of his department at 
such encampments as the interests of the service may require. 
The attention of all officers concerned is called to the provisions 



144 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

of the circular dated May 15, 1906, and issued from the office 
of the Commissary General, the requirements of which will be 
strictly observed. The absolute importance of filling out and 
forwarding Form No. 12 will be especially noted. 

VII. One day's extra duty pay will be allowed to the follow- 
ing details, who will report at their stations on the date preced- 
ing that herein prescribed for their respective commands: from 
each brigade, regimental and unattached battalion headquarters, 
the quartermaster, commissary, quartermaster sergeant and com- 
missary sergeant; from each company, troop and battery, the 
Signal Corps and the Hospital Corps, the quartermaster sergeant 
and three privates. Details so reporting will be under the com- 
mand of the senior officer present, and will be held strictly to 
accountability for any infractions of discipline. No details under 
this paragraph will be made from the Naval Brigade. 

VIII. On recommendation of Brig. Gen. William H. Devine, 
Surgeon General, commanding officers are advised to direct the 
purchase of spring water for use at headquarters and company 
messes at South Framingham. Recent reports would indicate 
that the water supply at that station, while not dangerous to 
health, - yet is unpalatable, and liable to aggravate the minor 
ailments incident to camp life. 

IX. So far as it may be practicable, the employment of dock- 
tailed horses, either saddle or draft, will be avoided. The un- 
military appearance of such animals, and the inhumanity accom- 
panying their use under service conditions, alike tend to explain 
this requirement. 

X. The commanding officers of the Corps of Coast Artillery, 
Battalion of Field Artillery, Squadron of Cavalry, First and 
Second Corps Cadets, Naval Brigade, Signal Corps and Ambu- 
lance Corps will issue such orders for their respective tours as 
may tend to secure the maximum of efficiency in the arms of 
the service represented by their several commands. Such orders, 
in the case of commands on duty at South Framingham, will be 
first submitted to the post commander for approval. 

XL Commanding officers will arrange, through their respec- 
tive quartermasters, for the transportation for their commands 
required in complying with this order, at rates not exceeding 
those prescribed in section 157, chapter 465, Acts of 1905. 
By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Frye, 

Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 145 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, July 9, 1906. 

General Orders, No. 10. 

I. Col. James G. White, Inspector General of Small Arms 
Practice and Acting Chief of Ordnance, will select a team from 
the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia to represent the Common- 
wealth in the competitions to be held under the auspices of the 
New England Military Eifle Association, at Wakefield, Mass., 
July 23 to 28. 

II. He will act as team captain, and make the necessary 
arrangements for transportation and subsistence, forwarding to 
this office for approval a list of officers and enlisted men to be 
detailed for the occasion. 

III. Upon completion of the tour of duty, he will make 
report to this office. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Frye, 

Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, July 19, 1906. 

General Orders, No. 11. 

The following officers and enlisted men will represent the 
Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the competitions to be held 
under the auspices of the New England Military Eifle Associa- 
tion, at Wakefield, Mass., July 23-28, 1906 : — 

Team Captain. — Col. James G. White, Inspector General of 
Small Arms Practice. 

Team Quartermaster. — Lieut. Col. George H. Doty, general 
staff, Massachusetts. 

Team Adjutant. — Lieut. William S. Simmons, First Corps 
Cadets. 

Members of Team and Alternates. — Capt. Stuart W. Wise, 
inspector of small arms practice, Sixth Infantry. Lieut. Axel 
T. Tornrose, Fifth Infantry. Color Sergt. George M. Jefts, 
Sixth Infantry. Color Sergt. F. W. Simonds, First Corps Cadets. 
Color Sergt. M. W. Parker, Sixth Infantry. Q. M. Sergt. Jas. 
H. Keough, Sixth Infantry. Q. M. Sergt. C. D. Berg, Fifth 
Infantry. First Sergt. Charles J. Jeffers, Eighth Infantry. 
Sergt. E. A. Cox, Sixth Infantry. Musician J. E. Parker, Eighth 



146 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Infantry. Corp. James Durward, Jr., Second Infantry. Priv. 
F. W. Allen, First Corps Cadets. Priv. George W. Chesley, 
Second Infantry. Priv. George W. Reid, Second Infantry, 
Priv. T. J. Sweeney, Sixth Infantry. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Frye, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Aug. 13, 1906. 

General Orders, No. 12. 

I. Col. James G. White, Inspector General of Small Arms 
Practice and Acting Chief of Ordnance, general staff, is detailed 
to command the rifle team organized to represent the Common- 
wealth in the national trophy and other competitions to be held 
at Sea Girt, N. J., Aug. 27 to Sept. 6, inclusive, 1906. He 
will be obeyed and respected accordingly. He will make the 
necessary arrangements for the transportation, subsistence and' 
quartering of the team during the tour of duty noted, and on 
the completion thereof will report in writing to this office. 

II. The below-named commissioned officers and enlisted men, 
designated for duty with the team above noted, by the Inspector 
General of Small Arms Practice, in compliance with paragraph 
IV., General Orders, No. 6, current series, from, this office, will 
report to him for further orders : — 

Administrative Detail. — Col. James G. White, Inspector Gen- 
eral of Small Arms Practice, general staff. Lieut. Col. Thomas 
Talbot, First Corps Cadets. Maj. John F. Harvey, Surgeon, 
staff, First Field Artillery. Capt. John M. Portal, inspector of 
small arms practice, staff, Corps Coast Artillery. First Lieut. 
William S. Simmons, First Corps Cadets. 

Members and Alternates of State Team. — Capt. Stuart W. 
Wise, inspector of small arms practice, staff, Sixth Infantry. 
Color Sergt. Maurice W. Parker, noncommissioned staff, Sixth 
Infantry. First Sergt. Charles J. Jeffers, Company D, Eighth 
Infantry. Q. M. Sergt. James H. Keough, Company A, 
Sixth Infantry. Q. M. Sergt. C. David Berg, Company L, 
Fifth Infantry. Sergt. Frederic P. Simonds, Company B, First 
Corps Cadets. Sergt. Edwin A. Cox, Company B, Sixth Infan- 
try. Musician George W. Chesley, Company B, Second Infantry. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. '■ 147 

Musician John E. Parker, Company G, Eighth Infantry. Priv. 
"William T. Abbott, Company D, Eighth Infantry. Priv. Fred 
W. Allen, Company B, First Corps Cadets. Priv. James Dur- 
ward, Jr., Company B, Second Infantry. Priv. George M. 
Jefts, Company H, Sixth Infantry. Priv. George W. Eeid, 
Company B, Second Infantry. Priv. Thomas J. Sweeney, Com- 
pany H, Sixth Infantry. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Frte, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Sept. 1, 1906. 

General Orders, No. 13. 

The following is published for the information of the 
militia : — 

I. On recommendation of the Inspector General of Small 
Arms Practice, details of officers and enlisted men for duty at 
the annual State rifle competition at Wakefield (September 21 
and 22) are made as follows : — 

Maj. John F. Harvey, staff Field Artillery, with hospital 
steward from the same organization, in charge of the medical 
department. 

Maj. Leon W. Ham, First Brigade staff, as chief range officer 
at 200 yards on September 21. 

Maj. Joseph J. Kelley, general staff, as chief range officer at 
600 yards on September 21. 

Com. James P. Parker, general staff, as chief range officer at 
800 yards on September 21. 

Lieut. Col. Henry L. Williams, general staff, as chief range 
officer at 1,000 yards on September 21. 

Lieut. Col. E. W. M. Bailey, general staff, as chief range officer 
at 200 yards (rapid fire) on September 22. 

Lieut. Col. Morton E. Cobb, Assistant Adjutant General, 
Second Brigade, as statistical officer. He will consult with the 
Inspector General of Small Arms Practice in regard to score 
cards, score sheets and the supplies necessary for his duties. 

Lieut. Harry D. Comerais, staff Fifth Infantry, and Lieut. 
William L. Mitchell, staff Eighth Infantry, as assistant statis- 
tical officers. 



148 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Brig. Gen. J. H. Whitney, Second Brigade, will detail one 
sergeant clerk from his noncommissioned staff for duty in the 
statistical department. 

Maj. George F. Quinby, Corps of Coast Artillery, in charge 
of pit at 200 yards on September 21. 

Lieut. Col. H. B. Fairbanks, Second Infantry, in charge of pit 
at 600 yards on September 21. 

Capt. J. H. Frothingham, Corps of Coast Artillery, in charge 
of pit at 800 yards on September 21. 

Maj. Elon F. Tandy, Second Brigade staff, in charge of pit at 
1,000 yards on September 21. 

Capt. Frederick A. Walker, staff Fifth Infantry, in charge of 
pit at 200 yards (rapid fire) on September 22. 

The commanding officer of the Signal Corps, with two ser- 
geants and eight enlisted men, in charge of telephone communi- 
cations on September 21. He will arrange telephonic communica- 
tions for the skirmish runs on September 22, and will detail the 
noncommissioned officers and enlisted men necessary to the 
service. 

Capt. Charles T. Dukelow, Fifth Infantry, with regimental 
paymaster sergeant, in charge of muster and pay rolls. 

Col. George H. Priest, Sixth Infantry, will detail one bugler 
from his command for duty on September 21. 

Col. William H. Donovan, Ninth Infantry, will detail one 
bugler from his command for duty on September 22. 

II. Regimental and corps commanders, including the Naval 
Brigade, will detail officers and noncommissioned officers to act 
as range officers and scorers as follows : — 

For Duty on September 21. — Corps of Coast Artillery, four 
of each. Second Infantry, two of each. Fifth Infantry, three of 
each. Sixth Infantry, four of each. Eighth Infantry, three 
of each. Ninth Infantry, three of each. First Corps Cadets, 
two of each. Second Corps Cadets, one of each. Naval Brigade, 
two of each. 

For Duty on September 22. — Corps of Coast Artillery, one 
officer and four noncommissioned officers. Second Infantry, 
one officer and two noncommissioned officers. Fifth Infantry, one 
officer and four noncommissioned officers. Sixth Infantry, one 
officer and three noncommissioned officers. Eighth Infantry, 
one officer and three noncommissioned officers. Ninth Infan- 
try, one officer and three noncommissioned officers. First Corps 
Cadets, one officer and two noncommissioned officers. Second 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



149 



Corps Cadets, one officer and one noncommissioned officer. 
Naval Brigade, one officer and two noncommissioned officers. 

III. Lieut. Col. Thomas Talbot, First Corps Cadets, will 
command the skirmish firing. 

Capt. J. Stearns dishing, staff Corps of Coast Artillery, with 
regimental quartermaster sergeant, is detailed as quartermaster. 

First Lieut. Holten B. Perkins, First Corps Cadets, is de- 
tailed as adjutant to the executive officer, Col. James G. White, 
Inspector General of Small Arms Practice. 

IV. Assignments of teams, supervisors and scorers are as 
follows : — 

September 21. — 200 Yards. 



Teams. 

Corps of Coast Artillery, 
Second Infantry, 
Fifth Infantry, 
Sixth Infantry, 
Eighth Infantry, 
Ninth Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Corps Cadets, 
Naval Brigade, 



Supervisors and Scorers. 
Second Infantry. 
Fifth Infantry. 
Sixth Infantry. 
Eighth Infantry. 
Ninth Infantry. 
First Corps Cadets. 
Second Corps Cadets. 
Naval Brigade. 
Corps of Coast Artillery. 



600 Yards. 



Corps of Coast Artillery, 
Second Infantry, 
Fifth Infantry, 
Sixth Infantry, 
Eighth Infantry, 
Ninth Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Corps Cadets, 
Naval Brigade, 



Fifth Infantry. 
Sixth Infantry. 
Eighth Infantry. 
Ninth Infantry. 
Corps of Coast Artillery. 
Fifth Infantry. 
Naval Brigade. 
Corps of Coast Artillery. 
Second Infantry. 



800 Yards. 



Corps of Coast Artillery, 
Second Infantry, 
Fifth Infantry, 
Sixth Infantry, 
Eighth Infantry, 
Ninth Infantry, 
First Corps Cadets, 
Second Corps Cadets, 
Naval Brigade, 



i 
/ 

\ 
/ 

t 
/ 

> Eighth Infantry. 
Ninth Infantry. 



Fifth Infantry. 

Corps of Coast Artillery. 

Sixth Infantry. 



150 



ADJUTANT GENEKAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 





1,000 Yards. 




Corps of Coast Artillery, . . . . Sixth Infantry. 


Second Infantry, 








Eighth Infantry. 


Fifth Infantry, 








. Ninth Infantry. 


Sixth Infantry, 








. First Corps Cadets. 


Eighth Infantry, 








. Second Corps Cadets. 


Ninth Infantry, 








Naval Brigade. 


First Corps Cadets, . 








. Corps of Coast Artillery 


Second Corps Cadets, 








Second Infantry. 


Naval Brigade, 








. Fifth Infantry. 


September 22. — 200 Yards (Rapid Fire). 


Corps of Coast Artillery, .... Second Infantry. 


Second Infantry, 








Fifth Infantry. 


Fifth Infantry, 








Sixth Infantry. 


Sixth Infantry, 








Eighth Infantry. 


Eighth Infantry, 








Ninth Infantry. 


Ninth Infantry, 








First Corps Cadets. 


First Corps Cadets, . 








Second Corps Cadets. 


Second Corps Cadets, 








Naval Brigade. 


Naval Brigade, 








Corps of Coast Artillery. 


Supervisors on Skirmish Runs. 


Teams. Supervisors. 


1st run — Sixth Infantry, . . . Second Infantry. 


2d run — Ninth Infantry, 




Sixth Infantry. 


3d run — Second Infantry, 




Ninth Infantry. 


4th run — Fifth Infantry, 




First Corps Cadets. 


5th run — Corps of Coast Artillery, . 




Eighth Infantry. 


6th run — First Corps Cadets, . 




Naval Brigade. 


7th run — Eighth Infantry, 




Corps of Coast Artillery. 


8th run — Second Corps Cadets, 




Fifth Infantry. 


9th run — Naval Brigade, 


. 






Second Corps Cadets. 



V. The noncommissioned officers detailed for duty on Sep- 
tember 22 will act as scorers at skirmish, and are divided in two 
squads, who will score alternate runs. 

First Squad. — Details from Corps of Coast Artillery, Sixth 
Infantry, Eighth Infantry, First Corps Cadets. 

Second Squad. — Details from Second Infantry, Fifth In- 
fantry, Ninth Infantry, Second Corps Cadets, Naval Brigade. 

VI. Assignments of targets will be made on the range by 
lot. 

Team captains and officers and men detailed for duty under 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 151 

this order will report to the Inspector General of Small Arms 
Practice on the range, not later than 9.10 o'clock a.m. each day. 

Inspectors of small arms practice, not on duty with teams, 
will report at the same time for such duties as may be assigned 
them. 

Muster and pay rolls will be handed to the paymaster detailed 
for duty, on arrival at the range. 

All officers and men on duty at this competition, whether on 
teams or by detail, will muster for pay each day. 

Special cars will be attached to train leaving the North Union 
Station (Causeway Street) at 8.04 a.m. each day. 

Tents and mattresses will be supplied for teams wishing to 
remain on the range over nights of September 20 and 21; but 
notice must be given to the Inspector General of Small Arms 
Practice on or before September 15 in regard to the number 
needed, or no provision will be made. 

Meals can be obtained on the grounds at reasonable prices. 

VII. State Carbine Competition". — The State carbine 
competition will be held on the range of the Bay State Military 
Kifle Association, Wakefield, on Saturday, Sept. 29, 1906, under 
the direction of Col. James G. White, Inspector General of Small 
Arms Practice, who will act as executive officer, arrange details 
and be responsible for their proper execution. Officers and 
men herein detailed for duty will take the 8.04 a.m. train from 
Boston on that day, and will report to the executive officer at 
the range at 9.30 o'clock a.m. Team captains, with their teams, 
will report at 9.30 to the executive officer at the range. Team 
captains will provide their own transportation and rations. 

VIII. Terms of Competition - . (Open to One Team from 
Each Troop of Cavalry.) — Teams will consist of eight members, 
viz., one team captain, six firing members and one substitute. 

Shooting will be slow fire, at 200, 300, 500 and 600 yards, two 
sighting shots and ten shots for record at each range. The 
time limit of one minute per shot will be enforced. 

Ammunition will be furnished at the range. 

Assignment of targets will be made by lot at the range. 

Eules and regulations governing this competition will be 
those of General Orders, No. 56, current series, War Depart- 
ment, so far as applicable, and team captains will make them- 
selves familiar with them. 

Minimum trigger pull will be three pounds. 

Arms, carbines as issued by the State, without alteration. 



152 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Positions, standing at 200 yards, kneeling or sitting at 300 
yards, and prone with head towards the targets at 500 and 600 
yards. 

IX. To the team making the highest score, the " Tri-color," 
and a trophy (engraving). 

To the two competitors making the highest aggregate scores, 
a trophy (cup). 

To the two sharpshooters of record making the highest aggre- 
gate score, and who have never won a prize in a State competi- 
tion, a gold medal. 

X. Pay Rolls. — Pay rolls will be prepared in advance, and 
be handed to the paymaster on arrival at the range. Teams and 
officers and men detailed for duty will muster for pay before 
leaving the range. 

XL Special Duty Details. — Special details of officers and 
men for duty in connection with this competition are as fol- 
lows : — 

Lieut. Col. Andrew Fitz, Second Corps Cadets, chief range 
officer. 

Capt. Stuart W. Wise, inspector of small arms practice, Sixth 
Regiment Infantry, in charge of pits. 

Capt. F. S. Perkins, Second Corps Cadets, as statistical officer. 
He will arrange for the supplies necessary for the work of the 
office. Score cards will be furnished by the Inspector General of 
Small Arms Practice. 

Lieut. Arthur G. Scoboria, Troop F, Unattached Cavalry, in 
charge of the medical department. 

Lieut. Col. Alfred M. Blinn, paymaster, First Squadron Cav- 
alry, in charge of muster and pay rolls. 

Lieut. Col. Andrew Fitz, Second Corps Cadets, will detail one 
noncommissioned officer for duty in statistical department. 

Maj. William A. Perrins, First Squadron Cavalry, will detail 
one hospital steward to report to Lieutenant Scoboria, and one 
bugler to report to Colonel White, the executive officer. 

The commanding officer of the Signal Corps will detail one 
noncommissioned officer and two enlisted men to take charge of 
the telephone service. 

Each troop commander will detail one officer and one non- 
commissioned officer to act as range officers and scorers. 

Paymaster Sergt. George R. Russell, Corps of Coast Artillery, 
will report to the executive officer on the range. 

XII. Assignments of range officers and scorers to teams are 
as follows : — 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 153 

At 200 Yards. 
Teams. Range Officers and Scorers. 

Troop A, ......... Troop D 

Troop D, Troop F. 

Troop F, Troop A. 

At 300 Yards. 

Troop A, Troop F. 

Troop D, . . Troop A. 

Troop F, . Troop D. 

At 500 Yards. 

Troop A, Troop D. 

Troop D, . . ....... Troop F. 

Troop F, . Troop A. 

At 600 Yards. 

Troop A, Troop F. 

Troop D, Troop A. 

Troop F, ......... Troop D. 

XIII. Hours of Service. — The following hours for sound- 
ing of calls will be observed during this competition : — 

9.40 a.m. Officers' Call. — Team captains and range officers will 
report to the executive officer for instructions. Team captains will 
draw for targets for the 200-yard range. 

9.55 a.m. Assembly. — Teams, scorers and range officers at as- 
signed stations at 200-yard range. 

10.00 a.m. Commence Firing. — At 200-yard range. 

11.20 a.m. Officers' Call. — Team captains draw targets for 300- 
yard range. 

. 11.25 a.m. Assembly. — Teams, scorers and range officers at as- 
signed stations at 300-yard range. 

11.30 a.m. Commence Firing. — At 300-yard range. 

1.00 p.m. Mess Call. — Dinner. 

2.15 p.m. Officers' Call. — Team captains draw targets for 500- 
yard range. 

2.25 p.m. Assembly. — Teams, scorers and range officers at as- 
signed stations at 500-yard range. 

2.30 p.m. Commence Firing. — At 500-yard range. 

3.50 p.m. Officers' Call. — Team captains draw targets for 600- 
yard range. 

3.55 p.m. Assembly. — Teams, scorers and range officers at as- 
signed stations at 600-yard range. 

4.00 p.m. Commence Firing. — At 600-yard range. 



154 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

XIV. Pistol Competition. — The State pistol competition 
will be held at Wakefield, on Saturday, September 29, under the 
following conditions : - — 

Open to any member of the militia entitled to qualify with 
the pistol under the provisions of General Orders, No. 5, current 
series. 

Distance: 50 yards. 

Number of shots: 20. 

Arms: for this competition only, .38 caliber Colt or Smith 
& Wesson pistols, with six-inch barrels. 

Position : arm extended, elbow free from the body. 

Prizes: cups to the seven competitors making the highest 
aggregate scores. 

Ammunition will be furnished at the range for .38 caliber 
pistols. 

The commanding officers of the organizations named below 
will detail officers and noncommissioned officers to act as super- 
visors, as follows : — 

Corps of Coast Artillery, one officer and three noncommissioned 
officers. Fifth Infantry, one officer and three noncommissioned 
officers. Sixth Infantry, one officer and three noncommissioned 
officers. Eighth Infantry, one officer and three noncommis- 
sioned officers. Ninth Infantry, one officer and three noncom- 
missioned officers. First Corps Cadets, one officer and two 
noncommissioned officers. Second Corps Cadets, one officer and 
two noncommissioned officers. 

Capt. John Caswell, inspector of small arms practice, Eighth 
Infantry, and Lieut. Robert Robertson, inspector of small arms 
practice, Second Corps Cadets, will report to the executive officer 
for special duty in connection with the pistol competition. 

Capt. John Kane, paymaster, Ninth Infantry, with paymaster 
sergeant, is detailed in charge of muster and pay rolls. 

Special duty pay and transportation will be allowed. 

No entry received after 12 o'clock, unless target accommoda- 
tions permit. 

Officers detailed for duty in these competitions will not wear 
side arms. Badges will be furnished for range and pit officers. 

Uniform as prescribed in General Orders, No. 6, A. G. 0., 
current series. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Frye, 

Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



1907. J PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 155 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Oct. 18, 1906. 

General Orders, No. 14. 

I. The death on this date at Auburndale, Mass., after a linger- 
ing illness, of Maj. Gen. Samuel Dalton, late Adjutant General 
of the Commonwealth, hereby is announced to the militia. 

II. General Dalton was born at Salem, Mass., on June 25, 
1840. He entered the service of the Commonwealth in 1858, as 
private in the Second Corps Cadets, serving three years with 
this command. Enlisting in the Fourteenth Massachusetts In- 
fantry, United States Volunteers, later designated as the First 
Massachusetts Heavy Artillery, on July 5, 1861, he remained 
attached to this command during its term of service in the civil 
war, successively being promoted as sergeant, second lieutenant 
and first lieutenant, and receiving an honorable discharge with 
the rank last named on the muster-out of the command, Oct. 7, 
1864. Ee-entering the militia service, he was commissioned 
captain, Second Corps Cadets, in 1866; major, in 1874; and 
lieutenant colonel commanding, in 1877. He was transferred to 
the general staff in 1881, as inspector of ordnance, with rank as 
colonel, and in 1883 was commissioned brigadier general and 
assigned to duty as Adjutant General and Chief of Staff, receiv- 
ing promotion as major general in 1884, and continuing to per- 
form the duties of his office until the date of his resignation, 
Jan. 5, 1905. Serving for twenty-two years in the most respon- 
sible position in the military establishment of the Common- 
wealth, he has left upon the militia the impress of his strong 
personality, and to his untiring effort must be ascribed much 
of its marked advance in efficiency during recent years. To him 
was due the serviceable equipment of the troops furnished by 
Massachusetts for the late war with Spain. 

III. In recognition of the long and faithful service rendered 
to the Commonwealth by General Dalton, it is ordered that on 
the day designated for his funeral all flags on State armories and 
on the State arsenal be displayed at half-staff. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Frte, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



156 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Dec. 29, 1906. 

General Orders, No. 15. 

On report and recommendation of the Inspector General of 
Small Arms Practice, the following awards of prizes and tro- 
phies, won in competitions under General Orders, Nos. 5, 6 and 
13, current series, are published for the information of the 
militia : — 

Regimental and Corps Competitions. 

Company teams of ten, five shots each at 200, 300 and 500 
yards; possible score, 750 points. 

Competitions held at Wakefield. 

Corps of Coast Artillery. — October 2. Winning team, Sixth 
Company of Cambridge; score, 598. 

Second Infantry. — October 5. Winning team, Company E of 
Orange; score, 592. 

Fifth Infantry. — September 3. Winning team, Company G 
of Woburn; score, 585. 

Sixth Infantry. — September 17. Winning team, Company H 
of Stoneham ; score, 633. 

Eighth Infantry. — September 12. Winning team, Company 
G of Gloucester; score, 597. 

Ninth Infantry. — September 28. Winning team, Company M 
of Lowell ; score, 576. 

First Corps Cadets. — October 19. Winning team, Company 
A of Boston; score, 599. 

Second Corps Cadets. — September 12. Winning team, Com- 
pany B of Salem; score, 576. 

Naval Brigade. — October 15. — Winning team, Company H 
of Springfield; score, 612. 

State Rifle Competitions. 

Competitions held at Wakefield, September 21 and 22. 

I. For the Tri-color. — Regimental and corps teams of twelve, 
ten shots each at 200, 600, 800 and 1,000 yards; possible score, 
2,400 points. 

Winning team, Sixth Infantry; score, 1,903. Second team, 
Second Infantry; score, 1,896. 

II. For the Douglas Trophy. — Regimental and corps teams 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 157 

of twelve, ten shots, rapid fire at 200 yards and one skirmish 
run; possible score, 1,800 points. 

Winning team, Eighth Infantry; score, 963. Second team, 
Sixth Infantry; score, 948. 

Individual prizes (medals) were won as follows: — - 

First. — Priv. C. J. Van Amburgh, Company K, Second Infantry, 168 

Second. — Sergt. C. A. Newhall, Company D, First Corps Cadets, 160 

Third. — Priv. A. L. Woodworth, Company K, Second Infantry, 159 

Fourth. — Priv. R. A. Barstow, Company A, Sixth Infantry, . 159 

Fifth. — Corp. P. Doneski, Company C, Eighth Infantry, . . 159 

Sixth. — Capt. P. F. Packard, Company I, Eighth Infantry, . 156 

Seventh. — Priv. F. W. Davis, Company D, First Corps Cadets, . 156 

Eighth. — Corp. C. B. Almy, Company B, Second Corps Cadets, . 154 

Ninth. — Corp. N. J. Innes, Company D, Ninth Infantry, . . 154 

Tenth. — Musician H. E. Woods, Company F, Fifth Infantry, . 153 

Eleventh. — Lieut. E. R. Peale, Company E, Naval Brigade, . 153 
Twelfth. — Priv. C. P. Shillaber, Jr., Company A, First Corps 

Cadets, .......... 151 

The twelve competitors, without regard to class, making the 
highest aggregate scores, who won individual prizes (cups), are 
as follows : — 



First. — Sergt. C. J. Jeffers, Company D, Eighth Infantry, 
Second. — Priv. Jas. Durward, Jr., Company B, Second Infantry 
Third. — Musician J. E. Parker, Company G, Eighth Infantry, 
Fourth. — Sergt. Maj. W. D. Huddleson, Corps of Coast Artillery 
Fifth. — Sergt. E. A. Cox, Company B, Sixth Infantry, 
Sixth. — Priv. C. J. Van Amburgh, Company K, Second Infantry 
Seventh. — Lieut. F. A. Wakefield, Company B, Second Infantry 
Eighth. — Capt. Thomas McCarthy, Company G, Fifth Infantry 
Ninth. — Priv. H. S. Chaffee, Company K, Second Infantry, 
Tenth. — Priv. F. W. Allen, Company B, First Corps Cadets, 
Eleventh. — Lieut. Geo. Faber, staff, Sixth Infantry, 
Twelfth. — Priv. T. J. Sweeney, Company H, Sixth Infantry, 



175 
175 
173 
171 
171 
168 
165 
165 
164 
163 
162 
162 



Cavalry Competition". 

For teams of six, ten shots each at 200, 300, 500 and 600 
yards; possible score, 1,200 points. 

Competition held at Wakefield, September 29. Winning team, 
Troop D of Boston; score, 954. 

Individual prizes (medals) were won as follows : — 

First. — Sergt. G. W. Austin, Troop A, 162 

Second. — Q. M. Sergt. F. L. Holt, Troop D, . . . .161 



158 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Individual prizes (cups) were won as follows: — 

First. — Lieut. W. L. Swan, Troop D, . . . . 165 

Second. — Sergt. A. C. Mitchell, Troop F, .... 163 

Pistol Competition". 

Held at Wakefield, September 29. Twenty shots at 50 yards. 
Prizes were won as follows : — 

First. — Capt. E. D. Fullerton, Corps Coast Artillery, . . 89 

Second. — Lieut. J. B. Blood, Company E, Naval Brigade, . 88 

Third. — Lieut. R. Robertson, staff, Second Corps Cadets, . 87 

Fourth. — Lieut. D. M. Pray, Company B, Naval Brigade, . 87 

Fifth. — Sergt. G. W. Austin, Troop A, First Squadron Cavalry, 87 

Sixth. — Capt. Thomas McCarthy, Company G, Fifth Infantry, . 86 

Seventh. — Capt. S. W. Wise, staff, Sixth Infantry, ... 86 

III. The Sixth Infantry is entitled to carry the " Tri-color " 
on its colors during the year 1907. 

Troop D is entitled to carry the " Guidon trophy " during the 
year 1907. 

The commanding officer of the Second Infantry will, on re- 
ceipt of this order, turn over to the commanding officer of the 
Sixth Infantry the " Tri-color w now held by his command. 
Likewise the commanding officer of Troop F will turn over 
the " Guidon trophy " to the commanding officer of Troop D. 

The commanding officer of the Sixth Infantry will at once 

turn over to the commanding officer of the Eighth Infantry the 

" Douglas trophy " now held by his command. 

By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Frye, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, Dec. 31, 1906. 

General Orders, No. 16. 

I. For the information of the Massachusetts Yolunteer 
Militia, and in recognition of the exceptionally faithful service 
rendered to the Commonwealth by the officers and men whose 
names are appended, the following list of awards of long-service 
decorations for the year closing Dec. 1, 1906, is published : — 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 159 

Clasp for Thirty-nine Years' Service. 
First Squadron Cavalry: Corp. John K. Perkins, Troop A. 

Clasp for Thirty-four Years' Service. 
Corps Coast Artillery: Drum Maj. James F. Clark, noncom- 
missioned staff. 

Clasp for Twenty-four Years' Service. 
Corps Coast Artillery: Capt. David Fuller, Twelfth Company. 
First Battalion Field Artillery: Capt. Charles F. Sargent, Bat- 
tery C. First Corps Cadets: Musician George A. Delano. 

Clasp for Nineteen Years' Service. 
Corps Coast Artillery: Sergt. Fred. W. Harrison, Twelfth 
Company. Second Infantry: Capt. Edwin G. Barrett, Company 
A; First Lieut. Moses H. Tisdell, Company A; Second Lieut. 
Frederick H. Lucke, Company A. Fifth Infantry: Maj. Willis 
W. Stover; Maj. Francis Meredith, Jr.; First Lieut. James H. 
Mann, Company L. First Battalion Field Artillery: Corp. 
Thomas B. Yates, Battery C. First Squadron Cavalry: Musician 
George S. Brownlow, Troop D. First Corps Cadets: Sergt. Maj. 
Henry V. Thayer, noncommissioned staff; Q. M. Sergt. Ben- 
jamin L. Knapp, noncommissioned staff. 

Clasp for Fourteen Years' Service. 
General Staff: Maj. Thomas D. Barroll. Corps Coast Artil- 
lery: Elec. Sergt. Samuel G. Smith; Col. Sergt. Horace N. Conn; 
Q. M. Sergt. George P. Field, Eighth Company. Second Infan- 
try: Col. Frederick E. Pierce; First Lieut. William Stevenson, 
Company C; First Lieut. Jeremiah F. Scully, Company G; 
Sergt. William H. Owen, Company G. Fifth Infantry: Capt. 
Clifford E. Hamilton, Company F; First Sergt. Edward C. 
Morse, Company A; First Sergt. Ernest F. Flanders, Company 
A; Capt. Harry C. Moore, Company M; Second Lieut. Charles 
H. Groves, Company M; Corp. John C. Spraker, Jr., Company 
L. Sixth Infantry: Capt. Lewis G. Hunton, staff; Capt. Horace 
E. Whitney, Company M; First Lieut. Charles H. Kimball, 
Company M; Corp. Charles F. Chandler, Company L. Ninth 
Infantry: Patrick J. Prendeville, Company G. First Battalion 
Field Artillery: Maj. John F. Harvey, staff; Capt. Edward W. 



160 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

Wheeler, Battery B; First Lieut. Henry B. Clapp, staff; First 
Lieut. George A. Sanborn, Battery C; Sergt. David G. Abell, 
Battery C; Sergt. Fred J. Carlson, Battery C; Frank Paris, 
Battery C; James H. Riddell, Battery C. Naval Brigade: Lieut. 
Daniel H. Sughrue, Company A ; Lieut. George T. Adams, Com- 
pany H. First Corps Cadets: Pay Sergt. William H. Buffum; 
Sergt. William J. Toppan; Musician Stephen I. Newman. Sec- 
ond Corps Cadets: Capt. Frank S. Perkins. 

Medal for Nine Years' Service. 

First Brigade: Sergt. Harry W. Soule, noncommissioned staff. 
Hospital Corps: Alexander D. Davis. Corps Coast Artillery: 
Capt. E. Dwight Fullerton, staff; First Lieut. Olin D. Dicker- 
man, Eighth Company; Q. M. Sergt. Elmer F. Davis, Twelfth 
Company; Sergt. John Martin, First Company; Sergt. Ernest 
Martikke, Seventh Company; Sergt. Louis A. Hutchins, Ninth 
Company; Corp. Joseph A. Heywood, Twelfth Company; Sergt. 
Howard L. Merry, Third Company; Corp. John W. Clary, Sixth 
Company; Harry E. Sleeper, Tenth Company. Second Infantry: 
Capt. James A. Campbell, Company M; Capt. Sidney H. Cliffe, 
Company M; First Lieut. Harry L. Doane, Company E; First 
Lieut. Everett W. Wilcox, Company B ; First Lieut. Winf red A. 
Sabin, Company K; First Sergt. Benjamin Cooper, Company 
A ; Sergt. Michael H. Ford, Company K ; Sergt. John L. Kelley, 
Company K; Sergt. Archie F. Murray, Company A; Sergt. 
Fred A. Luther, Company B; Musician John W. Moran, Com- 
pany M; Musician Edmund J. Power, Company C; Musician 
Henry F. Ladbury, headquarters. Fifth Infantry: Second Lieut. 
Sidney E. Brown, Company F; Second Lieut. Robert W. Daley, 
Company C; First Sergt. George A. Howe, Company F; Sergt. 
Arthur B. Woodworth, Company A; Sergt. George R. Moore, 
Company E; Corp. Alexander McCaughan, Company A; Corp. 
Daniel G. Brown, Company D; John H. Cishnie, Company H; 
Fred S. Coffin, Company F; Walter I. Cook, Company I; James 
Durward, Company. G; Walter H. Magoun, Company A. Sixth 
Infantry: Capt. Frank V. Gilson, Company B; First Lieut. 
George M. Downes, staff; First Lieut. John S. McNeilly, staff; 
First Lieut. Elden F. Holt, Company F; First Sergt. Joseph G. 
Holmes, Company L; Sergt. Albertus L. Dakin, Company I; 
Sergt. Harrie C. Perry, Company E; Sergt. Ardeen Schwartz, 
Company F; Sergt. Henry S. Smith, Company B; Musician 
John T. Crotty, headquarters; Cornelius J. Kelleher, Company 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 161 

C. Eighth Infantry: First Lieut. William J. Keville, Company 
E ; Q. M. Sergt. Frank A. Holberg, Company H ; Sergt. Harry A. 
Short, Company F; Corp. William W. Farrington, Company I. 
Ninth Infantry: Sergt. John J. Brennan, Company E; Peter F. 
Clancy, Company D. First Battalion Field Artillery: Second 
Lieut. Walter J. Cookson, Battery B; Sergt. Fred E. Kibbe, 
Battery B ; Sergt. George H. Wilton, Battery C ; Corp. George T. 
Stansfield, Battery C; Musician William Purcell, Battery A; 
Charles H. Holroyd, Battery C. First Squadron Cavalry: First 
Lieut. Edward Fisher, Troop F ; First Lieut. Charles A. Schmitz, 
Troop D; First Sergt. Harry C. McMasters, Troop F; Sergt. 
Josiah E. Marshall, Troop F; Sergt. Clyde D. Moulton, Troop 
D ; Corp. Charles S. Taylor, Troop F ; William S. Barrett, Troop 
F; Owen C. Charles, Troop D; William A. Simmons, Troop D; 
Frank 0. Holmes, Troop D; Charles T. Eeed, Troop D; Morton 
F. Sanborn, Troop A; Charles F. Tabor, Troop A. Naval Bri- 
gade: Lieut. Bradford H. Pierce, Company A; Ensign George 
C. Fisher, Company A; Ensign Alfred T. Wright, Company H; 
Boatswain's Mate Stephen 0. Bussell, Company H; Boatswain's 
Mate Edward B. Bates, Company G ; Musician Albert N. Stanley, 
Company H; Charles H. Blankenberg, Company C; John M. 
Young, Jr., Company F. First Corps Cadets: Sergt. Leon F. 
Foss, Sergt. Henry W. Flagg, Sergt. John C. Knights, Sergt. 
Calvin E. Young, Corp. Charles E: Kimball, Corp. Eugene H. 
Clapp, Musician Frank E. Dodge, Dehon Blake, William B. 
Blanchard, Edward H. Scribner. Second Corps Cadets: Second 
Lieut. William A. Mann, Corp. Ealph B. Drinkwater, Musician 
Charles E. Hayford, Frank L. Bichards. 

II. In compliance with the requirements of section 5, chapter 
504, Acts of 1906, an additional clasp, bearing the inscription 
" Service in War/' will be issued to every officer and man entitled 
to the long-service decoration, and in service actively on the 
twenty-first day of June, 1906, or becoming entitled to said dec- 
oration subsequent to that date; provided, that such officers and 
men, in addition to the required service in the Massachusetts 
Volunteer Militia, shall also have served in the military or naval 
forces of the United States in time of war, and shall have been 
honorably discharged therefrom. These clasps are in process of 
manufacture, and requisitions therefor will be made by company 
and other commanders on special forms later to be issued from 
this office. 

III. The retirement of the below-named commissioned offi- 



162 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

cers, on their several requests and in compliance with statute, is 
announced as having been ordered by His Excellency the Com- 
mander-in-Chief during the year ending Dec. 1, 1906 : — 

With Rank as Major General. — Brig. Gen. William Stopford, 
late Adjutant General and Chief of General Staff, to date Jan. 4, 
1906, after sixteen years and five months' commissioned service, 
and service in war. 

With Rank as Colonel. — Lieut. Col. Edward J. Gihon, late 
Assistant Inspector General, general staff, to date Jan. 4, 1906, 
after seventeen years and two months' commissioned service, 
with service in war; Lieut. Col. Francis T. L. Magurn, late 
Assistant Inspector General, general staff, to date Jan. 4, 1906, 
after fourteen years and nine months' commissioned service, 
with service in war ; Lieut. Col. Henry L. Kincaide, late Assist- 
ant Inspector General, general staff, after seventeen years and 
two months' commissioned service, and service in war, to date 
Jan. 4, 1906; Lieut. Col. Albert C. Warren, late Assistant 
Adjutant General, staff Second Brigade, after sixteen years and 
three months' commissioned service, to date April 12, 1906. 

With Rank as Lieutenant Colonel. — Maj. Roland H. Sher- 
man, late Judge Advocate, staff Second Brigade, to date Jan. 1, 
1906, after six years and four months' commissioned service, 
and service in war; Lieut. Col. John Perrins, Jr., late Assistant 
Inspector General, general staff, to elate Jan. 4, 1906, after thir- 
teen years' commissioned service; Maj. Perlie A. Dyar, late Corps 
Coast Artillery, to date Jan. 15, 1906, after eighteen years and 
seven months' commissioned service, and service in war; Lieut. 
Col. Thomas F. Edmands (declined promotion to grade of Briga- 
dier General, to which he was eligible under provisions of sec- 
tion 6, chapter 504, Acts of 1906), late First Corps Cadets, to 
date June 12. 1906, after thirty-seven years and eight months' 
commissioned service, and service in war. 

With Rank as Major. — Capt. James C. D. Clark, late Com- 
pany E, Fifth Infantry, to date Dec. 20, 1905, after eight years' 
commissioned service, and service in war ; Capt. James A. Camp- 
bell, late Company M, Second Infantry, to date Jan. 29, 1906, 
after five years and seven months' commissioned service, and 
service in war; Capt. Jeremiah J. Moynihan, late Company G, 
Ninth Infantry, to date Feb. 21, 1906, after 12 years and eight 
months' commissioned service, and service in war; Capt. Charles 
F. Nostrom, late Seventh Company, Corps Coast Artillery, to 
date March 15, 1906, after fifteen years' commissioned service, 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 163 

and service in war; Capt. Walter M. Lindsay, late paymaster, 
staff Sixth Infantry, to date April 2, 1906, after six years and 
nine months' commissioned service, and service in war; Capt. 
Edward E. Sawtelle, late adjutant, staff Second Infantry, to 
date May 11, 1906, after seven years and two months' commis- 
sioned service, and service in war; Capt. Joseph L. Gibbs, late 
Fourth Company, Corps Coast Artillery, to date May 31, 1906, 
after ten years and nine months' commissioned service, and 
service in war; Capt. Albert B. Chick, late Third Company, 
Corps Coast Artillery, to date Nov. 28, 1906, after sixteen years 
and six months' commissioned service, and service in war. 

With Rank as Lieutenant Commander. — Lieut. Fred H. 
Turnbull, late Company E, Naval Brigade, to date Dec. 1, 1905, 
after six years and three months' commissioned service, and 
service in war; Lieut. Daniel H. Sughrue, late Company A, 
Naval Brigade, to date April 3, 1906, after eleven years and 
eleven months' commissioned service, and service in war; Lieut. 
Thomas S. Prouty, late ordnance officer, staff Naval Brigade, to 
date May 22, 1906, after five years and nine months' commis- 
sioned service, and service in war. 

With Rank as Captain. — First Lieut. Charles H. Kimball, 
late Company M, Sixth Infantry, to date April 2, 1906, after 
eight years and eleven months' commissioned service, and ser- 
vice in war; First Lieut. Frederick W. Harrison, late Twelfth 
Company, Corps Coast Artillery, to date May 14, 1906, after 
eight years and four months' commissioned service, and service 
in war; First Lieut. John B. Paine, late range officer, staff Corps 
Coast Artillery, to date July 19, 1906, after twelve years' com- 
missioned service, and service in war; First Lieut. Edward A. 
Maloon, late paymaster, staff Second Corps Cadets, to date Oct. 
30, 1906, after twenty-four years and eight months' commissioned 
service; First Lieut. Norman P. Cormack, late First Company, 
Corps Coast Artillery, to date Oct. 30, 1906, after eight years 
and nine months' commissioned service, and service in war. 

With Rank as First Lieutenant. — Second Lieut. John F. 
Mclnnis, late Company I, Ninth Infantry, to date Oct. 22, 1906, 
after six years and nine months' commissioned service, and ser- 
vice in war. 

IV. Pending certain decisions on the part of the Judge 
Advocate General, the requests of certain officers, honorably dis- 
charged from the service subsequent to 1898, for reinstatement 
on the retired list, under the provisions of section 6, chapter 



164 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 

504, Acts of 1906, will remain on file in this office, and without 
prejudice. Later orders will announce such retirements, with 
the relative rank upon the retired list of the officers so concerned. 
By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Frte, 
Adjutant General, Chief of Staff. 



CIRCULARS. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Adjutant General's Office, Boston, March 31, 1906. 

'Circular, No. 1. 

On recommendation of the Inspector General of Small Arms 
Practice, the following is published for the information of the 
militia : — 

Assignments for Rifle Practice. 

I. The following days are assigned the militia stationed in 
Boston, for target practice at the range of the Bay State Military 
Rifle Association, Wakefield, Mass., during the shooting season 
of 1906 : — 

Tuesday. — Corps of Coast Artillery. 
Wednesday. — Companies A, B, C, and Engineer Corps, Naval Brigade. 
Companies A and H, Fifth Infantry. 
Company A, Eighth Infantry. 
Company L ; Sixth Infantry. 
Thursday. — Commander-in-Chief and staff. 
Headquarters First Brigade. 
Headquarters Second Brigade. 
First Corps Cadets. 
First Squadron Cavalry. 
Friday. — Ninth Infantry. 

Shooting will begin on Tuesday, May 1. Headquarters will 
shoot on the days assigned to their commands. 

Special Assignments for Saturdays. 

II. Arrangements have been made for a limited number of 
targets on Saturday afternoons, for which assignments will be 
made from this office monthly. 

III. If arrangements can be made for the use of targets on 
holidays, assignments will be made not less than one week in 
advance. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 165 



General Conditions. 

Any member of the above-mentioned organizations may shoot 
on a day not assigned to his command, whenever such use of 
targets does not interfere with the shooting of the organization 
assigned to that day, and with the permission of the officer in 
command; but each command is expected to use the day allotted 
to it, as far as possible. 

Each squad must be in charge of an officer or competent non- 
commissioned officer, who will be held strictly accountable for 
the conduct of his men and for the observance of the rules and 
regulations. 

They are reminded of the necessity of exercising extreme 
caution in order to prevent accidents. 

Rifles will be loaded at the firing-point only, and will be in- 
spected before leaving the range. 

Magazines will be cut off in all slow-fire shooting for quali- 
fications. 

The rules of the Bay State Military Bifle Association in regard 
to the use of the range, and those which govern shooting, must 
be strictly observed, and officers are expected to make themselves 
familiar with all such rules. 

No intoxicating liquors allowed on the grounds. 

Officers are expected to preserve order and discipline. They 
will report any serious violation of rules to the Inspector General 
of Small Arms Practice. 

Under regulations, shooting will be done in uniform, and 
officers and noncommissioned officers in charge of detachments 
will set an example in this respect. 

Beasonable transportation will be furnished on application of 
the inspector of small arms practice of each organization to the 
Inspector General of Small Arms Practice. 

Each commander will make such arrangements as will ensure 
a good use of the time allotted to his command on Saturdays, 
as a charge is made for opening these targets, whether they are 
used or not. 

The inspectors of small arms practice of the different com- 
mands will be notified of the days and targets assigned. 
By order of the Commander-in-Chief, 

James A. Frye, 

Adjutant General. 



166 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S EEPORT. [Jan. 



Commonwealth of Massachusetts, 
Commissary General's Office, Boston, May 15, 1906. 

Circular. 

The following copy of directions relative to the issuing of 
rations is published for the information of the commissary officers 
and acting commissaries of the Massachusetts Volunteer Militia, 
in Camp at Framingham : — 

I. Eations will be provided for officers, guests and employees 
on the same basis as enlisted men. 

It- is imperative that Form No. 12 be rilled out and forwarded 
to the Commissary General two weeks prior to each tour of duty, 
that he may make a proper estimate of supplies needed, and 
also hold assignments of pay to cover expenses of same. 

The assignment of pay, at 75 cents per ration, should be 
properly made out and signed by the company commander, or 
the person to whom pay is assigned by company members. 

II. It is estimated that the sum of 75 cents will cover the 
cost of each ration, and paymasters are authorized to accept 
orders for this amount, and pay same to the Commissary General 
at camp. An itemized account, together with a check for any 
unexpended balance, will be given paymasters before leaving 
camp. 

III. All supplies will be delivered to the post commissary, 
and by him issued to the regimental, separate battalion, unat- 
tached compan} r , Signal Corps, Hospital Company and brigade 
headquarters commissaries. 

IV. The different components of the ration adopted by the 
State are classified as follows : — 

Fresh components, Form No. 7, composed of meat components, 
bread components, and butter, milk and eggs. 

Dry components, Form No. 8, composed of vegetable compo- 
nents, coffee and sugar components, seasoning components. 

V. Eations will be issued in following units (sugar, salt, 
rice, Indian meal, lard and butter in amounts divisible by 
five) : — 

Flour, . . . . .in 24^—pound bags. 

Tea, ...... 1-pound packages. 

Prunes, ..... 25-pound boxes. 

Potatoes, ..... 120 pounds (2 bushel bags). 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



167 



Onions, 










110 pounds (2 bushel bags). 


Coffee, 










in 10-pound cans. 


Salt fish, 










10-pound boxes. 


Bread, 










in pounds (not loaves) . 


Vinegar, 










gallons. 


Pepper, 










1 pound. 


Molasses, 










quarts. 


Dry yeast, 










5-pound cans. 


Eggs, . 










30 dozen to a case, not less than 
one-half case issued. 



Milk by cans, each containing eight quarts and one pint. Cans 
will not be divided. 

VI. The dry components, estimated to be sufficient in quan- 
tity for the tour of duty, will be issued by the post commissary 
on the day previous to the beginning of the tour of duty. The 
dry components issued will be delivered to each regimental store- 
house on Friday afternoon, and be ready for distribution to com- 
pany commissaries the following forenoon. 

VII. For theoretical instruction, commencing Saturday (first 
day of camp) a United States Army ration requisition will be 
properly filled out, and one will accompany every requisition of 
fresh components, and issues will not be made unless the United 
States blank is correct. 

VIII. Daily ration return, Form No. 7, comprising the fresh 
components sufficient for one day, covering dinner, supper and 
breakfast, will be made out daily by the company commissaries, 
commencing Friday, for supplies to be issued on the day fol- 
lowing. These returns will be delivered to the regimental com- 
missary officers at 9 a.m., on the day made, and by them consoli- 
dated on Form No. 9, and delivered to the post commissary at 
10 o* clock on same day. 

IX. Each commissary and acting commissary will require a 
receipt for all components issued by him. Before forwarding 
consolidated return, Form No. 9, each regimental commissary 
will make copy of same. 

X. Eations required for on Form No. 7 (fresh components), 
excepting milk, will be delivered to the post commissary at about 
8 o'clock each morning, and by him to regimental commissary 
at the regimental storehouse. The milk will be delivered at the 
same hour by separate conveyance. 



168 ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 1907. 

XI. Rations will be weighed by, or under the supervision of, 
a commissary of subsistence, duly authorized, and all regimental, 
separate battalion, unattached company, Signal Corps and Hos- 
pital Company commissaries will receipt in triplicate for all 
supplies received, one receipt to be forwarded to the post com- 
missary, the second given to the contractor, and the third retained 
by the commissary as his voucher. 

Frederick B. Carpenter, 
Brigadier General and Commissary General, M. V. M. 



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178 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



179 



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188 



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p. 






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0) 


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1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 189 



"(H "fl 

bfl O 


+3 

CO 
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2 ° a 


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00 


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01 


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3 .00 

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s 


r "^ 

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3 


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190 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan 



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1st It., May 
Nov. 14, 189 






co 








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CO en 

CS 

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Ci "Si 


r; 2d, Aug. 22, 
Aug. 22, 1892; 
sb. 20, 1893. 


'-I'oo 

CM OS 
dj 00 

3 - 
-CM 

§ ® 


iH 

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CO 

cS 

a 


1; 2d, July 20, 
, July 20, 1896; 
y 20, 1898; 7th 


oi" 
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X 

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+j 
CJ 

c 


-CO 
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% co" 

fa <N 

CM =* 

cs" - 




a 

CO •- 

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00 

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00 CM 


CM 
OS 
X 

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00 

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co' cid 

CM OS 
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OS , 




6; 2d, Dec. 21, 
, Dec. 21, 1895; 
sgt., 2d It., De 
899. 




E's 


00 _" 


fa 




d3 


& j= ~= 


— 


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r 


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3 
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r. 


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X 

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o | 
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co k! 

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> >— • 

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ft 

oa 
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CO 

< 


regt., H, July 2 
d, July 20, 1895 
uly 20, 1897; 6t 


be 

CO 
+3 
f. 

OS 

-. 
oo 


an. 9, 1903. 
regt., A, Feb. 2 
riv., corp., sgt., 
;., May 6, 1901. 


3 ti 

• (O 

08^ 
w co 

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;g 03 

08 ^ 

-° "S 
CO 


bb 
co 

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CO 
CO 

c8 
+j 

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X 


CM LO 

. os 

MOO 

a"« 

bJ5<3 
OJ 

_. ^3 


t regt., M, Deo. 2 
3d, Dec. 21, 1892 
Dec. 21, 1896; c 
1897; 1st It., Feb 






+3 CO 


■5 ° 


— CO H-s 


CM 


-s -~ a 




-ki ^-( 


r-l 


X! CO 


F—( 




O 


CO 

T— 1 




oa 




O 




LO 




co 




+3 

CO 




CO 






















„ 








p _ - 




a 

z 


a 




4-i 

a 

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S 

2 




CO ^ 
OJ 

> « 




OJ 




o 




73 CO 
fa cs 




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H 






o 




^ CJ 

C 




3 




3 




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Z § 

H 

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co ^*! 

K 
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W •< 


co' 
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x co 

■2 O 

— C5 

fa «— i 




oj" 
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C 
CD 

c; ■ 
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OJ 

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On 

oj3 

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3 
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o 

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fa 




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O « •- 1 






CO -M 

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5 





1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



191 



c 
o 

-^> 
to 
o 

pq 



co 



O 



u 



to 00 

rH OS 

.00 



. OS 00 
CO .OS 



co 



03 o > 

bo!? 



. M3 

in a o 

3 «3 
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> to 

. O 

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+-• 00 
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23 08 
CM 

1° 

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p .. 

.00 

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o> 

to _r os 
3 °o 

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X 1-5 CO 



<tf 00 

5*00 



CO 

>"o 

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s 



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,5 i- os 

T-l • °0 
CM a 
-.-<! oo" 

CO rH - 



P 00 O 
-OS . 

"2 rH O 

.5 „ d 



.cS 



OS 

co 



rQ 

03 



rt o 

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r bD 

23 



^r5 

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OS - 
00 O • 
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-ii 

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kH r ^ 

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r*> • - TO 
ri OS rH 

^= 00 ... 

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Pi -00 

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TO >> 

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J 03 << 

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CM 



CM to 



W M 

fl r 

rS a 

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co 

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92 . oo 
S o os 
3 co oo 

r"7j rH 

CO „ 

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03 00 ^S 
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00 01 
■PHH 
TO 



w 



CO +i TJ CM 
00 bflCM a) 
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CO CJ 
00 

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S- 8 

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CMjC-C . 

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1 >ss 



01 



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rH I> r-9 -S 



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o 


pq d 


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TO 


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1-9 A 


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2 erf 

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■5 cm" 

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O 
CO ^a 

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o ■ 

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rgfflS 

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-a 

CM 

c 
pi 

1-5-H 

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O^ 

r" r-" 

. CM 

^ 6 
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192 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S EEPOET, 



[Jan, 



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1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



195 



Commissions Vacant Dec. 31, 1906. 





"5 
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Second Regiment, . 

Sixth Regiment, 

Ninth Regiment, . 

Corps Coast Artillery, 

Naval Brigade, 

First Battalion Field Artillery, 

First Squadron Cavalry, 

First Corps Cadets, 

Second Corps Cadets, 


1 


1 


1 


1 

1 
1 
1 
1 


1 


3 


2 

1 

1 


1 
1 
1 


1 


2 
3 
2 
2 
5 
1 
2 
1 
2 


Totals, .... 


1 


1 


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3 


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20 

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Summary of Casualties. 





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3 


Captains, .... 
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Lieutenant, junior grade, 
Second lieutenants, 
Staff officers, 


8 
4 
1 
6 
11 


2 
2 

4 


1 


11 

6 

1 

10 

11 


Totals, .... 


30 


8 


1 


39 



196 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Discharges and Loss of Enlisted Men Other than by Expiration 

of Term of Service. 



ORGANIZATION. 


By Order. 


Promotion. 


Died. 


First Brigade, ..... 


1 


- 


- 


Second Brigade, . 






1 


4 


- 


Corps Coast Artillery, . 






272 


7 


3 


Second Regiment Infantry, 






260 


6 


- 


Fifth Regiment Infantry, 






250 


2 


- 


Sixth Regiment Infantry, 






234 


10 


2 


Eighth Regiment Infantry, 






292 


4 


3 


Ninth Regiment Infantry, 






272 


6 


4 


Naval Brigade, . 






218 


4 


1 


First Corps of Cadets, . 






31 


6 


- 


Second Corps of Cadets, 






40 


- 


- 


First Battalion Field Artillery, 




76 


2 


- 


First Squadron Cavalry, 




40 


2 


1 


Ambulance Company, . 




23 


- 


- 


Signal Corps, 




20 


- 


- 


Totals, 




2,030 


53 


14 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



197 



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Lt. col., insp. gen., 7tb army corps, 
U. S. V., May 9, 1898; insp. gen. 
dept., resigned, Feb. 23, 1899. 


Original Entry into the Service. Subsequent Service 
and Commissions. 


1st batt. cav., A, Nov. 1, 1891; priv., corp., 2d It., 
May 7, 1895; brig, gen., insp. rifle prac, Mass., Jan. 
7, 1897; 1st It., adj., 6th regt., Apr. 22, 1898. 


Name, Address, Rank and 
Date of Commission. 


Governor and Commander- 
in-Chief. ' 
Curtis Guild, Jr., Jan. 4, 1906, 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



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208 



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209 






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210 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



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to 

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5 






g 


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fa 


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CO 


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C 

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o 


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fa 


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CO 

In 


to 

o 

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CD 
Si 

rH 




e 


to 

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1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 211 





bn 






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1 


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a 




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XII 




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p 




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p s 


s. inf. 

quar 

3, 189 








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r m 

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1898; 

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43 




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pr. 1 
9; 8t 


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to 

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d, Apr. 
!, 1896; 
h, June 


O +3 
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18, 189 
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212 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



T3 
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1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



213 













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214 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



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1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7 



215 



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43 








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43 




Hg O^ 

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23, 1 
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.; 1st 
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surg., 


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1889; 2d, Jan. 
Jan. 23, 1894; 
1896; priv., sgt 
e 13, 1899: 1st 
; 1st It., asst. 


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regt., I, Jan. 23, 
n. 23, 1893; 4th, 
95; 6th, Jan. 23, 
, 1896; capt., Jun 
ac, May 27, 1901 
01. 


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216 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



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1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



217 





























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2 


Battalion Quartermasters an 
Commissaries of Subsistena 
(rank Second Lieutenant), 
reston D. Forbush, Sou 
Framingham, June 26, 190 


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218 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



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1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



219 




220 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



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1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7 



221 



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Second Lieute 
awrence T. Walk 
ham, Oct. 9, 1905. 


O 
1 

S 

o 
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Captain. 
alph B. Petersen 
Junction, Nov. 26, 




8 

8 
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00 


73" 

M 

O 
E=H CD 

o 

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CO* 
u > 

a^ 


s 

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73 
8 
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rank F. Ireland, 
Nov. 26, 1906. 






P 






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222 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



T3 

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1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7, 



223 

















73 








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232 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



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PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



233 






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1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



235 



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236 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



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1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



237 






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241 



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242 



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1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



243 



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244 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



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1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



245 





































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00 






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1896; 3d, 
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it sgt.; 2d 






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p 

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d, Api 
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246 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 





>> 
























M 5 oi 






bo 






















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S «3 .2 

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co r 

00^ 

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-- 1 43 

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Qi2 




r. 9, 1891; 3d, 
, Apr. 9, 1894; 
; 8th, Apr. 9, 


CM 

l> 

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ao 
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tN 

CD 


OS 
00 
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CO 

CD 

43 

43 

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)ec. 11, 1883; 2d, 

priv., corp., sgt., '. 

, It., Feb. 11, 1890. 


pr. 9, 1888; 2d, Ap 

, Apr. 9, 1893; 5th 

7th, Apr. 9, 1896 


i-s 
co 

l> 

OS 
X 


June 10, 1897; q 
m. staff, June 16, 
gt. maj. 










r «J CM 

M bD 

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43 

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■< 03 


Majors — Co 
J. Sullivan, D 
30. 1899. 




a 






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Adjutant 

(rank Capta 

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Battalion Adj- 
ank First Lieu 
min F. Flani 
ge, May 15, 1' 




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O rS 

OD ^5 

o 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



247 















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+3 

OQ 


£? 


- 




- 


TJ" 


. 


- CO 


S- OO OS 


O 

a 


+= <-« r"a 

bO . ^ 

£ ~- „- 

^ 03 -3 


+3 


3 
OQ 


+3 

CO 

Si 




•+3 

bo 

CO 

(H 


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CO 


bO 
CO 


-*3 ■** 

M.2 

CO OQ 


00 00 
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bfl 

OQ 


OQ 


-3 




-3 


+3 

OQ 


J3 


^3 S 


OQ 






-f3 




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+3 




+3 




->3 


-*3 


rH 






OS 




OS 




iO 




OS 


OS 




ft 

CO* 
. CO 

. a co 
r?^ a 

1m 



o 

ffl'S 

a- 

r§CO 

•-9 



O 

§ «8 -r? 

lag 
fifis 

V-9 



S. a ° 



s 








^> 


a 


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03 


OJ 




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00 


a 


3 
ffl 


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OS 

rH 


^ 


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00 














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>> 








S3 






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S3 


S 






Ph 





OQ 

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8 03O 

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e oq os 

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os 'C a 

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— T3 g 

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ft 
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H 






OS 
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CN 


s 






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a 









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^> 






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248 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan , 



s n-M 

S » 2 

U H 
03 O 
P? 



03 

c E 

CO 2: 
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pq 



pq 



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(3 



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e as 

drC 
03 £ 

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tr 1 *-» 



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>> 


d 




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c 


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+3 


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PA 
1 


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O 


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Q3 --H 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



249 



g > 



ffi 

0) 
M 

o 

o3 <3 

pq 



c8 CN 



g°> 

.G GO 



^ cS OS 
OS 



O 



£ 3 

Sec • 
§ -S2 

■I a- 

•« M (M 
to 

73 <3 

I a 

.£ o 

73 +j 

W 



08 CM 



GO 



.9 •- a 
• S o 

ffiO) o 
in 00 

03 rH •- 
3 00 

l"H -OS 

^ rH 00 
rg rH rH 

OS 



CO 



08 



.5 — 
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73 OS 
m 00 

C8 rH • 

^! 00 

<=< .OS 

d O 00 

•$ >H rH 
OS 



o 

£ w 

e 

e - 



o 



o 
pq 



g . 

WHO 
o3 O 



.§ o 



PQ ■§ 



^ r-5 rH 

J-J ft 

b|3<3 

M 



?-* CD OS 
O^ rH 



rH fM 
^r? 

-G ^ 



cq 



£ 3 

■« 0Q (M 

& H 

-G 5 



o 

ft 

£ 55 

§a to 

°Q • OS 
<J rH 

3 **" 

o3 <N 

Ph 



T3 
.-CM +i" 



00 00 
CM OS 

os2 
G 

3 «■? 



CC M 



03 0305 



oo oo 
OS -OS 
00 IM 00 



m 



_ o 



rG rH CM H XH 



















OS 




73 CM 


73 rH 




rS +3 




BHrQ 


OS 




CO rH 


CO <M 




<D r=S 




08 G 


00 
















rH 




O C3 


... >> 








03 


- 




CD 3 os 




-o^ 




? s 

c ° 
o ° 

G^ 

st 

03 . 

03 — 
•^73 


OS 
CM 

r-5 

O 
-ri 

Os 
00 

o" 

CO 




2d, July 12, 19 
12, 1902; 5th, J 
priv., Corp., sgt. 


; 2d, Apr. 7, 18£ 
8, 1899; 1st It., J 
1st It., Oct. 3, 189 


o 

OS 

rH 


CO T 
CO 03 

OS - 
2d 

co" 8 

as > 
pcTfi 
- ft 
73 






1897 

July 

1904; 


B, Feb. 28, 1893 
1897 ; 4th, Mar. 2 
is., Aug. 1, 1899; 




« OS" 




CM 


> 

o 




CM 

6 


..OS 

o22 

OS ^ 




OS 

S o *-o 

oo 5 o 


-OS 

+» 0) 

fcfl G 

03 fj 


A, July 12, 
, 1901; 4th, 
th, July 12, 


Q 

-l-i 

T3 
(M 

pq" 


2co 

^2 Ph 
CB . 


OS 
OS 
00 


E, June 6, 1 

., July 7, 19 
June 26, 19 


- 


r-5 


.-CM CO 


• .73 


. 




CO 


th regt., 
sgt. ma; 
sistence 


4i 

rH 

rG 
-rS 


+3 

T3 
CM 


th regt 
July 1 
1903; 


th regt 
Apr. 7 
1899; 


M 

CO 

u 

si 


;h regt. 
3, 189C 
June 1 


OS 




OS 


OS 


os 


OS 




OS 



o 

& 
<l 

% 

o 
O 



CD 



iS rlH 



03 

Ho 

OS 

G 

O G G 

. r-5 

.2 ^ 

'S "C 
P 



ft 
.< 

1 A 

S o 

S- -^ 
«S 03 

§pq 



^Ph 



SQ 



250 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan 



T3 

<v 

PI 

• i— < 

a 
o 

U 



to 

•I 



■to 



£j 




fl 


3 


rt 






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co 



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3 . -S 
hs -o CM . 

+= i oo rH <N 

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2^t^4i 
rOt-'O ^ 



T5 rH t- J 

co o . .£ 

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..rH ^ ft 

NO ■+) 
t}< t> Eh 

^5 



-Eh 



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Hoq 



-0 Eh 



O • to 

05-0 
^ CD -g 
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I> - . 

•-3 ^ 

^» 

Eh .. - 

-"*H Q. 

JO " 
+>ffl o 

CO rH O 



O 

PQ 

43 

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o ^ 



§ to 
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^PQ 



Kq s 



1-5 



3 
O 
CD 

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T^ 




03 


s 

c 


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8 


u 










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a 


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cr- 




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t- 


fe,pH 


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n 






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»-a 





1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7 



251 



c3 
Ph 

6 
M 
OS 



CQ 



hH 



o 



O 



rH 00 




rH OS 




>>2 




S CO 




-<N 




r-< . 




r > 








CQ - 




■+J 




P§ 




■a i 




■-: a 




m 








AH 


& 


-, oo 





J3 rH 


a 



° .- r> 

a "<".*,- 

r •' 3 
ip £ > ° 

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r""' *a oo 

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Ph 



^5" 



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g rH . 

a r^ 

g^o 

fl .. 

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o . 
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05 3 

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1—1 CN "l* - 
>> - ^ 






- ■*»- <* 5 



•h &'-; °> 

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05 



a 
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00 ^ 
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rQ^ 

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a) 

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co «■ 

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rH ^ • 

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» a 



O 



res 

+= rH 
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05 



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CO *-* 

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> 


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2b2 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



c 

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c 
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43 








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1907/ 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT— No. 7. 



253 



— -j. 

■ X 



> o 



S8^ 

- * 6| 



— x 



. 3 oo 

^ _ - 



— x 

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5 2 
















= Z 




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c - 


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X — 

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=: 

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- 
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c 

D 


— 


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o 

o 


m 
O 

« 

O 

o 




o 

co 

O 

m 
1 


CO 


O 

ce 

Si C 

e M 

r 


CO 


o 

co 
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pq 

1 

z 

< 


pq 

£ 

03 

■cS .5 oo 

a js oo 

O &H CN 

w « 


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o ° 
< w 

< 
55 


CO 

«3 
S 


© 
I. 

a 


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o 
X 


< 

T3 


> 

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o 


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= 

oa 
i— i 


CD 


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co" 
cs 


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OS 
rH 


a 

o 
a 




to 


si 


u 

- 


> 

'43 


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0) 




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i 


>> 

S3 


O 
CD 


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a c 

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£ 






O 







1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



259 

















bfl 








rd 

bfl 




















w 








w- 




















TO 








d 
o 




























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&£)■ 








TO 




















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o 




















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PQ 




























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d 














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CO 














'£ 














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t5 










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CD 
ra 

'a; 

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03 




u 

o 

e*H 

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o 

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O 








a 
i— i 








CJ 






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§ 


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r5 








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M"£ 




g 00 


• 








TO > 
rH O 








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J-r? 








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> ^ 




__ rH 


. 








o- . 








a.* 






CO Pj 




>;3 










> r i 








+3 










CO £ 

• O 

P£ 


















P o 






*00 

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' 








CO to 

pa 








■+3 J3 






^00 




r hj 










„ 








03 S 






rH 1-1 

03 




03 © 


• 








03 00 








boo 


+3 

M 

CO 




• Os'oO 
>> OS 

> >>oq 


3t Mass. hvy. 
9, 1898; mus. 
2d It. 
















-P GO 

i-H 
03 - 
TO OS 

1 >» 

trH 
"to 


+2 

r-H 

io 

OS 
» 
rH 




-d o3 

.a 

TO 

TO .. 

§ a 

03 


1—1 

1— 1 

> 

o 

5 


• 








st Mass. h-v 
It., May 9 
14, 1898. 








rH 






1— 1 




rH 










rH 








lio CD 










!> 


rH - 








00* 








'® fll 








o 


o 
















0> rt* 






r>-s 

-p 

W.r4 

... 03 




M 

o 


os 

rH 

CM 








9 

r-5 








fl £ 






T-t 




-p 


d 
















3 "O 






OS • - 




TO 

PI 

03 
Fh 


03 








+i 








i-s 










1-5 








TO 

rH 








^g 






CO 




+3 


(N 








o 








... r " ' 






§ 2 ' 

1-5 Ml 
CO ^ 














OS 








<N - 

OS «o 
oo „, 

^ PI 

«r d 








co 

^ 00 
rH*- 1 


00 
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00 

r-< 

<* 








00 

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o" 

CN 














do*^ 

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OS 

as • 


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o3 






















00 TO 
l-l lH 




« s- 


r-5 








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P, __ 






wi" 




08 


M 








o . 








-P OS 






• OS 














+= A 








53 oo 

03 rH 






3 00 

03 rH 
1-5 . 




-|J -r> 

(H rt 

c3 -0 


03 








rl rQ 

03 O- 








>>CO 






. T"* 




^^ 


>> 

> 

fcfl 








>> - 








> 
^ PI 


oo 






1> 

OS 


OS 
+i 00 








J3 01 

r4 

+3 . - 








OS 


o 




OS 


rH 


a> . 


OS 








£ OS 








^ T3 OS 




-PrS 


„ 


^ IC 


Sh 








00 








+=> CO 


rH 




1> 


+= rH 


■P 








+= rH 








co 






TO 




TO 


TO 








TO 








i— I 






rH 




rH 


rH 








rH 








u 

0> 

to 
o> 




Pi 

o 

+2 

CO 


CD 

M 




0) 
P) 

1-5 


d" 

o 

TO 




d 

o 

+3 




r6 

Oi 

tH 








it 

e o 




O 

m 
i 




o3 




a" 

■vs' O 
Js TO 


O 

e 




TO 

o 
PQ 




d* 

1-d 






SQ 




1 
g 

o 

o 


o 




1 ° 


Si 




1 


g >> 


g.gf 






1« 

*b 


Second Lieu 
H. Fogg, 
27, 1905. 




Captai 
ic S. Howes 
25, 1897. 




First Lieut 
A. Gleason, 
899. 


3 o3 
ij OS 

o3 


rH 

o 

OS 
rH 

00* 


< 
o 

o 

o 


•5 o 

e d 

<3 03 

°b 


First Lieut 
S. Wilson, B 
905. 


^> d 

3 § 

->« 03 

&2 






-o > 




O 
u 
H 
CO 


<-• 
as +3 




+= rH 


-P 


Ph 




r* '""' 












T3 o 

go 




la 


rH 

o 


o 






S "2* 

grH 








Q 






Eh 




<j 


O 








rK 







260 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



T3 

.5 

d 
o 

O 



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to 




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pq 






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CD 

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6 






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CD . 




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bfi 
CD 




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CD 






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(H 




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+3 




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1-1 




1-1 




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6 






6 




CD 




1 








N 




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CD 






CD 




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w 2 




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g 




CD 

pq 




cm 

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CD 

03 
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CD 

03 




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CO 


c: 


Q 

03* 
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co 


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to 


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go 


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CD rH 
ti 


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co bfi 


6Q 


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+- os 

CO rH 

gco* 


6 


n 

H 


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CD 






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C 

CD . 
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62 

03 " 


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fe 




C 3 
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£ 








S CO 

1" 




'^2 
pq 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



261 



o 

Hi 



« 3 

. o 

> n 

. o 

^ 00 
-OS 

(-1 " 
Id . 

OS oo 

S o3 i-i 
^S - 



+» CM <J 



00 
I— I 

a o 
on ■ 

co'3 

OS G 

^■s 

00 

. l-H 



o3 22 



pq 



to o 



fe T 

CM M 
+-> 

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lO i-i . 
00 .CM 
CO ^ O 






. OS +» 
CM 00 rt 

00 '" H ra 

oo - J2 

i-l rH " 

-<N ... 

o ._ 
CO £l OS 

• <a co 



o 



O o 
pq 



CM 



-oo a 

■P00 ffl 
bjC'i-i 02 
OS - 
5-1 CM . •" 



G 
o3 

^CN 

CM S 

6J"i-T 

OS CM 

_; ^ 

«^ 



>> a 

> 55 



bJD k" 

■e a 



co ,3 



Q*?ON 

r- g--- 1 oo 
oo JR oo 
i— i J ^ i— i 

- e3 - 



oo 



CD 



•^ •O* 



^ 



3,3 

03 <M 

|£ 

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m . 

.ir> 
^^ 

fcfl . 
CD ja 



CM co _ 

rn " - -^ 03 

3 ^ t- Srf 

2 OO I 3 ' 
^ 00 

i— i /iC J 

co %3 

■IH . I— I . .. 

M OS ^ oo 
OS GO .i-i 

PQ 6" d§ 
00 x ^ 

-00 CD r 
T? i-H n 



JON 

+? cm os 

2 . oo 

I-I -^ T-l 

a 

AT " ,-C 
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oo r 
^ ■£ *5 

03 ^— -^ 

5! . CO 

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a ' 

y. 



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iOd 



ai 



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a • ° 
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00 

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o o ^ 

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X 



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1 -o 



ft 



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00 
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I ■+= .- 

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+» T3 
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X 



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co CD 



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00 L-3 


a 


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.00 


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^^ 


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ro 




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s 
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SB 
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bJD in 

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262 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



H3 
CD 

• p— i 
-t-j 

d 
o 

O 



■to 
«0 

e 

o 

O 

=o 

O 
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1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



263 



M 

M 

a 
o 

+3 



PQ 



bO 

73 



pq S 



bo 

3 







73 


02 fc» 




73 


w 




§ 


0! > 




Is 

-rH 


rH o 




M-^ 




r +3 
^ o 




1— 1 - 


CO m 
. 3 




CO o 


p a 




p* 






. +3 


^98 

00 




03 ri 


>>^ 




*3 


. >> 

to cs 


on 


^3 


05 


CO 00 


SiS 


rH 


m os 
03 00 


% r 


tH 


§^ 


+= ■^H 


iH 


+= OS 



pq 



a; 
bO 

IS 



^98 

OS 

-00 



> 



CO ^H 

Po 

rJ25 

+3 

i3 ° 

S3 +3 



^>98 

>. OS 



00 



05 



IS! >> 
« 03 



fe •* 



" b 



PS 



« s 

►*>00* 

>; OS 

. <-• bO 
to - « 

2 os .- 
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00 r-j 00 



l> 


+3 

o 


C~ 


OS 

00 


fl 


1—1 




1—1 


rl 









H5 


OS 


03 CO 

>— 3 rH 


rd" 


on 






•*-> 




rti 




« 1 




a 




1> CM <J 



o 

~OS 

aoo 



a oo c 
a; r-i 



. OS 

rH "^ ""* 

" os 

^ co 
-22 § 



^CnT . 



a tf .. 

w t3 oo 

■PMH 



oo <! 

T-l •- 

• CO pj 

03 CO 

»-S !-H l> 



OS OS 

. OS 

r* 00 

03 tH 



Td 00 <M -C! 
CO 00 . --» 

t-i _ J3 OS 

fl +3 00 
C^ 00 r-1 

rt +3 OS J 
t-,,0 00 § 

-a •• - .-> 

<N g <N pd - 

oo CM l- s 
^ ■ -->* 

>,>-9 <-h 
«J J3 ,h <m" 

^ 35 o> • 
-"* oo a 

'O oo <n - 

=3 00 . rC 

»^ ^ 

03 - 03 
»<N 1-5 ... 

° 03 13 oo 

■phtOH 

CO 



+5 (M 

M . 

m a . 

- o3 OS 

a "-s os 
8^^ 



t3 r- 

CO OS 



rco i> 

a i> 03 

OS *-3 

t^Too - 

OS r-1 -^ 

00 ..-< 

^ co t3 

-rH CN 

lS *<oo 



O 



CO ^ 

+3 

-O .. 

-CO 

^s 

4^ OS 
00 tH 



OS , "" 1 
00 - 
i—l CO 



O -J "tfn 

I . +3 . 

■gOp 



co 



-f3 


rff 1 "'' 


i-i 


s g 




03 




; •"» 




bfl .- 


oo 


+3 


rH 


.-^ 


- 


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CI 


M .. 




UJ on 


d 


+3 OS 


03 


CO 00 


1-9 


H i-H 






■ 00 «» 
OS 

oo 



O OS 






_ O H 

co' - •- 

+i +3 O 

O OS OS 

O ..T" 

, 1-1 
X o -g 
13 OS " 
co i-i O 



a 

O 

+3 


to 

o 
pq 






o 




PQ 


. co 


I 


.§.3 




G '-2 





e " os 


!* 


O oo 


'A 


• i-i 


< 


w - 


u 


n< 


% 


CM 


O 

o 


to 

P 03 




03 5 
J3 « 




o 



S S OS 

co rH 

•Is CQ * 



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W 












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CO 


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CO 



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En 
H 

< 
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o 

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p 

o 

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r-9 




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s 




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a 




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PI 


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270 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



<v 

a 

o 



00 



«o 
O 

O 
© 





































^_J 


>> 


































03 




Milita 
cal In- 
tion. 






























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Ph 




0) 


































§ 


ceived 

r Medi 

struc 










T3 
!- 

03 




















'53 

Fh 

0) 




d 

'0 

1 

PQ 












03 




















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P 














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T3 












• 


















PI 






CI 






























a3 






08 


































































+3 






+3 












Qj 


o 
















O 















CD 




§ 


o 


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o 








a 






Ph 


CD 




Pm 

^ 6 








co 
0) 
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03 

o 








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GO 






CD 


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PQ 












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Sz; 








3 




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p) 




































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of . 




































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+= 03 




































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CQ 






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c 
>> 


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co 

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CD 
O 

G3 






CO 
CO 
03 




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C 

6 


CO 
CD 

03 

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CO 

a 

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o 

73 


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■P 00 
bt OS 
co oo 

- 1— 1 

co t-i 






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IS 

ft^" 

fe 
CD O 

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CO 












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&& 
O . 

CM 


CD" 

ci 

CD 

CO 

CD 






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0) 

03 
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co 

a 

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CD 

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03 






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CD 






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Cj 


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fe 03 








03 


a 


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< CO 


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Ph S 


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P 


'M 


1 


3 


a 




s 




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a 


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a 


V 


ja 




CO 

3 

s 


03 03 







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PQ 


CO 


.2 m 


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go 
1 




.a 


h-1 


03 

. 

t> C3 

[> rH 

0) 0" 

a . 
£^ 


h3 


3 




'3 "3 

M CO 




A 


co" 


e 
•S 

CO 
CO 


d 


i=h (3 
03 

a 

GO 

H 
d 

o 

1-8 


co 

O 

r-l 

oi" 

CN 




CO 

- 

i 


S 


co 


o3 CO 
> ° 

. rH 

Pm - 

CO 

03 +J 




St 

B 

ft. 


CO 

r a 

S « • 

ra 1- to 
i-^ O 

03 t-H 
U 
rH 




co d 
03 


co 

O 
> 

u 

9 00 
i-s 


2^S 

^ d - 
d "3 ^ 

l-i C3 tfl 

PQ 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



271 



~d 



l-l !> S T)H 


. 












i-( MCO 


T3 OS .5 




lO 4J 


CR Ooo H 




O) Sh 


co . S 




OS bn 


i-H ^ ,£5 


. 


oo <j 

T-H ^ += 


... M73 
O 3 CN 




00 m 

i-H 


- ** CD ■>" 


■* 


- a 






^S += M OS 


00 
00 


-n'-fl <D 


OS <C . 
00 




OS -• 


H irj m -oo 


1—1 


NiO UJ 


l-H - +3 




CN O 


. 4 -"< 


„ 


r 


-^ SP 




O 


> • - co ■— ' - 


o 


M •-£ 


-- 1 ,"£ 




+i 


O W Cj 4JH 


CO 


2 u ° _* 


i-l "3 - 




Q-C 


>0> (3 IOH 


bi) 


^ OSTJ 
^ 00 <M 


2d, July 
, 1892; 
v., corp. 




-r-l . ^Q 


3 


,1-H ... 




. a 


Xi . l-j £T CD 
<NcO Sgfa 


<J 


T3 .^ 
^ S M 




T3 

<Mo> 


..*"? &2 r 


o 


CM a: 




OS 
«,"O0 


gg O ^ CO H 

Siz; mcn .. 




1888 
Aug 
t., Is 
9. 


i— < "s-t 




CN ,_, 


i— r 
00 
00 


■- i— 1 Q, 

SS >> •- 




OS . 
00 OS 
i-H CN 


«© -fl ro.2 


i—i 


- - bCOS 
rh j3 CO 00 


"^ P OS 




oT -j^ 


s, Nov. 1 
1892; 4t 
*iv., corp 
2d It., Se] 
Dec. 4, IS 


O 

CO 

bj) 

3 

co 

CD 

o3 
o 

GO 

a 

o 


s, Aug. 2 
1894; 4t 
v., corp., 
July 7, 1 


, July 11, 
1; 4th, J 
ug. 9, 18 




+J o 

O +a 

°cO 
-OS 

CO m 


corps cadet 
Id, Nov. 16, 
6, 1894; pi 
egt. inf., E, 
896; capt., 


corps cadet 
d, Aug. 24, 
4, 1896; pri 
898; 1st It., 


corps cadets 
uly 11, 189 
897; 6th, A 


OS 
OS 
00 
l-H 

t> 

3 


corps cadet 
d, Oct. 29, 1! 
st sgt. 


^ TO 1-1 Sh T-1 


T3 


p^ CO CM i-l 


^^.i-H 


1-5 


^COiH 


<M 


CN 


CN 


CN 




CN 



•y 



S3 CD 



"^ CD 





m 


CD 


OS 
OS 






o 


co 

i-H 




^4 




CN 


O 


d 




!N 


S 




•- 

CD 
O 


a 





« 





fence 

nt). 

abody 












s 

CD 








a 




03 
02 


.2 <3 a> 

So fl Ph 








CD 












o3 






Sub 
eute 
ton, 




e 

Si 


>> 

o 


02 

1 




a 

03 
,0 


ar?/ of 
irst L 
arring 


o 

OS 

rH 


3 
o3 

CD 

> 


< 




03 

o 


g^fe 






■^ 


< 




H rH 




IN 






cu 






gas 


l-H 
P 






g 
o 
O 






CD 


CD 
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T3 

o3 
CD 

CD 
"SI! 

§3 

"3 ,H* 
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H g co 

CD o 
cc HH OS 
.*» iH 

^P^OS* 
!>. © 

C d 

03 Hj 

w 



3 

1-5 

■g a" 



CQ 



CD CO 

I© 

03 OS 



272 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[J 



an, 



03.2 



— , s- 

S « 2 



CD O ^ 

a> o 
Ph 














a 


a 


a 


S 


o 


0) 


(3 


C3 


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IS 


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>> 


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o 
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£S 



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5-2 



W 



IC +i 


-^ ■* ■* 


CO 


CS~ 


WHH 


o 


00-5 
^ CM 

»Q T 




OS 


1895; 

, Oct 

Dec 


r-l 

1—1 


• co 


-A • 




J * 


■* +3 -£ 

H U3 


M 


^-d 


, Oct. 
899; 

t.; 2d 


<J 


2d, 
sgt. 
190 


o 


. 


"O '-< fcfl 


- 




<N co 


o 


£} P*^ 


Tf .+3 


o 

OS 


r- 1 " CD 


OS . ^ 


I-l 


Mar. 25, 

96; priv., 

1st It., D 


. 14, 18 
Lh, Oct 
., sgt., 


=1 

3 r-l 


£* & 


< - 


O o 


-^ 


-oo •- 


•• o 


co fcfl 


KH00 


■2o> r 


rps cadei 
Mar. 25, 
t. 16, 189 


as . 


rps cade 
. 14, 18 
3; priv 
0. 


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co « 

a . 
8 > 


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CN 


cn 



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OS ,2 rH 
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d 

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<m a 

to • .- 

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00 =3 o 

rH >-> os . 

.r-iCO 

■* CN >~l 

fl . - t^ Os" 



-3 10 co r 

co 2 O (M 

a^cs 

c . _ • 



CO ^ 



OS o 

t-l t) 

J2 a 



Os 00 
00 « 






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ng cs 

CO r-l 



p^5 



< 



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53 


<u 


C/J 


cS 


1 


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c* » 


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S..9 


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CO 






O 
O 


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2 n" 



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QQ 



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o 
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W 



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<-> 




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to -3 




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r-3 O 


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0> 


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Fir 
ene T 
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04. 




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M 3 






3>-s 


&"' 




H 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



273 



a 

■5 . 

e m 

a, & 
js o 



w 



o 



QQ 



<N •*? BJ OJ 

OS fti-t OS 
00 $ -00 

ft^S 

n^ o >-5 

»3 00 -.J 

a«8|S 

OQgtE&Q 

of ^ r r 
^ • * - 

O - . .J 
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_j CO i—l 02 



8 <B 

2 la 
s - 

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o 

pq 



13 r-< 

CO <M 

05 — 

CO *~> 
1-1 

i— i +i 
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>f 

3 A? 

•-5 o 
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13 <-! 



bfl 

CO N 43 

00 ^? i-i 

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Ph 

u 

r o 



13 ^ .i> 
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TO C^ 

a 

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to 2 
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274 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



o - 
a> o 





'H 




0) 


a 




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K 


o 


ro 




I- 


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pq 



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1— 1 


d 




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TO 
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> 




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fc © fl 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



275 



rd* 


M 




ell 


0) 










a 













Cv 




71 


> 




+3 


3 


i— i 


w 
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rnW 


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ft, 



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> 

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D 



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ft 

3 
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pq 



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i-J" . 

>> 

c3 

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CO 
03 

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CQ o 



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288 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



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1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



289 



ROSTER. 



Commissioned Officers in Order of Lineal Rank. 



Curtis Guild, Jr., Governor and Commander-in-Chief. 
Staff of Commander-in-Chief. 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Title. 



Frye, James A., Brigadier General, 
Devine, William H., Brigadier General, 
Brigham, William H., Brigadier General, 
Carpenter, Frederick B., Brigadier General, 
Emery, William B., Brigadier General, 
Bancroft, Hugh, Brigadier General, 
Capelle, William C, Colonel, . 
White, James G., Colonel, 
Bailey, Edwin W. M., Lieutenant Colonel 
Williams, Henry L., Lieutenant Colonel, 
Parker, Samuel D., Lieutenant Colonel, 
Parker, James P., Commander, 
Wolcott, Roger, Lieutenant Colonel, 
Doty, George H., Lieutenant Colonel, 
Glines, Edward, Major, 
Kelley, Joseph J., Major, 
Barroll, Thomas D., Major, 
Curtin, John A., Major, 
Hayden, Charles, Major, 





Jan. 4, 


1906, 




4, 


1906, 




4, 


1906. 


i 


4, 


1906, 




4, 


1906, 




4, 


1906, 




4, 


1906, 




4, 


1906, 


, 


4, 


1906, 




4, 


1906, 




4, 


1906, 




4, 


1906, 




4, 


1906, 




4, 


1906, 




4, 


1906, 




4, 


1906, 




4, 


1906, 




4, 


1906, 




4, 


1906, 



Adjutant General. 

Surgeon General. 

Inspector General. 

Commissary General. 

Quartermaster General. 

Judge Advocate Gen. 

Asst. Adj. Gen. 

Insp. Gen. Small Arms Prac. 

Asst. Insp. Gen. 

Asst. Insp. Gen. 

Asst. Insp. Gen. 

Naval Asst. Insp. Gen. 

Asst. Insp. Gen. 

Asst. Insp. Gen. 

Asst. Quartermaster Gen. 

Aid-de-Camp. 

Aid-de-Camp. 

Aid-de-Camp. 

Aid-de-Camp. 





Brigadiers General and Staff. 




No. 


NAME AND RANK. 


Date of 
Commission. 


Brigade. 


Staff. 


1 

2 

1 
2 
3 
4 


Brigadiers General. 
Whitney, Jophanus H., . 
Clark, Embury P., . 

Staff Officers. 
Sanborn, Walter L., Lieut. Colonel, . 
Cobb, Morton E., Lieut. Colonel, 
Foster, Charles C, Lieut. Colonel, 
Smith, Walter A., Lieut. Colonel, 


Feb. 23, 1901, 
July 26, 1904, 

Jan. 8, 1903, 
Apr. 12, 1906. 
June 3, 1903, 
Jan. 24, 1905, 


2d. 
1st. 

1st, 
2d, 
2d, 
1st, 


Asst. Adj. Gen. 
Asst. Adj. Gen. 
Med. Director. 
Med. Director. 



290 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan, 



Brigadiers General and Staff — Concluded. 













No. 


NAME AND RANK. 






Brigade. 


Staff. 






Commission. 








Staff Officers — Concluded. 










1 


Benyon, George H., Major, 


Jan. 5, 


1905, 


1st, 


Inspector. 


2 


Wyman, Albert C, Major, 




June 26, 


1905, 


2d, 


Brigade Q. M. 


3 


Burroughs, George, Major, 




26, 


1905, 


1st, 


Brigade Q. M. 


4 


Hitchcock, Charles B., Major, 




26, 


1905, 


1st, 


Brigade Com. 


5 


Wooden, Frederick G., Major, 




26, 


1905, 


1st, 


Judge Advocate. 


6 


Burnham, Franklin J., Major, 




Jan. 5, 


1906, 


2d, 


Brigade Com. 


7 


Ham, Leon W., Major, 




10, 


1906, 


1st, 


Ordnance Officer. 


8 


Tandy, Elon F., Major, . 




20, 


1906, 


2d, 


Ordnance Officer. 


9 


Rogers, William C, Major, 




20, 


1906, 


2d, 


Judge Advocate. 


10 


Gow, Charles R., Major, . 




May 28, 


1906, 


2d : 


Inspector. 


1 


Baker, Roy B., Captain, . 


May 26, 


1904, 


2d, 


Aid-de-Camp. 


2 


Harrison, Christopher, Captain, 


Oct. 12, 


1904, 


1st, 


Engineer. 


3 


Osgood, Frederick H., Captain, 


June 26, 


1905, 


1st, 


Vet. Surgeon. 


4 


May, Arthur W., Captain, 


26. 


1905, 


2d, 


Vet. Surgeon. 


5 


Noyes, Curtis D., Captain, 


Nov. 1, 


1905, 


1st, 


Aid-de-Camp. 


6 


Blake, Arthur, Captain, . 


Jan. 15, 


1906, 


1st, 


Aid-de-Camp. 


7 


Gilman, John E., Jr., Captain, 


May 28, 


1906, 


2d, 


Engineer. 


8 


Hitchcock, Frank T., Captain, 


June 6, 


1906, 


2d, 


Aid-de-Camp. 



Field and Staff Officers of Infantry. 











No. 


NAME AND RANK. 






Regiment. 






Commission. 






Colonels. 








1 


Pew, William A., Jr., .... 


June 28, 


1895, 


8th Regiment. 


2 


Donovan, William H., 










Mar. 30, 


1899, 


9th Regiment. 


3 


Oakes, William H., 










Apr. 13, 


1901, 


5th Regiment. 


4 


Pierce, Frederick E., . 










Sept. 29, 


1904, 


2d Regiment. 


5 


Priest, George H., 










Mar. 16, 


1905, 


6th Regiment. 




Lieutenant Colonels. 








1 


Logan, Lawrence J., . 


Nov. 6, 


1889, 


9th Regiment. 


2 


Clement, Murray D., . 










Apr. 13, 


1901, 


5th Regiment, 


3 


Cook, Cyrus H., 










Mar. 16, 


1905, 


6th Regiment. 


4 


Fairbanks, Harry B., 










May 15, 


1905, 


2d Regiment. 


5 


Eldredge, Edward H., 










Apr. 6, 


1906, 


8th Regiment. 




Majors. 








1 


Graves, Frank A., ... 


Oct. 2, 


1896, 


8th Regiment. 


2 


Murray, George F. H., 










Mar. 30, 


1899, 


9th Regiment. 


3 


Sullivan, John J., 










30, 


1899, 


9th Regiment. 


4 


Sweetser, Warren E., 










Apr. 30, 


1900, 


6th Regiment. 


5 


Marshall, Isaac N., 










30, 


1900, 


6th Regiment. 


6 


Stover, Willis W., 










13, 


1901, 


5th Regiment. 


7 


Butler, Willard C, . 










June 5, 


1901, 


5th Regiment. 


8 


Meredith, Francis, Jr., 










Dec. 11, 


1902, 


5th Regiment. 


9 


Gray, Edwin R., 










Sept. 29, 


1904, 


2d Regiment. 


10 


Hayes, William C, 










Dec. 16, 


1904, 


2d Regiment. 


11 


Sweetser, E. Leroy, 










Feb. 3, 


1905, 


8th Regiment. 


12 


Smith, James C, 










Mar. 16, 


1905, 


6th Regiment. 


13 


Rider, Phineas L., 










May 15, 


1905, 


2d Regiment. 


14 


Cutler, Charles H., 










Apr. 6, 


1906, 


8th Regiment. 


15 


Casey, William J., 










July 21, 


1906, 


9th Regiment. 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7 



291 



Field and Staff Officers of Infantry — Continued. 







Data nf 




No. 


NAME AND RANK. 








Regiment. 






Commission. 






Inspectors of Small Arms Practice — Captains 










1 


Caswell, John, ...... 


Apr. 


12, 


1906, 


8th Regiment. 


2 


Drum, John D.,. 








12, 


1906, 


9th Regiment. 


3 


Hansen, David, 








12, 


1906, 


5th Regiment. 


4 


Geisel, Theodore R, . 








12, 


1906, 


2d Regiment. 


5 


Wise, Stuart W., 








12, 


1906, 


6th Regiment. 




Quartermasters and Commissaries of Sub- 












sistence — Second Lieutenants. 










1 


Knowles, H. Bert, ..... 


July 


28, 


1904, 


8th Regiment. 


2 


Furbush, Preston D., 






June 


26, 


1905, 


6th Regiment. 


3 


Hunter, Harrie C, 








26, 


1905, 


6th Regiment. 


4 


Faber, George, . 








26, 


1905, 


6th Regiment. 


5 


Coady, James D., 






• 


26, 


1905, 


5th Regiment. 


6 


Waterman, Henry C, 








26, 


1905, 


5th Regiment. 


7 


Ford, William L., 








26, 


1905, 


9th Regiment. 


8 


Conrad, William L., . 








26, 


1905, 


9th Regiment. 


9 


Richards, Charles W., 






Dec. 


12, 


1905, 


2d Regiment. 


10 


Longley, Charles L., . 








12, 


1905, 


2d Regiment. 


11 


Shattuck, William A., 






Jan. 


5, 


1906, 


5th Regiment. 


12 


Brown, Harry L., 








18, 


1906, 


8th Regiment. 


13 


Nichols, Bert F., 






May 


4, 


1906. 


2d Regiment. 


14 


Hutchinson, Herbert B., 






June 


8, 


1906, 


8th Regiment. 


15 


Molloy, James L., 








26, 


1906, 


9th Regiment. 




Chaplains. 










1 


Lee, James, ...... 


July 


1, 


1884, 


9th Regiment. 


2 


Danker, Walter S., . 




June 


6, 


1904, 


6th Regiment. 


3 


Barlow, Howard Key, 




July 


22, 


1904, 


8th Regiment. 


4 


MacQueen, Peter, 




Jan. 


5, 


1905, 


5th Regiment. 


5 


Dakin, William T., . 




May 


14, 


1906, 


2d Regiment. 




Adjutants — Captains. 










1 


Sleeper, Stephen W., ..... 


Dec. 


5, 


1902, 


8th Regiment. 


2 


Dolan, William H 


Feb. 


4, 


1904, 


6th Regiment. 


3 


Walker, Frederick A., 


May 


24, 


1905, 


5th Regiment. 


4 


Norton, Paul J., ..... 
Battalion Adjutants — First Lieutenants. 


June 


26, 


1905, 


2d Regiment. 


1 


Flanagan, Benjamin F., • . 


Feb. 


11, 


1890, 


9th Regiment. 


2 


Healey, Martin J., 






6, 


1899, 


9th Regiment. 


3 


Nichols, Delevan R., . 




Apr. 


16, 


1903, 


2d Regiment. 


4 


Metcalf, Frank J., 




May 


13, 


1904, 


6th Regiment. 


5 


Kendall, Frederic M., 






16, 


1904, 


6th Regiment. 


6 


French, Chester W., . 




Nov. 


17, 


1904, 


2d Regiment. 


7 


Klein, William H., . 






29, 


1904, 


2d Reeimeut. 


8 


Comerais, Henry D., . 




May 


31, 


1905, 


5th Regiment. 


9 


Wardwell, George A., 




June 


1, 


1905, 


5th Regiment. 


10 


Downes, George M., . 






1, 


1905, 


6th Regiment. 


11 


Keenan, George F., 






12, 


1905, 


9th Regiment. 


12 


Lawrence, Richard, 






14, 


1905, 


8th Regiment. 


13 


Mitchell, William L., . 




Jan. 


5, 


1906, 


8th Regiment. 


14 


Clark, James CD., 






5, 


1906, 


5th Regiment. 


15 


Wonson, Charles F., . 




June 


1, 


1906, 


8th Regiment. 




Quartermasters — Captains. 










1 


Sweet ser, Stanwood G., 


Apr. 


3, 


1900, 


6th Regiment. 


2 


Murphy, Daniel J., 




May 


15, 


1903, 


9th Regiment. 


3 


Clark, Charles S. f 




Mar. 


21, 


1904, 


8th Regiment. 


4 


Jenks, Fred A., .... 




Nov. 


17, 


1904, 


2d Regiment. 


5 


McNamara, Patrick J., . 




June 


1, 


1905, 


5th Regiment. 



292 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan 



Field and Staff Officers of Infantry — Concluded. 



No. 


NAME AND RANK. 


Date of 
Commission. 


Regiment. 




Paymasters — Captains. 










1 


Edson, Archibald C, . 


Apr. 


3, 


1900, 


2d Regiment. 


2 


Barr, James C, ..... 




3, 


1900, 


8th Regiment. 


3 


Kane, John P., ...... 




3, 


1900, 


9th Regiment. 


4 


Dukelow, Charles T 


May 


17, 


1901, 


5th Regiment. 


5 


Kittredge, Colby T 

Commissaries of Subsistence — Captains. 


Apr. 


2, 


1905, 


6th Regiment. 


1 


Chase, A. Preston, ..... 


Apr. 


17, 


1900, 


8th Regiment. 


2 


Hunton, Lewis G., 


May 


1. 


1900, 


6th Regiment. 


3 


McGrath, Patrick H., 




15, 


1903, 


9th Regiment. 


4 


Nichols, John D., ..... 


Jan. 


5, 


1905, 


5th Regiment. 


5 


Morgan, Daniel H.', ..... 
Surgeons — Majors. 


May 


14, 


1906, 


2d Regiment. 


1 


Gates, Ernest A., ..... 


Feb. 


15, 


1899, 


2d Regiment. 


2 


Jenkins, Thomas L., . 


Sept. 


21, 


1899, 


8th Regiment. 


3 


Hart, Joseph S., ..... 


Apr. 


25, 


1904, 


6th Regiment. 


4 


Dearing, Henry L., . . . . . 


Jan. 


5, 


1905, 


5th Regiment. 


5 


McGourty, James E., . • . 

Assistant Surgeons — Captains. 


May 


8, 


1905, 


9th Regiment. 


1 


Williams, Abram C, . 


Apr. 


3, 


1900, 


2d Regiment. 


2 


Butler, Charles S., 




15, 


1904, 


8th Regiment. 


3 


Decker, William N., . 


May 


3, 


1904, 


6th Regiment. 


4 


Keene, Charles H., . 


Jan. 


5, 


1905, 


5th Regiment. 


5 


Butler, Patrick F 

Assistant Surgeons — First Lieutenants. 


May 


8, 


1905, 


9th Regiment. 


1 


Fiske, Eustace L , . 


Apr. 


30, 


1904, 


6th Regiment. 


2 


Johnson, Peer Prescott, .... 


June 


10, 


1904, 


8th Regiment. 


3 


Bogan, Frederick L., . 


Oct. 


9, 


1905, 


9th Regiment. 


4 


Comey, Perley P., 


May 


5, 


1906, 


2d Regiment. 



Line Officers of Infantry. 



No. 


NAME AND RANK. 


Date of 
Commission. 


Co. 


Regiment. 




Captains. 








1 


Barrett, Edwin G., . 


Apr. 5, 1894, 


A, 


2d Regiment. 


2 


Dunn, John H., 








May 11, 1896, 


D, 


9th Regiment. 


3 


Barrett, John F., 








Jan. 19, 1897, 


M, 


6th Regiment. 


4 


Hilliker, Charles T., 








Mar. 15, 1897, 


D, 


8th Regiment. 


5 


Cutting, Frank F., . 








Sept. 8, 1897, 


L, 


5th Regiment. 


6 


Packard, P. Frank, . 








June 2, 1899, 


I, 


8th Regiment. 


7 


Barry, John J., 








13, 1899, 


E, 


9th Regiment. 


8 


Hamilton, Clifford E., 








July 18, 1899, 


F, 


5th Regiment. 


9 


Cully, James A., 








Dec. 18, 1899, 


I, 


9th Regiment. 


10 


Kenealy, John F., . 








Jan. 15, 1900, 


L, 


9th Regiment. 


11 


Damon, Herbert W., 








May 7, 1900, 


E, 


6th Regiment. 


12 


Young, Harry C, 








16, 1900, 


H, 


2d Regiment. 


13 


Canfield, George I., . 








28, 1900, 


M, 


8th Regiment. 


14 


Rogers, George M., . 








Apr 16, 1901, 


A, 


9th Regiment. 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



293 



Line Officers of Infantry — Continued. 









Date of 






No. 


NAME AND RANK. 


Commission. 


Co. 


Regiment. 




Captains — Concluded. 








15 


Smith, Mark E., 


May 6, 1901, 


A, 


5th Regiment. 


16 


McCarthy, Thomas, 






13, 1901, 


G, 


5th Regiment. 


17 


Nicholson, John, 






June 6, 1901, 


F, 


2d Regiment. 


18 


Campbell, James A., 






Aug. 5, 1901, 


M, 


2d Regiment. 


19 


Braxton, George W., 






Feb. 7, 1902, 


L, 


6th Regiment. 


20 


McMahon, John H., 






24, 1902, 


A, 


6th Regiment. 


21 


McNulty, Philip, 






Aug. 7, 1902, 


M, 


9th Regiment. 


22 


Desmond, William D., 






Dec. 29, 1902, 


H, 


6th Regiment. 


23 


Bouve, Walter L., . 






Jan. 26, 1903, 


K, 


5th Regiment. 


24 


Facey, Charles W., . 






Mar. 30, 1903, 


B, 


5th Regiment. 


25 


McRell, Robert, 






Aug. 31, 1903, 


K, 


9th Regiment. 


26 


O'Connell, John J., . 






Oct. 5, 1903, 


B, 


2d Regiment. 


27 


Beckman, Albert G., 






Feb. 15, 1904, 


I, 


2d Regiment. 


28 


Donovan, Frank L., 






Apr. 12, 1904, 


F, 


9th Regiment. 


29 


Holt, Edgar G., 






13, 1904, 


L, 


8th Regiment. 


30 


Foote, Alfred F., 






May 9, 1904, 


D, 


2d Regiment. 


31 


Taylor, Franklin G., 






10, 1904, 


F, 


6th Regiment. 


32 


Campbell, Harry B., 






June 7, 1904, 


F, 


8th Regiment. 


33 


Hickey, John J., 






July 26, 1904, 


B, 


9th Regiment. 


34 


Perry, William H., . 






28, 1904, 


H, 


8th Regiment. 


35 


Latimer, George T., 






Aug. 11, 1904, 


H, 


5th Regiment. 


36 


Weymouth, Fred S., 






Oct. 13, 1904, 


E, 


2d Regiment. 


37 


Moore, Harry C, 






Dec. 20, 1904, 


M, 


5th Regiment. 


38 


Ley den, Edward J., 






Jan. 10, 1905, 


G, 


2d Regiment. 


39 


Turner, David A., . 






Feb. 15, 1905, 


K, 


2d Regiment. 


40 


Gilson, Frank V., 






Apr. 7, 1905, 


B, 


6th Regiment. 


41 


McDowell, Jeremiah J., 






17, 1905, 


D, 


6th Regiment. 


42 


Pearson, Gardner W., 






18, 1905, 


c, 


6th Regiment. 


43 


Warren, Herbert H., 






May 23, 1905, 


c, 


2d Regiment. 


44 


Greene, William J., . 






29, 1905, 


E, 


8th Regiment. 


45 


Guilford, George F., 






Oct. 23, 1905, 


c, 


5th Regiment. 


46 


Cook, Lawrence W., 






Nov. 13, 1905, 


I, 


5th Regiment. 


47 


Robbins, Charles H., 






Dec. 4, 1905, 


D, 


5th Regiment. 


48 


Curtis, William J., . 






26, 1905, 


A, 


8th Regiment. 


49 


Whitney, Orville J.,. 






Jan. 8, 1906, 


E, 


5th Regiment. 


50 


Sullivan, Daniel P., 






22, 1906, 


c, 


9th Regiment. 


51 


Adams, Hugh E., 






30, 1906, 


L, 


2d Regiment. 


52 


Durrell, Pearl T., . 






Apr. 5, 1906, 


G, 


6th Regiment. 


53 


Elliott, Frank S., . 






12, 1906, 


G, 


8th Regiment. 


54 


Kyle, George A., 






23, 1906, 


B, 


8th Regiment. 


55 


Greig, James N., 






May 23, 1906, 


K, 


6th Regiment. 


56 


Hurley, John F., 






June 25, 1906, 


G, 


9th Regiment. 


57 


Greenwood, Edwin E., 






Sept. 27, 1906, 


K, 


8th Regiment. 


58 


Petersen, Ralph B., 






Nov. 26, 1906, 


I, 


6th Regiment. 




First Lieutenants. 








1 


Tisdell, Moses H., . 


July 18, 1888, 


A, 


2d Regiment. 


2 


Mann, James H., 






Feb. 8, 1892, 


L, 


5th Regiment. 


3 


Cobey, Thomas J., . 






Mar. 15, 1897, 


D, 


8th Regiment. 


4 


Kimball, Charles H., 






Oct. 19, 1897, 


M, 


6th Regiment. 


5 


Delaney, John F., . 






Aug. 9, 1899, 


I, 


9th Regiment. 


6 


Sullivan, George W., ' . 






May 7, 1900, 


E, 


6th Regiment. 


7 


Smith, Clarence E., . 






16, 1900, 


H, 


2d Regiment. 


8 


Holt, Elden L., 






Aug. 7, 1900, 


F, 


6th Regiment. 


9 


Gould, William B., Jr., . 






Feb. 7, 1902, 


L, 


6th Regiment. 


10 


Dwyer, John J., 






Mar. 24, 1902, 


D, 


9th Regiment. 


11 


Brockbank, Harvey G., 






May 19, 1902, 


A. 


6th Regiment. 



294 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Line Officers of Infantry — Continued. 



No, 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Co. 



Regiment. 



12 

13 

14 

15 

16 

17 

18 

19 

20 

21 

22 

23 

24 

25 

26 

27 

28 

29 

30 

31 

32 

33 

34 

35 

36 

37 

38 

39 

40 

41 

42 

43 

44 

45 

46 
47 
48 
49 
50 
51 
52 
53 
54 
55 
56 
57 
58 
59 



Concluded. 



First Lieutenants — 
Wiley, Joseph E., 
Adams, Hugh E., 
Pratt, Edward B., . 
Williams, John F., . 
Jones, William C, . 
Logan, Edward L., . 
Scanlon, Edward J., 
Riley, Charles S., 
Tornrose, Axel T., . 
Macdonald, Alexander, 
Nichols, George M. G., 
Stople, George E. B., 
Odermatt, Francis J., 
McArdle, Bernard F., 
Dawson, Charles A., 
Green, Charles E., . 
Doane, Harry L., 
Bruce, Philip B., 
Foley, Martin J., 
Pettengill, Clarence A., 
Jaquith, William H., 
Dorr, Eugene H., 
Sabin, Winfred A., . 
Scully, Jeremiah F., 
Akeley, Charles E., . 
Martin, James, 
Stevenson, William, 
Keville, William J., 
Wilson, William H., 
Lindh, Harris G., 
Jones, George T., 
Ireland, Thomas A., 
Daniels, George H., 
Williams, Thomas F., 
Revet, James D., 
McCarron, Bernard J., 
Gray, Albert C, 
Kelley, Herbert N., 
Clogher, Ambrose, . 
Phelps, Asa L., 
Jeyes, Walter R., 
Galvin, Joseph P., . 
Colby, Archer D., 
Casey, Mathew J., . 
Blake, William C, . 
Curley, William E., . 
Ford, Clement R., . 
Smart, Michael F., . 



Second Lieutenants. 
Boles, Michael S., 
Lucke, Frederick H., 
Murphy, Cornelius J., 
Groves, Charles H, . 
Cann, William W., . 
O'Brien, William, 
King, Michael L., 
Sedgeley, Alton R., . 
Sullivan, Thomas F., 



Oct. 



Dec. 



June 9, 
Sept. 20, 
Jan. 26, 
Mar. 31, 
Apr. 29, 

28, 
Aug. 31, 
Feb. 15, 
Apr. 11, 
May 9, 
June 7, 

21, 
July 26, 
Aug. 4, 

15, 

23, 

13, 

24, 
6, 

20, 
Jan. 19, 
Feb. 13, 

15, 

Apr. 4, 

7, 

17, 
May 23, 

29, 

June 6, 

6, 

14, 
Oct. 9, 

23, 
Nov. 13, 
Dec. 20, 

26, 
Jan. 8, 

30, 
5, 
2, 

5', 

24, 
May 23, 

Sept. 8, 

27, 

Oct. 29, 

Nov. 26, 

27, 



Mar. 
Apr. 



1902 

1902 

1903 

1903 

1903 

1903 

1903 

1904 

1904 

1904 

1904 

1904 

1904 

1904 

1904 

1904 

1904 

1904 

1904 

1904 

1905 

1905 

1905 

1905 

1905 

1905 

1905 

1905 

1905 

1905 

1905 

1905 

1905 

1905 

1905 

1905 

1906 

1906 

1906 

1906 

1906 

1906 

1906 

1906 

1906 

1906 

1906 

1906 



Feb. 13, 

Apr. 5, 

Nov. 23, 

Feb. 27, 

Jan. 28, 

Aug. 5, 

Sept. 30, 

Feb. 24, 

Mar. 24, 



1891, 
1894, 
1897, 
1900, 
1901, 
1901. 
1901, 
1902, 
1902, 



M, 
L, 
K, 

F, 

I, 

A, 

K, 

I, 

G, 

D, 

F, 

G, 

H, 

M, 

H, 

L, 

E, 

H, 

F, 

M, 

L, 

D, 

K, 

G, 

B, 

D, 

C, 

E, 

A. 

C, 

B, 

H, 

C, 

I, 

c, 

A, 

E, 

L, 

F, 

C, 

G, 

E, 

K, 

B, 

K, 

M, 

I, 

B, 



F, 
A, 
E, 
M, 
D, 
M, 
C, 
A, 
D, 



8th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 



9th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
5th Regiment. 
8th Regiment. 
2d Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 
6th Regiment. 
9th Regiment. 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



295 





Line Officers o 


/ Infantry — Concluded. 




No. 


NAME AND RANK. 


Date of 
Commission. 


Co. 


Regiment. 


- 


Second Lieutenants — Concluded. 








10 


Kelley, Herbert N., 


Aug. 22, 1902, 


L, 


2d Regiment. 


11 


Pond, William G., . 






Jan. 6, 1903, 


M, 


6th Regiment. 


12 


Curtiss, Elmer L., 






26, 1903, 


K, 


5th Regiment. 


13 


Brown, Sidney E., . 






Mar. 31, 1903, 


F, 


5th Regiment. 


14 


Hanson, George E., 






June 24, 1903, 


I, 


8th Regiment. 


15 


Hammond, Thomas J., 






Feb. 15, 1904, 


I, 


2d Regiment. 


16 


Dow, Lewis H., 






Apr. 11, 1904, 


G, 


5th Regiment. 


17 


Brown, Walter H., . 






May 9, 1904, 


D, 


2d Regiment. 


18 


Ganaway, Francis J., 






24, 1904, 


E, 


6th Regiment. 


19 


Hood, Ralph D., 






June 7, 1904, 


F, 


8th Regiment. 


20 


Penney, George S., . 






13, 1904, 


M t 


8th Regiment. 


21 


Ingoldsby, James J., 






July 28, 1904, 


H, 


8th Regiment. 


22 


O'Donnell, Thomas J., 






Aug. 4, 1904, 


M, 


9th Regiment. 


23 


Sherwin, Henry, 






23, 1904, 


L, 


9th Regiment. 


24 


HalL Frank P., 






Oct. 13. 1904, 


E, 


2d Regiment. 


25 


Whiting, Fred L., . 






24, 1904, 


H, 


5th Regiment. 


26 


Bishop, David H., . 






Jan. 24, 1905, 


F, 


6th Regiment. 


27 


Magee, Robert M., . 






Feb. 6, 1905, 


E, 


5th Regiment. 


28 


McWeeney, Joseph T., 






21, 1905, 


H, 


9th Regiment. 


29 


Maguire, Hugh J., . 






Apr. 11, 1905, 


A, 


9th Regiment. 


30 


Beebe, Frederick G., 






12, 1905, 


K, 


2d Regiment. 


31 


Whelan, Andrew J.,. 






May 15, 1905, 


D, 


6th Regiment. 


32 


McCallum, Louis M., 






23, 1905, 


c, 


2d Regiment. 


33 


Wood, Russell A., . 






29, 1905, 


E, 


8th Regiment. 


34 


Carpenter, William S., 






June 2, 1905, 


L, 


6th Regiment. 


35 


Lerned, Albert A., . 






6, 1905, 


A, 


5th Regiment. 


36 


Tirrell, Owen E., 






14, 1905, 


B, 


5th Regiment. 


37 


Walsh, Thomas L., . 






26, 1905, 


K, 


9th Regiment. 


38 


Easton, George E., . 






Aug. 29, 1905, 


G, 


2d Regiment. 


39 


Forster, Robert W.,. 






31, 1905, 


L, 


8th Regiment. 


40 


Walker, Lawrence T., 






Oct. 9, 1905, 


H, 


6th Regiment. 


41 


Bacon, Henry C, 






16, 1905, 


L, 


5th Regiment. 


42 


Coulter, George S., . 






23, 1905, 


c, 


5th Regiment. 


43 


Malonson, James H., 






Nov. 7, 1905, 


G, 


8th Regiment. 


44 


Holbrook, George S., 






13, 1905, 


I, 


5th Regiment. 


45 


Gledhill, Arthur R., 






Dec. 4, 1905, 


D, 


5th Regiment. 


46 


Haley, James J., 






20, 1905, 


c, 


6th Regiment. 


47 


Newell, William A., 






26, 1905, 


A, 


8th Regiment. 


48 


Mason, Edward, 






Jan. 30, 1906, 


L, 


2d Regiment. 


49 


Groves, Charles H., . 






Feb. 27, 1906, 


M, 


5th Regiment. 


50 


Warren, Walter E., . 






Mar. 5, 1906, 


F, 


2d Regiment. 


51 


Quigley, Frederick A., 






30, 1906, 


H, 


2d Regiment. 


52 


Ayer, Nathan F., 






Apr. 2, 1906, 


c, 


9th Regiment. 


53 


Wakefield, Frank A., 






9, 1906, 


B, 


2d Regiment. 


54 


Smith, Ralph M., . 






May 15, 1906, 


c, 


8th Regiment. 


55 


Rogers, John J., 






23, 1906, 


K, 


6th Regiment. 


56 


Doyle, Thomas W., . 






28, 1906, 


G, 


6th Regiment. 


57 


Degnan, Charles J., . 






June 25, 1906, 


G, 


9th Regiment. 


58 


Berry, Bernard M., . 






Sept. 24, 1906, 


B, 


8th Regiment. 


59 


Runey, Frank B., . 






27, 1906, 


K, 


8th Regiment. 


60 


Lee, Christopher F., 






Nov. 20, 1906, 


I, 


9th Regiment. 


61 


Ireland, Frank F., . 






26, 1906, 


I, 


6th Regiment. 


62 


Harrold, Paul A., 






27, 1906, 


B, 


9th Regiment. 



296 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



TJan, 



Field, Staff and Line Officers, Corps Coast Artillery. 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 
Com mission. 



Company, 



Colonel. 



Nutter, Charles P., 



Lieutenant Colonel. 
Woodman, Charles B., 



Quinby, George F., 
Danforth, Norris O., . 
Lombard, Walter E.,. 



Majors. 



Adjutant — Captain. 
Fullerton, E. Dwight, ...... 

Battalion Adjutants — First Lieutenants. 
Totten, James E., ....... 

Foster, Willard M., 

Spenceley, Frederick, ...... 

Quartermaster — Captain. 
Cushing, J. Steams, ...... 

Paymaster — Captain. 
Parker, Horace B., . 

Surgeon — Major. 
Dearing, Howard S., . 

Assistant Surgeon — Captain. 
Rolfe, William A., 

Assistant Surgeon — First Lieutenant. 
Hartung, Harry H., ...... 

Inspector Small Arms Practice — Captain. 
Portal, John M., ...... 

Commissary of Subsistence — Captain. 
Murchie, Guy, . . . . . 

Signal Officer — First Lieutenant. 
Hale, Robert S., 

Aid-de-Camp — First Lieutenant. 
Hanscom, John B., ...... 

Range Officer — First Lieutenant. 
Paine, John B., ...... 

Battalion Quartermasters and Commissaries — Second 
Lieutenants. 
Thurston, Edward A., 
Woods, Frederic L., . 
Smith, Whipple F., . 



Captains 
Frothingham, Joseph H., 
Whiting, Fred M., 
Pratt, Walter L., 
Howes, Frederick S., 
Fuller, David, . 
Horton, George E., 



Jan. 23, 1906. 
Apr. 1, 1898. 



July 28, 1897. 

Jan. 23, 1906. 

23, 1906. 



Jan. 6, 1904. 



June 20, 1900. 

25, 1900. 

May 9, 1906. 



May 3, 1904. 

Apr. 3, 1900. 

Aug. 14, 1897. 

Apr. 3, 1900. 

Dec. 8, 1903. 

Apr. 12, 1906. 

June 26, 1905. 

Feb. 22, 1903. 

May 1, 1905. 

June 20, 1894. 



Nov. 14, 1905. 
May 7, 1906. 
May 23, 1906. 



May 27, 1887, 

Apr. 15, 1891, 

Dec. 16, 1895, 

Oct. 25, 1897, 

Feb. 14, 1899, 

Aug. 18, 1899, 






First. 

Eleventh. 

Fifth. 

Second. 

Twelfth. 

Tenth. 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



297 



Field, Staff and Line Officers, etc. — Concluded. 











NAME AND RANK. 


Commission. 


Company. 


Captains — Concluded. 










Smyth, James H., ....... 


Nov. 


12, 


1902, 


Eighth. 


Underwood, Marshall, 














Feb. 


5, 


1906, 


Sixth. 


Crowell, Alonzo K., . 
















12, 


1906, 


Ninth. 


DeWolf, John C, 














Aug. 


6, 


1906, 


Fourth. 


Hall, Arthur E., 














Nov. 


19, 


1906, 


Seventh. 


First Lieutenants. 










Renfrew. William. Hi .... 


Dec. 


16, 


1895, 


Fifth. 


Gleason, Albert A., . 














June 


12, 


1899, 


Second. 


Harris, Clifford L., 
















19, 


1901, 


Eleventh. 


Sampson, Samuel B., 














Mar. 


17, 


1902, 


Tenth. 


Dickerman, Olin D., . 














Nov. 


12, 


1902, 


Eighth- 


Wilson, Frank S., 














Feb. 


15, 


1905, 


Third. 


Shedd, Benjamin B., 
















5, 


1906, 


Sixth. 


Bullard, Frank A. D., 
















12, 


1906, 


Ninth. 


King, George M., 














Apr. 


2, 


1906, 


Seventh. 


Meek, William J., 














June 


19, 


1906, 


Twelfth. 


Snell, Ernest L., 














Aug. 


6, 


1906, 


Fourth. 


Second Lieutenants. 










Grant, Bertie E., ....... 


Dec. 


16, 


1895, 


Fifth. 


French, Alton L., 












June 


19, 


1901, 


Eleventh. 


Gerlack, Conrad M., . 














Oct. 


28, 


1901, 


Second. 


Edson, Charles H., 














Aug. 


11, 


1902, 


Tenth. 


Kane, Harry J., 














Nov. 


22, 


1902, 


Eighth. 


Fogg, David H., 
















27, 


1905, 


First. 


Potter, William N., . 














Feb. 


12, 


1906, 


Ninth. 


Lombard, Herbert E., 
















26, 


1906, 


Sixth. 


Skinner, Harry A., 














June 


19, 


1906, 


Twelfth. 


Stitt, William, . 














Oct. 


8, 


1906, 


Fourth. 


Leach, C. Warren, 














Nov. 


19, 


1906, 


Seventh. 



Field, Staff and Line Officers of Cavalry. 




NAME AND RANK. 


Date of 
Commission. 


Troop. 


Organization. 


Major. 
Perrins, William A., 


Dec. 21, 1897, 


- 


1st Squadron. 


Adjutant — First Lieutenant. 
Hall, John W., 


Jan. 7, 1898, 


- 


1st Squadron. 


Quartermaster — First Lieutenant. 
Kerrison, John C, . ... 


May 19, 1899, 


- 


1st Squadron. 


Paymaster — First Lieutenant. 
Blinn, Alfred M., 


Mar. 10, 1903, 




1st Squadron. 


Surgeon — Major. 
Mills, George Westgate, .... 


Aug. 13, 1894, 


- 


1st Squadron. 



298 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Field, Staff and Line Officers, etc. — Concluded. 



NAME AND RANK. 



Date of 
Commission. 



Troop. 



Assistant Surgeon — First Lieutenant. 
Scoboria, Arthur G., .... 



Inspector Small Arms Practice — First 
Lieutenant. 
Wilson, William H., . 



Commissary of Subsistence — First Lieutenant. 
Flagg, George F., 



Chaplain. 
(Vacancy.) 



Captains. 



Keyes, Edward H., 
Coburn, Eugene A., 
Robinson, Fred R., 



First Lieutenants. 
Fisher, Edward, . 
Schmitz, Chas. A., 
Barrows, John S., 



Second Lieutenants. 
Ricker, Edward S., 
Swan, William L., 
Appleton, Charles B., . 



Organization. 



May 


31. 


1900, 


- 


June 


26, 


1905, 


- 


Apr. 


4, 


1906, 


- 


Jan. 


7, 


1905, 


F, 


Feb. 


1, 


1905, 


D, 


May 


22, 


1906, 


A, 


Jan. 


7, 


1905, 


F, 


Mar. 


15, 


1905, 


D, 


May 


22, 


1906, 


A, 


Jan. 


7, 


1905, 


F, 


Mar. 


15, 


1905, 


D, 


May 


22, 


1906, 


A, 



1st Squadron. 



1st Squadron. 



1st Squadron. 



1st Squadron. 
1st Squadron. 
1st Squadron. 



1st Squadron. 
1st Squadron. 
1st Squadron. 



1st Squadron. 
1st Squadron. 
1st Squadron. 



Field, Staff and Line Officers of Field Artillery. 



NAME AND RANK. 


Date of 
Commission. 


Co. 


Organization. 


Major. 
Duchesney, Lawrence N., .... 


May 19, 1893, 


- 


1st Battalion. 


Adjutant — First Lieutenant. 
Clapp, Harry B., ..... 


May 24, 1893, 


- 


1st Battalion. 


Quartermaster — First Lieutenant. 
Hennessey, William H., .... 


May 24, 1893, 


- 


1st Battalion. 


Paymaster — First Lieutenant. 
Couch, Omar E., ..... 


June 1, 1905, 


- 


1st Battalion^ 


Surgeon — Major. 
Harvey, John F., 


May 26, 1893, 


- 


1st Battalion. 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



299 



Field, Staff and Line Officers, etc. — Concluded. 



NAME AND RANK. 


Date of 
Commission. 


Co. 


Organization. 


Assistant Surgeons — First Lieutenant. 
Little, John M., Jr., .'.... 
Osgood, George, ...... 


May 24, 
June 26, 


1905, 
1905, 


- 


1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 


Commissary of Subsistence — First Lieutenant. 
Fred A. Ewell 


June 


26, 


1905, 


- 


1st Battalion. 


Captains. 
Sargent, Charles F., 

Wheeler, Edward W, ..... 
Rogers, Howard L., . 


Oct. 
May 
Jan. 


29, 

18, 

9, 


1900, 
1904, 
1906, 


c, 

B, 
A, 


1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 


First Lieutenants. 
Powell, John S., . 
McGregor, Alexander S., 
Smith, Nicholas J., .... 
Herbert. John F. J., . 

Patten, William S 

Sherburne, John H., Jr., .... 


Oct. 
Mar. 
May 

Jan. 
Feb. 


29, 

23, 
18, 
18, 
9, 
20, 


1900, 
1900, 
1904, 
1904, 
1906, 
1906, 


c, 
c, 

B, 
B, 
A, 
A, 


1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 


Second Lieutenants. 
Marshall, Urban W., ..... 
Cookson, Walter J., .... 
Whittier, Albert R., Jr., .... 


Mar. 
Mav 
Feb. 


23, 

18, 
20, 


1903, 
1904, 
1906, 


c, 

B, 
A, 


1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 
1st Battalion. 



Field, Staff and Line Officers of Cadet Corps. 



NAME AND RANK. 


Date of 
Commission. 


Co. 


Organization. 


Lieutenant Colonels. 
Fitz, Andrew, ...... 

Talbot, Thomas, 


June 29, 1903, 
22, 1906, 


- 


2d Corps. 
1st Corps. 


Majors. 
Spencer, John E., 
Stevens, Jesse F., ..... 


June 29, 1903, 
Oct. 26, 1906, 


- 


2d Corps. 
1st Corps. 


Adjutants — First Lieutenants. 
Stearns, William B., . 
Jenkins, Lawrence W., ..... 


Nov. 21, 1900, 
Mar. 10, 1902, 


- 


1st Corps. 
2d Corps. 


Quartermasters — First Lieutenants. 
Rowan, Alfred J., .... 
Vaughn, Charles P., 


Feb. 15, 1901, 
Sept. 8, 1903, 


- 


1st Corps. 
2d Corps. 


Surgeons — Majors. 
Voss, J. William, ..... 
Cheever, David, ...... 


June 5, 1899, 
Feb. 20, 1905, 


_ 


2d Corps. 
1st Corps. 



300 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. 



[Jan. 



Field, Staff and Line Officers, etc. — Concluded. 


NAME AND RANK. 


Date of 
Commission. 


Co. 


Organization. 



Assistant Surgeons - 
Sturgis, Bertj. F., Jr., . 
Emerson, William R. P. 



First Lieutenants. 



Paymasters — First Lieutenants. 
Bremer, S. Parker, . . . . 

Vaughn, Ira, . 



Inspectors Small Arms Practice — First 
Lieutenants. 
Hayes, William A., 2d, 
Robertson, Robert, .... 



Commissaries of Subsistence — Second 
Lieutenants. 
Brackett, Forrest G., .... 
Farrington, George C, . 



Chaplain. 
(Vacancy.) 



Captains. 



Joy, Franklin L., 
Rollins, Charles H., 
Ropes, Charles F., 
Graham, Edward T. 
Perkins, Frank S., 
Cole, Charles H.. 
Hoyt, Edward H., 



First Lieutenants. 
Simmons, William S., 
Clark, James N., 
Peach, Harry R., 
Perkins, Harry S., 
Redmond, Eugene T., 
Lavelle, John, 
Perkins, Holton B., 
Hinckley, Freeman, 



Second Lieutenants. 
Verry, Nathaniel T., 
Mann, William A., 
Hoyt, W. Everett, 
Gray, Clarence N., 
Cross, Charles H , 2d, 
Adams, Ernest G., 
Chase, Porter B., 
Atwood, Joshua, 



Aug. 7, 1901, 
Oct. 26, 1906, 



Jan. 16, 1905, 
Dec. 7, 1906, 



June 16, 1880, 
Apr. 22, 1889, 



June 26, 1905, 
Sept. 12, 1905, 



Mar. 14, 1899, 

24, 1899, 

Dec. 14, 1900, 

Nov. 6, 1903, 

Dec. 22, 1903, 

11, 1906, 

20, 1906, 



Mar. 
Dec. 
June 

Nov. 
June 
May 

Dec. 



24, 1899, 

14, 1900, 

9, 1903, 

6, 1903, 

3, 1904, 

9, 1905, 

16, 1905, 

20, 1906, 



June 9, 1903, 
Nov. 6, 1903, 
June 3, 1904, 

24, 1904, 
May 16, 1905, 
Nov. 22, 1906, 

22, 1906, 
Dec. 20, 1906, 



2d Corps. 
1st Corps. 



1st Corps. 
2d Corps. 



1st Corps. 
2d Corps. 



1st Corps. 
2d Corps. 



1st Corps. 
1st Corps. 
2d Corps. 
2d Corps. 
2d Corps. 
1st Corps. 
1st Corps. 



1st Corps. 
2d Corps. 
2d Corps. 
2d Corps. 
2d Corps. 
1st Corps. 
1st Corps. 
1st Corps. 



2d Corps. 
2d Corps. 
2d Corps. 
2d Corps. 
1st Corps. 
1st Corps. 
1st Corps. 
1st Corps. 



1907.] PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



301 



Field and Staff Officers of Naval Brigade. 



NAME AND RANK. 


Date of 
Commission. 


Co. 


Organization. 


Captain. 
Buffinton, George R. H., .... 


Nov. 5, 1900, 


- 


Brigade. 


Lieutenant Commanders. 

Edgar, William B., 

Dillaway, James H., Jr., .... 


July 30, 1900, 
2, 1901, 


- 


Brigade. 
Brigade. 


Brigade Adjutant — Lieutenant. 
Hathaway, Guilford C, 


Mar. 23, 1903, 


- 


Brigade. 


Ordnance Officer — Lieutenant. 
(Vacancy.) 








Equipment Officer — Lieutenant. 
Marshall, James, . . 


May 4, 1901, 


- 


Brigade. 


Paymaster — L ieutenant . 
Deane, Milton I., 


Feb. 15, 1904, 


- 


Brigade. 


Assistant Paymaster — Lieutenant. 
Carter, Charles L., 


Feb. 12, 1906, 


- 


Brigade. 


Surgeon — Lieutenant Commander. 
Merritt, S. Virgil, 


July 8, 1901, 


- 


Brigade. 


Engineei Lieutenant. 

Armstrong, Thomas R., 


July 22, 1901, 


- 


Brigade. 


Signal Officer — Lieutenant (Junior Grade). 
MacDonald, William H 


Dec. 18, 1905, 


- 


Brigade. 


Assistant Surgeons — Lieutenants 
(Junior Grade). 
Eldredge, David G., . 
Sughrue, Dennis F., 
Blair, Orland R. 


June 12, 1900, 
Jan. 8, 1901, 
July 16, 1901, 




Brigade. 
Brigade. 
Brigade. 


Assistant Engineei Lieutenant 

(Junior Grade). 
Black, Robert, ...... 


June 12, 1905, 


_ 


Brigade. 



302 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 



Line Officers of Naval Brigade. 



.NAME AND RANK. 


Date of 
Commission. 


Co. 


Organization. 


Lieutenants, Chiefs of Companies. 












Goodridge, Daniel M., ..... 


July 


22, 


1901, 


B, 


1st Battalion 


Lewis, William A., ..... 


Nov. 


8, 


1905, 


c, 


1st Battalion 


Blood, John B., 


Jan. 


4, 


1906, 


E, 


2d Battalion 


Bowie, Harold S., 


May 


9, 


1906, 


G, 


2d Battalion 


Robinson, Frederick G., 


Oct. 


10, 


1906, 


A, 


1st Battalion 


Lieutenants, Junior Grade. 












Peirce, Bradford H., ..... 


Jan. 


14, 


1903, 


A, 


1st Battalion 


Pray, Dudley M., 


Feb. 


11. 


1903, 


B, 


1st Battalion 


Nelson, John T., ...... 




15, 


1904, 


F, 


2d Battalion 


Wilcox, Miner W., ..... 


June 


1, 


1904, 


I, 


2d Battalion 


Adams, George T., . 




9, 


1904, 


H, 


1st Battalion 


Peale, Ernest R., . . . 


Jan. 


4, 


1906, 


E, 


2d Battalion 


Stetson, James A., 


Aug. 


1, 


1906, 


G, 


2d Battalion 


Seaver, Horace, ...... 


Dec. 


26, 


1906, 


c, 


1st Battalion 


Ensigns. 












Wright, Alfred T 


June 


9, 


1904, 


H, 


1st Battalion. 


MacDonald, Charles A., .... 


Dec. 


27, 


1905, 


I, 


2d Battalion 


Abbott, Ernest D., . 


Jan. 


4, 


1906, 


E, 


2d Battalion. 


Marks, John H., ...... 


Mar. 


21, 


1906, 


B, 


1st Battalion. 


Knowles, Henry S , . 


Aug. 


1, 


1906, 


G, 


2d Battalion. 


Sturges, Harry W., ..... 


Oct. 


10, 


1906, 


A, 


1st Battalion 


Copeland, Howard G., . 


Dec. 


26, 


1906, 


c, 


1st Battalion. 



Ambulance Company. 



No. 


NAME AND RANK. 


Date of Commission. 


1 
2 
3 


Bell, Robt. E., Captain 

Seymour, Malcolm, First Lieutenant, ... 

Shinn, Edward L., First Lieutenant, .... 


Dec. 9, 1901. 
Feb. 23, 1905. 
June 26, 1905. 



Signal Corps. 



Stevens, Walter C, 
Edwards, Frank P. 
Belcher, Robert E. 



Captain, 

First Lieutenant, 
First Lieutenant, 



June 27, 1905. 
Dec. 14, 1904. 
Nov. 1, 1905. 



1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — No. 7. 



303 



Table No. 1. — Enrolled Militia o) 1906, showing, by Counties, 
the Number of Persons between the Ages of Eighteen and 
Forty-five Years liable to Military Duty. 



COUNTIES. 


1906. 


COUNTIES. 


1906. 


Barnstable, 






2,686 


Middlesex, 






107,418 


Berkshire, 






14,988 


Nantucket, 






347 


Bristol, 






43,968 


Norfolk, . 






24,578 


Dukes, 






443 


Plymouth, 






22,822 


Essex, 






70,781 


Suffolk, . 






122,493 


Franklin, . 






6,673 

29,827 

8,731 


Worcester, 
Total, 
Net increase, 






58,497 


Hampden, 


514,252 


Hampshire, 


10,414 



304 ADJUTAXT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan 



to 



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fe u o 



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2 2 2 



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1907.] 



PUBLIC DOCUMENT — Xo. 7. 



305 



Table No. 3. — Locations of Headquarters of Brigades, Regiments, 
Battalions and Armories of Companies, by Cities, Towns and 
Counties. 



City or r 


?own. County. 


Headquarters. 


Regi- 
ment. 


Companies o: 

Infantry, 

Corps Coast 

Artillery 

and Naval 

Brigade. 


Troops of Cav- 
alry. 


>. 

E< 

■A 


a 
o 

c 
53 


c; C 

< 


A 
3 

— * 


Adams, 


. Berkshire, 


- 


2d, 


M, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Attleboroi 


lgh, . Bristol, 


- 


5th, 


I, • 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Boston, 


. Suffolk, 


1st Corps Cadets, . 


- 


A, B, C, D, 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Boston, 


. Suffolk, 


1st Brigade, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Boston, 


. Suffolk, 


2d Brigade, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 




Boston, 


. Suffolk, 


Corps Coast Art., . 


-{ 


1st, 2d, 3d, 
7th, 8th, 11th 


}- 


- 


- 


- 




Boston, 


. Suffolk, 


5th Regiment, 


- 


A, H, 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Boston, 


. Suffolk, 


6th Regiment, 


6th, 


L, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Boston, 


. Suffolk, 


8th Regiment, 


8th, 


A, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Boston, 


. Suffolk 


9th Regiment, 


-{ 


A, B, C, D, 
E, H, I. 


}- 


- 


- 


- 




Boston, 


. Suffolk, 


1st Cav., 




- 


A, D, 


- 


- 


- 




Boston, . 


. Suffolk, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


A, 


- 


- 




Boston, 


. Suffolk, 


Naval Brigade, 


- 


A, B, C, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Brockton, 


. Plymouth, . 


- 


C.C.A., 


10th, 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Cambridg 


3, . Middlesex, . 


- 


C.C.A., 


6th, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Cambridg 


;, . Middlesex, . 


- 


5th, 


B, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Cambridg 


3, . Middlesex, . 


- 


8th, 


C, E, 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Chelsea, 


. Suffolk, 


- 


C.C.A., 


5th, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Clinton, 


. "Worcester, . 


- 


9th, 


K, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Concord, 


. Middlesex, . 


- 


6th, 


I, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Everett, 


. Middlesex, . 


- 


8th, 


B, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Fall Rivei 


•, . Bristol, 


- 


C.C.A., 


12th, 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Fall Rivei 


", . Bristol, 


Naval Brigade, 


- 


F, I, 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Fitchburg 


. "Worcester, . 


- 


6th, 


B, D, 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Framingh 


am, . Middlesex, 


- 


6th, 


E, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Glouceste 


r, . Essex, . 


- 


8th, 


G, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Greenfielc 


, . Franklin, 


- 


2d, 


L, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Haverhill 


. Essex, . 


- 


8th, 


F, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Hingham, 


Plymouth, 


- 


5th, 


K, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Hudson, 


. Middlesex, . 


- 


5th, 


M, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Holyoke, 


. Hampden, 


- 


2d, 


D, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Lawrence 


. Essex, . 


1st Batt. Field Art., 


- 


- 


- 


c, 


- 


- 




Lawrence 


. Essex, . 


- 


8th, 


L, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Lawrence 


. Essex, . 


- 


9th, 


F, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 





306 



ADJUTANT GENERAL'S REPORT. [Jan. 1907. 



Table No. 3 — Concluded. 



City oe Town. 


County. 


Headquarters. 


Regi- 
ment. 


Companies of 

Infantry, 
Corps Coast 

Artillery 

and Naval 

Brigade. 


> 

03 

o 

o 

a b 

O o3 


>> 

O_0J 

-1-5 

03 

pq 


CQ 

a 

n 
o 
o 

"c3 
1 

in 


02 

a 
« o 

co 
-5 
"3 

a 
< 


O 


Lowell, . 


Middlesex, . 


- 


6th, 


C, G, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


2 


Lowell, . 


Middlesex, . 


- 


9th, 


M, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


1 


Lynn, 


Essex, . 


- 


8th, 


D, I, E, 1 . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


3 


Maiden, . 


Middlesex, . 


- 


5th, 


L, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Marlborough, . 


Middlesex, . 


- 


6th, 


F, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Medford, . 


Middlesex, . 


- 


5th, 


E, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Milford, . 


Worcester, . 


- 


6th, 


M, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




New Bedford, . 


Bristol, 


- 


C.C.A., 


4th, G, 2 . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Northampton, . 


Hampshire, . 


- 


2d, 


I, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Newton, . 


Middlesex, . 


- 


5th, 


C, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Natick, . 


Middlesex, . 


- 


9th, 


L, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Orange, . 


Franklin, 


- 


2d, 


E, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Pittsfield, 


Berkshire, 


- 


2d, 


F, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Plymouth, 


Plymouth, . 


- 


5th, 


D, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Salem, 


Essex, . 


2d Corps Cadets, . 


- 


A, B, C, D, 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Salem, 


Essex, . 


8th Regiment, 


8th, 


H, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Somerville, 


Middlesex, 


- 


8th, 


M, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Somerville, 


Middlesex, . 


- 


8th, 


K, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Springfield, 


Hampden, 


2d Regiment, 


2d, 


- 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Springfield, 


Hampden, 


- 


2d, 


B, G, K, H,s 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Stoneham, 


Middlesex, . 


- 


6th, 


H, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Taunton, 


Bristol, 


- 


C.C.A., 


9th, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Wakefield, 


Middlesex, . 


- 


6th, 


A, . . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Waltham, 


Middlesex, . 


- 


5th, 


F, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Westford, 


Middlesex, . 


- 


- 


- 


F, 4 


- 


- 


- 




Woburn, . 


Middlesex, . 


- 


5th, 


G, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Worcester, 


Worcester, . 


- 


2d, 


A, C, H, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 




Worcester, 


Worcester, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 


B, 


- 


- 




Worcester, 


Worcester, . 


- 


9th, 


G, . 


- 


- 


- 


- 





1 Co. E, Naval Brigade. 

2 Co. G, Naval Brigade. 



3 Co. H, Naval Brigade. 

4 Detachment at Carlisle, Chelmsford and North Chelmsford. 



1907- 



GOVERIOR AND STAFF. 



GOVERNOK AND COMMANDER-IN-CHIEF. 

His Excellency CURTIS GUILD, Jr 

Adjutant General. 
Brig. Gen. JAMES P. PARKER, 

Assistant Adjutant General. 
Col. WILLIAM CURTIS CAPELLE 

Inspector General of Small Arms Practice. 
Col. JOHN CASWELL, 



of Boston. 



of Boston. 



of Boston. 



of Beverly. 



Assistant Inspectors General. 

Lieut. Col. EDWIN W. M. BAILEY, 
Lieut. Col. HENRY L. WILLIAMS, 
Lieut. Col. SAMUEL D. PARKER, 
Comdr. WILLIAM B. EDGAR, 
Lieut. Col. ROGER WOLCOTT, 
Lieut. Col. GEORGE H. DOTY, 

Surgeon General. 
Brig. Gen. WILLIAM H. DEVINE, .... 

Judge Advocate General. 
Brig. Gen. HUGH BANCROFT, .... 



of Amesbury. 
of Northampton 
of Boston, 
of Fall River, 
of Readville. 
of Waltham. 



of Boston. 



of Cambridge. 



Commissary General. 
Brig. Gen. JAMES G. WHITE, 

Quartermaster General. 
Brig. Gen. WILLIAM B. EMERY, .... 



of Newton. 



of Newton. 



Assistant Quartermaster General. 
Maj. EDWARD GLINES, 



of Somerville. 



Aids-de-Camp. 



Maj. THOMAS D. BARROLL, 
Maj. JOHN A. CURTIN, . 
Maj. CHARLES HAYDEN, 
Maj. IRA VAUGHN, 



of Boston, 
of Brookline. 
of Boston, 
of Salem. 



CONTENTS. 



Report of the Adjutant General, 

Report of the Inspector General, . 

Report of the Surgeon General, 

Report of the Quartermaster General, 

Report of the Commissary General, 

Report of the Judge Advocate General, 

Report of the Board of Military Examiners, 

Report of the Inspector General of Small Arms Practice, 

Reports of Commanding Officers, .... 

General Orders and Circulars, .... 



PAGE 

i-xlix 

1-27 

28-56 

57-59 

60-62 

63, 64 

65 

66-84 

85-121 

122-168 



Appendix : — 
Officers M. V. M., retired, 
Casualties (Officers), M. V. M., 
Commissions Vacant, . 
Casualties (Enlisted Men), 
Register M. V. M., 
Roster M. V. M., . 
Table No. 1, Enrolled Militia, 
Table No. 2, Organization, M. V. M., 
Table No. 3, Location of Headquarters and Armories, 
Governor and Staff, 1907, ..... 



171-192 

193, 194 

195 

196 

197-288 

289-302 

303 

304 

305 

307